Simorgh (rocket)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Simorgh (disambiguation).
Simorgh SLV.png
Simorgh space launch vehicle
Function Small orbital carrier rocket
Country of origin  Iran
Height 26 metres (85 ft)
Mass 77 tonnes (85 tons)
Payload to
100~150 kg
Launch history
Status Development
Launch sites Imam Khomeini

Simorgh is an Iranian expendable small-capacity orbital carrier rocket,[1] which was scheduled to make its maiden flight in 2010. It was unveiled by Iraninan President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on 3 February 2010,[2] as part of celebrations of the first anniversary of the launch of Omid, the first indigenously-launched Iranian satellite.[3]

The Simorgh rocket is 27 metres (89 ft) long, and has a mass of 77 tonnes (85 tons).[4] Its first stage is powered by four main engines, each generating up to 29,000 kilograms (64,000 lb) of thrust, plus a fifth which will be used for attitude control, which provides an additional 13,600 kilograms (30,000 lb).[4] At liftoff, these engines will generate a total of 130,000 kilograms (290,000 lb) of thrust. Simorgh is capable of putting a 60-kilogram (130 lb) payload into a 500-kilometre (310 mi) low Earth orbit.[5] According to ISNA the engine could be used in future rockets capable of carrying 700-kilogram (1,500 lb) satellites into 1,000-kilometre (620 mi) orbits.[4][6]

The first flight of the Simorgh rocket, which was at one stage scheduled to occur in March 2010,[7] will carry Tolou, an experimental communications satellite. A later launch is expected to carry Mesbah-2.[4] In February 2012, Iran announced that the first flight of Simorgh carrying Tolou satellite will occur in 2013 from the new space station.[8]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Iran brags it launched rocket into space... with mouse, turtles & worms". New York Daily News. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ Arrott, Elizabeth (2010-02-03). "Iran Announces New Rockets, Satellites on Space Day". VOA News. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  3. ^ "Iran unveils new satellites, carrier". PressTV. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Iranian DM: Simorgh to Carry Tolou, Mesbah Satellites into Space". Fars News Agency. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  5. ^ Jane's, retrieved 15 May 2010.
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Iranian Satellite Launches Slated for 2010". NTI Global Security Newswire. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  8. ^