Langford, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates: 51°43′34″N 1°38′35″W / 51.726°N 1.643°W / 51.726; -1.643

Langford
Langford StMatthew W.JPG
west view of St. Matthew's parish church
Langford is located in Oxfordshire
Langford
Langford
 Langford shown within Oxfordshire
Population 327 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP2402
Civil parish Langford
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Lechlade
Postcode district GL7
Dialling code 01367
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
Website LangfordGL7
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Langford is a village and civil parish in West Oxfordshire, about 3 miles (5 km) northeast of Lechlade in neighbouring Gloucestershire.

Archaeology[edit]

In 1943 a set of ring ditch enclosures was excavated at Langford Downs, in the western part of Langford parish close to the Gloucestershire boundary about 1 mile (1.6 km) southeast of Southrop.[2] Fragments of Belgic pottery found at the site suggest that it was occupied in the Iron Age and abandoned before the Roman occupation of Britain.[3]

Manor[edit]

The Domesday Book of 1086 records that a Saxon, Ælfsige of Faringdon, held the manor.[4] In the reign of Edward the Confessor Ælfsige had been a minor landholder, holding two hides of land at Littleworth.[4] After the Norman conquest of England he amassed an estate of six manors totalling 40 hides spread across Oxfordshire, Berkshire and Gloucestershire.[5]

Parish church[edit]

St. Matthew's parish church from the south-east

The Church of England parish church of Saint Matthew is Saxon.[6] In about 1200 the Early English Gothic north and south aisles were added, and in the 13th century the chancel was rebuilt.[7] Some of the windows are 14th and 15th century Decorated Gothic and Perpendicular Gothic additions.[8] Two flying buttresses were added to the north side of the church in 1574. The architect Richard Pace restored the building in 1829 and the Gothic Revival architect Ewan Christian restored the nave roof to its original pitch in 1864.[8] The tower has a ring of six bells.[9]

Former railway[edit]

In 1873 the East Gloucestershire Railway between Witney and Fairford was built past the village. It was operated by the Great Western Railway, which in 1907 opened Kelmscott and Langford Halt 0.5 miles (800 m) outside the village.[10] British Railways closed the railway and halt in 1962.[11]

Amenities[edit]

Langford has one public house, the Bell Inn.[12]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Langford, Oxfordshire at Wikimedia Commons