Squares in London

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St. James's Square, c. 1722
Fitzroy Square

Squares have long been a feature of London.

A few, such as Trafalgar Square, were built as public open spaces, like the squares found in many cities, known as a plaza, piazza, platz, etc. Most, however, were garden squares, originally built as private communal gardens for use by the inhabitants of the surrounding houses. This type of space is most prevalent in central London, but squares are also found in the suburbs. Some of these gardens are now open to the public, while others, for example around Notting Hill, are still fenced and private.

Name and shape[edit]

"Square" is a generic term for these urban open spaces; some are not actually square, or even rectangular. One reason for this is the use of a local nickname for the street, park or garden in question. Another is that some older squares were irregularly shaped to begin with, or lost their original layout due to the city's many transformations, not least following the Great Fire of London and The Blitz.

Each London Borough has rules which have been drawn up prevent inappropriate street names being used to designate new developments or to rename existing features — the general requirement for new squares in London is that they be rectangular and be to some extent open.[1] Billiter Square, EC3 and Millennium Square, SE1 are examples of squares which do not satisfy these guidelines.

Some are entirely paved (Granary Square), while others are almost completely grass and trees (Russell Square). Some have the word "square" in their name, while others do not. Increasingly, spaces are being constructed that are legally private, although in practice open to the public (Paternoster Square). At the other extreme, London's growth over the centuries has encompassed several village greens such as Newington Green, which serve as council-run open spaces in the midst of dense housing. This category of urban green space then begins to shade in to the parks for which London is justly famous.

History[edit]

The making of residential squares fell into decline in the early twentieth century, one of the last notable such squares having been designed by Edwin Lutyens for Hampstead Garden Suburb. Numerous squares were in danger of being used as building sites. This was banned by the London Squares Act of 1931.[2] But in the last quarter of the twentieth century a fashion for making office squares developed. This trend was led by the Broadgate development. The new London Square development indicates a minor revival in the development of new wholly residential squares. However, as a mixed-use focal area squares have become a resurgent planning design, this is reflected for instance by Times Square, Sutton or Canada Square in Canary Wharf.

Since 1998, numerous squares and other private gardens have been open to the paying public due to an initiative by Caroline Aldiss. This is called the "London open Garden Square Weekend" and takes place on the second weekend in June.[3] The event is organised by the London Parks and Garden Trust and run mainly by volunteers. In 2013, more than 200 gardens take place. Among others, the Garden of the Prime Minister at 10 Downing Street, Eaton Square and the Gardens of HM Prison Wormwood Scrubs. Other events are organised to coincide with this weekend, for example, the "World Archaeology Festival" run by the Institute of Archaeology, UCL, in Gordon Square.[4]

The parks can be split into garden squares and other squares.

Notable garden squares[edit]

Squares as landmarks[edit]

List of Greater London squares[edit]

