List of protected species in Taiwan

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List of protected species in Taiwan.

According to Wildlife Conservation Act Republic of China (Taiwan) article 4, endangered and vulnerable species were classified into following categories:

  • I - Endangered species (瀕臨絕種保育類)
  • II - Rare and valuable species (珍貴稀有保育類)
  • III - Other conservation-deserving species (其他應予保育類)

Animals[edit]

Mammals[edit]

Formosan Rock-monkey
Formosan Black Bear
Formosan Reeve's muntjac
Formosan Serow
Scientific Name English Common Name Chinese Common Name Status
Order Chiroptera
 Pteropus dasymallus formosus Formosan Flying Fox /
Formosan Fruit Bat
臺灣狐蝠 I
Order Primates
Family Cercopithecidae 獼猴科
 Macaca cyclopis Formosan Rock-monkey 臺灣獼猴 II
Order Pholidota
 Manis pentadactyla pentadactyla Formosan Pangolin 臺灣鯪鯉 II
Order Cetacea
Family Delphinidae 海豚科
 Tursiops gilli Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin 太平洋瓶鼻海豚 II
 Tursiops aducus Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin 南方瓶鼻海豚 II
Order Carnivora
 Ursus thibetanus formosanus Formosan Black Bear 臺灣黑熊 I
Family Mustelidae 貂科
 Martes flavigula chrysospila Formosan Yellow-throated Marten 黃喉貂 II
 Lutra lutra chinensis Chinese Otter 水獺 I
Family Viverridae 靈貓科
 Herpestes urva Crab-eating Mongoose 棕簑貓 II
 Paguma larvata taivana Formosan Gem-faced Civet 白鼻心 II
 Viverricula indica pallida Small Chinese Civet 麝香貓 II
Family Felidae 貓科
 Neofelis nebulosa brachyurus Formosan Clouded Leopard 臺灣雲豹 I
 Prionailurus bengalensis chinensis Leopard Cat 石虎 I
Order Artiodactyla
Family Cervidae 鹿科
 Cervus unicolor swinhoei Formosan Sambar 臺灣水鹿 II
 Muntiacus reevesi micrurus Formosan Reeve's Muntjac 山羌 II
Family Bovidae 牛科
 Naemorhsdus swinhoei Formosan Serow 臺灣長鬃山羊 II

Birds[edit]

