Luisiana, Laguna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Luisiana
Municipality
Luisiana,Lagunajf8320 09.JPG
Official seal of Luisiana
Seal
Nickname(s): Little Baguio of Laguna
Pandán Capital of the Philippines
Map of Laguna showing the location of Luisiana
Map of Laguna showing the location of Luisiana
Luisiana is located in Philippines
Luisiana
Luisiana
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°11′N 121°31′E / 14.183°N 121.517°E / 14.183; 121.517Coordinates: 14°11′N 121°31′E / 14.183°N 121.517°E / 14.183; 121.517
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
District 4th District of Laguna
Founded April 3, 1854
Barangays 23
Government[1]
 • Mayor Nestor Rondilla
Area[2] vlain
 • Total 73.31 km2 (28.31 sq mi)
Elevation 372 m (1,220 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 20,148
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Demonym Luisiense
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4032
Dialing code 49
Income class 4th

Luisiana is a fourth class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 20,148 people.[3] Locals call the town 'Little Baguio of Laguna' because of its high elevation and cooler climate like the City of Baguio.

History[edit]

During the 17th century, there was an area of land in Laguna known as Terreno de Nasonog (Lupaín ng Nasonog in Tagalog). In 1678, Terreno de Nasúnog was divided into three parts: Nasúnog de Lucban, Nasonog de Cavinti, and Nasúnog de Majayjay.

Nasonog de Majayjay later became the town of Luisiana. It was only on April 3, 1854 that ecclesiastical independence was granted to Nasonog by the Governor-General (the Marqués de Novaliches) with the corresponding approval from the Archbishop of Manila, having Don Marcos Bartolomé as its first interim parish priest. Because of the role of Don Luis Bernárdo and his wife Doña Ana, the town was named 'Luis y Ana', later changed to 'Luisiana'.

In 1948, Visita de Luisiana gained civil independence from Majayjay.

In 1903, the towns of Cavinti and Luisiana were combined, Pedro Villanueva of Cavinti was elected mayor and it was during his term that the Aglipay Church was founded in April, 1904. The Romana family funded the construction of a couple of Protestant churches. However, on November 12, 1907 under the leadership of Don Blas Oración, through the Civil Commission, Cavinti and Luisiana became independent towns.

Geography[edit]

About 108 kilometres (67 mi) away from Manila and 24 kilometres (15 mi) away from the provincial capital, Santa Crúz, the town of Luisiana is bounded on the north by Pagsánjan and Cavinti, on the west by Magdalena and Majayjay, on the south by Lucban, Quezon, and Sampaloc in the east.

Luisiana occupies 8,096.33 hectares (20,006.5 acres) on a plateau 1,400 feet (430 m) atop the Sierra Madre mountains.

Barangays[edit]

Luisiana is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.[2]

  • De La Paz
  • Barangay Zone I (Pob.)
  • Barangay Zone II (Pob.)
  • Barangay Zone III (Pob.)
  • Barangay Zone IV (Pob.)
  • Barangay Zone V (Pob.)
  • Barangay Zone VI (Pob.)
  • Barangay Zone VII (Pob.)
  • Barangay Zone VIII (Pob.)
  • San Antonio
  • San Buenaventura
  • San Diego
  • San Isidro
  • San José
  • San Juan
  • San Luis
  • San Pablo
  • San Pedro
  • San Rafaél
  • San Roque
  • San Salvador
  • Santo Domingo
  • Santo Tomás
  • Santo Remigio

Climate[edit]

The climate is cold, humid, and tropical. The average yearly temperature is around 26 °C (78.8 °F).

Climate data for Luisiana, Laguna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
30
(86)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30.2
(86.3)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23.3
(73.7)
Source: World Weather Online[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Luisiana
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 14,241 —    
1995 16,269 +2.53%
2000 17,109 +1.09%
2007 19,255 +1.64%
2010 20,148 +1.66%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Luisiana is basically an agricultural town. At the población, there are only a few commercial establishments which cater to the basic services of the people. Most of them still go to Santa Crúz to do their shopping or marketing and to avail themselves of other services not available in their town.

Sources of income of the people of Luisiana are mainly focused on agriculture such as copra, pandan, palay, bamboo and bunliw, with light industry base and service-sector economy. Piggery and poultry farming are also an additional income.

Transportation[edit]

Going to Luisiana by private transportation from Manila, you will pass by the South Superhighway and enter the province via the Calamba exit. Another way is through the Manila East road – Pagsánjan route or coming from Quezon, the Lucbán route.

Luisiana is also accessible by public transportation taking the same routes as mentioned above. However, whichever route you take, a trip to Luisiana will still be long since it is one of the inner towns in Laguna.

From Manila via Calambâ, a bus will take you to Santa Cruz, Laguna. In Santa Cruz, jeepneys going to Luisiana can be found at the jeepney terminal. Just ask a tricycle driver to take you to the terminal of jeepneys going to Luisiana. Via Santa Crúz, you will pass by the town of Pagsanján before reaching Luisiana. You will easily know it when you have reached the town because the roads become zigzagged with lots of sharp twists and turns. This is one of the reasons why Luisiana is called the 'little Baguio of Laguna.'

Sites and events[edit]

A candidate in Miss Luisiana beauty pageant wearing pandan costume

At the centre of the town, some of the sites are the Roman Catholic Church, the monument of Don Luis Bernárdo (town’s founder) and a monument of Dr. José Protacio Rizal.

But one interesting site in town is the "guard dogs" at the stairs in front of the municipal building. Instead of lions which are common sites or designs in stairs of other buildings, the municipal building of Luisiana has two dogs, which look like Dalmatians, one in each side of the building. However, no one can tell why they are there or what is the story behind the presence of the dogs in the building. Some of them believe that the dogs might have been a part of the town’s history which is yet to be discovered.

Aside from the man-made attractions, Luisiana is also home to natural attractions like falls (such as Bumbóngan, Malaog, Maapon, Limbun-limbón, Aliw, Lagaslás and Botocán-Tiklingan) and caves (such as the caves of Simbahang Bato and Butás Kabag). Although most of these attractions are not yet fully developed commercially, they are open for the public to see in their natural state.

Town feast is celebrated on October 9 for the feast of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary. Another celebration in town is held every 3 April, which is in commemoration of the town’s establishment as a separate entity from Majáyjay. Luisiana also celebrates the Pandán Festival during this month and also the annual Miss Luisiana beauty pageant to select representative for Miss Laguna beauty pageant.

Education[edit]

Secondary[edit]

  • Liceo De Luisiana
  • San Buenaventura National High School (main-Brgy.San Buenaventura)
  • San Buenaventura National High School (annex-Town of Luisiana)
  • Luis Bernardo Memorial High School

Primary[edit]

  • Bonifacio Elementary School
  • Luisiana Central Elementary School
  • San Antonio Elementary School
  • San Isidro Elementary School
  • San Buenaventura Elementary School
  • Saint Dominic Savio School (Closed)
  • Santo Domingo Elementary School
  • San Salvador Elementary School
  • De La Paz San Pablo Elementary School
  • Luisiana Adventist Elementary School
  • San Rafael Elementary School

Sister cities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Average High/Low Temperature for Luisiana, Laguna, Philippines". World Weather Online. Retrieved 13 June 2012. 

External links[edit]