||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (August 2009)|
An early mention of the term comes from critic Robert Christgau, who referred to Carlos Santana's music from the 1970s as "Latin-metal pop," making it a possible forerunner in the genre. But in practice no such thing exists.
Latin metal started in the 1970s and 1980s, originating in many countries of Latin America, thanks to the increasing worldwide popularity of heavy metal and heavy rock from Europe and United States. It may also have profited from the "Latin explosion" in the United States of the 1990s, though some critics contend that the gap between Ricky Martin-style pop and metal is too great for Latin metal to have profited greatly. Still, record companies in the 1990s sought to profit from the rise of Latin pop, as evidenced from the Metalo compilation of Latin metal bands by the Grita! Records label, which included songs by Ill Niño and Puya, and bands from the 1990s such as Sepultura and Soulfly are cited as predecessors in the genre. In the United States, Ill Niño is probably the best-known exponent of the genre; their first two albums (with "philosophical and bilingual lyrics" about such topics as growing up fatherless) were commercially successful and got them strong radio play in for instance the San Antonio area.
Latin Metal has managed to enter the mainstream world, with bands like Ill Nino, Puya, Non Point, landing Top 10 and 20 singles,on the Active Rock charts.
Latin metal bands
- V8 (band)
- Almafuerte (band)
- Rata Blanca
- Tren Loco
- El Reloj
- Nepal (band)
- Alejandro Silva - Instrumental heavy metal guitarist of the Alejandro Silva Power Cuarteto.
- Severe Mutilation
- D.O.D. (Dealers of death)
- Abismo Nuclear
- Back In The Day
- Pit Fight Demolition
- Death Arrangement
- Outbreak Hate
- Rodney Infernal
- Massive Destruktion
- Barón Rojo - Founded in early 1980.
- Obús - Founded in Madrid in 1980.
- Muro (Spanish Band) - Founded in Vallecas in 1984.
- Tierra Santa (Spanish Band) - Founded in La Rioja in 1997
- Angeles del Infierno
- Mago de Oz
- Ill Niño - A metal band from New Jersey whose 2001 debut album Revolution Revolución was seminal in the development of the genre.
- Nonpoint - An alternative metal band from Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Their lyrics often use Spanish as well as Latin themes in their music.
- Atheist - A technical death metal band from Sarasota, Florida. Their death/thrash metal music style is influenced by Latin music, as well as jazz (The former being shown especially in the song 'Samba Briza' from the 1993 album Elements).
- P.O.D. - A nu-metal band from California
- Christgau, Robert (1990). Rock albums of the '70s: a critical guide. Da Capo. p. 342. ISBN 978-0-306-80409-0.
- Burr, Ramiro (2000-06-24). "Are You Ready to Rock Pesado? Latinos Struggle to Prove their Metal". Billboard. pp. 52–54. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- "Puya, Armored Saint Lead Latin Metal Surge On Metalo". MTV. 1999-06-25. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- Peiken, Matt (2001-07-31). "Bang Your Head: Latin Metal is Next 'Revolucion'". Sun Herald. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- Burr, Ramiro (2003-11-30). "Latin Notes: Ill Nino's confessional Latin metal band rages about missing fathers, betrayals, and loving and hating". San Antonio Express-News. p. J.8.
- Sharpe-Young, Garry (2005). New Wave of American Heavy Metal. Zonda Books. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-9582684-0-0.
- "Ill Niño: Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-11.