City (EC)
  • Warwick - EC4, (No. 1)
  • Exchange - EC2
  • Austin Friars - EC2
  • Monkwell - EC2
  • Finsbury - EC2
  • Finsbury Avenue - EC2
  • Paternoster - EC4
  • Billiter - EC3
  • Ludgate - EC4
  • Reliance - EC2
  • Mark - EC2
  • New Inn - EC2
  • Trinity - EC3
  • Brewery - EC1, (No. 1)
  • Rosebery - EC1, (No. 1)
  • Cold Bath - EC1
  • St John’s - EC1
  • Myddelton - EC1
  • America - EC4
  • Angel - EC1
  • Aldermanbury - EC2
  • Salisbury - EC4
  • New St - EC4
  • Gough - EC4
  • Waterhouse - EC1
  • King - EC1
  • Northampton - EC1
  • Charterhouse - EC1
  • Bartholomew - EC1 (No. 1)
  • Bridgewater - EC2
City (WC)
Near central
north and northwest
  • Canonbury - N1
  • Union - N1
  • Packington - N1
  • Red House - N1
  • Arlington - N1
  • Claremont - N1
  • Hoxton - N1
  • Charles
  • Uhura - N16
  • Euston - NW1
  • Torrington - (No. 1)
  • Woburn
  • Triton
  • Munster - NW1
  • Russell
  • Bedford
  • Fitzroy
  • Muncaster
  • Park E & W - NW1
  • Cavendish
  • Manchester
  • Dorset - NW1
  • Portman
  • Montagu
  • Bryanston
  • Northpoint - NW1
  • Cloudesley - N1
  • John Spencer - N1
  • De Beauvoir - N1
  • Old Royal Free - N1
  • Lonsdale
  • Gibson
  • Milner
  • Barnsbury - Islington, N1
  • Alwyne
  • Anderson
  • Thornhill
  • Edward
  • Tolmers
  • Chalcot - NW1
  • Oakley - NW1
  • Harrington - NW1
  • Ampthill - NW1
  • Harmsworth
  • Hammond
  • Beavoir
  • Wilton
  • St Mark’s - NW1
  • South - NW11, (No. 2)
  • North - NW11, (No. 1)
  • Pond
  • Camden
  • Lucas
Near central
west and southwest
  • Audley
  • Berkeley
  • Grosvenor
  • Belgrave
  • Parliament
  • Smith
  • St Georges - Pimlico, SW1, (No. 1)
  • Warwick - SW1, (No. 2)
  • Fountain
  • Vincent
  • Lindsay SW1
  • Dolphin - SW1, (No. 1)
  • Victoria - SW1
  • Eccelston
  • Chester
  • Ebury - SW1
  • Eaton - SW1
  • Cleveland
  • Lowndes - SW1
  • Montepelier
  • Trevor
  • Brompton
  • Thurloe
  • Rose - Brompton, SW7
  • Hereford
  • Onslow
  • Adam
  • Commodore - West Brompton/ Chelsea, SW10
  • Admiral - SW10
  • Coleridge - SW10, (No. 1)
  • Alexander
  • Ovington
  • Wellington - SW3
  • Chelsea
  • Mozart
  • Carlyle
  • Tedworth
  • Cadogan - SW1
  • Markham
  • Sloane
  • Duke of York
  • Chesterton
  • Paultons - Chelsea, SW3
  • St Mary’s - W2, (No.1)
  • Oxford - W2
  • Sheldon - W2
  • St Mary’s - W6, (No.2)
  • Lancer - Kensington, W8
  • Chantry - Kensington, W8
  • Craven Hill Gardens - W2
Near central
south
  • Bergen - Bermondsey, SE16
  • Bermondsey - Bermondsey, SE16
  • Reveley - Bermondsey, SE16
  • Greenacre
  • Millstream
  • Helsinki
  • Tillett
  • Thorburn
  • Layard - Bermondsey, SE16
  • Frederick - Bermondsey, SE16
  • New Place
  • Millennium
  • Tower Bridge
  • Tower Bridge Business
  • Marden
  • Lockwood
  • St Olav’s
  • Providence
  • Fountain Gate
  • Cleaver
  • Graphite
  • Brewery - SE1, (No. 2)
  • Avondale - SE1
  • Salamanca - SE1
  • Great Guildford Business
  • Winchester
