Lidstone

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For people called Lidstone, see Lidstone (surname).

Coordinates: 51°55′11″N 1°29′07″W / 51.9197°N 1.4852°W / 51.9197; -1.4852

Lidstone
Lidstone Village - geograph.org.uk - 1801803.jpg
Cottages in Lidstone
Lidstone is located in Oxfordshire
Lidstone
Lidstone
 Lidstone shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid reference SP355247
Civil parish Enstone
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chipping Norton
Postcode district OX7
Dialling code 01608
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
Website Enstone Parish
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Lidstone is a hamlet on the River Glyme in Oxfordshire, about 3 miles (5 km) east of Chipping Norton. The hamlet is in Enstone civil parish, about 1 14 miles (2 km) west of Neat Enstone.

Archaeology[edit]

In Round Hill Field[1] on a ridge about 700 yards (640 m) south of Lidstone is a Bronze Age bowl barrow. It is 105 feet (32 m) in diameter and 2 feet (0.6 m) high. Originally it would have been substantially higher, and would have been created from spoil dug from a circular quarry trench 6 12 feet (2 m) deep. The trench has become filled in but will have survived as a buried feature. The barrow is the most northerly of a line of three that form a line between Lidstone and the village of Spelsbury. It is a scheduled monument. In the middle of the barrow is an Ordnance Survey triangulation station.[2]

Manor[edit]

By 1279 there was a hide of land at Lidstone that was part of the manor of Heythrop.[3]

Mill[edit]

Lidstone had a large watermill on the Glyme. It had the largest-diameter waterwheel in Oxfordshire: an overshot wheel 24 feet (7.3 m) in diameter[4] and 4 feet (1.2 m) wide. Via a 15-foot (4.6 m) pitwheel it drove three pairs of millstones. The mill had its own bread oven.[5] The mill was dismantled in 1976 and its machinery taken into storage, but the large iron waterwheel was left in place.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harden 1954, p. 143.
  2. ^ "Bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm, Lidstone". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 22 March 1949. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Crossley 1983, pp. 131–143
  4. ^ Foreman 1983, p. 45.
  5. ^ Foreman 1983, p. 111.
  6. ^ Foreman 1983, plate 22.

Sources[edit]

19th-century former chapel in Lidstone, now converted into a private garage