New York Life Building
New York Life Building
|Location||51 Madison Avenue, Manhattan, New York City, New York|
|Area||2.5 acres (1.0 ha)|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||78001876|
|Added to NRHP||June 2, 1978|
|Designated NHL||June 2, 1978 |
Designed in 1926 by Cass Gilbert, who also designed the landmark Woolworth Building, the massive building, which was inspired by Salisbury Cathedral, rises forty stories to its pyramidal gilded roof and occupies the full block between 26th and 27th Streets, Madison Avenue and Park Avenue South, a rarity in Manhattan. The building stands 615 feet (187 m) tall and contains 40 floors. It was the last significant Gilbert skyscraper in Manhattan.
From 1837–1889, the site was occupied by the Union Depot of the New York and Harlem and the New York and New Haven Railroads, a concert garden, and P.T. Barnums Hippodrome. Until 1925, the site housed the first two Madison Square Gardens, the second one designed by architect Stanford White.
The building was completed in 1928 after two years of construction at the cost of $21 million. It combines streamlined Gothic details and distinctly Moderne massing. The gold pyramid at the top consists of 25,000 gold-leaf tiles. The building was designated an official New York City landmark by the city's Landmarks Preservation Commission in 2000, and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark, designated in 1972. In 1995, after the pyramid was restored with new tiles and lit, the building received a Merit Citation Award from the New York Landmarks Conservancy.
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5., p. 200
- ""New York Life Building", February 1977, by George R. Adams (National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination)" (PDF). National Park Service. February 1977.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "New York Life Building". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-16.
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- Event Horizon: Mad. Sq. Art.: Antony Gormley installation guide, published by the Madison Square Park Conservancy (2010)
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- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1 p. 75.
- "New York Life Building--Accompanying 5 photos, exterior and interior, from 1976, by George R. Adams. (National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination)" (PDF). National Park Service. February 1977.
- Mendelsohn, Joyce. Touring the Flatiron. New York: New York Landmarks Conservancy, 1998. ISBN 0-964-7061-2-1
- Siwolop, Sana "Big Spaces Are Opening Up In Madison Square Park Area" The New York Times (March 24, 2004)
- The WPA Guide to New York City 1939, reprinted 1982 ISBN 0-394-71215-3
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