MacArthur Park (song)
|Single by Richard Harris|
|from the album A Tramp Shining|
|Recorded||December 21, 1967-January 6, 1968|
|Richard Harris singles chronology|
"MacArthur Park" is a song by Jimmy Webb, originally composed as part of an intended cantata. Webb initially brought the entire cantata to The Association, but the group rejected it. Richard Harris was the first to record the song, in 1968; it was subsequently covered by numerous artists. Among the best-known covers are Donna Summer's disco arrangement from 1978 and Waylon Jennings's version recorded in 1969 and his recording of the song from 1976. Maynard Ferguson, Stan Kenton and Woody Herman all performed big-band jazz arrangements.
While it was a commercially successful song multiple times after it was released, "MacArthur Park" used flowery lyrics and metaphors (most famously, love being likened to a cake left out in the rain) that were considered by media such as the Los Angeles Times to be "polarizing" and "loopy".
"MacArthur Park" was written by Jimmy Webb in the summer and fall of 1967. The inspiration for the song was his relationship and breakup with Susie Horton, who later married David Ronstadt, a cousin of singer Linda Ronstadt. MacArthur Park in Los Angeles, California was where the two occasionally met for lunch and spent their most enjoyable times together. At that time (mid-1965), Horton worked for a life insurance company whose offices were located just across the street from the park. In an interview with Newsday magazine in October 2014, Webb explained:
Everything in the song was visible. There's nothing in it that's fabricated. The old men playing checkers by the trees, the cake that was left out in the rain, all of the things that are talked about in the song are things I actually saw. And so it's a kind of musical collage of this whole love affair that kind of went down in MacArthur Park. ... Back then, I was kind of like an emotional machine, like whatever was going on inside me would bubble out of the piano and onto paper.
Webb and Horton remained friends, even after her marriage to another man. The breakup was also the primary influence for "By the Time I Get to Phoenix", another Webb composition. After his relationship breakup Webb stayed for a while at the residence of Buddy Greco upon whose piano the piece was composed and originally dedicated. Buddy Greco has closed every show with this number for the past forty years.
The idea to write a classically oriented song with multiple movements that could be played on the radio came from a challenge by music producer Bones Howe who produced recordings for The Association. The song begins as a poem about love, then moves into a lover's lament. When asked by interviewer Terry Gross what was going through his mind when he wrote the lyric, Webb replied that the lyric was meant to be symbolic and referred to the end of a love affair.
The song consists of four sections or movements:
- A mid-tempo introduction and opening section, called "In the Park" in the original session notes, is built around piano and harpsichord, with horns and orchestra added. This arrangement accompanies the song's main verses and choruses.
- A slow tempo and quiet section follows, called "After the Loves of My Life".
- An up-tempo instrumental section, called "Allegro", is led by drums and percussion, punctuated by horn riffs, builds to an orchestral climax.
- A mid-tempo reprise of the first section, concludes with the final choruses and climax.
Richard Harris recording
"MacArthur Park" was first recorded by Richard Harris, after he met the composer at a fundraiser in East Los Angeles, California in late 1967. Webb had been invited to provide the musical backdrop at the piano. Out of the blue, Harris, who had just starred and performed several musical numbers in the film Camelot, suggested to Webb that he wanted to release a record. At first, Webb did not take Harris seriously, but later he received a telegram from Harris, requesting that Webb "come to London and make a record". Webb flew to London and played Harris a number of songs for the project, but none seemed to fit for Harris' pop music debut. The last song that Webb played for Harris was "MacArthur Park", originally written for The Association, who promptly rejected it—due to its length, complex structure, and unorthodox lyrics. Harris selected "MacArthur Park" for his pop music debut.
The recording was made on December 21, 1967, at Armin Steiner's Sound Recorders in Hollywood, with further work done on December 29 and 30. The musicians in the original studio recording included members of the famous "Wrecking Crew" of Los Angeles-based studio musicians who played on many of the hit records of the 1960s and 1970s. Personnel used included Hal Blaine on drums, Larry Knechtel on keyboards, Joe Osborn on bass guitar, and Mike Deasy on guitar, along with Webb himself on harpsichord.
Throughout the recording, Harris can be heard using an incorrect possessive form, "MacArthur's Park". Webb has said he tried correcting Harris during retakes, but gave up when Harris simply could not (or would not) sing the correct words. (The version recorded by Donna Summer retains this error.)
The recording appeared on Harris's album A Tramp Shining in 1968 and was released as a single. It was an unusual choice at its more than seven minute length and multi-part structure. Harris topped the music charts in Europe and Australia. Harris's version was released in April 1968 (WABC first played it on Tuesday 9 April 1968) and on the Hot 100 bowed at #79 on 11 May 1968 and peaked at #2 on 22 June 1968. The song peaked at No. 10 in Billboard's Easy Listening survey and was No. 8 for the year on WABC's overall 1968 chart. In 1969, "MacArthur Park" received the Grammy Award for Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s).
