List of power stations in Scotland

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This list of power stations in Scotland includes current and former electricity-generating power stations in Scotland, sorted by type. Scotland is a net exporter of electricity and has a generating capacity of over 10GW. Much of this is generated by conventional fossil fuel-burning power stations, as well as two large nuclear power stations. Several hydro-electric schemes operate in the Highlands. Scotland also has an increasing number of wind farms, due to the large proportion of upland areas. As of July 2010, there were 100 operating wind farms in Scotland with a combined capacity of 2.1GW; and a further 96 projects under construction or consented, with capacity of 3.0GW.[1] A number of other power plants include an experimental wave power generator on Islay, and Steven's Croft near Lockerbie, the UK's largest wood-fired biomass power station.[2]

Nuclear power stations[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Nuclear power in the United Kingdom.
Name Operator Location (UK grid reference) Council Area Type Capacity (MW) Commissioned Closed
Chapelcross UKAEA / BNFL NY216697 Dumfries and Galloway Magnox 200 1959 2004
Dounreay DFR UKAEA NC981668 Highland Fast breeder reactor 14 1962 1977
Dounreay PFR UKAEA NC981668 Highland Fast breeder reactor 250 1975 1994
Hunterston A South of Scotland Electricity Board / Scottish Nuclear / BNFL NS183514 North Ayrshire Magnox 360 1964 1990
Hunterston B EDF Energy NS183514 North Ayrshire Advanced gas-cooled reactor 1,288 1976 -
Torness EDF Energy NT746750 East Lothian Advanced gas-cooled reactor 1,364 1988 -

Coal-fired[edit]

Name Operator Location (UK grid reference) Council Area Capacity (MW) Commissioned Closed
Barony SSEB NS528218 East Ayrshire 60 1957 1989
Braehead SSEB NS517677 Renfrewshire 260 1951 1979
Cockenzie Scottish Power NT394754 East Lothian 1,200 1967 2013
Kincardine Scottish Power NS923882 Fife 760 1962 1997
Longannet Scottish Power NS953852 Fife 2,400 1972 -
Methil Scottish Power NO381002 Fife 57 1965 2000
Pinkston SSEB Glasgow 65 1901 1960s
Portobello SSEB Edinburgh 1934 1977
Stornoway Scottish and Southern Energy NB431321 Western Isles 23.5 1950 -
Yoker SSEB Glasgow 100 1905 1976

Oil- and gas-fired[edit]

Name Operator Location (UK grid reference) Council Area Fuel Capacity (MW) Commissioned Closed
Grangemouth Grangemouth CHP NS944810 Falkirk Gas 130 2001 -
Inverkip South of Scotland Electricity Board NS196711 Inverclyde Oil 1900 1970 1988
Lerwick A and B Scottish and Southern Energy HU465427 Shetland Oil 66 1953 & 1996  ?
Loch Carnan[3] Scottish and Southern Energy NF832427 Western Isles Diesel 11.8 1971 -
Peterhead Scottish and Southern Energy NK127430 Aberdeenshire Gas 1550 1980 -

Hydro-electric[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Hydroelectricity in the United Kingdom.

Pumped-storage hydro-electric[edit]

Hydroelectricity relies on gravity to propel water through power-generating turbines. The difference in height between the turbine and the water source is known as the "head". Scotland has two pumped-storage hydro-electric power stations, which pump water back up to a storage reservoir during periods of off-peak demand. Scottish Power's Cruachan Power Station was the first such station in the world when it opened in 1965.[4]

Name Operator Location (UK grid reference) Council Area Gross head (m) Capacity (MW) Commissioned
Cruachan Dam[4][5] Scottish Power NN077268 Argyll and Bute 360 440 1965
Foyers Scottish and Southern Energy NH503217 Highland 179 300 1974

SSE are currently proposing to build two new pumped storage schemes in the Great Glen, at Balmacaan above Loch Ness, and Coire Glas above Loch Lochy [6][7]

Conventional hydro-electric[edit]

Several of Scotland's hydro-electric plants were built to power the aluminium smelting industry, but many more were built in the mid-20th century by the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board to supply the communities of the Highlands. These were built in several "schemes" of linked stations, each covering a catchment area, whereby the same water may generate power several times as it descends.

