Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal

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Marie Anne of Portugal
MarieAnna.jpg
Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Tenure 17 November 1905 – 25 February 1912
Spouse William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Issue
Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Princess Hilda Sophie Marie
Antoinette, Crown Princess of Bavaria
Elisabeth, Princess Ludwig Philipp of Thurn and Taxis
Sophie, Princess Ernst Heinrich of Saxony
House House of Braganza
Father Miguel I of Portugal
Mother Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Born (1861-07-13)13 July 1861
Schloss Bronnbach
Died 31 July 1942(1942-07-31) (aged 81)
New York City, New York
Burial Notre-Dame Cathedral
Religion Roman Catholicism

Marie Anne of Portugal (Portuguese: Maria Ana; 13 July 1861 – 31 July 1942) was a Portuguese infanta and Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg and its Regent. She was a member of the House of Braganza.

Family[edit]

Born at Schloss Bronnbach in Bronnbach, Wertheim am Main, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany, Infanta Marie Anne (or Maria Ana) was the fifth child and second-youngest daughter of deposed king Miguel I of Portugal and his consort Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. As such, she was titled and styled from birth as an Infanta of Portugal. At the time of her birth, her father had been exiled, and the family lived as guests in the Austrian-Hungarian empire.

In spite of their straitened circumstances, the daughters of Miguel I made good marriages, some to reigning monarchs and deposed heads of Roman Catholic European dynasties.

Marriage and children[edit]

Before her marriage with William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg she was considered by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria as a suitable bride to his only son and heir, Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria but Rudolf did not like her and she would remain single for the next years. Infanta Maria Ana was married on 21 June 1893 at Schloss Fischhorn, Zell am See, to the Protestant William, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, the eldest child and heir apparent of Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, head of the House of Nassau. It was agreed that the children would be raised in their mother's Catholic faith, because that was the religion of the overwhelming majority of Luxembourg's population.

Grand Duchess Marie Anne with her daughters August 1920.

The couple had six daughters and no sons.

William became grand duke on the death of his father on 17 November 1905, and Marie Anne became grand duchess.

Because William was the last agnate of the House of Nassau, he had Marie-Adelaide confirmed and proclaimed heir presumptive on 10 July 1907. Upon her father's death, she became the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg. Following her abdication on 14 January 1919, her sister Charlotte succeeded her on the throne.

Grand Duchess Marie Anne was regent for her husband during his terminal illness from 19 November 1908 to 15 February 1912, and then regent for her daughter, Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde, during her minority from 25 February 1912 to 18 June 1912.

Dowager Grand Duchess Marie Anne died in exile in New York on 31 July 1942, the family having fled Germany because of World War II.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 13 July 1861 – 21 June 1893: Her Royal Highness Infanta Maria Ana of Portugal[4]
  • 21 June 1893 – 17 November 1905: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
  • 17 November 1905 – 25 February 1912: Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
  • 25 February 1912 – 31 July 1942: Her Royal Highness Grand Duchess Marie Anne of Luxembourg[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/schwarzenberg.html Princely House of Schwarzenberg
  2. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/thurn.html Princely House of Thurn and Taxis
  3. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/saxony.html Royal House of Saxony
  4. ^ Almanach de Gotha. 1922. p. 30. 
Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 13 July 1861 Died: 31 July 1942
Luxembourgish royalty
Preceded by
Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg
1905–1912
Vacant
Title next held by
Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium