Simorgh space launch vehicle
|Function||Small orbital carrier rocket|
|Country of origin||Iran|
|Height||26 metres (85 ft)|
|Mass||77 tonnes (85 tons)|
|Launch sites||Imam Khomeini|
Simorgh is an Iranian expendable small-capacity orbital carrier rocket, which was scheduled to make its maiden flight in 2010. It was unveiled by Iraninan President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on 3 February 2010, as part of celebrations of the first anniversary of the launch of Omid, the first indigenously-launched Iranian satellite.
The Simorgh rocket is 27 metres (89 ft) long, and has a mass of 77 tonnes (85 tons). Its first stage is powered by four main engines, each generating up to 29,000 kilograms (64,000 lb) of thrust, plus a fifth which will be used for attitude control, which provides an additional 13,600 kilograms (30,000 lb). At liftoff, these engines will generate a total of 130,000 kilograms (290,000 lb) of thrust. Simorgh is capable of putting a 60-kilogram (130 lb) payload into a 500-kilometre (310 mi) low Earth orbit. According to ISNA the engine could be used in future rockets capable of carrying 700-kilogram (1,500 lb) satellites into 1,000-kilometre (620 mi) orbits.
The first flight of the Simorgh rocket, which was at one stage scheduled to occur in March 2010, will carry Tolou, an experimental communications satellite. A later launch is expected to carry Mesbah-2. In February 2012, Iran announced that the first flight of Simorgh carrying Tolou satellite will occur in 2013 from the new space station.
- International rankings of Iran in Science and Technology
- 2010 in spaceflight
- Asian space race
- Iranian Space Agency
- Safir (rocket)
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- "Iran unveils new satellites, carrier". PressTV. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03.
- "Iranian DM: Simorgh to Carry Tolou, Mesbah Satellites into Space". Fars News Agency. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03.
- Jane's, retrieved 15 May 2010.
- "Iranian Satellite Launches Slated for 2010". NTI Global Security Newswire. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2010-02-03.