Name Operator Scheme Location (UK grid reference) Council Area Gross head (m) Capacity (MW) Commissioned
Achanalt [8] Scottish and Southern Energy Conon NH308619 Highland 20 3 1956
Aigas [9] Scottish and Southern Energy Affric-Beauly NH474436 Highland 18 20 1962
Allt Fionn [10] Osspower/Glenfalloch Estate - NN331209 Stirling 180 2 2012
Allt-na-Lairige [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NN231136 Argyll and Bute 249 6 1956
Auchtertyre [12] RWE npower Renewables - NN353290 Stirling - 0.7 2000
Blantyre [13] RWE npower Renewables - NS695583 South Lanarkshire - 0.575 1995
Bonnington [14] Scottish Power Lanark NS884416 South Lanarkshire 30 11 1927
Braevallich [15] RWE npower Renewables - NM958073 Argyll and Bute - 2.2 2006
Carnoch [16] RWE npower Renewables - NM847606 Highland 245 1.35 2006
Carsfad [17] Scottish Power Galloway NX604854 Dumfries and Galloway 20 12 1936
Cashlie [18] Scottish and Southern Energy Breadalbane NN507419 Perth and Kinross 142 11 1959
Cassley [19] Scottish and Southern Energy Shin NC396232 Highland 113 10  ?
Ceannacroc [20] Scottish and Southern Energy Great Glen NH223108 Highland 90 20 1959
Chliostair [21] Scottish and Southern Energy - NB059091 Western Isles 125 1 1960
Clachan [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NN191133 Argyll and Bute 294 40  ?
Clunie [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN912597 Perth and Kinross 53 61 1955
Cuaich [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN674876 Highland 27 2.5 1959
Cuileig [17] Scottish and Southern Energy - NH179767 Highland  ? 3.2 2002
Culligran [9] Scottish and Southern Energy Affric-Beauly NH377404 Highland 60 19 1962
Dalchonzie [18] Scottish and Southern Energy Breadalbane NN740219 Perth and Kinross 29 4 1958
Deanie [9] Scottish and Southern Energy Affric-Beauly NH291387 Highland 113 38 1963
Douglas Water [23] RWE npower Renewables - NN054054 Argyll and Bute 173 3 2008
Drumjohn [17] Scottish Power Galloway NX521973 Dumfries and Galloway  ? 2 1985
Earlstoun [17] Scottish Power Galloway NX614818 Dumfries and Galloway 20 14 1936
Errochty [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN772593 Perth and Kinross 186 75 1955
Fasnakyle [9] Scottish and Southern Energy Affric-Beauly NH318295 Highland 159 69 1951
Finlarig [18] Scottish and Southern Energy Breadalbane NN585345 Perth and Kinross 415 16.5 1955
Foyers British Aluminium Company - NH503217 Highland 179 200 1896, closed 1971[24]
Foyers Falls [25] Scottish and Southern Energy Foyers NH503217 Highland 108 5 1974
Garrogie [26] RWE npower Renewables - NH500132 Highland - 2.4 2005
Garry Gualach [27] RWE npower Renewables - NH170004 Highland - 0.78 2002
Gaur [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN464569 Perth and Kinross 30 7.5 1953
Gisla [28][29] Scottish and Southern Energy - NB128257 Western Isles 47 0.7  ?
Glen Tarbert [30] RWE npower Renewables - NM865605 Highland - 0.85 2000
Glendoe Scottish and Southern Energy Glendoe NH451031 Highland 600 100 2009
Glenlee [17] Scottish Power Galloway NX606805 Dumfries and Galloway 120 24 1935
Glenmoriston [20] Scottish and Southern Energy Great Glen NH364156 Highland 93 37 1957
Grudie Bridge [8] Scottish and Southern Energy Conon NH320623 Highland 168 18.7 1950
Inverawe [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NN016321 Argyll and Bute 36 25 1963
Inverbain [31] RWE npower Renewables - NG786549 Highland - 1 2005
