Longview, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
City of Longview
City
LongView.jpg
Nickname(s): Balloon Capital of Texas
Motto: Real East Texas
Location of Longview, Texas
Location of Longview, Texas
Coordinates: 32°30′33″N 94°45′14″W / 32.50917°N 94.75389°W / 32.50917; -94.75389Coordinates: 32°30′33″N 94°45′14″W / 32.50917°N 94.75389°W / 32.50917; -94.75389
Country United States
State  Texas
Counties Gregg, Harrison
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Jay Dean
John Sims
Daryl Williams
Kasha Williams
Kristen Ishihara
Richard Manley
Sidney Allen
 • City Manager David Willard
Area
 • City 54.8 sq mi (141.8 km2)
 • Land 54.7 sq mi (141.6 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 371 ft (113 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 80,455
 • Density 1,468.2/sq mi (567.38/km2)
 • Metro 204,746
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75601–75606
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-43888[1]
GNIS feature ID 1374716[2]
Website http://www.longviewtexas.gov/

Longview is a city in Gregg and Harrison counties in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 80,455. Most of the city is located in Gregg County, of which it is the county seat;[3] only a small part extends into the western part of neighboring Harrison County. It is located in East Texas, where Interstate 20 and U.S. Highways 80 and 259 converge just north of the Sabine River.

Longview is the principal city of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area, comprising Gregg, Upshur, and Rusk counties (population 271,669).[4] Longview is considered a major hub city for East Texas, as is the nearby city of Tyler.

History[edit]

The city of Longview was founded in the 1870s by Ossamus Hitch Methvin, Sr.[5] In 1870, Methvin sold 100 acres to the Southern Pacific Railroad for one dollar, to persuade them to build their line in the direction of land he owned. Later that year, he sold an additional 100 acres for $500 in gold. He hoped the coming of the railroad would increase the value of the rest of his land.

Methvin also coined the name of the town, when he stated, "What a long view!" from his home. In June 1871, Longview was incorporated.[6] Longview became the first town in Gregg County to do so.[5]

In 1942, the Big Inch pipeline began being built in Longview. From 1943-45, the pipeline transported over 261,000,000 barrels of crude oil to the East Coast.[5] At the time of construction, it, along with its smaller twin, Little Inch, was the longest petroleum pipeline ever built. Both were integral in supplying the United States war effort in World War II.

Geography[edit]

Longview sign on Interstate 20
Downtown Longview in the historic district
Austin Bank is located in north Longview.

Longview is located at 32°30′33″N 94°45′14″W / 32.50917°N 94.75389°W / 32.50917; -94.75389 (32.509147, -94.753909)[7]. Longview is surrounded by many smaller cities and towns including: Kilgore, Gladewater, Gilmer, Ore City, Hallsville, Harleton, Diana, White Oak, and Lakeport. It is about 40 mi (64 km) east of the similarly sized city of Tyler.

Incorporated areas include Spring Hill, Greggton, Pine Tree, Judson, and Longview Heights.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,525
1890 2,034 33.4%
1900 3,591 76.5%
1910 5,155 43.6%
1920 5,713 10.8%
1930 5,036 −11.9%
1940 13,758 173.2%
1950 24,502 78.1%
1960 40,050 63.5%
1970 45,547 13.7%
1980 62,762 37.8%
1990 70,311 12.0%
2000 73,344 4.3%
2010 80,455 9.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, Longview had a population of 80,455. The median age was 34. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 56.2% non-Hispanic white, 22.6% non-Hispanic black, 0.5% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 9.5% from some other race, 2.3% from two or more races and 18.0% Hispanic or Latino.[8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 73,344 people, 28,363 households, and 19,116 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,341.8 people per square mile (518.1/km²). The 30,727 housing units averaged a density of 562.1 per square mile (217.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.10% White, 22.11% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.31% of the population.

Of the 28,363 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were not families. About 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was distributed as 26.7% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,858, and for a family was $42,378. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $21,400 for females. The per capita income for the city was $156,768. About 13.0% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Longview Municipal Building

According to the its most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $75.9 million in revenues, $87.7 million in expenditures, $47.6 million in total assets, $9.0 million in total liabilities, and $12.2 million in cash in investments.[9]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[10]

Department Director
City Manager David Willard
Director of Finance Angela Coen
Director of Public Works Keith Bonds
Director of Human Resources Karri Hyko
Director of Development Services Kevin Cummings
Director of Community Services Laura Hill

Libraries[edit]

Longview operates two libraries:

  • Longview Public Library[11]
  • Broughton Branch Library

State government[edit]

Longview is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Kevin Eltife, District 1, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican David Simpson, District 7.