Black-faced Spoonbill
Swinhoe's Pheasant
Formosan Blue Magpie
Formosan Yellow Tit
White-eared Sibia
Formosan Yuhina
Formosan Whistling Thrush
Plumbeous Water Redstart
Formosan Bulbul
Scientific Name English Common Name Chinese Common Name Status
Order Ciconiiformes
Family Ciconiidae 鸛科
 Ciconia boyciana Oriental White Stork 亞洲白鸛 I
 Ciconia nigra Black Stork 黑鸛 II
Family Threskiornithidae 朱鷺科
 Platalea leucorodia White Spoonbill 琵鷺 I
 Platalea minor Black-faced Spoonbill 黑面琵鷺 I
 Threskiornis melanocephalus Oriental Ibis 黑頭白鷺 II
Family Ardeidae 鷺科
 Egretta eulophotes Chinese Egret 唐白鷺 II
Order Anseriformes
Family Anatidae 雁鴨科
 Aix galericulata Mandarin Duck 鴛鴦 II
Order Falconiformes
Family Accipitridae 鷲鷹科
 Accipiter soloensis Grey Frog Hawk 赤腹鷹 II
 Accipiter trivirgatus Asian Crested Goshawk 鳳頭蒼鷹 II
 Accipiter virgatus Besra Sparrow Hawk 臺灣松雀鷹 II
 Butastur indicus Grey-faced Buzzard-Eagle 灰面鵟鷹 II
 Ictinaetus malayensis Indian Black Eagle 林鵰 I
 Pernis ptilorhynchus Oriental Honey Buzzard 鵰頭鷹 II
 Spizaetus nipalensis fokiensis Hodgson's Hawk Eagle 赫氏角鷹 I
 Spilornis cheela Crested Serpent Eagle 大冠鷲 II
Family Falconidae 隼科
 Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon I
Family Pandionidae 鶚科
 Pandion haliaetus Osprey 魚鷹 II
Order Galliformes
Family Phasianidae 雉科
 Arborophila crudigularis White-throated Hill Partridge 深山竹雞 III
 Lophura swinhoii Swinhoe's Pheasant 藍腹鷴 I
 Phasianus colchicus Common Pheasant 環頸雉 II
 Syrmaticus mikado Mikado Pheasant 黑長尾雉 I
Order Gruiformes
Family Gruidae 鶴科
 Grus grus Common Crane 灰鶴 II
Order Charadriiformes
Family Jacanidae 水雉科
 Hydrophasianus chirurgus Pheasant-tailed Jacana 水雉 II
Family Rostratulidae 彩鷸科
 Rostratula benghalensis Painted Snipe 彩鷸 II
Family Glareolidae 燕鴴科
 Glareola maldivarum Eastern Collared Pratincole 燕鴴 II
Family Laridae 鷗科
 Anous stolidus Common Noddy 玄燕鷗 II
 Sterna anaethetus Bridled Tern 白眉燕鷗 II
 Sterna sumatrana Black-naped Tern 蒼燕鷗 II
 Sterna albifrons Little Tern 小燕鷗 II
Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae 鳩鴿科
 Chalcophaps indica Emerald Dove 翠翼鳩 II
 Macropygia phasisnella Large Brown Cuckoo Dove 長尾鳩 II
 Treron formosae Formosan Green Pigeon 紅頭綠鳩 II
Order Strigiformes
Family Tytonidae 草鴞科
 Tyto capensis Grass Owl 草鴞 II
Family Strigidae 鴟鴞科
 Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl 短耳鴞 II
 Asio otus Long-eared Owl 長耳鴞 II
 Glaucidium brodiei Collared Owlet 鵂鶹 II
 Ketupa ketupa flavipes Tawny Fish Owl 黃魚鴞 I
 Ninox scutulata Brown Hawk Owl 褐鷹鴞 II
 Otus bakkamoena Collared Scops Owl 領角鴞 II
 Otus elegans botelensis Riukiu Scops Owl 蘭嶼角鴞 I
 Otus spilocephalus Spotted Scops Owl 黃嘴角鴞 II
 Strix leptogrammica caligata Brown Wood Owl 褐林鴞 I
 Strix aluco yamadae Eurasian Tawny Owl 灰林鴞 I
Order Piciformes
Family Picidae 啄木鳥科
 Dendrocopos leucotos White-backed Woodpecker 大赤啄木 II
 Picus canus Grey-faced Woodpecker 綠啄木 II
Order Passeriformes
Family Corvidae 鴉科
 Garrulus glandarius Jay 橿鳥 III
 Pica pica Black-billed Magpie 喜鵲 III
 Urocissa caerulea Formosan Blue Magpie 臺灣藍鵲 II
Family Oriolidae 黃鸝科
 Oriolus traillii ardens Maroon Oriole 朱鸝 I
 Oriolus chinensis Black-naped Oriole 黃鸝 II
Family Paridae 山雀科
 Aegithalos concinnus Red-headed Tit 紅頭山雀 III
 Parus ater Coal Tit 煤山雀 III
 Parus holsti Formosan Yellow Tit 黃山雀 II
 Parus monticolus Green-backed Tit 青背山雀 II
 Parus varius Varied Tit 赤腹山雀 II
Family Pittidae 八色鳥科
 Pitta brachyura Blue-winged Pitta 八色鳥 II
Family Muscicapidae 鶲科
 Ficedula hyperythra Thicket Flycatcher 黃胸青鶲 III
 Niltava vivida Vivid Niltava 黃腹琉璃 III
 Terpsiphone atrocaudata Black Paradise Flycatcher 綬帶鳥 II
Family Timaliidae 畫眉科
 Actinodura morrisoniana Formosan Barwing 紋翼畫眉 III
 Garrulax albogularis White-throated Laughingthrush 白喉笑鶇 II
 Garrulax canorus taiwannus Melodious Laughing Thrush 畫眉 II
 Garrulax morrisonianus Formosan Laughing Thrush 金翼白眉 III
 Garrulax poecilorhynchus Rufous Laughing Thrush 竹鳥 II
 Heterophasia auricularis White-eared Sibia 白耳畫眉 III
 Liocichla steerii Steere's Liocichla 藪鳥 III
 Yuhina brunneiceps Formosan Yuhina 冠羽畫眉 III
Family Campephagidae 山椒鳥科
 Coracina novaehollandiae Black-faced cuckooshrike 花翅山椒鳥 II
 Pericrocotus divaricatus Ashy Minivet 灰山椒鳥 II
 Pycnonotus solaris YelIow-throated Minivet 紅山椒鳥 III
Family Turdidae 鶇科
 Brachyptery montana Blue Shortwing 小翼鶇 III
 Cinclidium leucurum White-tailed Blue Robin 白尾鴝 III
 Enicurus scouleri Little Forktail 小剪尾 II
 Myiophoneus insularis Formosan Whistling Thrush 臺灣紫嘯鶇 III
 Tarsiger johnstoniae Collared Bush Robin 阿里山鴝 III
 Turdus poliocephalus niveiceps Taiwan Island Thrush 白頭鶇 III
 Rhyacornis fuliginosus Plumbeous Water Redstart 鉛色水鶇 III
Family Sylviidae 鶯科
 Regulus goodfellowi Taiwan Firecrest 火冠戴菊鳥 III
Family Laniidae 伯勞科
 Lanius cristatus Brown Shrike 紅尾伯勞 III
Family Pycnonotidae 鵯科
 Pycnonotus taivanus Formosan Bulbul 烏頭翁 III

