College Station, Texas

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"College Station" redirects here. For the community in Arkansas, see College Station, Arkansas. For the Toronto subway station, see College (TTC).
College Station, Texas
City
College Station is the home of Texas A&M University.
College Station is the home of Texas A&M University.
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 30°36′05″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444Coordinates: 30°36′05″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444
Country United States United States
State Texas Texas
County Brazos
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Julia Elwood
 • City Manager Kelly Templin
Area
 • City 49.6 sq mi (128.5 km2)
 • Land 49.5 sq mi (128.1 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 338 ft (103 m)
Population (2013)
 • City 100,050 (US: 293rd)
 • Density 1,978/sq mi (763.7/km2)
 • Metro 236,819 (US: 189th)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77840-77845
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-15976
GNIS feature ID 1354786[1]
Website www.cstx.gov
CollegeStationLogo.JPG

College Station is a city in Brazos County, Texas, situated in East Central Texas in the heart of the Brazos Valley. It is north from both Houston and Austin. As of the 2010 census, College Station had a population of 93,857,[2] which had increased to an estimated population of 100,050 as of July 2013.[3] College Station and Bryan together make up the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area, the 15th largest metropolitan area in Texas with 228,660 people as of the 2010 census.

College Station is home to the main campus of Texas A&M University, the flagship institution of the Texas A&M University System. The city owes both its name and existence to the university's location along a railroad. Texas A&M's triple designation as a Land-, Sea-, and Space-Grant institution reflects the broad scope of the research endeavors it brings to the city, with ongoing projects funded by agencies such as NASA, the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation and the Office of Naval Research.

Due largely to the presence of Texas A&M University, College Station was named by Money magazine in 2006 as the most educated city in Texas, and the 11th most educated city in the United States.[4]

Historical events[edit]

The origins of College Station date from 1860, when the Houston and Texas Central Railway began to build through the region.[5] Eleven years later, the site was chosen as the location for the proposed Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, a land-grant school.[5] In 1876, as the nation celebrated its centennial, the school (renamed Texas A&M University in 1963) opened its doors as the first public institution of higher education in the state of Texas.[5]

The population of College Station grew slowly, reaching 350 in 1884 and 391 at the turn of the century.[5] However, during this time period transportation improvements took place in the town. In 1900 the I&GN Railroad was extended to College Station[6] (the line was abandoned by the Missouri Pacific Railroad Company in 1965),[7] and ten years later electric Interurban service was established between Texas A&M and the neighboring town of Bryan.[5] The Interurban was replaced by a city bus system in the 1920s.[5]

In 1930 the community to the north of College Station, known as North Oakwood, was incorporated as part of Bryan.[5] College Station itself did not incorporate until 1938 with John H. Binney as the first mayor.[5] Within a year, the city established a zoning commission, and by 1940 the population had reached 2,184.[5]

The city grew under the leadership of Ernest Langford, called by some the "Father of College Station", who began a 26-year stretch as mayor in 1942. Early in his first term, the city adopted a council-manager system of city government.[5]

Population growth accelerated following World War II as the non-student population reached 7,898 in 1950, 11,396 in 1960, 17,676 in 1970, 30,449 in 1980, 52,456 in 1990, and 67,890 in 2000.[5] It is estimated the population for the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area will range from 250,846 to 271,773 by 2030.[8]

In the 1990s, College Station and Texas A&M University drew national attention when the George Bush Presidential Library opened in 1997 and, more tragically, when 12 people were killed and 27 injured when the Aggie Bonfire collapsed while being constructed in 1999.

Geography[edit]

College Station is located south of the center of Brazos County at 30°36′5″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444 (30.601433, -96.314464).[9] It is bordered by the city of Bryan to the northwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.6 square miles (128.5 km2), of which 49.4 square miles (128.0 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2), or 0.35%, is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

The local climate is subtropical and temperate and winters are mild with periods of low temperatures usually lasting less than two months. Snow and ice are extremely rare. Summers are warm and hot with occasional showers being the only real variation in weather.