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Longview District Parole Office in Longview.[12]

Federal government[edit]

Longview is part of Texas's 1st congressional district, which is currently represented by Republican Louie Gohmert.

The United States Postal Service operates the Longview,[13] Downtown Longview,[14] and Northwest Longview post offices.[15]

Climate[edit]

Winter: Winters are mild. Average snowfall is less than 2 inches, with usually one or two ice storms each winter. Normal highs are from the 50s–60s. Lows range from the 30s to the 40s. Temperature rarely dips below 20°F and occasionally can get as warm as 80°F during the winter months.

Spring: The season brings storms as a transition from winter to summer. Temperatures range from the 60s to 80s for the high, and the 40s to the 60s for the low. The average date of the last frost is April 4. Severe thunderstorms are common during this season as cold fronts pass though the area. This is the wettest time of year.

Summer: The summer is hot and humid. Temperatures slowly climb from the 90s to the 100s going into the dog days of summer. Lows are in the 70s. This is the driest and sunniest time of year. The heat index can climb to around 110°F.

Fall: Fall is marked by the first cold front that knocks the 100-degree temperatures down into the 90s. Foliage begins to change in late October. Temperatures cool down and dew points drop.

Climate data for Longview, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 86
(30)
90
(32)
97
(36)
98
(37)
103
(39)
110
(43)
108
(42)
113
(45)
109
(43)
101
(38)
93
(34)
93
(34)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 57
(14)
63
(17)
70
(21)
77
(25)
84
(29)
91
(33)
94
(34)
94
(34)
89
(32)
80
(27)
63
(17)
59
(15)
76.8
(24.8)
Average low °F (°C) 34
(1)
37
(3)
44
(7)
51
(11)
61
(16)
69
(21)
72
(22)
71
(22)
65
(18)
53
(12)
43
(6)
36
(2)
53
(11.8)
Record low °F (°C) −4
(−20)
3
(−16)
17
(−8)
20
(−7)
37
(3)
52
(11)
56
(13)
46
(8)
38
(3)
25
(−4)
20
(−7)
2
(−17)
−4
(−20)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.79
(96.3)
3.93
(99.8)
4.11
(104.4)
4.19
(106.4)
4.79
(121.7)
5.03
(127.8)
2.83
(71.9)
2.71
(68.8)
3.81
(96.8)
4.34
(110.2)
4.75
(120.7)
4.78
(121.4)
49.06
(1,246.2)
Source: [16]

Transportation[edit]

Longview from above.

Airport[edit]

East Texas Regional Airport offers service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport via American Eagle. The airport continues to grow. In 2007, it was designated a foreign trade zone.[citation needed]

The airport is known by pilots around the region for its large, 10000-ft-long runway. It serves as a backup landing site for U.S. space shuttles. I[citation needed]

The Longview airport is home to the flight training program of LeTourneau University. The aeronautical students do classwork at the airport, as well as all their flight training.

Public transportation[edit]

The city's public transit system, Longview Transit, runs daily routes, excluding Sundays and holidays. Its fixed routes provide transportation to key districts throughout the city.[17]

City of Longview also operates City of Longview Transit (COLT) which provides transportation to eligible passengers as a demand response transportation service. This service is provided for those who are unable to use the regular Longview Transit fixed route service.[18]

Rail service[edit]

Amtrak passenger rail service is available on the Texas Eagle through a downtown terminal. Longview's Amtrak station is the second-busiest in Texas and the fourth-busiest station along the Texas Eagle route. The Longview Amtrak station is a connection stop where passengers can connect to Nacogdoches, Houston, and Galveston, as well as Shreveport, Louisiana, by motorcoach. Daily trains between Chicago and San Antonio stop each morning (Chicago–San Antonio) and each evening (San Antonio–Chicago). Monday, Wednesday and Friday, the Longview station serves the Chicago to Los Angeles trains. The return train, Los Angeles to Chicago, stops in Longview on Sunday, Tuesday, and Friday. It serves about 20–50 passengers per day. A proposal is in the works for a high-speed rail system from Dallas/Ft. Worth to Shreveport along the I-20 corridor.

Longview is served by two freight railroad lines. Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad operates two trains daily through Longview. The Union Pacific Railroad has 25 daily trains through Longview's facilities.