Invergarry [20] Scottish and Southern Energy Great Glen NH319013 Highland 53 20 1956
Inverlael[32] RWE npower Renewables - NH189854 Highland 120 2.5 2009
Kendoon [17] Scottish Power Galloway NX604876 Dumfries and Galloway 46 24 1936
Kerry Falls [33] Scottish and Southern Energy - NG829719 Highland 56 1 1952
Kilmelfort [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NM832141 Argyll and Bute 111 2 1956
Kilmorack [9] Scottish and Southern Energy Affric-Beauly NH494442 Highland 17 20 1962
Kingairloch [34] Scottish and Southern Energy - NM836532 Highland  ? 3.5 2005
Kinlochleven [35] Alcan - NN191617 Highland  ? 30 1909
Lairg [19] Scottish and Southern Energy Shin NC575069 Highland 10 3.5 1959
Lednock [18] Scottish and Southern Energy Breadalbane NN698303 Perth and Kinross 91 3 1961
Livishie [20] Scottish and Southern Energy Great Glen NH353159 Highland 259 15 1962
Loch Dubh [36] Alcan - NC149012 Highland 166 1.2 1948
Loch Ericht [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN553727 Perth and Kinross 55 2.2 1962
Loch Gair [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NR924908 Argyll and Bute 109 6 1961
Lochaber [37] Rio Tinto Alcan Lochaber NN127751 Highland  ? 65 1944
Lochay [18] Scottish and Southern Energy Breadalbane NN545349 Perth and Kinross 180 45 1958
Lubreoch [18] Scottish and Southern Energy Breadalbane NN453417 Perth and Kinross 30 4 1958
Luichart [8] Scottish and Southern Energy Conon NH394570 Highland 56 34 1954
Lussa [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NR735260 Argyll and Bute 116 2.4 1952
Morar [38]  ? - NM683922 Highland 5 1 1948
Mossford [8] Scottish and Southern Energy Conon NH330633 Highland 161 18.6 1957
Mullardoch [9] Scottish and Southern Energy Affric-Beauly NH222309 Highland 27 2.4 1955
Nant [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NN015208 Argyll and Bute 172 15 1963
Nostie Bridge [39] Scottish and Southern Energy - NG852272 Highland 149 1 1948
Orrin [8] Scottish and Southern Energy Conon NH436545 Highland 222 18 1959
Pitlochry [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN935577 Perth and Kinross 15 15 1950
Quoich [20] Scottish and Southern Energy Great Glen NH107011 Highland 101 18 1955
Rannoch [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN529582 Perth and Kinross 156 44 1930
River E [40] RWE npower Renewables - NH521164 Highland 287 3 2007
Shin [19] Scottish and Southern Energy Shin NH573974 Highland 81 18.6 1958
Sloy [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NN320098 Argyll and Bute 277 152.5 1950
Sron Mor [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NN161200 Argyll and Bute 46 5 1957
St Fillans [18] Scottish and Southern Energy Breadalbane NN690246 Perth and Kinross 253 16.8 1957
Stanley Mills [41] RWE npower Renewables - NO114328 Perth and Kinross - 0.84 2003
Stonebyres [14] Scottish Power Lanark NS850441 South Lanarkshire 51 5 1927
Storr Lochs [42] Scottish and Southern Energy - NG500506 Highland 136 2.4 1952
Striven [11] Scottish and Southern Energy Sloy-Awe NS056839 Argyll and Bute 123 8 1951
Tongland [43] Scottish Power Galloway NX694535 Dumfries and Galloway 32 33 1935
Torr Achilty [8] Scottish and Southern Energy Conon NH446545 Highland 16 15 1954
Trinafour [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN724647 Perth and Kinross 91 0.5  ?
Tummel Bridge [22] Scottish and Southern Energy Tummel NN763590 Perth and Kinross 53 34 1935

