Pflugerville, Texas

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Pflugerville, Texas
City
Pflugerville City Hall
Pflugerville City Hall
Location of Pflugerville, Texas
Location of Pflugerville, Texas
Travis County Pflugerville.svg
Coordinates: 30°26′46″N 97°37′26″W / 30.44611°N 97.62389°W / 30.44611; -97.62389Coordinates: 30°26′46″N 97°37′26″W / 30.44611°N 97.62389°W / 30.44611; -97.62389
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
Counties Travis, Williamson
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Jeff Coleman
Wayne Cooper
Brad Marshall
Darelle White
Starlet Sattler
Victor Gonzales
 • City Manager Brandon Wade
Area
 • Total 11.3 sq mi (29.4 km2)
 • Land 11.3 sq mi (29.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 719 ft (219 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 46,936
 • Density 4,153.6/sq mi (1,596.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78660, 78691
Area code(s) 512 & 737
FIPS code 48-57176[1]
GNIS feature ID 1365131[2]
Website PflugervilleTX.gov

Pflugerville /ˈflɡərvɪl/ is a city in Travis and Williamson counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 46,936 at the 2010 census. Pflugerville is a suburb of Austin and part of the Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Pflugerville is located at 30°26′46″N 97°37′26″W / 30.446122°N 97.623989°W / 30.446122; -97.623989 (30.446122, -97.623989)[3], 14 miles (23 km) northeast of downtown Austin along FM 1825 (Pecan Street) in northern Travis County.[4] Pflugerville is situated 15 miles (24 km) northeast of the Colorado River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29.4 km2). The city has one body of water - Lake Pflugerville - created in 2005 to serve as a water reservoir and recreation area, and two creeks, Gilleland Creek and Wilbarger Creek. A local school group Wilbarger Water Watchers in association with the LCRA monitor the waters of Wilbarger Creek to ensure it meets the United States Environmental Protection Agency's national standard.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The area was initially settled by German immigrant Henry Pfluger, Sr. (1803–67) and members of his family from late 1849 into early 1850. Pfluger had been a wealthy farmer in Germany, but lost all of his property during the Prussian War. He arrived in the country with $1,600 and purchased 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land two miles (3 km) east of Austin from John Liese, a brother-in-law who had immigrated before him. In 1853, Pfluger paid Liese $960 for a 960-acre (3.9 km2) tract of land in an area known as Brushy knob.[5] There, the family lived in a five-room log cabin and raised corn, wheat, rye, beans, sweet potatoes, and sugar cane.[6] The Pfluger family also owned several slaves, some whom were conversant in German.[7]

Community development[edit]

The beginnings of a community wouldn't develop until after the Civil War. During the 1870s, a school and Lutheran Church were established at the settlement. The first commercial business in the community was a general store built by Louis Bohls in 1890. Two local organizations: the German-American Mutual Assistance Foundation, to insure residents against natural disasters; and "Pflugerville Schuetzen and Kegel Verein," a shooting and bowling club. Pflugerville's post office opened in 1893 with Louis Bohls serving as its first postmaster.[8] The population reached approximately 250 during the mid-1890s and a small downtown developed even though most residents did their branching and shipping in Round Rock, eight miles (13 km) to the northwest.[4] Wooden buildings were erected on Main Street and Pecan Street, many by Conrad Pfluger – one of Henry Pfluger, Sr.'s eight sons. In 1904, the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad (MKT) completed its track between Georgetown and Austin, passing just outside of Pflugerville. Its close proximity to the line, however, caused the community to grow rapidly.[8] On February 19, 1904, the town site of Pflugerville was platted by George Pfluger and his son, Albert, dedicating streets and alleys for the town from the Alexander Walter and C. S. Parrish Surveys in Travis County. The plat consisted of sixteen blocks, rights-of-way, and the depot grounds to the MKT. The first addition to the town was the six-block Wuthrich Addition, platted on November 22, 1904. The first cotton gin was built by Otto Pfluger in 1904. It was destroyed by fire in 1931 and a new one was built at the same location. On June 8, 1906, the Farmers State Bank of Pflugerville opened with William Pfluger as its president and A.W. Pfluger as cashier. The first issues of the Pflugerville Press, a weekly newspaper, began publishing on August 7, 1907 and operated through October 29, 1942. In 1910, black workers who worked in the Pflugerville cotton industry were not allowed to move into the town. Farmer La Rue Norton, who owned 1,200 acres (4.9 km2) of land west of Pflugerville, set aside an acre and sold lots to the workers at $50 each. County records listed the settlement as Pflugerville's Colored Addition in April 1910.[9] The first Geman Day celebration in Pflugerville took place on May 29, 1910. In 1913, H.S. Pfluger built the Sky Dome Theater, which showed motion pictures to the accompaniment of a player piano on Friday and Saturday nights. It closed in 1928. In the early 1920s, Pflugerville was home to an estimated 500 residents. During that period, several area school districts consolidated with Pflugerville High School.[8] Around 580 people lived in the community in 1930.