  • Average annual rainfall: 39 inches (1000 mm)
  • Average elevation: 367 feet (112 m) above sea level
  • Average Temperature: 69 °F (20 °C)
  • Agricultural Resources: Cattle, corn, cotton, eggs, hay, sorghum
  • Mineral Resources: Sand, gravel, lignite, gas, oil
Climate data for College Station, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 86
(30)
99
(37)
94
(34)
96
(36)
100
(38)
106
(41)
109
(43)
109
(43)
106
(41)
98
(37)
89
(32)
86
(30)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 61
(16)
65
(18)
72
(22)
79
(26)
86
(30)
92
(33)
95
(35)
96
(36)
91
(33)
81
(27)
71
(22)
62
(17)
79.3
(26.3)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7)
51
(11)
58
(14)
67
(19)
73
(23)
75
(24)
75
(24)
69
(21)
60
(16)
51
(11)
42
(6)
58.9
(15.1)
Record low °F (°C) 7
(−14)
14
(−10)
17
(−8)
28
(−2)
42
(6)
53
(12)
58
(14)
60
(16)
44
(7)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
2
(−17)
2
(−17)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.24
(82.3)
2.95
(74.9)
3.17
(80.5)
2.66
(67.6)
4.33
(110)
4.45
(113)
2.14
(54.4)
2.68
(68.1)
3.18
(80.8)
4.91
(124.7)
3.22
(81.8)
3.23
(82)
40.16
(1,020.1)
Source: weather.com[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 2,184
1950 7,925 262.9%
1960 11,396 43.8%
1970 17,676 55.1%
1980 37,272 110.9%
1990 52,456 40.7%
2000 67,890 29.4%
2010 93,857 38.2%
Est. 2013 100,050 6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2013 Estimate[12]

As of the census of 2000, there were 67,890 people, 24,691 households, and 10,370 families residing in the city.

There were 24,691 households out of which 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.0% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 14.4% under the age of 18, 51.2% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 9.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,180, and the median income for a family was $53,147. Males had a median income of $38,216 versus $26,592 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,170. About 15.4% of families and 37.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The city of College Station has a council-manager form of government. Voters elect the members of a city council, who pass laws and make policy. The council hires a professional city manager who is responsible for day-to-day operations of the city and its public services.[13]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Bryan District Parole Office in College Station.[14]

The United States Postal Service operates the College Station and Northgate College Station post offices.[15][16]

Districts[edit]

Northgate[edit]

Northgate is a mixed-use district north of Texas A&M University that features a combination of businesses, restaurants, apartments, churches, and entertainment. It is a vibrant part of the city known for its eclectic mix of restaurants and bars.[17][18] In total, the district spans approximately 145 acres (0.59 km2), bounded by Wellborn Road to the west, South College Avenue to the east, the College Station city limits to the north and University Drive to the south. The district is the home of the Dixie Chicken and of the first Texas location for the regional fast food chain Freebirds World Burrito.

Northgate's roots started in the 1930s as the city began enjoying rapid population growth from the influx of Texas A&M University students, professors and their families. Realizing that proximity to the campus would be a boon for revenues, the first business district was established in College Station near the campus, taking its name for the closest on-campus landmark: the north gate. When the city was incorporated in 1938, its first City Hall was opened in the new district. In 1994, restoration efforts began to revitalize the ailing area. A four-day music festival, "North By Northgate", was introduced in 1998 and has become an annual tradition, renamed the "Northgate Music Festival" in 2002. In 2006, the city council incorporated Northgate as a special tax zone to finance additional improvements and expansions.[19]

Live music is a major draw to the Northgate area, with venues such as Church Street BBQ and Hurricane Harry's consistently providing evening concerts. Many well-known musicians, especially in the Texas country music scene, have gotten their start playing on the porches and stages found in the Northgate area. Notable names include Robert Earl Keen, Grammy award winner Lyle Lovett, Dub Miller, and Roger Creager. The district is bisected to the north by Church Street, made famous by the Robert Earl Keen and Lyle Lovett duet "The Front Porch Song".