Wind power[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Wind power in Scotland.

Onshore[edit]

Name Operator Location (UK grid reference) Council Area Number of Turbines Capacity (MW) Commissioned Notes
Burnfoot Hill EDF NN905034 Stirling 13 26 October 2010 [44]
Upper Ardgrain NJ960344 Aberdeenshire 3 2.4 October 2010 [44]
Ben Aketil extension Falck Renewables NG330461 Highland 2 4.6 October 2010 [44]
Achany Estate SSE Renewables NC504044 Highland 19 38 October 2010 [44]
Hammars Hill Hammars Hill Energy Ltd HY384235 Orkney 5 4.5 September 2010 [44]
Tullo Eneco NO757716 Aberdeenshire 7 17 September 2010 [44]
Methil Docks The Hydrogen Office NT375993 Fife 1 0.75 September 2010 [44]
Crystal Rig 2 Fred Olsen Renewables Ltd NT656683 Scottish Borders 51 117.3 September 2010 [44]
Crystal Rig 2a Fred Olsen Renewables Ltd NT660680 Scottish Borders 9 20.7 September 2010 [44]
House o'Hill NJ976585 Aberdeenshire 3 2.4 July 2010 [44]
Cairnmore Farm RWE Npower Renewables NJ503244 Aberdeenshire 3 2.55 July 2010 [44]
Carcant SSE Renewables NT364525 Scottish Borders 3 6 June 2010 [44]
Toddleburn SSE Renewables NT494535 Scottish Borders 12 27.6 June 2010 [44]
Craigengelt Hill GDF Suez NS723866 Stirling 8 20 March 2010 [44]
Tiree Community Wind Turbine Tiree Renewable Energy Ltd NM076483 Argyll and Bute 1 0.9 March 2010 [44]
Fairburn Estate Scottish & Southern NH416519 Highland 20 40 February 2010 [44]
Hill of Fiddes Broadview Energy NJ932250 Aberdeenshire 3 6.9 February 2010 [44]
Boyndie extension Falck Renewables NJ640619 Highland 1 2.3 January 2010 [44]
Pates Hill Your Energy NS965605 West Lothian 7 14 January 2010 [44]
North Rhins AES Wind Generation NX020568 Dumfries and Galloway 11 22 January 2010 [44]
Edinbane Vattenfall NG346462 Highland 18 41.4 December 2009 [44]
Skelmonae NJ889396 Aberdeenshire 4 3.2 December 2009 [44]
Strath of Brydock extension A.J. Duncan NJ653599 Aberdeenshire 1 2.3 December 2009 [44]
Cowhill NJ746336 Aberdeenshire 1 0.8 December 2009 [44]
Newstead NJ813503 Aberdeenshire 1 0.8 December 2009 [44]
Ednie Farm NK087511 Aberdeenshire 1 0.8 December 2009 [44]
Burgar Hill extension Burgar Hill Renewables HY341265 Orkney 1 2.3 November 2009 [44]
Dun Law extension ScottishPower NT461574 Scottish Borders 35 29.75 October 2009 [44]
Longpark EDF NT474424 Scottish Borders 19 38 October 2009 [44]
Holodyke DC & MC Wallace HY319215 Orkney 1 0.9 October 2009 [44]
Hill of Burns NJ742350 Aberdeenshire 1 0.8 October 2009 [44]
Westray Community wind turbine Westray Development Trust HY437460 Orkney 1 0.9 October 2009 [44]
Lochhead Farm A7 Energy Ltd NS778474 South Lanarkshire 3 6.15 July 2009 [44]
Hill of Balquhindachy extension Greenspan Energy NJ857425 Aberdeenshire 2 1.7 July 2009 [44]
St John's Wells St John's Wells Wind Farm Limited NJ800369 Aberdeenshire 3 2.4 July 2009 [44]
Beinn Tharsuinn extension (Beinn nan Oighrean) RockBySea & Midfern Renewbles NH614815 Highland 2 4.6 July 2009 [44]
Ardkinglass/Clachan Flats Iberdrola NN175145 Argyll and Bute 9 15.03 June 2009 [44]
Strath of Brydock A.J. Duncan NJ653599 Aberdeenshire 2 4.6 June 2009 [44]
Achairn Farm J & R Innes ND305504 Highland 3 6.15 May 2009 [44]
Aikengall Community Windpower NT714704 East Lothian 16 48 2009 [44]
Ardrossan Airtricity NS232471 North Ayrshire 12 24 2003 [45]
Artfield Scottish and Southern Energy NX225675 Dumfries and Galloway 15 22 2005 [46]
Balnamoon Balnamoon Renewables Ltd. NJ484555 Moray 1 0.8 2008 [44]
Beinn an Tuirc Scottish Power NR746367 Argyll and Bute 46 30.36 2002 [47]
Beinn Ghlas Npower NM975258 Argyll and Bute 14 8.4 1999 [48]
Beinn Tharsuinn Scottish Power NH614814 Highland 17 30 2006 [44]
Ben Aketil Falck Renewables NG330445 Highland 10 23 2007 [44]
Bilbster (Flex Hill) Npower ND271518 Highland 3 3.9 2008 [49]
Black Hill RES ND229446 Scottish Borders 22 28.6 2007 [44]
Black Law Scottish Power NS897539 North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire West Lothian 54 124.2 2005, extended 2006 [44]
Bowbeat E.ON UK NT302455 Scottish Borders 24 31.2 2002 [50]
Boyndie Falck Renewables NJ621639 Aberdeenshire 7 14 2006 [51]
