List of centenarians (scientists and mathematicians)

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The following is a list of centenarians – specifically, people who became famous as scientists and mathematicians – known for reasons other than their longevity. For more lists, see lists of centenarians.

Name Lifespan Age Notability
AbbotCharles Greeley Abbot 1872–1973 101 American astronomer and secretary of the Smithsonian Institution[1]
AlexanderHorace Alexander 1889–1989 100 British biologist and ornithologist[2]
AllenDoris Twitchell Allen 1901–2002 100 American psychologist and founder of Children's International Summer Villages[3]
AltFranz Alt 1910–2011 100 Austrian mathematician[4]
AnsbacherHeinz Ansbacher 1904–2006 101 German-American psychologist[5]
ArnheimRudolf Arnheim 1904–2007 102 German psychologist of visual perception[6]
BaldwinIra Baldwin 1895–1999 103 American bacteriologist and educator[7]
BassettPreston Bassett 1892–1992 100 American inventor and aeronautics pioneer[8]
BeachellHenry Beachell 1906–2006 100 American developer of "miracle rice"[9]
BeckmanArnold Orville Beckman 1900–2004 104 American chemist and businessman who founded Beckman Instruments[10]
BellJulia Bell 1879–1979 100 English human geneticist[11]
BenjaminHarry Benjamin 1885–1986 101 German sexologist[12]
BielanskiAdam Bielański 1912– 101 Polish chemist[13]
BijouSidney W. Bijou 1908–2009 100 American child psychologist[14]
BukreyevBoris Yakovlevich Bukreev 1859–1962 103 Ukrainian mathematician[15]
BuqingSu Buqing 1902–2003 100 Chinese mathematician[16]
CardiBeatrice De Cardi 1914– 100 British archaeologist[17]
CartanHenri Cartan 1904–2008 104 French mathematician[18]
ChevreuMichel Eugène Chevreul 1786–1889 102 French chemist[19]
ChickHarriette Chick 1875–1977 102 British biologist[20]
ChristophersSir Rickard Christophers 1873–1978 104 British protozoologist[21]
ClarkThomas H. Clark 1893–1996 102 Canadian geologist[22]
CoolidgeSir William D. Coolidge 1873–1975 101 American engineer and developer of the Coolidge tube for production of x-rays[23]
CouttsMorton W. Coutts 1904–2004 100 New Zealand inventor and developer of the continuous fermentation method[24]
CristRay Crist 1900–2005 105 American chemist[25]
DollezhalNikolay Dollezhal 1899–2000 101 Russian mechanical engineer[26]
DowWilliam Gould Dow 1895–1999 104 American scientist and inventor who helped develop radar jamming[27]
DownsMarion Downs 1914– 100 American audiologist[28]
EllisFrank Ellis 1905–2006 100 British radiologist[29]
EricksonRica Erickson 1908–2009 101 Australian naturalist[30]
FabreHenri Fabre 1882–1984 101 French aviation pioneer and inventor of the seaplane[31]
FirthRaymond Firth 1901–2002 100 New Zealand anthropologist[32]
FosterR. M. Foster 1896–1998 101 American engineer[33]
GaismanHenry Jacques Gaisman 1869–1974 104 American inventor, first to develop the safety razor[34]
GanjiMohammad Hassan Ganji 1912–2012 100 Iranian meteorologist[35]
GansserAugusto Gansser-Biaggi 1910–2012 101 Swiss geologist[36]
GluecksohnSalome Gluecksohn-Waelsch 1907–2007 100 German-American geneticist[37]
GoldhaberMaurice Goldhaber 1911–2011 100 American nuclear physicist[38][39]
HaastBill Haast 1910–2011 100 American director of the Miami Serpentarium[40]
HamburgerViktor Hamburger 1900–2001 100 German professor and embryologist[41]
HeidelbergerMichael Heidelberger 1888–1991 103 American immunologist[42]
HellRudolf Hell 1901–2002 100 German inventor[43]
HildebrandJoel Henry Hildebrand 1881–1983 101 American chemist[44]
HillPolly Hill 1907–2007 100 American horticulturist[45]
HippelArthur R. von Hippel 1898–2003 105 German-American physicist and co-developer of radar[46]
HoffleitDorrit Hoffleit 1907–2007 100 American research astronomer[47]
HofmannAlbert Hofmann 1906–2008 102 Swiss discoverer of LSD[48]
HollomPhilip Hollom 1912–2014 102 British ornithologist[49][50]