Wolf Pen Creek District[edit]

View of the Lofts at Wolf Pen Creek in College Station

Wolf Pen Creek District is a large commercial development adjacent to Post Oak Mall and between two of the city's main commercial thoroughfares: Earl Rudder Freeway and Texas Avenue. The area consists of a greenway with trails, a $1.5 million amphitheater and entertainment area, a small lake, the Arctic Wolf Ice Skating Complex, and is the home of the Arts Council of the Brazos Valley. The amphitheater has hosted a variety of musical events, including the annual Starlight Music Series, a concert series that starts in late spring and runs through late summer. Wolf Pen often has sidewalk for a scenic run that when completed is about 1 mile.

Wellborn District[edit]

Wellborn became a community in 1867 as a construction camp on the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. The town's name has been attributed to a well at the construction camp, a foreman named E.W. Wellborn, or a landowner named W.W. Willburn. Also in 1867, a post office opened in the community under the name Wellborn Station. In 1870 the name was shortened to Wellborn.[20] On April 14, 2011, the City Council of College Station voted 5-2 to annex Wellborn, thus making the community the Wellborn District. Wellborn is often mispronounced as well-born but is pronounced by locals as Well-burn.[21]

Business parks[edit]

  • Business Center at College Station
    • A 200-acre (81 ha), Class "A" business center 5 miles (8 km) from the university. Current residents include firms involved in telecommunications, software development and technology manufacturing.
  • Spring Creek Corporate Campus
    • A 100-acre (40 ha), Class "A" business center. A greenbelt surrounds most of the campus and provides a buffer between the new development and adjacent land uses which include the Pebble Creek Country Club and Woodland Hills Subdivision.
  • Texas A&M University Research Park
    • This 324-acre (131 ha) research park was established to provide businesses direct partnering opportunities with Texas A&M University. Several companies and non-profit research interests have located in the park including Schlumberger, Lynntech, AdventGX, Notequill, the Institute of Food Science and Engineering, the Electron Beam Food Research Facility, the Academy of Advanced Telecommunications and Learning Technologies and the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program to name just a few.
  • Crescent Pointe
    • Crescent Pointe is a master planned, mixed-use development of approximately 192 acres (78 ha), with frontage on University Drive (Highway 60) and Harvey Road (Highway 30).

Transportation[edit]

Mass transit[edit]

  • The Brazos Transit District (formerly Brazos Valley Transit Authority) provides public bus transportation in the Bryan/College Station area.
  • Texas A&M Transportation Services provides bus transportation throughout College Station and Bryan for students, faculty, and staff of Texas A&M University. On Texas A&M football game days, the department provides additional park-and-ride service to and from Kyle Field.
  • Starline Travel offers weekend service from Texas A&M's campus to downtown Houston, with additional Houston service for Aggie game days and additional service to Dallas during major A&M breaks.
  • Groundshuttle provides daily shuttles to and from Houston airports (Hobby and Bush).

Airports[edit]

Regional[edit]

General aviation terminal at Easterwood Airport

International[edit]

Major roads[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Economy[edit]

As of May 2008, the local unemployment hovered around 3 to 4 percent, among the lowest in Texas. This rate is largely attributed to the significant role the university plays in the local economy.[22][23] However, underemployment is an ongoing issue.[24]

Major employers[edit]

Headquarters[edit]

Until its 2007 acquisition by Tavistock Group, Freebirds World Burrito had its corporate headquarters in College Station.[25][26]

Post Oak Mall[edit]