Braes of Doune Airtricity NN719107 Stirling 36 72 2005 [52]
Bu Farm I & H Brown HY621218 Orkney 3 2.7 2002 [44]
Buolfruich Anthony Hall ND160355 Highland 15 12.75 [53]
Burgar Hill Npower HY346256 Orkney 2 5 2007 [54]
Burra Dale Shetland Aerogenerators HU424424 Shetland 5 3.7 2000, extended 2003 [44]
Cairn Uish (Rothes) Fred Olsen Renewables NJ184505 Moray 22 50.6 2005 [44]
Causeymire Npower ND155505 Highland 24 55 2004 [53]
Craig Craig Wind Farm Co. NX019569 Dumfries and Galloway 4 8 2007 [44]
Cruach Mhor Scottish Power NS035874 Argyll and Bute 35 29.75 2004 [44]
Crystal Rig Fred Olsen Renewables NT678679 Scottish Borders 25 62.5 2004, extended 2007 [44]
Dalswinton Airtricity NX950889 Dumfries and Galloway 15 30 2008 [55]
Deucheran Hill E.ON UK NR761442 Argyll and Bute 9 15.75 2001 [56]
Drumderg Scottish and Southern Energy NO179553 Perth and Kinross 16 32 2008 [57]
Dummuie Eco2 NJ563357 Aberdeenshire 7 10.4 2007 [44]
Dun Law Scottish Power NT466572 Scottish Borders 26 17.6 2000 [44]
Earlsburn Falck Renewables NS696884 Stirling 15 37.5 2007 [58]
Farr Npower NH734289 Highland 40 92 2006 [59]
Findhorn Ecovillage Findhorn Wind Park NJ058640 Moray 4 0.75 2006 [44][60]
Fintry FREE NS616867 Stirling 1 2.5 2007 [44]
Forss Fivestone ND019695 Highland 6 7 2003 [44]
Gigha Gigha Renewable Energy Company NR637472 Argyll and Bute 3 0.675 2004 [44]
Glens of Foudland Centrica NJ613360 Aberdeenshire 20 26 2005 [44]
Greendykeside A7 Energy NS811703 North Lanarkshire 2 4 2007 [44]
Green Knowes Scottish Power NN965070 Perth and Kinross 18 27 2008 [44]
Hadyard Hill Scottish and Southern Energy NX264992 South Ayrshire 52 120 2006 [46]
Hagshaw Hill Scottish Power NS789307 South Lanarkshire 46 42 1995, extended 2008 [44]
Hare Hill Scottish Power NS654097 East Ayrshire 20 13.2 2000 [44]
Kilbraur Falck Renewables NC785075 Western Isles 19 47.5 2008 [61]
Liniclate Element Wind Ltd. NF786498 Western Isles 1 0.9 2008 [44]
Mackie's Mackie's Ice Cream NJ763319 Aberdeenshire 3 2.55 2007 [62]
Michelin Tyre Factory Ecotricity NO448328 Dundee 2 4 2006 [44]
Millennium (Glenmoriston) Falck Renewables NH271077 Highland 20 50 2008 [44][63]
Minsca Farm Airtricity NY225810 Dumfries and Galloway 16 36.8 2008 [64]
North Redbog Redbog Renewables Ltd/Enercon NJ996552 Aberdeenshire 2 1.6 2008 [44]
Novar (Bendealt) Npower NH554714 Highland 34 17 1997 [65]
Paul's Hill Fred Olsen Renewables NJ114404 Moray 24 55.2 2006 [44]
Sainsbury's, East Kilbride Ecotricity NS641514 South Lanarkshire 1 0.6 2001 [44]
Sigurd Triodos Renewables HY346256 Orkney 1 1.3 2000 [44]
Spurness Scottish and Southern Energy HY604343 Orkney 4 11 2005 [44]
Tangy Farm Scottish and Southern Energy NR678286 Argyll and Bute 15 12.75 2002 [44]
Wardlaw (Dalry) Community Windpower NS251517 North Ayrshire 6 18 2006 [66]
Wether Hill Scottish Power NX691939 Dumfries and Galloway 14 18.2 2007 [44]
Whitelee Scottish Power NS575465 East Ayrshire, East Renfrewshire, South Lanarkshire 140 322 2009 [67]
Windy Standard Npower NS618016 Dumfries and Galloway 36 21.6 1996 [68]

Offshore[edit]

Name Operator Location (UK grid reference) Sea area Number of Turbines Capacity (MW) Commissioned Notes
Beatrice Talisman Energy / Scottish and Southern Energy ND361006 Moray Firth 2 10 2007 [69]
Robin Rigg E.ON UK NX899420 Solway Firth 60 180 2009 [46]

Others[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Renewable energy in Scotland.
Name Operator Location (UK grid reference) Council Area Type Capacity (MW) Commissioned Closed
Billia Croo [70] EMEC HY2220909313 Orkney Wave Power  ? 2003
Braehour [71] Scottish Hydro Electric ND093532 Highland Peat burning  ? 1954 1960
Baldovie [72] Dundee Energy Recycling NO448329 Dundee Energy from waste 10.5 1999 -
Greengairs [73] Shanks McEwan NS786697 North Lanarkshire Landfill gas 3.8 1996 -
Islay LIMPET [74] Wavegen NR158533 Argyll and Bute Wave power 0.5 2000 -
Steven's Croft [75] E.ON UK NY121853 Dumfries and Galloway Biomass (wood) 44 2008 -
Westfield [76] Energy Power Resources NT193981 Fife Biomass (poultry litter) 10 2000 -

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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