List of Canadian provinces and territories by area

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As a country, Canada has ten provinces and three territories. These subdivisions vary widely in both land and water area. The largest subdivision by land area is the territory of Nunavut. The largest subdivision by water area is the province of Quebec. The smallest subdivision in terms of both land and water area is the province of Prince Edward Island.[1]

Pie chart of percentages of area. In order of portion size: Nunavut: 21.0; Quebec: 15.4; Northwest Territories: 13.5; Ontario: 10.8; British Columbia: 9.5; Alberta: 6.6; Saskatchewan: 6.5; Manitoba: 6.5; Yukon: 4.8; Newfoundland and Labrador: 4.1; New Brunswick: 0.7; Nova Scotia: 0.6; Prince Edward Island: 0.1

Canada is the second-largest country in the world;[2] however, in terms of dry land area, it ranks fourth.[2] In terms of freshwater area, Canada is the largest country.[2]

Listings[edit]

Total area[edit]

The total area of a province or territory is the sum of its land area and its freshwater area.

Areas are rounded to the nearest square kilometre or square mile. Percentages are given to the nearest tenth of a percent.

Rank Name Total area (km2)[1] Total area (mi2)[1] Percentage of
national total area[1]
1  Nunavut 2,093,190 808,185 21.0%
2  Quebec 1,542,056 595,391 15.4%
3  Northwest Territories 1,346,106 519,734 13.5%
4  Ontario 1,076,395 415,598 10.8%
5  British Columbia 944,735 364,764 9.5%
6  Alberta 661,848 255,541 6.6%
7  Saskatchewan 651,036 251,366 6.5%
8  Manitoba 647,797 250,116 6.5%
9  Yukon 482,443 186,272 4.8%
10  Newfoundland and Labrador 405,212 156,453 4.1%
11  New Brunswick 72,908 28,150 0.7%
12  Nova Scotia 55,284 21,345 0.6%
13  Prince Edward Island 5,660 2,185 0.1%
Total  Canada 9,984,670 3,855,103 100.0%

Land area[edit]

Land areas consist of dry land, excluding areas of freshwater.

Areas are rounded to the nearest whole unit. Percentages are given to the nearest tenth of a percent.

Rank Name and flag Land area (km2)[1] Land area (mi2)[1] Percentage of
national land area
1  Nunavut 1,936,113 747,537 21.3%
2  Quebec 1,365,128 527,079 15.0%
3  Northwest Territories 1,183,085 456,792 13.0%
4  British Columbia 925,186 357,216 10.4%
5  Ontario 917,741 354,342 10.1%
6  Alberta 642,317 248,000 7.1%
7  Saskatchewan 591,670 228,445 6.5%
8  Manitoba 553,556 213,729 6.1%
9  Yukon 474,391 183,163 5.2%
10  Newfoundland and Labrador 373,872 144,353 4.1%
11  New Brunswick 71,450 27,587 0.8%
12  Nova Scotia 53,338 20,594 0.6%
13  Prince Edward Island 5,660 2,185 0.1%
Total  Canada 9,093,507 3,511,023 100.0%

Freshwater area[edit]

Freshwater area consists of lakes, rivers, and reservoirs. It excludes territorial waters claimed by Canada in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans. Canada has no significant inland areas of salt water.

Areas are given to the nearest whole unit. Percentages are given to the nearest tenth of a percent.

Rank Name and flag Water area (km2)[1] Water area (mi2)[1] Water area as
percentage of
total area
Percentage of
national
freshwater area
1  Quebec 176,928 68,312 11.5% 19.9%
2  Northwest Territories 163,021 62,943 12.1% 18.3%
3  Ontario 158,654 61,257 14.7% 17.8%
4  Nunavut 157,077 60,648 7.5% 17.6%
5  Manitoba 94,241 36,387 14.5% 10.6%
6  Saskatchewan 59,366 22,921 9.1% 6.7%
7  Newfoundland and Labrador 31,340 12,100 7.7% 3.5%
8  British Columbia 19,549 7,548 2.1% 2.2%
9  Alberta 19,531 7,541 3.0% 2.2%
10  Yukon 8,052 3,109 1.7% 0.9%
11  Nova Scotia 1,946 751 3.5% 0.2%
12  New Brunswick 1,458 563 2.0% 0.2%
13  Prince Edward Island 0 0 0.0% 0.0%
Total  Canada 891,163 344,080 8.9% 100.0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]