Decline[edit]

The arrival of the Great Depression halted what had been a lengthy period of growth in Pflugerville.[10] The population fell slightly to 500 in 1940. In the years immediately after World War II, the community lost around a quarter of its population as citizens moved to Austin and other larger cities with greater employment opportunities.[4] Despite the challenges of population loss and limited economic development, Pflugerville managed to survive. The community gained national attention when the Pflugerville Panthers won 55 consecutive football games from 1958 to 1962.

Resurgence[edit]

Efforts to incorporate Pflugerville culminated in the holding of an election on July 24, 1965. A total of 102 votes were cast with 60 (58.8%) supporting the proposition and 42 (41.2%) opposed. The town incorporated under a commission form of government. On April 4, 1970, an election was held that changed the form of government from commissioner to aldermanic, providing for an elected mayor and five aldermen. Pflugerville's population began to rebound after its incorporation and by the 1970 census, it stood at 549. That figure had risen to 745 by 1980. A weekly newspaper, the Pflugerville Pflag, began publication in 1980. During most of the 1980s, new development made Pflugerville one of the fastest growing cities in Texas. Estimates from the late 1980s were as high as 3,900.[6][8] Although the boom was slowed by a statewide recession, Pflugerville's population grew to 4,444 in 1990.

Recent history[edit]

Throughout the 1990s, the city of Austin experienced a rapid rise in its population. This was also the case in suburban areas surrounding the city. Pflugerville and communities such as Cedar Park, Round Rock, and Georgetown came to or more than doubled in size by the next census in 2000. Since then, Pflugerville has grown by approximately 20,000, with the total number of residents approaching 40,000 as of 2008.[11] The 2010 Census placed Pflugerville's population at 46,936, however with annexations since the 2010 census, the 7/1/2012 US Census estimate put Pflugerville at 51,894.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 549
1980 745 35.7%
1990 4,444 496.5%
2000 16,335 267.6%
2010 46,936 187.3%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 16,335 people, 5,146 households, and 4,425 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,440.6 people per square mile (556.2/km2). There were 5,239 housing units at an average density of 462.0 per square mile (178.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.18% White, 9.46% African American, 0.24% Native American, 4.31% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 5.99% from other races, and 2.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.69% of the population.

The 2010 census indicates 46,936 people. Demographics 20% Hispanic, 71.1% white, 7.3% Asian, 10% African American.

There were 5,146 households out of which 56.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.4% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.0% were non-families. 10.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.39.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 38.8% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 3.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $71,985, and the median income for a family was $73,629. Males had a median income of $49,989 versus $32,188 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,226. About 1.7% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and 1.3% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Gilleland Creek

The City of Pflugerville has more than 15 parks, 30.5 miles of trail, 16 playscapes, 500 acres of parks and 528 acres of open space all within Pflugerville's 11.3 sq miles of city limits. Many of the parks offer a full range of amenities from pavilions, gazebos and playgrounds to pools and picnic areas.

Lake Pflugerville is a 180-acre reservoir built to provide the citizens of Pflugerville with drinking water, and is one of the city's most popular parks. It is located at the intersection of Weiss Lane and Pflugerville Parkway, the lake is open for fishing, swimming, jogging, canoes, kayaks and wind surfing. Lake Pflugerville Park includes a 3-mile walking/jogging trail, playground, boat launch, pavilion and beach area.

The Northeast Metro Skate/BMX Park opened Tuesday, September 18, 2012. The 349-acre Northeast Metropolitan Park is a multiple-use recreational area with soccer fields, multi-use fields, baseball fields, a cricket field, basketball court, tennis court, and a skate park. Amenities include restrooms, playgrounds, group shelters, picnic tables with grills, concession building for rent, and a water play area.

Hawaiian Falls is slated to open a water park and adventure park in Pflugerville Memorial Day Weekend 2014 .[13]

Economy and transportation[edit]

Stone Hill Town Center, Pflugerville

The City of Pflugerville remains one of the county's jurisdictions with a high property tax rate.[14] Though with a recent influx of higher sales tax revenue, the City Council has lowered the property tax rate annually since 2003.[15]

The city's past isolation from any major roadways, may have led to fewer businesses choosing to locate in town. (While a mile stretch of Interstate 35 is often referred by local media and residents as "in Pflugerville", the city of Austin actually controls this land, either as part of the city or through its extraterritorial jurisdiction.)