  • Gatehouse
  • Perkins
  • Nelson
  • Cornwall - Kennington, SW11
  • John Parker - Kennington, SW11
  • Cobalt - Vauxhall, SW8
  • St Philip - Battersea, SW8
  • Surrey - SE1
  • West
  • Walcot
  • St Georges - Rotherhithe, SE8 (No. 2)
  • Trinity Church - SE1
  • Albert - SW8, (No. 1)
  • Peabody - SE1
  • Westminster Business - SE11
  • Sutherland - Camberwell, SE17
  • Montague
  • Peckham - Peckham, SE15
  • Granville - Peckham, SE15
  • Yarnfield - Peckham, SE15
  • Choumert - Peckham, SE15
  • Vivian - Peckham, SE15
  • Galatea - Peckham, SE15
  • Huguenot - Peckham, SE15
  • Shard's - Peckham, SE15
  • Dickens
  • Merrick
  • Hamilton
  • Greene
  • Helena - Rotherhithe, SE16
  • Bonnington - Kennington, SW8
  • Addington - Camberwell, SE5
  • Rust - Camberwell, SE5
  • Foxley - Battersea/Lambeth, SW9
  • Nightingale - Balham, SW12
  • Lorrimore
  • Flat Iron, SE1 [5]
East — within London postal districts
  • Chow - E8
  • Clapton - E5
  • Time - E8
  • Lea
  • Hornbeam - Clapton, E3
  • Grayling - E2
  • Lampern
  • Tredegar - Bow, E3
  • Murray
  • Patriot
  • Harpley - E1
  • Bartholomew - E1, (No. 2)
  • Carlton
  • Thomas More
  • Beaumont - Stepney, E1
  • Sidney - Stepney, E1
  • Petticoat - Aldgate, E1
  • Arbour - Stepney, E1
  • Avis - Stepney, E1
  • Brayford - Stepney, E1
  • O’Leary - Stepney, E1
  • Douthwaite - Wapping, E1
  • Portland - Wapping, E1
  • Cork - Wapping, E1
  • Wellclose - Wapping, E1
  • Rectory - Stepney, E1
  • Roy
  • York
  • Canada
  • Cabot
  • Cutlers
  • St David’s
  • Devonshire
  • Spital
  • Mothers - Lower Clapton/Homerton E5
  • Shalborne - Hackney Wick
  • Wick - Hackney Wick
  • Silk Mills - Hackney Wick
  • Leabank - Hackney Wick
  • Lavender - E11
  • Stonechat - Beckton E6
  • Tollgate - Beckton E6
  • Goose - Beckton E6
  • Partridge - Beckton E6
  • Butterfield - Beckton E6
  • Royal Victoria - Custom House, E16
  • Jessop - Limehouse, E14
  • Old School - Limehouse, E14
  • Lampern - Bethnal Green, E2
  • Old Market - Bethnal Green, E2
  • Ambassador - Limehouse, E14
  • Aberdeen - Limehouse, E14
  • Athol - Limehouse, E14
  • St Georges - Limehouse, E14 (No. 3)
  • St Georges - Upton, E7 (No. 4)
  • Regent - Bow, E3 (No. 2)
  • Alphabet
  • Invicta
  • Guerin
  • Heln
  • Sheffield - E3
  • Trellis - E3
  • Brackly
  • Wakeling - Limehouse, E14
  • Eastbury - Upney
  • Maryland - Stratford, E15
  • Albert - Stratford, E15, (No. 2)
  • Gerry Raffles - Stratford, E15
  • Theatre - Stratford, E15, (No. 1)
  • Torrens - Stratford, E15
  • Lanark - Poplar, E14
  • Burrells Wharf - Canary Wharf
  • Casablanca
  • Capstan
  • Cumberland Mills
  • Ambassador
  • Torres
  • Transom - Millwall, E14
  • Lank
  • Vulcan
  • Arnett - Chingford, E4
  • Warrior - Manor Park, E12
  • St Luke’s - E16
  • St Thomas’s - E9
  • Goldsmith’s - E2
  • Ion - E2
  • St Peter’s - E2, (No. 1)
  • Evergreen - E8
  • Chant - W Ham, E15
  • Barnby - W Ham, E16