Main article: Post Oak Mall

Post Oak Mall was the city's first mall and it is currently the largest mall in the Brazos Valley. The 82-acre (330,000 m2) mall is home to 125 stores; its opening on February 17, 1982, helped create the impetus for growing economic and commercial developments for College Station.[27] It is currently the largest taxpayer in College Station and the second largest in the Brazos Valley, even though the anchor stores are free-standing units that are privately owned and taxed separate from the mall proper.[28] Over 75 percent of retail sales in the Brazos Valley come from sales at the mall's stores.[27]

Sports facilities[edit]

  • Football: Kyle Field (Capacity: 106,000 <2014 only, during reconstruction>[29])
  • Racing: Texas World Speedway (Capacity 23,000)
  • Basketball/Volleyball: Reed Arena (Largest Crowd: 13,657 for basketball)
  • Baseball: Olsen Field (Largest Crowd: 11,052)
  • Soccer: Ellis wd: 8,608)Field (Largest Crowd: 8,204)
  • Track and Field: Anderson Track and Field Complex (Capacity: 3,500)
  • Tennis: George P. Mitchell Tennis Center (Largest Crowd: 2,339)
  • Softball: Aggie Softball Complex (Largest Crowd: 2,341)
  • Hockey: Spirit Ice Arena (Capacity: 500)
  • Golf: Texas A&M Traditions Club (Capacity: Unknown)
  • Bowling: Grand Station Entertainment (Capacity: 600+)

Media and journalism[edit]

Television stations[edit]

Local channels are NBC affiliate KAGS-LD, CBS affiliate KBTX, ABC affiliate KRHD-CD, Fox affiliate KYLE-TV and PBS affiliate KAMU, which is owned by Texas A&M University.

Radio stations[edit]

College Station is part of the Bryan-College Station Arbitron market #238.

Area newspapers[edit]

  • The Bryan/College Station Eagle (city newspaper)
  • The Battalion (Texas A&M University newspaper)
  • Maroon Weekly (Aggie-owned and operated independent newspaper, Bryan/College Station)
  • The Touchstone (left/progressive, alt/indie newspaper)

Area magazines[edit]

  • 12th Man Magazine
  • Aggieland Illustrated
  • Insite Magazine
  • AgriLeader Magazine

Healthcare[edit]

Education[edit]

Local colleges and universities[edit]

Local school districts[edit]

Tallest buildings[edit]

  • Buildings with 7 or more floors
    • Kyle Field: 180 feet (55 m)[citation needed]
    • Rise at Northgate: 18 floors[30]
    • Oceanography & Meteorology Building: 13 floors/151 feet (46 m)[31]
    • Albritton Bell Tower: 138 feet (42 m)[32]
    • Rudder Tower: 12 floors[33]
    • College Station Hilton: 11 floors[34]
    • Momentum Plaza (formerly Adam Corporation Building and formerly First American Bank Headquarters): 121.49 ft; 10 floors[35]
    • Richardson Petroleum Engineering: 10 floors[36]
    • Civil Engineering/Texas Transportation Institute: 8 floors[37]
    • Regents Building: 8 floors[38]
    • Brown Engineering: 7 floors[39]
    • Harrington: 7 floors[40]
    • Bright Building: 7 floors[41]
    • McFerrin Indoor Athletic Practice Facility: over 100 feet (30 m)[42]
    • Texas A&M University System Building: 7 floors[43]
    • Evans Library: 7 floors

Surrounding cities[edit]

Nearest cities[edit]

Nearest major cities[edit]

  • Cities with population over 500,000 within 200 mi (320 km)
    • Houston 69.7 mi (112.2 km) (population: 2,145,146; metro population: 6,086,538)
    • Austin 107.7 mi (173.3 km) (population: 820,611; metro population: 1,783,519)
    • San Antonio 169 mi (272 km) (population: 1,359,758; metro population: 2,194,927)
    • Fort Worth 173 mi (278 km) (population: 758,738; metro population: 6,145,037)
    • Dallas 187 mi (301 km) (population: 1,223,229; metro population: 6,145,037)

Notable residents[edit]

The following people have lived or are currently living in College Station:

