The Oxo Tower is a building with a prominent tower on the south bank of the River Thames in London. The building has mixed use as Oxo Tower Wharf containing a set of design, arts and crafts shops on the ground and first floors with two galleries, Bargehouse and gallery@oxo. The OXO Tower Restaurant, Bar and Brasserie is on the eighth floor, which is the roof-top level with fine and casual dining. The third to seventh floors contain 78 flats; much of the second floor can be hired out for events and weddings.
Oxo Tower Wharf is in the east of London's South Bank cultural area in the London Borough of Southwark. A continuous riverside walkway passes in front of the building, and links it with other riverside attractions such as the Festival Hall, the National Theatre, the Tate Modern and the Globe Theatre.
The building was originally constructed as a power station for the Post Office, built towards the end of the 19th century. It was subsequently acquired by the Liebig Extract of Meat Company, manufacturers of Oxo beef stock cubes, for conversion into a cold store.
The building was largely rebuilt to an Art Deco design by company architect Albert Moore between 1928 and 1929. Much of the original power station was demolished, but the river facing facade was retained and extended. Liebig wanted to include a tower featuring illuminated signs advertising the name of their product. When permission for the advertisements was refused, the tower was built with four sets of three vertically-aligned windows, each of which "coincidentally" happened to be in the shapes of a circle, a cross and a circle. Liebig and the building were eventually purchased by the Vestey Group.
In the late 1970s and into the 1980s there were several proposals to demolish the building and develop it and the adjacent Coin Street site, but these were met with strong local opposition and two planning inquiries were held. Although permission for redevelopment was granted, the support of the Greater London Council (GLC) finally resulted in the tower and adjoining land being sold to the GLC in 1984 for £2.7m—who sold the entire 13-acre (5.3 ha) site to the non-profit Coin Street Community Builders for just £750,000.
In the 1990s the tower was refurbished to a design by Lifschutz Davidson to include housing, a restaurant, shops and exhibition space. The tower won the Royal Fine Art Commission / BSkyB Building of the Year Award for Urban Regeneration in 1997, the RIBA Award for Architecture also in 1997, the Brick Development Association Award 1997, Civic Trust Award 1998 and The Waterfront Center USA Honor Award 2000. It includes hireable space and floors devoted to occupation.
Coin Street Community Builders
Coin Street Community Builders (CSCB) is a social enterprise and development trust which has improved London's South Bank. CSCB has transformed the surrounding 13 acres into co-operative homes, shops, galleries, restaurants, cafes and bars; a park and riverside walkway; sports facilities; by organising festivals and events; and by providing childcare, family support, learning, and enterprise support programmes. Income is generated from a variety of sources including the hire of retail and catering spaces, event spaces, meeting room spaces and conference venue spaces as well as the provision of consultancy services.
- "Architecture of the Oxo Tower". Artefaqs Corporation. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- "Oxo Tower Wharf - A Brief History". Oxo Tower Wharf. Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- "Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands". Lds-uk.com. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- "Oxo Tower Wharf". Oxo Tower Wharf. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
- "United Kingdom: OXO Tower : Events Hire". hirespace.com. Retrieved 10 Mar 2014.
Media related to OXO Tower at Wikimedia Commons
- Coin Street Community Builders
- Oxo Tower Wharf
- Oxo Tower Restaurant
- Exhibitions at Oxo Tower Wharf
- Design shops at Oxo Tower Wharf
- Project information at Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands website