Fayette County, Texas

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Fayette County, Texas
Fayette courthouse.jpg
The current Fayette County Courthouse in La Grange was finished in 1891. The Romanesque Revival style building uses four types of native Texas stone to detail the exterior.
Map of Texas highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded December 14, 1837
Named for Marquis de la Fayette
Seat La Grange
Largest city La Grange
Area
 • Total 960 sq mi (2,486 km2)
 • Land 950 sq mi (2,461 km2)
 • Water 10 sq mi (25 km2), 1.02%
Population
 • (2010) 24,554
 • Density 23/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.fayette.tx.us

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,554.[1] Its county seat is La Grange.[2]

History[edit]

Fayette County was established in 1837 from land given by Bastrop and Colorado counties. It is named for the Marquis de la Fayette, a French nobleman who became an American Revolutionary War hero.[3][4]

There are more than a dozen historic properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Fayette County.

Fayette County is the location of the real Chicken Ranch, which was the basis of the musical and feature film The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 960 square miles (2,500 km2), of which 950 square miles (2,500 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (1.02%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,756
1860 11,604 208.9%
1870 16,863 45.3%
1880 27,996 66.0%
1890 31,481 12.4%
1900 36,542 16.1%
1910 29,796 −18.5%
1920 29,965 0.6%
1930 30,708 2.5%
1940 29,246 −4.8%
1950 24,176 −17.3%
1960 20,384 −15.7%
1970 17,650 −13.4%
1980 18,832 6.7%
1990 20,095 6.7%
2000 21,804 8.5%
2010 24,554 12.6%
Est. 2012 24,695 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1850-2010[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 21,804 people, 8,722 households, and 6,044 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 11,113 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.58% White, 7.01% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.66% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 12.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.9% were of German, 16.4% Czech, 7.6% American and 5.3% English ancestry according to census 2000.

There were 8,722 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,526, and the median income for a family was $43,156. Males had a median income of $29,008 versus $20,859 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,888. About 8.10% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The county owns Fayette Regional Air Center, in an unincorporated area west of LaGrange.

Major highways[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  4. ^ Alvarez, Elizabeth Cruce (Nov 8, 2011). "Texas Almanac 2012–2013". Texas A&M University Press. pp. Contents. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  7. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 16, 2013
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°52′N 96°56′W / 29.86°N 96.93°W / 29.86; -96.93