HuShiu-Ying Hu 1910–2012 102 Chinese botanist[51]
HundFriedrich Hund 1896–1997 101 German physicist[52]
KeysAncel Keys 1904–2004 100 American biologist[53]
KitBarys Kit 1910 – 104 Belarusian scientist[54]
KleitmanNathaniel Kleitman 1895–1999 104 American father of sleep research and co-discoverer of REM sleep[55]
KlopstegPaul E. Klopsteg 1889–1991 101 American physicist[56]
LedererJerome F. Lederer 1902–2004 101 American engineer[57]
LehmannInge Lehmann 1888–1993 104 Danish seismologist[58]
LehmerEmma Lehmer 1906–2007 100 Russian-American mathematician[59]
LeviRita Levi-Montalcini 1909–2012 103 Italian neurologist (Nobel laureate) and senator[60]
LofgrenEdward J. Lofgren 1914– 100 American physicist[61]
LuebsAugust Luebs 1889–1989 100 American mechanical engineer[62]
MayrErnst Mayr 1904–2005 100 German-American biologist[63]
MacvaughRogers McVaugh 1909–2009 100 American botanist and educator[64]
MeiseWilhelm Meise 1901–2002 101 German ornithologist[65]
MillikenWilliam F. Milliken, Jr. 1911–2012 101 American aerospace engineer and racing driver[66]
MixterRussell L. Mixter 1906–2007 100 American biologist[67]
MooreRalph S. Moore 1907–2009 102 American horticulturalist[68]
MurrayMargaret Murray 1863–1963 100 British anthropologist[69]
NikolskySergey Nikolsky 1905–2012 107 Russian mathematician[70]
NobelingGeorg Nöbeling 1907–2008 100 German mathematician[71]
OllerenshawKathleen Ollerenshaw 1912– 101 British mathematician and politician[72]
OpolskiAntoni Opolski 1913–2014 100 Polish physicist[73]
PatrickRuth Patrick 1907–2013 105 American limnologist[74]
PolettiLuigi Poletti 1864–1967 103 Italian mathematician[75]
PolubarinovaPelageya Polubarinova-Kochina 1899–1999 100 Russian mathematician[76]
PriceG. Baley Price 1905–2006 101 American mathematician[77]
QuartermanElsie Quarterman 1910–2014 103 American prominent plant ecologist[78]
RamoSimon Ramo 1913– 101 American physicist[79]
RenfrewMalcolm Renfrew 1910–2013 103 American chemist[80]
RichardsRobert Hallowell Richards 1844–1945 100 American metallurgist[81]
RidleyHenry Nicholas Ridley 1855–1956 100 British biologist[82]
SchefferVictor Blanchard Scheffer 1906–2011 104 American zoologist and author[83]
SemonWaldo Semon 1898–1999 100 American chemist[84]
ShizhangBei Shizhang 1903–2009 106 Chinese biologist and educator[85]
SimpsonRobert Simpson 1912– 101 American meteorologist[86]
SmithHobart Muir Smith 1912–2013 100 American herpetologist[87]
SomerfeldEsther Somerfeld-Ziskind 1901–2002 101 American psychiatry researcher[88]
SteinerGerolf Steiner 1908–2009 101 German professor of zoology[89]
StewartRalph Randles Stewart 1890–1993 103 American botanist[90]
StruikDirk Jan Struik 1894–2000 106 Dutch mathematician[91]
TambsRalph Tambs-Lyche 1890–1991 100 Norwegian mathematician[92]
TannerWilmer W. Tanner 1909–2011 101 American zoologist[93]
TerresJohn Kenneth Terres 1905–2006 100 American naturalist and author[94]
ThompsonDorothy Burr Thompson 1900–2001 100 American classical archaeologist and art historian[95]
TillionGermaine Tillion 1907–2008 100 French anthropologist[96]
TipperConstance Tipper 1894–1995 101 British metallurgist and crystallographer[97]
TiszaLászló Tisza 1907–2009 101 Hungarian-American physicist[98]
VacquierVictor Vacquier 1907–2009 101 Russian-American geophysicist[99]
VietorisLeopold Vietoris 1891–2002 110 Austrian mathematician[100]
VisvesvarayyaVisvesvaraya 1860–1962 101 Indian engineer[101]
VogtMarthe Vogt 1903–2003 100 German-English neuroscientist[102]
WarnerFrederick Warner 1910–2010 100 British chemical engineer[103]
WillcoxWalter Francis Willcox 1861–1964 103 American statistician[104]
ZappataFilippo Zappata 1894–1994 100 Italian aircraft designer and pioneer[105]
ZhangZhang Guangdou 1912–2013 101 Chinese engineer[106]
Zheng Ji 1900–2010 110 Chinese nutritionist and biochemist[107]

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