Reptiles[edit]

Taiwan Beauty Snake
Scientific Name English Common Name Chinese Common Name Status
Order Testudinata
Family Emydiae 澤龜科
 Mauremys mutica Asian Yellow Pond Turtle 柴棺龜 II
 Cuora flvomarginata Yellow-lined Box Turtle /
Yellow-margined Box Turtle
食蛇龜 II
 Geoclemys reevesii Chinese Three-keeled Pond Turtle 金龜 II
Family Cheloniidae 蠵龜科
 Caretta caretta gigas Loggerhead Turtle 赤蠵龜 I
 Chelonia mydas japonica Green Turtle 綠蠵龜 I
 Eretmochelys imbricata squamata Hawksbill Turtle 玳瑁 I
Family Dermochelyidae 革龜科
 Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Sea Turtle 革龜 I
Order Squamata
Family Gekkonidae 守宮科
 Gekko kikuchii Kikuchi's Gecko 蘭嶼守宮 II
 Hemiphyllodactylus typus Indo-Pacific Tree Gecko 半葉趾蝎虎 II
 Lepidodactylus yami Yami Scaly-toed Gecko /
Lanyu Scaly-toed Gecko
雅美鱗趾蝎虎 II
Family Lacertidae 蜥蝪科
 Takydromus stejnegeri Stejneger's Grass Lizard /
Brown Grass Lizard
蓬萊草蜥 II
 Takydromus sauteri Sauter's Grass Lizard 南臺草蜥 II
 Takydromus formosanus Formosan Grass Lizard 臺灣草蜥 II
 Takydromus hsuehshanensis Hsuehshan Grass Lizard 雪山草蜥 II
 Platyplacopus kuehnei Kuhne's Grass Lizard 臺灣地蜥 II
Family Scincidae 石龍子科
 Scincella formosensis Formosan Smooth Skink 臺灣滑蜥 II
 Sphenomorphus taiwanensis Taiwan Alpine Skink 臺灣蜓蜥 II
Family Anguidae 蛇蜥科
 Ophisaurus harti Hart's Glass Lizard 蛇蜥 II
 Ophisaurus formosensis Formosan Glass Lizard 臺灣蛇蜥 II
Family Colubridae 黃頜蛇科
 Pareas formosensis Taiwan Slug Snake 臺灣鈍頭蛇 II
 Achalinus niger Black Burrowing Snake 標蛇 II
 Natrix swinhonis Swinhoe's Grass Water Snake 斯文豪氏遊蛇 II
 Natrix tigrina formosana Asian Tiger Snake 臺灣赤煉蛇 II
 Natrix miyajimae Taipei Ground Snake 金絲蛇 II
 Elaphe poryphyracea Red Bamboo Snake /
Red Bamboo Rat Snake
紅竹蛇 II
 Elaphe mandarina takasago Mandarian Rat Snake 高砂蛇 II
 Elaphe taeniura friesei Taiwan Beauty Snake /
Striped Racer
錦蛇 II
Family Elapidae 蝙蝠蛇科
 Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus Banded Krait /
Taiwan Umbrella Snake
雨傘節 II
 Naja atra Common Cobra /
Taiwan Spectacle Cobra
眼鏡蛇 II
 Hemibungarus sauteri sauteri Taiwan Coral Snake /
Striped Red Snake
帶紋赤蛇 II
 Calliophis macclellandi formosensis Asia Coral Snake /
Red-ringed Snake
環紋赤蛇 II
Family Viperidae 蝮蛇科
 Agkistrodon acutus Hundred Pace Snake /
Chinese moccasin
百步蛇 I
 Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus Pointed-scaled pit viper /
Formosan pit viper /
Taiwan habu
龜殼花 II
 Trimeresurus monticola orjentalis Alishan Turtle-designed Snake 阿里山龜殼花 II
 Trimeresurus gracilis Kikuchi's Turtle-designed Snake /
Taiwan Mountain Pitviper
菊池氏龜殼花 II
 Vipera russellii Russell's Viper 鎖蛇 II