  • Market - Poplar, E14, (No. 1)
  • Athoi - Poplar, E14
  • Bering - Millwall, E14
  • Shaw - Higham Hill, Walthamstow, E17
  • St Thomas’s - Hackney, E9
  • Fassett - Hackney, E9
  • Primrose - Hackney, E9
  • Principal - Hackney, E9
  • Sutton - Hackney, E9, (No.1)
  • The Square - E10, (No. 1)
Further east — still within Greater London
  • The Square - Ilford, IG1 (No. 2)
  • The Square - Woodford Green, IG8 (No. 3)
  • Brandesbury - Ilford, IG8
  • Rosebury - Ilford, IG8
  • Brackley - Woodford Green, IG6
  • Warrington - Becontree, Dagenham, RM8
  • Manor - Becontree, Dagenham, RM8
  • Noel - Becontree, Dagenham, RM8
  • Osborne - Dagenham, RM9
  • Hunters - Dagenham, RM9
  • Causton - Dagenham, RM9
Further west — still within Greater London
  • Hill
  • Leinster
  • Kensington Gardens
  • Coleridge - West Ealing, W13, (No. 2)
  • Halliday
  • Cubitt
  • St Andrews - Ladbroke Grove, W11, No1
  • Wesley - Ladbroke Grove, W11,
  • Mortimer - Ladbroke Grove, W11
  • St Charles - North Kensington, W11
  • Wesley - North Kensington, W11
  • Colville - North Kensington, W11
  • Chelmsford - Kensal Rise, NW4
  • Powis - W11
  • Orme
  • Porchester
  • Kensington
  • Princes
  • Leinster
  • Pembridge
  • Nottingdale
  • Katherine
  • Norland
  • Campden Hill
  • Edwardes
  • Wycombe
  • Ravenscourt
  • St Peter's Square, Hammersmith, (No. 2)
  • Ashcroft - Hammersmith, W6
  • Chiswick
  • Westcroft - W6
  • Dolphin - Chiswick, W4, (No. 2)
  • Essex Place
  • The Square - W6, (No. 4)
  • Shuters - W14
  • Orchard - W14
  • Townfield - Hayes, UB3
  • Drenon - Hayes, UB3
  • Tudor - Hayes, UB3
  • Emerald - Southall, UB2
  • The Square - Stockley Park, UB6, (No. 5)
  • The Square - Longford, UB7, (No. 6)
Further southwest
  • Earl’s Court Square - SW5
  • Redcliffe - SW10
  • Nevern
  • Franklin
  • Lampeter - Earl’s Court, W6
  • St Edmunds - Barnes, SW13
  • Cardington - Hounslow West, TW4
  • Sutton - Heston, TW5, (No. 2)
  • Epsom - Heathrow, TW6
  • New Chapel - Feltham, TW13
  • New - East Bedfont, Feltham, TW14
  • Market - Kingston, KT1, (No. 2)
  • Rosebery - Kingston, KT1, (No. 2)
  • Ernest - Kingston, KT1
  • Charter - Kingston, KT1
  • Fleetwood - Kingston, KT1
  • Waters - Kingston, KT1
  • Ashcombe - New Malden, KT3
  • Heathfield - Wandsworth, SW18
  • Red Lion - Wandsworth, SW18 (No. 2)
  • James Clavell - Wandsworth SW18
  • Red Lion - Wandsworth SW18, (No. 2)
  • Theatre - SW11 Battersea, (No. 2)
  • Brassey - SW11 Battersea
  • Battersea
  • Restoration
  • Ivory
  • Weekley - Clapham SW4
  • Parker - Clapham SW4
  • Grafton - Clapham SW4
  • Whites - Clapham SW4
  • Macaulay - Clapham SW4
  • Imperial
  • Philpot
  • Hurlingham - Fulham, SW6
  • Marryat - Fulham, SW6
  • Mission - Brentford TW8
  • Ferry - Brentford TW8
  • Columbia - Mortlake, SW14
  • Vine - Mortlake, SW14
  • Aubyn - Putney, SW15
  • Radcliffe - Putney, SW15
  • Chartfield - Putney, SW15
  • Tolland - Putney, SW15
  • Vanneck - Putney, SW15
