List of extinct animals of the British Isles

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This is a list of extinct animals of the British Isles. Only a small number of these are globally extinct, most famously the Irish Elk, Great Auk and Woolly Mammoth. Most of the remainder survive to some extent outside the islands. The list includes introduced species only where they were able to form self-sustaining colonies for a time. Only species extinct since Great Britain was separated from mainland Europe are included. The date beside each species is the last date when a specimen was observed in the wild, or where this is not known, the approximate date of extinction. The list is complete for mammals, reptiles, freshwater fish and amphibians.

Extinct species[edit]

Mammals[1][edit]

Birds[edit]

Fish[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Reptiles[edit]

Insects[edit]

Beetles[edit]

Bees, wasps and ants[edit]

Flies[edit]

Butterflies and moths[edit]

General reference: Waring et al., 2009.[5]

Dragonflies and damselflies[edit]

Caddisflies[edit]

Crustaceans[edit]

Molluscs[edit]

Land snails[edit]

† - Species is extinct worldwide

Reintroduction and re-establishment[edit]

White-tailed Eagle has been successfully re-established on the west coast of Scotland. Red Kite and Osprey have been successfully re-established in parts of England and Scotland.[citation needed] Ongoing projects involve both these species; Corncrake into parts of England and Scotland; Great Bustard on Salisbury Plain.

There are plans to reintroduce European Beaver to parts of Britain, especially Scotland where a five-year trial reintroduction at Knapdale in Argyll started in 2009.[10] In 2008, Moose were released into a fenced reserve on the Alladale Estate in the Highlands of Scotland. Reindeer was re-established in 1952, approximately 150-170 reindeer living around the Cairngorms region in Scotland.

The northern clade Pool Frog was reintroduced from Swedish stock in 2005, to a single site in Norfolk, England, following detailed research to prove that it had been native prior to its extinction around 1993.

Large Blue butterfly has been successfully re-established from Swedish stock at a number of sites, but few of these are open-access. There are also several successful cases of the establishment of new populations of Heath Fritillary.

Lynx is very close to being reintroduced to England.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yalden, Derek (1999), History of British Mammals, London: T. & A.D. Poyser Ltd., ISBN 0-85661-110-7 
  2. ^ Bumblebee superfacts, BugLife, retrieved January 23, 2013 
  3. ^ Bumblebee superfacts, BugLife, retrieved January 23, 2013 
  4. ^ Bumblebee superfacts, BugLife, retrieved January 23, 2013 
  5. ^ Waring, P. et al. (2009), Field Guide to the Moths of Great Britain and Ireland, Hook, Hampshire: British Wildlife Publishing, ISBN 0953139999 ; UK Moths (Ian Kimber) http://ukmoths.org.uk/ |url= missing title (help), retrieved January 23, 2013 
  6. ^ Tilbury, Christine (March 2007), Gypsy Moth Advisory Note, Forest Research: Tree Health Division, retrieved 6 February 2014 
  7. ^ "Viper's Bugloss Hadena irregularis - UK Moths", UK Moths (Ian Kimber), retrieved January 23, 2013 
  8. ^ Gilbert Van Stappen (1996), "Artemia", in Patrick Lavens & Patrick Sorgeloos, Manual on the Production and Use of Live Food for Aquaculture, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 361, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization, pp. 79–106, ISBN 978-92-5-103934-2 
  9. ^ Geoffrey Fryer (2006), "The brine shrimp's tale: a topsy turvy evolutionary fable" (PDF), Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 88 (3): 377–382, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2006.00623.x 
  10. ^ http://www.scottishbeavers.org.uk/

Further reading[edit]