Amphibians[edit]

Scientific Name English Common Name Chinese Common Name Status
Order Caudata
Family Hynobiidae 山椒魚科
 Hynobius formosanus Formosan Salamander 臺灣山椒魚 II
 Hynobius sonani Sonani's Salamander 楚南氏山椒魚 II
Order Anura
Family Rhacophoridae 樹蛙科
 Rhacophorus taipeianus Taipei Green Tree Frog 臺北樹蛙 II
 Rhacophorus smaragdinus Emerald Green Tree Frog 翡翠樹蛙 II
 Rhacophorus moltrechti Moltrecht's Green Tree Frog 莫氏樹蛙 II
 Rhacophorus robustus Brown Tree Frog 褐樹蛙 II
Family Microhylidae 狹口蛙科
 Microhyla heymonsi Heymonsi's Rice Frog 黑蒙西氏小雨蛙 II
 Microhyla butleri Butler's Pigmy Frog 巴氏小雨蛙 II
 Microhyla inornata Stejneger's Paddy Frog 史丹吉氏小雨蛙 II
Family Ranidae 赤蛙科
 Rana taipehensis Taipei Frog /
Two-striped Grass Frog
臺北赤蛙 II
 Rana tigerina rugulosa Chinese Bullfrog 虎皮蛙 II
 Rana guntheri Guenther's frog 貢德氏蛙 II

Fishes[edit]

Formosan Landlocked Salmon
Paradise Fish
Scientific Name English Common Name Chinese Common Name Status
Order Anguilliformes
Family Anguillidae 鰻鱺科
 Anguilla marmorata Giant Mottled Eel 鱸鰻 II
Order Salmoniformes
Family Salmonidae 鮭科
 Oncorhynchus masou formosanus Formosan Landlocked Salmon /
Taiwan Trout
櫻花鉤吻鮭 I
Order Cypriniformes
Family Cyprinidae 鯉科
 Varicorhinus alticorpus Deep-body Shovelnose Minnow 高身鏟頜魚 I
Family Homalopteridae 平鰭鰍科
 Hemimyzon taitungensis Ray-finned Fish 臺東間爬岩鰍 II
 Sinogastromyzon puliensis Ray-finned Fish 埔里中華爬岩鰍 II
Order Perciformes
Family Anabntidae 鬥魚科
 Macropodus opercularis Paradise Fish 臺灣鬥魚 II

Crustaceans[edit]

Scientific Name English Common Name Chinese Common Name Status
Order Decapoda
Family Coenobitidae 陸寄居蟹科
 Birgus latro Coconut Crab 椰子蟹 II

Insects[edit]

