Cottages at the junction of Steady's Lane
Stanton Harcourt shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||919 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Stanton Harcourt|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Stanton Harcourt Parish Council|
Within the parish of Stanton Harcourt is a series of paleochannel deposits buried beneath the second (Summertown-Radley) gravel terrace of the river Thames. These deposits, which have been attributed to Marine isotope stages, were the subject of archaeological and palaeontological research directed by Kate Scott and Christine Buckingham. Evidence was found for the co-existence of species of elephant and mammoth during interglacial conditions, disproving the widely held view that mammoths were an exclusively cold-adapted species.
The Domesday Book of 1086 records that the manor was held by Odo, Bishop of Bayeux. It became called Stanton Harcourt after Robert de Harcourt of Bosworth, Leicestershire inherited lands of his father-in-law at Stanton in 1191. The manor remains in the Harcourt family to the present day.
The earliest known record of the Church of England parish church of Saint Michael dates from 1135, and the Norman nave and lower parts of the bell tower are certainly 12th century. In the 13th century the chancel, chancel arch and tower arches were rebuilt and the transepts and stair turret were added. In the 15th century the upper part of the belltower was completed, the Perpendicular Gothic west window of the nave and north and south windows of the transepts were inserted and the pitch of the roof was lowered. The Harcourt chapel was added on the south side of the chancel, possibly by the master mason William Orchard.[when?]
Pope's Tower in the grounds of the Manor House was built at around the same time, probably also built by William Orchard. The tower is named after the poet Alexander Pope who stayed here in 1717–18, when he used its upper room to translate the fifth volume of Homer's Iliad. In the summer of 1718 he also wrote the epitaph to a young couple, John Hewett and Sarah Drew, who were struck by lightning and killed in the parish. The poem is carved on a stone monument on the outside of the south wall of the nave.
RAF Stanton Harcourt
During the Second World War there was a Royal Air Force airfield at Stanton Harcourt. Amongst other things, it is notable for having been a transit point for Winston Churchill and for being a starting point for a bomber raid on the German small battleship (or battlecruiser) Scharnhorst. The airstrips are, for the most part, now gone, but some of the original buildings remain including a Turret Trainer, crew room and various other miscellaneous buildings. The hangars have been converted into office and industrial units.
Stanton Harcourt has two public houses: The Harcourt Arms and The Fox. A planning application to convert The Fox to a private dwelling was refused in 2012, but the pub is currently closed to the public. The parish has a primary school.
- Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt, is buried here.
- "Area: Stanton Harcourt CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 March 2010.
- Buckingham, Roe & Scott, 1996, page not cited
- Scott, K (2001). "Late Middle Pleistocene Mammoths and Elephants of the Thames Valley, Oxfordshire". Retrieved 16 March 2010.[dead link]
- Mills & Room, 2003, page not cited
- Crossley & Elrington, 1990, pages 267–274
- Crossley & Elrington, 1990, pages 274–281
- Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 778
- Crossley & Elrington, 1990, pages 289–293
- Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 779
- Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 782
- The Harcourt Arms
- Stanton Harcourt School
- Icknield Way Morris Men
Sources and further reading
- Barclay, Gill; Gray, Margaret; Lambrick, George (1995). Excavations at the Devil's Quoits, Stanton Harcourt. Thames Valley Landscape Series 5. Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology. ISBN 0-947816-84-4.
- Buckingham, C; Roe, D; Scott, K (1996). "A preliminary report on the Stanton Harcourt Channel Deposits (Oxfordshire, England)". Journal of Quaternary Science 11 (5).
- Crossley, Alan; Elrington, C.R. (eds.); Baggs, A.P.; Blair, W.J.; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, C.J.; Selwyn, Nesta; Townley, Simon C. (1990). A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 12: Wootton Hundred (South) including Woodstock. Victoria County History. pp. 267–296.
- Lambrick, George; Allen, Tim (2004). Gravelly Guy: Excavations at Stanton Harcourt. Thames Valley Landscape Series 21. Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology. ISBN 0-947816-66-6.
- Mills, A.D.; Room, A. (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-852758-6.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 778–784. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stanton Harcourt.|
- Pictures and information about RAF Stanton Harcourt
- Stanton Harcourt Qxfordshire through time
- The Devil's Quoits Stone Circle and Henge, Stanton Harcourt