However, in November 2006, the first parts of a central Texas tollway system opened, including State Highway 130 and State Highway 45 increasing accessibility to Pflugerville. Approximately three miles of 130 run through Pflugerville, including the intersection of 45 and 130. Because most of the land surrounding these tollways is undeveloped, the city is using this land to attract major commercial development, thereby improving its tax base and providing an opportunity to lower property tax rates. In fact, Stone Hill Town Center is now open with The Home Depot, Best Buy, SuperTarget, Bealls, Dick's Sporting Goods, PETCO, Ross Dress for Less, Office Depot, 24 Hour Fitness, Cinemark Theatres and a St. David's HealthCare 24-hour emergency care facility already open.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

The Waimea Bay slide complex contains 2 body slides & 2 tubes slides

On August 6, 2013, the city agreed on a development deal with Harvest Family Entertainment to build the sixth and largest Hawaiian Falls water park just south of the intersection of State Highway 130 and State Highway 45 in the city across from Stone Hill Town Center. The propose twenty-one million water park will consist of a fifteen acre water park along with a 5-acre adventure park that would become Hawaiian Falls Pflugerville the largest water park in the company. Hawaiian Falls Pflugerville plans to be complete by May 2014.[24][25]

Before the Stone Hill development and the nearby Pfluger Crossing development (a development that includes a Wal-Mart Supercenter) opened their first stores in 2007, the city's two largest retailers were an Albertsons grocery store (which operated from 1996 to 2006) near Pflugerville High School and an H-E-B grocery store (operating since 2000) east of downtown.

In 2010, RRE Austin Solar broke ground on what will be one of the nation's largest solar farms, the 60 MW Pflugerville Solar Farm,[26] but as of July 2013 no significant construction has begun.

The NBC television drama Friday Night Lights was filmed in Pflugerville and Austin, Texas. They used Pflugerville High School's stadium, Kuempel Stadium, to film the football games.

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Pflugerville is provided by the Pflugerville Independent School District (PISD). The district all or part of six municipalities including Pflugerville, Austin, Coupland, Hutto, Manor and Round Rock.[27]

As of the 2011-2012 school year, PISD had a total enrollment of 23,297 students[28] and operated three high schools (Pflugerville, Connally, and Hendrickson), six middle schools, nineteen elementary schools, and two alternative campuses.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b c "Pflugerville, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  5. ^ "Pflugerville Cemetery". Nathan O'Brien. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  6. ^ a b "Pflugerville Community Library: Strategic Plan 2005". Pflugerville Community Library. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  7. ^ "Voices from slavery: The Travis County narratives". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Pflugerville, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  9. ^ "History of Pflugerville, Texas". City of Pflugerville, Texas. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  10. ^ "Pflugerville". Just Outside Austin: Rural Travis County Communities. Austin History Center. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  11. ^ "Table 4: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Texas, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  12. ^ http://www.cityofpflugerville.com
  13. ^ Waterpark, Adventure Park Planned for Pflugerville
  14. ^ 2010 Property Tax Rates, accessed May 2, 2011
  15. ^ Pflugerville's Approved 2010-2011 Budget with Property Tax Rate Reduction, accessed May 2, 2011
  16. ^ 2009 Annual Regional Report, accessed January 25, 2009
  17. ^ NewQuest Properties Property Lines, Fall 2009, accessed November 2, 2009
  18. ^ 9-screen Cinemark theater joins Pflugerville's growing Stone Hill Town Center, April 28, 2011, accessed June 9, 2011
  19. ^ St. David's HealthCare To Open Freestanding Emergency Department in Pflugerville, September 8, 2010, accessed June 9, 2011
  20. ^ St. David’s announces freestanding emergency department in Pflugerville, September 8, 2010, accessed June 9, 2011
  21. ^ St. David’s plans two freestanding ERs, September 20, 2010, accessed June 9, 2011
  22. ^ Pflugerville's first emergency care facility could open in December, says CEO, June 3, 2011, accessed June 9, 2011
  23. ^ Work starts on local emergency center, June 9, 2011, accessed June 9, 2011
  24. ^ JP Eichmiller (August 6, 2013). "Pflugerville inks deal to build water park by May 2014". Community Impact. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  25. ^ Gary Dinges (August 6, 2013). "Waterpark, adventure park planned for Pflugerville". Statesmen.com. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  26. ^ Pflugerville Solar Farm, accessed May 2, 2011
  27. ^ http://www.pflugervilleisd.net/domain/100
  28. ^ "Totals by District for District: Pflugerville ISD". 2008-2009 Student Enrollment Reports. Texas Education Agency, Information Analysis Division. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 

External links[edit]