Portal:South East England

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The South East England Portal

EnglandSouthEast.png

South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. It was created in 1994 and was adopted for statistics in 1999. Its boundaries include Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surrey and West Sussex.

Its population as of the 2001 census was 8,000,550; the most populous region. The highest point is Walbury Hill in Berkshire at 297m/974 ft. In common usage the area referred to by South East may vary.

Until 1999 there was a South East Standard Statistical Region which also included the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire and Greater London. The former South East Civil Defence Region covered the same area as the current government office region.

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From Portal:East Sussex:

World War II gun emplacement at the castle

Pevensey Castle is a medieval castle and former Roman fort at Pevensey. When the Duke William the Bastard of Normandy invaded Sussex, landing at Pevensey Bay in September 1066, there were no defences at Pevensey or anywhere else on the south coast. Upon landing, the invading Normans created a temporary fortification within the Roman walls.


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From Portal:Hampshire:

NetleyRVCP-West.jpg
Credit: Alan Ford
Fawley Oil Refinery from the remains of Netley Hospital in the Royal Victoria Country Park

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From Portal:Isle of Wight:

SirThomasFleming.jpg

Sir Thomas Fleming (April 1544 - August 7, 1613), was an English judge, whose most famous case was the trial of Guy Fawkes in relation to the Gunpowder Plot.

Fleming's father, John, was a general trader and mercer and the family lived in a house just to the east of the entrance to the corn market from the High Street in Newport on the Isle of Wight. He studied law, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1574. He became the Member of Parliament for Winchester in 1584, serving until 1601. His progression within the legal profession was fast (possibly due to several personal connections with the monarch); he became a serjeant-at-law in 1594, and shortly afterwards became Recorder of London. In 1595, the Lord Treasurer, Burleigh, promoted Fleming (in preference to Francis Bacon) to the position of Solicitor General, succeeding Sir Edward Coke who had become Attorney General. Fleming was praised by his contemporaries, more particularly Coke, for his "great judgments, integrity and discretion."

Fleming continued as a Member of Parliament (MP) in 1601, this time representing a Cornish constituency, but his maiden speech on 20 November of that year was a disaster and Fleming broke down; he never addressed the House of Commons again. Nevertheless, he continued to serve as an MP, representing Southampton for several terms. When James I became king in 1603, Fleming was reappointed Solicitor General and received his knighthood the following year, when he was elevated to the bench as Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. It was in this capacity that he tried Guy Fawkes, although his conduct during the trial was criticised: he was accused of attempting "to look wise, and say nothing".

In 1607, on the death of Sir John Popham, Fleming was elevated to the post of Lord Chief Justice of England. The following year he obtained a Charter for Incorporation for Newport from the king, providing for the election of a mayor instead of the historical appointed bailiff. He assisted in the establishment of a free grammar school in the town. Also in 1608, Fleming was one of the judges at the trial of the post nati in 1608, siding with the majority of the judges in declaring that persons born in Scotland after the accession of James I were entitled to the privileges of natural-born subjects in England.

Fleming died suddenly on 7 August 1613 at Stoneham Park in Hampshire, having given to his servants and farm-labourers what was known in Hampshire as a "hearing day." He had purchased the North Stoneham estate in 1599 from Henry Wriothesley, a young Earl of Southampton who inherited the title and estate at the age of eight. After joining in the festivities, he went to bed, apparently in sound health, but was taken suddenly ill, and died before morning. He was buried in the parish church of North Stoneham, where a stately monument records the numerous successes of his career.



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On This Day

25 July:

1864: Ebernoe Horn Fair resumed after a long lapse. The fair takes place on this day each year in Ebernoe, West Sussex.

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