"MacArthur Park's" unusual metaphors and sentimentality have made it a frequent target of parody and ridicule over the years. In 1992, for example, humorist Dave Barry conducted a poll among his readers who selected Harris's version of "MacArthur Park" as the worst song ever recorded, both in terms of "Worst Lyrics" and "Worst Overall Song". Speaking about the controversy in a 2007 interview, Webb said, "Those lyrics were all very real to me: there was nothing psychedelic about it to me. The cake, it was an available object. It was what I saw in the park at the birthday parties. But people have very strong reactions to the song. There's been a lot of intellectual venom."
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||2|
Donna Summer recording
|Single by Donna Summer|
|from the album Live and More|
|B-side||"Once Upon a Time" (Live)
"Last Dance" (Live) (France)
"Mac Arthur Park" (Part Two) (Japan)
|Released||September 24, 1978|
|Producer(s)||Giorgio Moroder, Pete Bellotte|
|Certification||Gold (United States)|
|Donna Summer singles chronology|
In late-1978 American singer Donna Summer released a multi-million selling vinyl single disco version of "MacArthur Park", it was number one on the American pop music sales charts for three weeks during 1978, and was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. Summer's recording, which was included as part of the "Mac Arthur Park Suite" on her double album Live and More, was eight minutes and forty seconds long on the album. The shorter seven-inch vinyl single version of the Mac Arthur Park was Summer's first single to reach number one on the Billboard Hot 100; it doesn't include the balladic second movement of the song, however. Donna's recording was also composer Jimmy Webb's only number one song in the US.
The nearly 18-minute musical medley "Mac Arthur Park Suite" incorporated the songs "One of a Kind" and "Heaven Knows". This medley was also sold as a 12-inch (30 cm) vinyl recording, and it stayed at number one on Billboard 's Hot Dance Club Songs chart for five weeks in 1978. The versions of this medley in Live and More and in the 12-inch recording are notably different in choices of the lengths of the slices of the two accompanying songs. In the 12-inch version, "Heaven Knows" was extended to incorporate the string introduction and the bridge horn solo of the single version for radio stations, and "One of a Kind" was trimmed of some percussion breaks.
"Mac Arthur Park Suite" was not included on the compact disc version of Live and More because of early CD limitations; however, the album version is available on 1987's The Dance Collection: A Compilation of Twelve Inch Singles. The 12" Special One-Sided Disco DJ Single has been digitally remastered and included on the Bad Girls digipak double CD release.
In 2013, the song was remixed by Laidback Luke for the Donna Summer remix album Love To Love You Donna (it was also remixed by Ralphi Rosario and Frank Lamboy), which was released to dance clubs all over America, having a successful peaking at #1, giving Summer her first number-one posthumously and her twentieth number-one on the chart.
|Dutch GfK chart||8|
|Dutch Top 40||9|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||1|
|U.S. Billboard Dance Club Songs||1|
|Single by Waylon Jennings|
|from the album Country-Folk (with The Kimberlys)|
|B-side||But You Know I Love You|
|Released||July 22, 1969|
|Recorded||April 8, 1969|
6:02 (extended album version)
|Producer(s)||Chet Atkins and Danny Davis|
|Waylon Jennings singles chronology|
- Waylon Jennings on Country-Folk (1969)
- The Four Tops (1971) which reached #38 on the Billboard singles chart.
- Chet Atkins and Jerry Reed on Me & Jerry (1971), an instrumental version
- "Weird Al" Yankovic parodied the song as "Jurassic Park" for his 1993 album Alapalooza.
- Paul Shaffer and the CBS Orchestra on the Late Show with David Letterman (2014), with Will Lee on vocals Webb on keyboards
- Bronson, Fred (1988). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits. New York: Billboard.
- "Maynard Ferguson Big Band performing MacArthur Park". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2012-04-15.
- ""Stan Kenton and his Big Band" performing MacArthur Park". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2012-04-15.
- Boucher, Geoff (June 10, 2007). "'MacArthur Park' Jimmy Webb, 1968". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Fallick, Alan H. (October 8, 2014). "Jimmy Webb discusses famous lyrics in 'MacArthur Park'". Newsweek. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- "Harris, Richard MacArthur Park – Phonograph Recording Contract". The Wrecking Crew. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- "MacArthur Park record details". 45cat. Retrieved 2014-06-01.
- "The Top 100 Hits of 1968". Musicradio77.com. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- "The Musicradio WABC Top 100 of 1968". Musicradio77.com. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- ASCAP Candidacy filing, page 15.
- Barry, Dave (2000). Dave Barry's Book of Bad Songs. Kansas City, Missouri: Andrews McMeel Publishing. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-0-7407-0600-4. Retrieved March 29, 2011. "The worst song in modern history, at least in the opinion of the people who responded to the Bad Song Survey is ... "MacArthur Park." [i]t's hard to argue with survey respondents who chose it as the worst."
- "dutchcharts.nl - Discografie Donna Summer". © 2006-2011 Hung Medien. Retrieved 2011-03-14.
- "Hot Dance Club Songs". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. December 28, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Country-Folk". AllMusic. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "Four Tops MacArthur Park". www.discogs.com. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Me & Jerry". AllMusic. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Boucher, Geoff (June 10, 2007). "The SoCal Songbook: 'MacArthur Park,' Jimmy Webb, 1968". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Cite from Fred Bronson, The Billboard Book of Number One Hits, Billboard, 1988
- Link to The Lou Gordon Home Page
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