Monsters University

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Monsters University
Monsters University poster 3.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Dan Scanlon
Produced by Kori Rae
Screenplay by
Story by
  • Daniel Gerson
  • Robert L. Baird
  • Dan Scanlon
Starring
Music by Randy Newman
Cinematography Matt Aspbury
Jean-Claude Kalache
Editing by Greg Snyder
Studio Walt Disney Pictures
Pixar Animation Studios
Distributed by Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
Release dates
  • June 5, 2013 (2013-06-05) (BFI Southbank)
  • June 21, 2013 (2013-06-21) (United States)
Running time 104 minutes[2]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $200 million[3][4][5]
Box office $743,559,607[6]

Monsters University is a 2013 American 3D computer-animated comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures.[7] It was directed by Dan Scanlon and produced by Kori Rae. It is the fourteenth feature film produced by Pixar and is a prequel to 2001's Monsters, Inc., marking the first time Pixar has made a prequel film.[8]

Disney, as the rights holder, had plans for a second Monsters, Inc. film since 2005. Following disagreements with Pixar, Disney tasked its Circle 7 Animation unit to make the sequel.[9] An early draft of the film was developed, however, Disney's purchase of Pixar in early 2006 led to the cancellation of the Circle 7's version of the film.[10] A Pixar-made sequel was confirmed in 2010,[7] and in 2011, it was confirmed that the film would instead be a prequel titled Monsters University.[11]

Monsters University tells the story of two monsters, Mike and Sulley, and their time studying at college, where they start off as rivals, but slowly become best friends. Billy Crystal, John Goodman, Steve Buscemi, Bob Peterson, and John Ratzenberger reprise their roles as Mike Wazowski, James P. Sullivan, Randall Boggs, Roz, and the Abominable Snowman, respectively. Bonnie Hunt, who played Ms. Flint in the first film, voices Mike's grade school teacher, Ms. Karen Graves. The music for the film is composed by Randy Newman, marking his seventh collaboration with Pixar.

Monsters University premiered on June 5, 2013 at the BFI Southbank in London, United Kingdom and was released on June 21, 2013, in the United States. It was accompanied in theaters by a short film, The Blue Umbrella, directed by Saschka Unseld.[12] The film received positive reviews and was a box office success, grossing $743 million against its estimated budget of $200 million.[4][6]

Plot[edit]

A young monster named Michael "Mike" Wazowski dreams of being a scarer (a monster who enters the human world at night to scare children so their screams can be harvested for energy) when he grows up, after visiting Monsters Inc.—Monstropolis' most profitable and best-known scaring company—on a school field trip. Eleven years later, Mike is a first-year scare major at Monsters University, where he meets a large, blue, furry monster named James P. "Sulley" Sullivan.[13][14]

Mike studies hard, while the privileged Sulley—who comes from a talented family of scarers—lazily relies on his natural scaring ability and begins to falter. As the semester progresses, Mike and Sulley attempt to join a fraternity as pledges, but only Sulley gets into the prestigious Roar Omega Roar. At the semester's final exam, Dean Abigail Hardscrabble fails them both and drops them from the program, stating that Sulley does not study enough and Mike is not at all scary, which prompts Roar Omega Roar to kick Sulley out. Mike decides to prove himself by entering the Scare Games, and joins Oozma Kappa—the only fraternity that is available to him—in order to do so, but they are denied entry as they are one team member short. Seeing the competition as his ticket back into the scare program, Sulley joins and Mike reluctantly accepts.

Oozma Kappa finishes last in the first challenge and faces elimination, but miraculously advances when another team is disqualified for violating the Scare Games rules. Oozma Kappa successfully completes the second challenge and continues to perform well in subsequent challenges. The team attends a Roar Omega Roar party but are discouraged when the other competitors humiliate them. Mike arranges a secret visit to Monsters, Inc. to lift their spirits, but Sulley still doubts that Mike can be a true scarer. In the final round, they pull off a close victory cemented by a final decisive scare by Mike in the simulation bedroom, but afterwards, Mike discovers that Sulley cheated by rigging the machine to improve Mike's score. Determined to prove he is capable of becoming a scarer, Mike breaks into the school's door lab and enters a door to the human world, but the door leads to a summer camp, and he is unable to scare a cabin full of children.

Back at the university, the Roar Omega Roar team offer Sulley to be part of their team again. However, he refuses and confesses to Hardscrabble that he cheated, just as she is notified of the break-in. Realizing what happened, Sulley enters the door to look for Mike. After finding him and reconciling, they try to return but find they are trapped in the human world, as Hardscrabble has deactivated the door while waiting for the authorities to arrive, and are now being pursued by human adults. Mike realizes that the only way to get back into the monster world is to generate enough scream energy to power the door from their side. Working together, Sulley and Mike terrify the adults, generating an overwhelming amount of scream energy and allowing them to return to the lab.