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): College Station city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012: Texas". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Top 25 most educated cities". Money Magazine. 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Odintz, Mark. "College Station, Texas". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  6. ^ "A Guide to Historic Brazos County" (PDF). Brazos Heritage Society. 2003. p. 25. Archived from the original on 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  7. ^ Werner, George C. "International-Great Northern Railroad". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, Edith; Thomas, Beth; Lacy, Blake; Merten, Kory (2008). "Real Estate Market Overview 2008 College Station — Bryan" (PDF). Texas A&M University Real Estate Center. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Monthly Averages for College Station, TX". Weather.com. The Weather Channel. Retrieved June 29, 2009. 
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  13. ^ http://cstx.gov/index.aspx?page=2021
  14. ^ "Parole Division Region I." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  15. ^ "Post Office Location - COLLEGE STATION." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  16. ^ "Post Office Location - NORTHGATE COLLEGE STATION." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  17. ^ Jones, Finn-Olaf (2006-09-22). "College Station, Tex.". New York Times. p. 1F. 
  18. ^ "Retail and Entertainment District: Northgate". City of College Station. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  19. ^ Avison, April (2006-06-23). "College Station creates Northgate tax zone". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. 
  20. ^ "Wellborn, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  21. ^ http://www.kbtx.com/home/headlines/CS_City_Council_Votes_to_Annex_Wellborn_119890359.html
  22. ^ "Texas Employers Add 8,700 Jobs in May" (PDF). Texas Workforce Commission. 2008-06-20. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  23. ^ Nauman, Brett (2005-05-15). "New equation gives more realistic look at local jobless rate". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  24. ^ "College Station Demographic Report" (PDF). City of College Station. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  25. ^ "Tavistock Restaurants swoops in on Freebirds". Austin Business Journal. July 23, 2007. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Contact Us". Freebirds World Burrito. February 7, 2003. Archived from the original on February 7, 2003. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  27. ^ a b Hensley, Laura (2007-02-16). "Post Oak Mall to celebrate 25 years". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  28. ^ Levey, Kelli (2004-04-04). "Post Oak Mall works to retain costumers". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on 2007-09-01. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  29. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/sports/college-sports/texas-aggies/20140709-stunning-transformation-of-kyle-field-to-give-fans-taste-of-what-s-to-come-in-aggieland.ece
  30. ^ "RISE at Northgate". Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  31. ^ "Oceanography & Meteorology Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  32. ^ "Albritton Bell Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  33. ^ "J. Earl Rudder Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  34. ^ "Hilton College Station & Conference Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  35. ^ "Adam Corporation Headquarters". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  36. ^ "Petroleum Engineering Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  37. ^ "CE/TTI Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  38. ^ "Board of Regents Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  39. ^ "Jack E. Brown Chemical Engineering Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  40. ^ "Harrington Education Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  41. ^ "Harvey R. Bum Bright 43 Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  42. ^ "Photo: Construction progressing on McFerrin Athletic Center". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. 2007-04-13. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  43. ^ "The Texas A&M University System". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  44. ^ Janet Phelps (2008-04-16). "Anti-abortion group will meet pope in Washington". The Bryan College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  45. ^ Matthew Watkins (2008-05-04). "CS man has fantasy gig at ESPN". The Bryan College Station Eagle. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  46. ^ "A Guide to the Robert Calvert Papers, 1970-1995". lib.utexas.edu. Retrieved October 15, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Office of the president, History of the office". 
  48. ^ "Hervey, James "Dick"". Bryan-College Station Eagle. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Kyle Kacal's Biography". votesmart.org. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  50. ^ "Nobel Prize Winner to Join Texas A&M Physics Faculty". Texas A&M University College of Science. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  51. ^ "David M. Lee". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  52. ^ "Martin Melosi". vi.uh.edu. Retrieved December 11, 2010. 
  53. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0755603/
  54. ^ Joe Southern (2008-01-04). "A changing of the guard". Amarillo Globe-News. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 

External links[edit]