Leafield

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Leafield
Leafield StMichael WestFront.JPG
St Michael's parish church
Leafield is located in Oxfordshire
Leafield
Leafield
 Leafield shown within Oxfordshire
Population 945 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SP3115
Civil parish Leafield
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Witney
Postcode district OX29
Dialling code 01993
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
Website Leafield Village
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°50′20″N 1°32′42″W / 51.839°N 1.545°W / 51.839; -1.545

Leafield is a village and civil parish about 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Witney in West Oxfordshire. The parish includes the hamlet of Langley, 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Leafield village. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 945.[1]

The village is 635 feet (194 m) above sea level in the Cotswold Hills. It was the highest point in Oxfordshire until the 1974 county boundary changes enlarged the county.

History[edit]

The parish is within the former limits of the Wychwood forest. The area of forest south of Langley was cleared in 1857–58, leaving straight, regular field boundaries typical of the 18th and 19th century enclosures.[2] There are a number of Tumuli within the parish, and topping the hill rising immediately to the north of the village is Leafield Barrow, locally known as 'Barry's Hill Tump'.[3][4]

Gothic Revival preaching cross on medieval steps and base

The village has the remains of a medieval preaching cross.[5] The steps and lower part of its base are old.[5] A new Gothic Revival shaft and top were added in 1873 in thanksgiving for the village escaping a smallpox epidemic.[5]

Leafield was a dependent chapelry of the ecclesiastical parish of Shipton-under-Wychwood until the 19th century. Leafield's Church of England parish church of Saint Michael and All Angels was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott, built in 1859 and consecrated in 1860. The bell tower was completed in 1874[6] and has a ring of six bells, all cast that year by John Taylor & Co of Loughborough.[7] St. Michael's is now a member of the Forest Edge Benefice.[8]

Leafield Church of England Primary School opened in 1839.[9] It was expanded by the building of additional classrooms in 1871, 1897 and 1904.[9] The 1871 classroom was designed by the architect C.C. Rolfe.[10] Leafield's school district was expanded in 1873 to include Asthall, Langley and Wychwood.[9] Leafield C of E School resisted Oxfordshire County Council's attempts to reorganise it as a junior school until after the Second World War.[9] The school's catchment area was expanded in 1986 to include Ascott-under-Wychwood.[9]

Leafield Technical Centre[edit]

A large radio transmission station was sited at Langley from 1912 until 1986.[11] British Telecom redeveloped the site as a training college, but then closed the site in 1993.[11] It was then used by Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR) as a motorsport development centre for the Arrows Formula One team,[11] until the team's demise in the 2002 season. From the 2006 season until the 2008 season Leafield Technical Centre was the headquarters of the now-defunct Super Aguri F1 team.

Menard Competition Technologies is now based at Leafield Technical Centre.[12] MCT has made the engines for Norton Motorcycles' range of Commando 961 models[13] since 2009.[14]

In January 2012 Caterham F1 announced that they would be moving to Leafield from their original base at Hingham, Norfolk.[15]

Amenities[edit]

The Fox public house

Leafield has two public houses: The Fox and The Pearl. The Fox was closed for 15 months after Greene King Brewery shut it in January 2010.[16] An independent lessee reopened it in April 2011[17] and it is now a free house.[18] The Pearl used to be the Spindleberry and is now a Chinese restaurant, takeaway and bar.[19]

The Wychwood Way, a 37 miles (60 km) circular walking trail, passes through Leafield Lower End.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Leafield (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Taylor 1975, p. 145–146.
  3. ^ "Gatehouse gazetteer of medieval castles, fortifications etc. in the UK". 
  4. ^ "Oxfordshire's Historic Archives - Ashmolean Website Database". 
  5. ^ a b c Marples 1973, p. 307.
  6. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 682.
  7. ^ Davies, Peter (7 January 2009). "Leafield S Michael & All Angels". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Forest Edge Benefice: Leafield with Wychwood
  9. ^ a b c d e "School Past". Leafield Village. 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Saint 1970, p. 98.
  11. ^ a b c "The BT Radio Station". Leafield Village. 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2009. 
  12. ^ Menard Competition Technologies (MCT)
  13. ^ "MCT powers the re-birth of Norton". News. Norton Motorcycles. 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  14. ^ "Production of Norton Engines Starts at Leafield". Witney Gazette. 15 May 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  15. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (12 January 2012). "Caterham F1 team confirms proposed move to Leafield". Autosport. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  16. ^ Jennings, Tom (26 March 2012). "Future's bright for reopened village pub". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Jennings, Tom (17 April 2011). "Prime Minister pops in for a pint to toast reopened pub". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  18. ^ The Fox Inn Leafield
  19. ^ The Pearl at Leafield

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]