Their actions lead to their expulsion from the university, but the other members of Oozma Kappa are accepted into the scare program the next semester because Hardscrabble is impressed with their performance in the games. They share goodbyes and as Sulley and Mike leave, Hardscrabble tells them they are the first to have surprised her and wishes them good luck in the future. Mike and Sulley begin work at Monsters, Inc. in the company mailroom under the mailroom manager, the Abominable Snowman. Working their way up through the company, the two eventually become part of the Scarer Team, thus setting the events of Monsters, Inc. in motion.

Cast[edit]

Billy Crystal, John Goodman, and Steve Buscemi (top) reprise their roles from Monsters, Inc. while Helen Mirren, Nathan Fillion, and Alfred Molina (bottom) play new characters.

Production[edit]

Plans for a second Monsters, Inc. film existed since 2005. Following disagreements between Disney CEO Michael Eisner and Pixar CEO Steve Jobs, Disney— which owned the rights to make sequels to all of Pixar's films up to Cars—announced that a sequel to Monsters, Inc. would be made by Circle 7 Animation, which was also working on an early draft of Toy Story 3.[9] Titled Monsters, Inc. 2: Lost in Scaradise, the film would have focused on Mike and Sulley visiting the human world to give Boo a birthday present, only to find that she had moved. After getting trapped in the human world, Mike and Sulley split up after disagreeing on what to do.[24] Screenwriters Rob Muir and Bob Hilgenberg were hired to write a script for the film, and storyboarded an early draft of it.[10] Disney's change of management in late 2005—in which Eisner was replaced by Robert Iger—led to renewed negotiations with Pixar, and in early 2006 Disney announced it had purchased the studio. The Disney-owned sequel rights were then transferred to Pixar, leading to the cancellation of Muir and Hilgenberg's version of the film and the subsequent closure of Circle 7.[10]

A Pixar-made sequel was confirmed in 2010.[7] The film was originally planned for release on November 16, 2012, but the release was preponed to November 2, 2012 to avoid competition with The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2. On March 29, 2011, it was confirmed that the film would be a prequel and the title Monsters University was announced.[11] On April 5, 2011 it was announced that the film, the studio's fourteenth full-length feature, would be released on June 21, 2013.[25]

The feature was directed by Dan Scanlon and produced by Kori Rae.[26][27] Billy Crystal, John Goodman, Steve Buscemi, Bob Peterson, and John Ratzenberger reprised their roles, and Bonnie Hunt voiced a new character. New voice cast included Dave Foley, Sean Hayes, Julia Sweeney, Helen Mirren, Alfred Molina, Peter Sohn, Charlie Day, Joel Murray, Nathan Fillion, Aubrey Plaza, Tyler Labine, John Kransinski, Bill Hader, Bobby Moynihan, and Beth Behrs.[28] On August 12, 2011, Billy Crystal was asked about his return to the role of Mike Wazowski; he said, "I'm a little hoarse. I spent five-and-a-half hours today for our fourth session on Monsters, Inc. 2."[14]

The plot of Monsters University details Mike and Sulley's first meeting, but this created a continuity error from the first film in which Mike tells Sulley that he has been jealous of his looks since the fourth grade. Director Dan Scanlon said he had a dilemma with this line during pre-production, but he believed it was best if Mike and Sulley meet in college because, "we wanted to see their relationship develop when they were adults. And we also felt like college is so much about self-discovery and figuring out who you are." He added, "It felt like the perfect place to do this, but we had that line. So we tried versions where they met young and then we skipped ahead to college. And we knew we didn't want to make Monsters Elementary." Scanlon said during pre-production that, "Pete Docter, the original director, and John Lasseter ... finally said to me, 'it's great that you're honouring that, but you have to do what's right for the story.' So we made a tough decision to just have them be in college and put that line aside." Scanlon also said the line from the first film is, "an old monster expression" and "That's what monsters always say to each other."[29][30][31]

Monsters University is the first Pixar film that used global illumination, a new lighting system introduced as part of the overhaul of the rendering system used since the first Toy Story film. In the planning stage of the film, director of photography, Jean-Claude Kalache, asked "What if we made these lights just work?" Before the new system, artists had to build reflections and shadows manually, which became increasingly complex as the models and the setups became more technologically advanced. The new lighting system uses ray tracing, a technique that imitates the behaviour of the light in the real world; this automatized the process, delivered more realism, produced soft shadows, and let the artist spend more time on models and complex scenes—some of which contained thousands of light sources.[32][33]

