Simorgh (rocket)

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Simorgh
Function Small orbital carrier rocket
Country of origin  Iran
Size
Height 26 metres (85 ft)
Mass 77 tonnes (85 tons)
Capacity
Payload to
LEO
100~150 kg
Launch history
Status Development
Launch sites Imam Khomeini

Simorgh is an Iranian expendable small-capacity orbital carrier rocket,[1] which was scheduled to make its maiden flight in 2010. It was unveiled by Iraninan President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on 3 February 2010,[2] as part of celebrations of the first anniversary of the launch of Omid, the first indigenously-launched Iranian satellite.[3]

The Simorgh rocket is 27 metres (89 ft) long, and has a mass of 77 tonnes (85 tons).[4] Its first stage is powered by four main engines, each generating up to 29,000 kilograms (64,000 lb) of thrust, plus a fifth which will be used for attitude control, which provides an additional 13,600 kilograms (30,000 lb).[4] At liftoff, these engines will generate a total of 130,000 kilograms (290,000 lb) of thrust. Simorgh is capable of putting a 60-kilogram (130 lb) payload into a 500-kilometre (310 mi) low Earth orbit.[5] According to ISNA the engine could be used in future rockets capable of carrying 700-kilogram (1,500 lb) satellites into 1,000-kilometre (620 mi) orbits.[4][6]

The first flight of the Simorgh rocket, which was at one stage scheduled to occur in March 2010,[7] will carry Tolou, an experimental communications satellite. A later launch is expected to carry Mesbah-2.[4] In February 2012, Iran announced that the first flight of Simorgh carrying Tolou satellite will occur in 2013 from the new space station.[8]

See also[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iran brags it launched rocket into space... with mouse, turtles & worms". New York Daily News. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ Arrott, Elizabeth (2010-02-03). "Iran Announces New Rockets, Satellites on Space Day". VOA News. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  3. ^ "Iran unveils new satellites, carrier". PressTV. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Iranian DM: Simorgh to Carry Tolou, Mesbah Satellites into Space". Fars News Agency. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  5. ^ Jane's, retrieved 15 May 2010.
  6. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/10/feb/1025.html
  7. ^ "Iranian Satellite Launches Slated for 2010". NTI Global Security Newswire. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  8. ^ http://www.isna.ir/ISNA/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-1949782&Lang=E