The Longview Economic Development Corporation website provides more details about the transportation infrastructure, including air, rail, trucking, waterways, and highway information. Many maps are also available.[19]

Roads[edit]

One Interstate freeway and two U.S. highways run through the City of Longview. Four Texas State highways also run into Longview. Two Texas State highway spurs serve to connect highways in Longview.

  • Interstate 20, an east–west freeway, connects Longview to Dallas, about 125 mi (201 km) to the west and to Shreveport, Louisiana, around 60 mi (97 km) to the east.
  • U.S. Highway 80 runs through the central district of Longview. U.S. Hwy 80 was once a coast-to-coast highway from Tybee Beach near Savannah, Georgia, and ran continuously across the southern part of the United States to San Diego, California. Today, its western terminus is in Dallas, Texas, making the length only 1,032 mi (1,661 km).
  • U.S. Highway 259 is a 250-mi-long north/south spur route connecting U.S. 59 from Nacogdoches, Texas, and U.S. 59 near the Oklahoma/Arkansas border just south of Forth Smith, Arkansas. Before Interstate 20, US 259 went through the center of Longview on a route now designated Texas State Highway 31 and Spur 502.
  • Texas Highway 31 runs 143.3 miles (230.6 km) east/west between Longview and Waco, Texas.
  • Texas Highway 149, 33.9 mi (54.6 km) long, connects Longview with Carthage, Texas.
  • Texas Highway 300 is a short (18.62-mile (29.97 km)) highway connecting Longview to U.S. 271 in Gilmer, Texas.
  • Texas Highway 281 is a 19.3-mile (31.1 km) loop highway that circumnavigates much of Longview from its east connection at I-20 east of the Gregg/Harrison county line to I-20 in Longview. It runs northward, westward, southward and eastward around the city.
  • Spur 502 connects north/south traffic between U.S. Hwy 80 in central Longview and U.S. Hwy 259 north of Longview.
  • Spur 63 runs north/south through Longview connecting TX Hwy 31 at its Longview terminus with Spur 502 north of TX Loop 281.

Longview is accessed easily by I-20. New construction has prompted some major upgrades to the city's system of roads. Medians have been added to Loop 281 as Phase I of the project is nearing completion. Phase II of the project will upgrade the road to a six-lane parkway. Slated to start in 2009, TxDOT has informed Longview officials that the funds have been withdrawn, placing Phase II on indefinite hold. TxDOT is researching an outer loop around the north side of Longview to complete the East Texas Hourglass. The road will loop around Longview and Tyler and is slated to start in 2012.

The new I-69, part of the Trans-Texas Corridor, will be passing just east of the Longview area between Longview and Marshall. The local opposition to the 1/2-mile-wide corridor has been large; it will contain six lanes, along with rail lines and truck-only lanes. The planned I-69 highway will run near or over the current US 59 highway.

Economy[edit]

Longview's tallest building is 10 stories. When it was built in 1956, it was built to be able to be expanded to 17 stories.
Texas Bank and Trust Company in downtown Longview
Good Shepherd Medical Center is located off U.S. Highway 80 in north Longview.
Looking west on Tyler Street in downtown Longview
LeTourneau Technologies in Longview

The economy in Longview is healthy. Despite a national downturn in the housing market, Longview has been growing, and home prices continue to rise. Some major sectors of the Longview economy include the East Texas Oil Field, services, technology, such as Exponential Networks, and manufacturing. In 2007, Longview added some major chain stores to its north side. The addition of Kohl's, two Starbucks, a new Target, a third Walmart supercenter on the south side, and a handful of hotels means Longview is becoming a regional hub for shopping. Keeping shoppers in Longview and away from Tyler, Dallas, and Shreveport has been an important strategy for the city. Most new construction has been located on the north side around Hawkins Pkwy. and US 259, with lesser development on the south side near Estes Pkwy.

In October 2007, Longview was recertified as a Texas Urban Main Street City. There are 89 cities in the Texas Main Street Program, 10 of them are Urban Main Street Cities. In December 2007, Longview was awarded the "Certified Retirement Community" designation by the Texas Department of Agriculture through its "Go Texan" initiative. Longview was also included in 2007 in the "Top 100 Best Cities for Young People."

