St. Nicholas' parish church
Chadlington shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||827 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Chipping Norton|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Chadlington is a village and civil parish in the Evenlode Valley about 3 miles (5 km) south of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire. The village has five neighbourhoods: Brookend, Eastend, Greenend, Millend and Westend.
Chadlington village existed by the time of Domesday Book in 1086 and may be named after Saint Chad. The present Chadlington Manor House was built in the 17th century and remodelled in about 1800. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Lower Court farmhouse was built in about 1700 as the manor house for Westend. It was altered in the mid- to late-18th century and remodelled in the 19th. The house has a Stonesfield Slate roof. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Churches and chapel
Church of England
The Church of England parish church of Saint Nicholas was originally Norman, and the blocked head of a Norman window above the north arcade show that the building had a clerestory in Norman times. In the 13th century Early English Gothic north and south aisles were added, with four-bay arcades linking the aisles with the nave. Both aisles still retain some lancet windows from this period.
The bell tower was built early in the 14th century in the Decorated Gothic style. A chapel was added at the east end of the north aisle. The chapel's east and north windows in the Transitional style between Decorated and Perpendicular Gothic date it to of the chancel about the middle of the 14th century. Later pure Perpendicular Gothic additions include the windows and north door in the north aisle, the present clerestory and nave roof and the chancel arch. In 1870 the Gothic Revival architect Charles Buckeridge completely rebuilt the chancel. St. Nicholas' church is a Grade II* listed building.
The tower has a ring of six bells. Abraham I Rudhall of Gloucester cast the second and third bells in 1714. William Taylor of Loughborough cast the fifth and tenor bells in 1846 at the bellfoundry he then had in Oxford. Thomas Bond of Burford cast the fourth bell in 1911. The Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the present tenor bell in 2006. There is also a Sanctus bell that Thomas Bond cast in 1911.
Social and economic history
Chadlington used to have three public houses, the Malt Shovel, the Tite Inn, and the Sandys Arms. The Tite Inn was closed between 2009 and 2012, when it reopened with new owners. and the Sandys Arms on Bull Hill closed some years earlier.
Sir Henry Rawlinson (1810–95) and his brother Canon George Rawlinson (1812–1902) were born at Chadlington. Ivan Cameron, son of Conservative Party Leader and Prime Minister David Cameron is buried at Chadlington.
Chadlington Football Club plays in the Witney and District League. It currently has two teams in Divisions One and Four. Chadlington Cricket Club plays in the Oxfordshire Cricket Association League. Both clubs are based at Chadlington Sports and Social Club. Chadlington has also a primary school and a playgroup.
An annual fun run is held along Coldron Brook: The Great Brook Run. Proceeds of the race, which starts and ends at The Tite Inn, go to the parish primary school. Witney MP David Cameron has taken part in the event.
- "Area: Chadlington (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Bowl barrow 525m north of Barter's Hill Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Knollbury camp hillfort". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Corbett 1962, p. 20.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 525.
- "Manor House and Attached Walls and Outbuildings". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Lower Court Farmhouse". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 524.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 524–525.
- "Church of St Nicholas, Eastend". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Dovemaster (25 June 2010). "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- Davies, Peter (21 January 2007). "Chadlington S Nicholas". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- Archbishops' Council (2010). "Chadlington: St Nicholas, Chadlington". A Church Near You. Church of England.
- "Chadlington". Churches. Chipping Norton and Stow on the Wold Methodist Circuit 23/04. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "About us (and the Tite)". Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Sandys House". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Pierce, Andrew (3 March 2009). "Ivan Cameron's favourite book read at his funeral". The Daily Telegraph.
- Oxfordshire Cricket Association 2009
- Chadlington Sports Club
- Chadlington Playgroup
- "David Cameron runs in charity mud race". BBC News (BBC). 28 December 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
Sources and further reading
- Corbett, E. (1962). A History of Spelsbury. Banbury: Cheney and Sons. p. 20.
- Gilmour, Lauren (1992). "The Chadlington Sword — and the end of the siege of Oxford?". Oxoniensia (Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society) LVII: 359–363.
- Leeds, E.T. (1940). "Two Saxon Cemeteries in North Oxfordshire". Oxoniensia (Oxford Architectural and Historical Society) V: 21–32.
- Mudd, Andrew (1987). "Fieldwalking at Spelsburydown and in the Chadlington Area". Oxoniensia (Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society) LII: 11–22.
- Salzman, L.F. (ed.); Page, William; Salter, Herbert E.; Lobel, Mary D; Crossley, Alan (1939). "Anglo-Saxon Remains". A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 1: Natural history, etc. London: Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 357–360.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 524–525. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- "Site name: Chadlington". Oxfordshire's Historic Archives. Ashmolean Museum. June 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Chadlington Anglo-Saxon Cemetery". Anglo-Saxon Oxfordshire. Ashmolean Museum. 22 December 2005. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- Chadlington on Google Maps
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