For research, the filmmakers visited several colleges in the U.S., including Harvard University, Stanford University, and the University of Alabama, observing college architecture, student life, Greek organizations, and the teaching methods of professors and faculty.[34][35][36] To research fraternity life, which is central to the film, many of the film's producers spent several weeks at a fraternity house.[35]

Soundtrack[edit]

Monsters University
Soundtrack album by Randy Newman
Released June 18, 2013
Genre Score
Length 55:11
Label Walt Disney
Pixar film soundtrack chronology
Brave
(2012)
Monsters University
(2013)
Randy Newman chronology
Toy Story 3
(2010)
Monsters University
(2013)

The music for the film is Randy Newman's seventh collaboration with Pixar as a composer. Walt Disney Records released the soundtrack on June 18, 2013.[37][38]

The songs "Main Title", "Rise and Shine", and "The Scare Games" feature the drum line from the Blue Devils group "BD Entertainment". The recordings for the percussion tracks were done at Skywalker Ranch,[39] and were written by Blue Devils Percussion Caption Head Scott Johnson.[40]

The songs "Island" by Mastodon and "Gospel" by MarchFourth Marching Band are featured during the film but do not appear on the soundtrack. The songs "Party Hard" by Andrew W.K. and "Kickstart My Heart" by Mötley Crüe are featured prominently in the teaser trailers but do not appear on the soundtrack or in the film.

Track listing

All music composed by Randy Newman, except where noted.

No. Title Length
1. "Main Title"   0:52
2. "Young Michael"   3:58
3. "First Day at MU"   4:32
4. "Dean Hardscrabble"   3:19
5. "Sulley"   0:48
6. "Scare Pig"   2:00
7. "Wasted Potential"   1:16
8. "Oozma Kappa"   3:16
9. "Stinging Glow Urchin"   2:34
10. "Field Trip"   3:57
11. "Rise and Shine"   3:00
12. "The Library"   3:44
13. "Roar" (written and performed by Axwell & Sebastian Ingrosso) 2:55
14. "The Scare Games"   6:00
15. "Did You Do This?"   2:00
16. "Human World"   2:07
17. "The Big Scare"   3:02
18. "Goodbyes"   3:11
19. "Mike and Sulley"   1:12
20. "Monsters University"   1:34
Total length:
55:15

Release[edit]

The first teaser trailer for Monsters University was released on June 20, 2012.[41] Four versions of the trailer exist; in his sleep, Mike mutters excuses to avoid attending class in each one, such as "I'm not wearing any clothes," "My homework ate my dog," "Class President?", and "My pony made the Dean's List." A second trailer was released on February 11, 2013, a third on April 26, 2013, and a fourth and final trailer, which included scenes from the film, was released on May 30, 2013.

On October 8, 2012, Pixar revealed a fully functional website for Monsters University, complete with information about admissions, academic and campus life, and a campus store to purchase MU apparel. On April 1, 2013, the website was styled to appear as though a rival college, Fear Tech, had hacked and vandalized it.[42][43] The first television commercial for the film was aired during the 2013 Rose Bowl Game, parodying advertisements for participating schools that are shown during college football telecasts. From June 27 until July 11, 2013, Disney's online game Club Penguin hosted a Monsters University Takeover event to promote the film. Players could dress up as their favorite monsters and take part in the Scare Games.[44]

Monsters University had its worldwide premiere on June 5, 2013, as a special screening at BFI Southbank in London with the director and producer in attendance.[45] The film had its Asian premiere as the opening film of the 2013 Shanghai International Film Festival on June 15, 2013.[46] It premiered in the United States on June 8, 2013, at the Seattle International Film Festival,[46] and was released in theaters on June 21, 2013. The film's theatrical release was accompanied by Pixar's short film titled The Blue Umbrella.[12]

Monsters University was released by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment on Blu-ray, 3D Blu-ray, DVD, digital copy and on demand on October 29, 2013. It was accompanied by The Blue Umbrella, Pixar's short film which played alongside the film in theaters.[47]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Monsters University has received positive reviews from critics. Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 79% based on 182 reviews with an average rating of 6.8/10. The site's critical consensus is, the film "doesn't scale the heights of Pixar's finest efforts, but Monsters University is still funny and thoughtful family entertainment for viewers of any age."[48] Another review aggregator, Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 top reviews from mainstream critics, calculated a score of 65 based on 41 reviews.[49] Audiences polled by Cinemascore gave the film a grade A. According to Disney audiences were 56 percent female and 60 percent below the age of 25. Families made up 73 percent of business, and teens accounted for a solid 15 percent. The film played well with all ages.[50]