Largest employers[edit]

According to the municipal 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees Type of Business
1 Good Shepherd Medical Center 3,200 Hospital and Medical Services
2 Eastman Chemical 1,492 Chemical
3 Longview Independent School District 1,205 Public Schools
4 Walmart 1,150 Retail
5 LeTourneau Technologies 1,100 Heavy Equipment
6 Trinity Rail, LLC 1,100 Railway Cars
7 City of Longview 848 Government
8 Gregg Industrial Insulators 747 Contractor
9 Longview Regional Hospital 730 Medical/Hospital Services
10 Diagnostic Clinic of Longview 706 Medical/Hospital Services

Education[edit]

S.E. Belcher, Jr. Chapel and Performance Center at LeTourneau University

Colleges and universities[edit]

The city of Longview is home to three institutions of higher learning and two trade (cosmetology) schools:

Public school districts[edit]

Longview is served by four school districts.

Media[edit]

TV stations[edit]

Longview and Gregg County are part of the Tyler-Longview-Lufkin-Nacogdoches Designated Market Area, DMA #110. These in-market television stations are available over the air:

Call letters Channel number Studio location Name/Network Format
KLTV-DT 7.1 Tyler ABC-HD 720p DD5.1
7.2 Tyler Bounce TV 480i
7.3 Tyler Telemundo LaVida 480i
KYTX-DT 19.1 Tyler CBS-HD 1080i DD5.1
19.2 Tyler The CW Plus 480i
19.3 Tyler Cozi TV 480i
KLGV-LD 36 Longview TBN 480i (analog)
KLPN-LD 47.1 Longview myNetworkTV 480i
KFXK-TV 51.1 Longview Fox-HD 720p DD5.1
KLPN-LD 51.2 Longview myNetworkTV 480i
KCEB 54.1 Longview Memorable Entertainment Television 480i
54.2 Longview MundoFox 480i
54.3 Longview This TV 480i
KETK-DT 56.1 Tyler NBC-HD 1080i DD5.1
56.2 Tyler Estrella 480i

The five major network stations in the market have local newscasts which all originate from Tyler. KYTX formerly presented a Longview-centered newscast, which ended in 2010. The station does still continue to broadcast Longview news from their Longview newsroom. The once-daily KFXK newscast is at 9:00 PM weekdays.

The market does not have a dedicated PBS affiliate. The acting PBS affiliate, KERA-TV Dallas, is available on cable and Dish Network. KLTS, the PBS affiliate from Shreveport, is available on digital cable and over the air in many parts of the city. DirecTV viewers in the market receive the PBS national feed.

In addition to the in-market stations, most areas can receive some or all of the following stations from the Shreveport, LA - Texarkana, TX DMA:

Call letters Channel number Studio location Name/Network Format
KTBS-HD 3.1 Shreveport ABC-HD 720p DD5.1
KTBS-WX 3.2 Shreveport Mega3 Doppler Radar 480i
KTBS-DT 3.3 Shreveport 3 News 24/7 480i
KTAL-HD 6.1 Texarkana NBC-HD 1080i DD5.1
KSLA 12.1 Shreveport CBS-HD 1080i DD5.1
12.2 Shreveport This TV 480i
12.3 Shreveport Bounce TV 480i
KPXJ-HD 21.1 Minden The CW HD 1080i DD5.1
KPXJ-DT 21.2 Minden Me-TV SD 480i
KPXJ-DT 21.3 Minden Movies! SD 480i
KPXJ-DT 21.4 Minden Antenna TV SD 480i
KLTS-DT 24.1 Shreveport LPB-HD (PBS-HD) 1080i
24.2 Shreveport LPB2 (PBS-Kids 6–9 pm, PBS Encore 9 pm – 6 pm) 480i
24.3 Shreveport LPB3 (PBS-Create) 480i
KMSS-DT 33.1 Shreveport Fox-HD 720p DD5.1
KSHV-TV 45.1 Shreveport myNetworkTV 480i

Cable television/high-speed Internet[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

Radio[edit]

Longview and Gregg County are part of the Tyler-Longview Arbitron Radio Market, market #145. These radio stations can be reliably received in most parts of the city:

FM stations[edit]

