St. John the Evangelist parish church,
seen from the southwest
Hailey shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||1,208 (parish, including New Yatt) (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Welcome to Hailey near Witney|
Hailey is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) north of Witney, Oxfordshire. The village comprises three neighbourhoods: Middletown on the main road between Witney and Charlbury, Poffley End on the minor road to Ramsden and Delly End on Whiting's Lane. The parish extends from the River Windrush in the south, almost to the village of Ramsden and the hamlet of Wilcote in the north, and it includes the hamlet of New Yatt. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,208.
The Old Manor House at Poffley End was a small house built of Cotswold stone in the 15th century, and was enlarged to its present size in the 16th and 17th centuries. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Delly End has a terrace of 17th century cottages, and two adjoining Grade II listed cottages at the bottom of the Green, Greenside and Ivydene, which neatly illustrate architectural changes since they were first constructed together, probably in the late 16th or early 17th century, with Greenside still showing its origins very clearly in its irregularly sized and positioned windows, whilst Ivydene was redesigned with Georgian windows in the early 1800s. Swanhall Farm, east of Poffley End, was built in about 1700. Hailey Manor at Delly End is an ashlar-fronted early Georgian house of six bays.
Church and chapel
Church of England
A Church of England parish church was built in 1761 and extended in 1830. It was demolished and replaced by the present Gothic Revival parish church of St John the Evangelist in 1866–69. It was designed by the young Gothic Revival architect Clapton Crabb Rolfe, whose father Rev. George Crabb Rolfe was the perpetual curate.
C.C. Rolfe applied his own interpretation of French Gothic architecture. The Oxford Diocesan Architect G.E. Street condemned his initial designs as "needlessly eccentric", so Rolfe modified them. But Sherwood and Pevsner describe the result as "still odd... a fantastic Gothic in colourful materials with bulbous forms and freakish detail". They single out the bell-turret as "particularly bizarre".
The font, sited in the north aisle, is from the preceding Georgian parish church. St John's is a Grade II* listed building. Its parish is part of the Benefice of Witney, which also includes Curbridge.
The ancient Wychwood royal forest included the whole of Hailey, and the northern part of the parish was mostly woodland, wood-pasture and heath. But from the 13th century onwards assarting reduced the woodland in the north and east of the parish. The endings of local toponyms including Delly, Hailey and Poffley all come from leah, Middle English for a "clearing".
The southwest of the parish was farmed on an open field system. Villagers seem to have enlarged the open fields by assarting in the 13th and 14th centuries, and by the early 17th century their combined area was 470 acres (190 ha). Parliament passed an inclosure act for Hailey in 1821, which was implemented in 1822–24.
From the early 13th century there was a fulling mill on the Windrush in the south of the parish. It was run down in the latter half of the century, seems to have ceased trading by 1318 and may have been demolished. In the 1580s Thomas Box of Witney bought Burycroft, the land next to the former mill site, and had a new leat dug and mill built. By 1589 it was in production, and it has been called New Mill ever since. From the early 17th century, trades including fulling or tucking, broadweaving and clothing are frequently recorded in Hailey.
By the middle of the 18th century blanket-making dominated Hailey's wool trade as it did Witney's. By the early 19th century more families seem to have worked in trade and industry than in agriculture. In the early history of the trade many weavers worked at home, but in the 18th and 19th centuries New Mill increasingly dominated Hailey's cloth trade. This was despite fires damaging the mill in the late 18th century and in 1809, 1818 and 1883.
The Early family of Witney blanket-makers were renting at least part of the mill by 1818 and operating the whole premises by the 1820s. Legally the mill was in two parts, and in 1830 the Earlys bought one part copyhold and the other part leasehold. Earlys bought the freehold in 1894 and continued blanket-making there until the mid-1960s. It has since been converted to other trades.
Hailey Primary School was founded by the charitable bequest of a local farmer's widow, Joan Smith, in 1661. It had 18 pupils in 1802, 28 in 1815 and 30 in 1835. By the 1820s Joan Smith's endowment paid for the education of only 16 of the pupils, and the parents of the remainder had to pay fees. In 1815 the school hoped to adopt the plan of the National Schools as soon as it could recruit a suitable teacher.
By 1847 the school had 45 pupils and was accommodated in a run-down cottage in the village. John Williams Clinch of Witney, who was a banker and brewer, gave land next to the Lamb and Flag Inn on which to build a new school. The architect was William Wilkinson of Witney, who was George Crabb Rolfe's brother-in-law. The new building was completed in 1848 and had capacity for 79 pupils.
In 1876 the school had 73 pupils — close to full capacity — so before 1880 capacity was increased to 108. By 1889 it had 107 pupils and needed to expand again. School inspectors called for an infants' classroom, and this was added in 1892. The architect was Clapton Crabb Rolfe, who had designed the parish church and was William Wilkinson's nephew.
Oxfordshire County Council took over the school in 1903 and reorganised it as a junior school in 1930. Thereafter Hailey children of secondary school age went to Witney Central School. The school in Hailey became Hailey Church of England Voluntary Controlled School in 1978.
Hailey has a 18th-century public house: the Lamb and Flag. The name is a reference to the parish church being dedicated to St John the Evangelist, whose Gospel of John is the source of the Lamb of God as a traditional symbol of Christ.
- "Area: Hailey (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 629.
- Historic England. "The Old Manor House (Grade II*) (1198776)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- Historic England. "Hailey Manor (Grade II) (1198737)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- "Hailey". Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels. Brian Curtis.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 628.
- Historic England. "Church of St John the Evangelist (Grade II*) (1367964)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- Archbishops' Council (2015). "Benefice of Witney". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- Townley 2004, pp. 236–247.
- Hailey Primary School
- Townley 2004, pp. 254–255.
- Historic England. "The Lamb and Flag Public House (Grade II) (1052983)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- Hailey Cricket Club
- Oxfordshire Cricket Association
- Witney Rugby Football Club
Sources and further reading
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 628–629. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- Sturdy, David (1961–62). "The Old Manor House, Poffley End, Hailey, Oxon" (PDF). Oxoniensia (Oxford Architectural and Historical Society). XXVI–XXVII: 321–323.
- Townley, Simon C. (ed.); Baggs, A.P.; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, C.J.; Selwyn, Nesta; Williamson, Elizabeth; Yates, Margaret (2004). A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 14: Witney and its Townships: Bampton Hundred (Part Two). Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer for the Institute of Historical Research. pp. 225–255. ISBN 978-1-90435-625-7.
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