  • Baringer - Tooting, SW17
  • Cheriton - Tooting/Balham, SW17
  • Bevin - Tooting/Balham, SW17
  • Pavilion - Tooting, SW17
  • Belvedere - Wimbledon SW19
  • Chapman - Wimbledon SW19, (No. 1)
  • St George’s - New Malden, KT3 (Note four St Georges above)
  • Castelnau Gardens - Barnes, SW13
  • The Square - Richmond, TW9 (No. 7)
  • Topiary - Richmond, TW9
  • Heron - Richmond, TW9
  • King George - Richmond, TW10
  • Charlotte - Richmond, TW10
  • St Andrew’s - Surbiton, KT6, No2
  • St Leonards - Surbiton, KT6
  • Upper - Isleworth, TW7
  • Lower - Isleworth, TW7
  • Memorial - Isleworth, TW7
  • Town Sq - Isleworth, TW7
  • Sigrist - Kingston, KT1
  • Kennet - Wimbledon, SW19
  • Factory - Streatham, SW16
Further southeast
  • Ryculff - Blackheath, SE3
  • Collins - Blackheath, SE3
  • Tristan - Blackheath, SE3
  • Lebrun - Blackheath, SE3
  • Gallus - Blackheath, SE3
  • Queen’s Elm - Blackheath, SE3
  • School - Greenwich, SE10
  • Roman - Thamesmead, SE28
  • The Gardens - Dulwich, SE22
  • Arpley - Penge, SE20
  • Watermen’s - Penge, SE20
  • Palace
  • Stanton - Lower Sydenham, SE26
  • Romero
  • Cambert
  • Telemann
  • Ealdham - Eltham, SE9
  • Chiswell
  • Brook - Blackheath/Kidbrooke, SE18
  • Mortgramit - Woolwich, SE18
  • Reginald - Deptford, SE8
  • Market - Bromley, BR1, (No. 3)
  • St Paul’s - Bromley, BR2
  • Oregon - Orpington, BR6
  • Corvette - Greenwich, SE10
  • Gibbs - Gypsy Hill, West Norwood, SE19
  • Kingston - Gypsy Hill, West Norwood, SE19
  • Bury - Mottingham, New Eltham and Elmstead, SE9
  • Montbelle - Mottingham, New Eltham and Elmstead, SE9
  • Beresford - Woolwich, SE18
  • Les Smith - Woolwich, SE18
  • Old Clem - Woolwich, SE18
  • Artillery - Woolwich, SE18
  • Peppermead - Ladywell, SE13
  • Archer - Deptford, SE14
  • Broadway - Bexleyheath, DA6
  • Adams - Bexleyheath, DA6
  • Regent - Belvedere, DA17
Further north
  • Red - N16
  • Arundel - N7
  • The Market - Edmonton, N9
  • North - Edmonton, N9 (No. 2)
  • Ardett - Chingford
  • Olympus - Clapton
  • Topham - Tottenham, N17
  • Brunswick - Tottenham, N17 (No. 2)
  • Broadfield - Enfield, EN1
  • Westbrook - Cockfosters, EN4
  • Cornwallis
  • Albion
  • Christina
  • Schonfeld N16
  • Chaplin - N12
Further south
  • Whitgift - Croydon, CR0
  • The Pavement - Croydon, CR0
  • Torrington - Croydon, CR0, (No. 2)
  • Rathbone - Croydon, CR0
  • Berkshire - Mitcham, CR4
  • Charlwood - Mitcham, CR4
  • Glebe - Mitcham, CR4
  • Bovingdon - Mitcham, CR4
  • Appleton - Mitcham, SM3
  • Stanley - Carshalton, SM5
  • Alexandra - Morden, SM4
  • Times - Sutton, SM1
  • Wallington - Wallington, SM6
Further northwest
  • St Leonard’s - NW5
  • Seaton - Mill Hill East, NW7
  • Sentinel - NW4
  • Leys - Finchley
  • Central - NW11, (No. 1)
  • Belsize
  • Blandford
  • Hampden
  • Rochester
  • Elliott
  • New End
  • The Mount - Highgate, NW3
  • Central - Wembley, HA0, (No. 2)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]