Matt Zoller Seitz of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four stars out of four, saying it "is true to the spirit of [Monsters Inc.] and matches its tone. But it never seems content to turn over old ground."[51] Trevor Johnston of Time Out gave the film four stars out of five, writing, "It has enough of the right stuff to haunt the imagination long after the immediate buzz of its fluffy-furred cuteness has melted away. For a mere prequel, that's a result."[52] Steven Rea of The Philadelphia Inquirer gave the film three stars out of four, and said it "is cute, and funny, and the animation, though not exactly inspired, is certainly colorful."[53] Jake Coyle of the Associated Press gave the film three stars out of four, saying it "might not be as gifted as some of its other movies, but sometimes it's alright to be OK."[54] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film three stars out of four, and said, "It's all infectious fun, despite the lack of originality. In the art of tickling funny bones, Crystal and Goodman earn straight A's."[55] Richard Corliss of Time gave the film a positive review, saying, "This minor film with major charms still deserves to have kids dragging their parents to the multiplex for one more peek at the monsters in the closet. With Pixar, familiarity breeds content."[56] Bill Goodykoontz of The Arizona Republic gave the film three and a half stars out of five and said it is "one of those movies that has absolutely no reason to exist, but once you've seen it, you're kind of glad it does."[57] Alan Scherstuhl of The Village Voice gave the film a positive review, saying, "Monsters University feels not like the work of artists eager to express something but like that of likable pros whose existence depends on getting a rise out the kids. It's like the scares Sully and Mike spring on those sleeping tykes: technically impressive but a job un-anchored to anything more meaningful."[58]

Leonard Maltin of IndieWire praised the animation and art direction, but wrote that he wished "the movie was funnier and wasn't so plot-heavy" and that "Pixar has raised the bar for animated features so high that when they turn out a film that’s merely good, instead of great, they have only themselves to blame for causing critics to damn them with faint praise."[59] Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune gave the film two stars out of four, saying, "Monsters University, the weirdly charmless sequel to the animated 2001 Pixar hit Monsters, Inc., is no better or worse than the average (and I mean average) time-filling sequel cranked out by other animation houses."[60] Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a negative review, saying that it "never surprises, goes off in unexpected directions or throws you for a loop in the manner of the best Pixar stories. Nor does it come close to elating through the sheer imagination of its conceits and storytelling."[61] Claudia Puig of USA Today gave the film three stars out of four, and said it "may not be as inventive as Inc., but it's an amusing and amiable addition to Pixar's roster of animated coming-of-age stories."[62] Michael O'Sullivan of The Washington Post gave the film three stars out of four, saying, "It may be children’s terror that powers the movie’s fictional universe, but it’s the energy of its stars that lights up Monsters University."[63] Chris Nashawaty of Entertainment Weekly gave the film an A−, and said it "is exactly the rebound Pixar needed after 2011's Cars 2 left some wondering if the studio had lost its magic. The delightful story of when Mike met Sulley puts those concerns to rest."[64] James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film three stars out of four, and wrote, "Although it falls short of the best Pixar has brought to the screen over its long association with Disney, it's nevertheless worth a trip to the theater, especially for kids."[65]

The film was not without its detractors, though. Richard Roeper gave the film two and a half stars out of five, saying "This is a safe, predictable, edge-free, nearly bland effort from a studio that rarely hedges its bets."[66] Stephen Whitty of the Newark Star-Ledger gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four, and said, "The artwork is accomplished, and intricate. The G-rating is genuine, without any gross-out gags. And there's none of the usual winks to the adults with tired, pop-culture references."[67] Manohla Dargis of The New York Times gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of five and wrote, "Both the originality and stirring emotional complexity of Monsters, Inc., with its exquisitely painful and touching parallels with the human world, are missing."[68] Ty Burr of The Boston Globe gave the film two- and-a-half stars out of four, and said, "This is not a bad movie, and to small children it will be a very good one, but it’s closer to average than one would wish from the company that gave us Up, WALL-E, The Incredibles, and the Toy Story series."[69] Rene Rodriguez of the Miami Herald gave the film two stars out of five, and wrote that it "feels half-hearted and lazy, like they weren't even trying. At least show a little effort, guys."[70]

Box office[edit]