Magellan's Iridescent Birdwing
Siebold's Dragonfly
Long-armed Scarab
Giant Stag Beetle
Snail-eating Ground Beetle
Scientific Name English Common Name Chinese Common Name Status
Order Lepidoptera
Family Papilionoidae 鳳蝶科
 Agehana maraho Broad-tailed Swallowtail 寬尾鳳蝶 I
 Atrophanera horishana Aurora Swallowtail /
Highland Red-bellied Swallowtail
曙鳳蝶 II
 Troides magellanus Magellan's Iridescent Birdwing 珠光鳳蝶 I
 Troides aeacus kaguya Hengchun Birdwing 黃裳鳳蝶 II
Family Nymphalidae 蛺蝶科
 Sasakia charonda formosana Great Purple Emperor(Fritillary) 大紫蛺蝶 I
Order Homoptera
Family Cicadidae 蟬科
 Formotosema siebohmi Formosan Giant Cicada 臺灣爺蟬 II
Family Fulgoridae 白臘蟲科
 Fulgora watanabei Watanabe's Lantern Fly 渡邊氏長吻白臘蟲 II
Order Odonata
Family Cordulegasteridae 勾蜓科
 Anotogaster sieboldii Jambo Dragonfly /
Siebold's Dragonfly
無霸勾蜓 II
Order Coleoptera
Family Buprestidae 吉丁蟲科
 Buprestis mirabilis Brilliant Jewel Beetle 妖艷吉丁蟲 II
Family Elateridae 叩頭蟲科
 Campsosternus gemma Rainbow Sheath Click Beetle 彩虹叩頭蟲 II
Family Scarabaeidae 金龜蟲科
 Cheirotonus macleayi formosanus Formosan Long-armed Scarab 臺灣長臂金龜 II
Family Lucanidae 鍬形蟲科
 Dorcus formosanus Formosan Giant Stag Beetle 臺灣大鍬形蟲 II
 Dorcus schenklingi Formosan Long-fanged Stag beetle 長角大鍬形蟲 II
Family Cerambycidae 天牛科
 Aeolesthes oenochrous Wushe Blood-spotted Longhorned Beetle /
Cherry Tree Longhorned Beetle
霧社血斑天牛 II
Family Carabidae 步行蟲科
 Damaster blaptoides hanae Formosan Snail-eating Ground Beetle 臺灣食蝸步行蟲 II
 Coptolabrus nankototaijanus miwai Formosan False Snail-eating Ground Beetle 臺灣擬食蝸步行蟲 II
Order Orthoptera
Family Tettigonidae 螽蟴科
 Phyllophorina kotoshoensis Lanyu Giant Katydid 蘭嶼大葉螽蟴 II
Order Phasmida
Family Phasmidae 竹節蟲科
 Megacrania tsudai Tsuda's Giant Stick Insect /
Big-headed Stick Insect
津田氏大頭竹節蟲 II

Plants[edit]

Taiwan Isoetes
Taiwan Beech
Scientific Name English Common Name Chinese Common Name Status
Family Isoetaceae 水韭科
 Isoetes taiwanensis Taiwan Isoetes 臺灣水韭 II
Family Taxaceae 紅豆杉科
 Amentotaxus formosana Formosan Amentotaxus 臺灣穗花杉 II
Family Pinaceae 松科
 Keteleeria davidiana var. formosana Taiwan Keteleeria 臺灣油杉 II
Family Cupressaceae 柏科
 Juniperus chinensis var. tsukusiensis Tsukusien Juniper 清水圓柏 II
Family Podocarpaceae 羅漢松科
 Podocarpus costails Lanyu Podocarpus 蘭嶼羅漢松 II
Family Cycadaceae 蘇鐵科
 Cycas taiwaniana Taiwan Cycas 臺灣蘇鐵 II
Family Ericaceae 杜鵑科
 Rhododendron hyperythum Red-spotted Azalea 紅星杜鵑 II
 Rhododendron kanehirai Kanehira Azalea 烏來杜鵑 II
Family Onagraceae 柳葉菜科
 Epilobium nankotaizanense Nankotaizan Epilobium 南湖柳葉菜 II
Family Fagaceae 殼斗科
 Fagus hayatae Taiwan Beech 臺灣水青岡 II
Family Sapindaceae 無患子科
 Bretschneidera sinensis Chinese Bretschneidera 鐘萼木 II

See also[edit]

External links[edit]