Frequency (MHz) Call letters Licensed location Type Format Nickname
88.7 KZLO Kilgore Translator of K-LOVE Contemporary Christian K-LOVE
89.5 KVNE Tyler Primary Christian radio
89.9 KDAQ Shreveport Primary NPR, Classical, Jazz Red River Radio
90.3 KBJS Jacksonville Primary Christian talk
90.7 KTAA Big Sandy Translator of KCCV-FM Christian talk
91.3 KGLY Tyler Primary Traditional Christian
91.9 KHCJ Jefferson Translator of KHCB-FM Christian radio
92.1 KTBB-FM Tyler Primary Talk radio
92.3 KCUL-FM Marshall Translator of KOYE Regional Mexican La Invasora
93.1 KTYL-FM Tyler Primary Hot Adult Contemporary Mix 93-1
93.7 KXKS-FM Shreveport Primary Country Kiss Country
94.5 KRUF Shreveport Primary Top 40 K94-5
95.3 KFRO-FM Gilmer Translator of KLJT Top 40 The Breeze
96.1 KKTX-FM Kilgore Primary Album-oriented rock 96X
96.5 KVKI-FM Shreveport Primary Adult Contemporary
98.1 KTAL-FM Texarkana/Shreveport Primary Classic rock 98Rocks
98.9 KTUX Carthage/Shreveport Primary Album-oriented rock 99X
99.3 KAPW White Oak Primary (?) Talk radio
100.3 KZQX-FM Tatum Primary Adult Standards, jazz QX-FM
100.7 KPXI Overton Primary Country
101.1 KRMD-FM Oil City Primary Country
101.5 KNUE Tyler Primary Country
101.9 K270AW Longview Translator of KXAL-LP Light Classical, Jazz
102.3 KLJT Jacksonville Primary Top 40 The Breeze
102.7 KBLZ Winona Primary Rhythmic contemporary The Blaze
103.1 KMPA Pittsburg Primary Spanish Contemporary Kompa
103.9 KMHT-FM Marshall Primary Country/Sports
104.1 KKUS Tyler Primary Classic Country
104.3 KGAS-FM Carthage Primary Country
104.5 KJTX Jefferson Primary Gospel
104.7 KXAL-LP Chalk Hill Primary, Low Power Light Classical, Jazz
105.3 K287AJ Kilgore Translator of KXAL-LP Light Classical, Jazz
105.7 KYKX Longview Primary Country
106.5 KOOI Jacksonville Primary Adult Contemporary Sunny 106.5
106.9 KAZE Ore City Translator of KBLZ Rhythmic contemporary The Blaze
107.3 KISX Whitehouse Primary Urban adult contemporary Hot 107-3 Jamz

AM stations[edit]

Frequency (kHz) Call letters Licensed location Type Format
600 KTBB Tyler Primary News/Talk/Sports
710 KEEL Shreveport Primary News/Talk/Sports
1130 KWKH Shreveport Primary Sports
1240 KDOK Kilgore Primary Classic Hip-Hop and R&B
1370 KFRO Longview Primary Moody Bible Institute/Christian Talk
1430 KEES Gladewater Primary Black Gospel
1450 KMHT Marshall Primary ESPN Radio
1470 KWRD Henderson Primary Country

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ a b c Eugene W. McWhorter, "LONGVIEW, TX (GREGG COUNTY)," Handbook of Texas Online <http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hdl03>, accessed April 12, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  6. ^ Beth Holloway Dodson, "METHVIN, OSSAMUS HITCH, SR.," Handbook of Texas Online <http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fme57>, accessed April 12, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Longview from the U.S. census
  9. ^ City of Longview 2007-08 CAFR[dead link] Retrieved 2009-06-07
  10. ^ City of Longview[dead link], retrieved 2009-06-03
  11. ^ [2][dead link]
  12. ^ "Parole Division Region I[dead link]." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location - Longview." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  14. ^ "Post Office Location - Downtown Longview." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  15. ^ "Post Office Location - Northwest Longview." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  16. ^ "Average Weather for Longview, TX- Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. August 2011. Retrieved March 16, 2008. 
  17. ^ Source: City of Longview website
  18. ^ Source: City of Longview website
  19. ^ [3][dead link]
  20. ^ City of Longview CAFR Retrieved 2012-08-04
  21. ^ "Chris Davis Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  22. ^ The official website of Kristy Hawkins
  23. ^ Olano, Joseph A. (14 April 2010). "Retiree speaks of experiences as a Tuskegee Airman". Air Force Print News Today. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  24. ^ "Membership in the Louisiana State Senate, 1880–2012". legis.state.la.us. Retrieved November 23, 2009. [dead link]
  25. ^ "Malcolm Kelly". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Lee Lacy Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Charlie Neal Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Robert Newhouse". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Diane Porter Patrick". intelius.com. Retrieved March 9, 2014. 
  30. ^ "James Scott". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 

External links[edit]