Monsters University earned $268,492,764 in North America, and $475,066,843 elsewhere, summing up to a worldwide total of $743,559,607. It is the fifty-sixth highest-grossing film,[71] the seventh highest-grossing 2013 film,[6] the third highest-grossing Pixar film,[72] and the twelfth highest-grossing animated film. The film earned $136.9 million worldwide on its opening weekend.[73] Disney declined to provide a budget for the film; Entertainment Weekly speculated that it was higher than that of Brave ($185 million), mainly because of the high cost of John Goodman and Billy Crystal reprising their roles.[50] Shockya and EOnline reported the budget to be $200 million—on par with previous Pixar films.[4][5]

North America[edit]

In the week leading to Monsters University's release, Disney projected an opening weekend gross of at least $70 million.[74] The film opened on Friday, June 21, 2013 in first place with $30.47 million –including $2.6 million in 20:00 Thursday night shows–[75] marking the fifth largest opening day among animated films.[76] The film then reached first place with an opening-weekend gross of $82.43 million; the second largest among Pixar films,[77] the second largest among G-rated films,[78] the fourth largest among prequels,[79] the fifth largest among animated films,[80] and the fifth largest among films released in June.[81] Monsters University remained at first place on its second weekend, declining 45% to $45.6 million.[82] Facing tough competition from Despicable Me 2 on its third weekend, it dropped 57% to $19.7 million.[83] As of December 2013, it is the tenth highest-grossing animated film.[84]

Outside North America[edit]

The film earned $54.5 million in 35 markets on its opening weekend.[77] It set a Disney·Pixar opening-weekend record in Latin America with revenues of $31.7 million.[85] In Argentina, the film set an opening weekend record among all films with $5.49 million.[86][87] In Australia, where it had a simultaneous release with Despicable Me 2, Monsters University debuted behind the latter with $3.56 million in third place.[88] In Hong Kong, the film set opening-day (HK$5.03 million),[89] single-day (HK$7.93 million) and opening-weekend (HK$25.79 million) records among animated films, beating the previous record holder, Toy Story 3.[90] In the UK, the film topped the box office during its opening weekend with a gross of GB£3.46 million.[91] The film's largest opening occurred in China, where its $13 million debut ranked fourth among Disney films.[92][93] The film's highest-grossing markets are Japan ($90.1 million), the UK, Ireland, and Malta ($47.2 million), and Mexico ($37.6 million).[93]

Accolades[edit]

Awards
Award Date of ceremony Category Recipients and nominees Result
American Cinema Editors[94] February 7, 2014 Best Edited Animated Feature Film Greg Snyder Nominated
Annie Awards[95][96] February 1, 2014 Best Animated Feature
Animated Effects in an Animated Production
Character Animation in an Animated Feature Production John Chun Chiu Lee
Character Design in an Animated Feature Production Chris Sasaki
Music in an Animated Feature Production Randy Newman
Production Design in an Animated Feature Production Ricky Nierva, Robert Kondo, Daisuke “Dice” Tsutsumi
Voice Acting in an Animated Feature Production Billy Crystal (Mike Wazowski)
Writing in an Animated Feature Production Daniel Gerson, Robert L. Baird, Dan Scanlon
Storyboarding in an Animated Feature Production Dean Kelly Won
Editorial in an Animated Feature Production Greg Snyder, Gregory Amundson, Steve Bloom
British Academy Film Awards[97] February 16, 2014 Best Animated Film Dan Scanlon Nominated
Cinema Audio Society Awards[98][99] February 22, 2014 Outstanding Achievement in Sound Mixing for Motion Pictures – Animated Doc Kane, Michael Semanick, Gary Summers, David Boucher, Corey Tyler Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Award[100] January 16, 2014 Best Animated Feature Nominated
Denver Film Critics Society January 13, 2014 Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
Hollywood Film Awards[101] October 21, 2013 Hollywood Animation Award Won
International Cinephile Society[102] February 23, 2014 Best Animated Film Nominated
Kids' Choice Awards[103] March 29, 2014 Favorite Animated Movie Nominated
Favorite Voice from an Animated Movie Billy Crystal Nominated
Producers Guild of America Award[104] January 19, 2014 Outstanding Producer of Animated Theatrical Motion Pictures Kori Rae Nominated
San Francisco Film Critics Circle[105] December 15, 2013 Best Animated Feature
Satellite Awards[106] February 23, 2014 Best Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed Media Nominated
Saturn Award June 2014 Best Animated Film Pending
Visual Effects Society Awards[107] February 12, 2014 Outstanding Animation in an Animated Feature Motion Picture Kori Rae, Sanjay Bakshi, Jon Reisch, Scott Clark Nominated
Outstanding Created Environment in an Animated Feature Motion Picture Robert Kondo, Eric Andraos, Dale Ruffolo, Peter Sumanaseni (Campus)
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association[108] December 9, 2013 Best Animated Feature

References[edit]

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