Rehoboth, Massachusetts

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Rehoboth, Massachusetts
Town
Goff Memorial Hall
Goff Memorial Hall
Official seal of Rehoboth, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts
Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°50′25″N 71°15′00″W / 41.84028°N 71.25000°W / 41.84028; -71.25000Coordinates: 41°50′25″N 71°15′00″W / 41.84028°N 71.25000°W / 41.84028; -71.25000
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Bristol
Settled 1636
Incorporated 1643
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 46.8 sq mi (121.1 km2)
 • Land 46.5 sq mi (120.4 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation 50 ft (15 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,608
 • Density 250/sq mi (96/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02769
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-56375
GNIS feature ID 0619437
Website http://www.town.rehoboth.ma.us/

Rehoboth is a historic town in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. Established in 1643, Rehoboth is one of the oldest towns in Massachusetts. The population was 11,608 at the 2010 census.[1] Rehoboth is a mostly rural, suburban community with many historic sites including 53 historic cemeteries.

History[edit]

First Congregational Church, Rehoboth

Rehoboth was established in 1643, originally by Walter Palmer (born 1585) and incorporated in 1645, one of the earliest Massachusetts towns to incorporate.[2] The town is named for the Hebrew word for "enlargement," signifying the space settlers enjoyed.[3]

Early Rehoboth, known as "Old Rehoboth," included all of what is now Seekonk, Massachusetts, and East Providence, Rhode Island, as well as parts of the nearby communities of Attleboro, North Attleborough, Swansea and Somerset in Massachusetts, and Barrington, Bristol, Warren, Pawtucket, Cumberland, and Woonsocket in Rhode Island. The town was and still is a site of a crossroads which help to serve Taunton, Providence, Fall River and points to the north.

One of the founding fathers of Rehoboth was Samuel Newman, a clergyman from Weymouth, Massachusetts who moved to the Seconet area near to Little Compton in the Plymouth Colony where he helped established Rehoboth village and a church. Somewhat of a celebrity, Newman's famous bible concordance (the third ever printed in English) had just been published in London. He spent the next few years revising the concordance with a second edition published in 1650 that includes on the title page, "By Samuel Newman, now teacher of the Church at Rehoboth in New England." According to legend, he worked on the revisions by burning pine knots instead of candles. The concordance, later called the Cambridge Concordance, was reprinted as late as 1889, almost 250 years after it was first published by the founder of Rehoboth.

Headstone of Capt. Samuel Peck, son of Joseph Peck, one of the original settlers of Rehoboth. Peck Burial Yard, Historic Cemetery #13

The Rehoboth Carpenter family was one of the founding families. Among the earliest purchasers of the land that is now Rehoboth and nearby communities was the Peck family, who came from nearby Hingham, Massachusetts, initially. Joseph Peck, the brother of the Rev. Robert Peck,[4] the disaffected Puritan who had fled his Hingham church in England, after the crackdown by Archbishop Laud, had purchased sizable tracts of lands from the Native Americans. Peck's son was fined fifty shillings for making continuous sexual advances toward the maid.[5] Peck died in Rehoboth in 1697. These tracts of land Peck willed to his son Samuel, who served as Deputy to the General Court at Plymouth, as well as the first representative from the town of Rehoboth after the Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts were united. The family continued to live in the area through the twentieth century. Today's Pecks Corner in Rehoboth is named for this early Puritan family.[6]

Anawan Rock[edit]

Rehoboth is the site of Anawan Rock, where Captain Benjamin Church surrounded and captured Anawan, a Wampanoag sachem and advisor to King Philip, and his men, effectively ending the campaigns in southeastern Massachusetts of King Philip's War. The Wampanoags had taken this position above Squannakonk Swamp to hide from the colonists. (Although a desolate place at the time, the rock itself is not far off modern-day Route 44.)

Public Education[edit]

Rehoboth claims to be the birthplace of public education in North America. Upon incorporation, members of the Rehoboth community and Newman Church (now in present-day East Providence, RI) elected to collect funds to pay a teacher for the settlement's children. Church and government were closely tied in early colonial villages, so the word 'public' refers instead to access to education by all children in the community, not just those of wealthy parents. Another town landmark is related to education: The historic Hornbine School, built in 1845, is located in the southeast corner of town and is open to the public for visiting and educational purposes from May to September.

350th Anniversary[edit]

For the town's 350th anniversary in 1992, the town conducted a promotional "take back" of the communities that were once the original Rehoboth. With encouragement from musket-bearing members of the 13th Continental Regiment, Rehoboth Minutemen, other towns and cities ceremonially 'returned' their land for the duration of the anniversary year celebration.

Today[edit]

Today Rehoboth is a mostly rural, suburban community with many historic sites including 53 historic cemeteries. As a designated 'Right to Farm Community' there is a town bylaw to "protect and encourage commercial agriculture by protecting farmers and farm operators against nuisance lawsuits." Rehoboth agribusiness operations currently sell: vegetables, fruit, and food products, hay, Christmas trees, plants and flowers, dairy goods, eggs, meat (beef, turkey, chicken, pork), farm livestock, zoo and domestic animals. Additionally, there are many equestrian farms and riding facilities in Rehoboth.

Historic places[edit]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.8 square miles (121 km2), of which 46.5 square miles (120 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 0.60%, is water. Much of the land is hilly and swampy, with most of its brooks and swamps feeding into the Palmer River, which empties into Narragansett Bay to the south.

Rehoboth shares its entire western border with Seekonk. It is also bordered by Attleboro and Norton to the north, Taunton and Dighton to the east, and Swansea to the south and southeast. Rehoboth's localities are Four Corners, Hornbine, Kingmans Corner, North Rehoboth, Pecks Corner, Perrys Corner, Perryville, Rehoboth Village, South Rehoboth and Anawan Rock. The town is located 11 miles (18 km) east of Providence, Rhode Island and 50 miles (80 km) south of Boston.

Conservation Areas[edit]

  • Rehoboth State Forest off Peck Street has hiking trails.
  • The Ephraim Hunt Ministerial Land Conservation Area, 55 Pond Street
  • The Mason Street Conservation Area (open to the public) is located off Mason Street.
  • Shad Factory Conservation Area on Reed Street has hiking trails.
  • Miller Bird Sanctuary, 88 Winter Street
  • Fox Lea, 67 River Street
  • Redway Plain, off Route 44 and Bay State Road
  • Warren Upper Reservoir, off Reservoir Street

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1850 2,104 —    
1860 1,932 −8.2%
1870 1,895 −1.9%
1880 1,891 −0.2%
1890 1,786 −5.6%
1900 1,840 +3.0%
1910 2,001 +8.7%
1920 2,065 +3.2%
1930 2,610 +26.4%
1940 2,736 +4.8%
1950 3,700 +35.2%
1960 4,953 +33.9%
1970 6,512 +31.5%
1980 7,570 +16.2%
1990 8,656 +14.3%
2000 10,172 +17.5%
2010 11,608 +14.1%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 10,172 people, 3,523 households, and 2,871 families residing in the town. The population density was 218.8 people per square mile (84.5/km²). There were 3,597 housing units at an average density of 77.4 per square mile (29.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.70% White, 0.35% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population. The leading ancestries reported by Rehoboth residents are 17% Irish, 17% English, 16% Portuguese and 11% French.[15]

There were 3,523 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $65,373, and the median income for a family was $71,992. Males had a median income of $45,557 versus $32,445 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,467. About 2.1% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

The Rehoboth Antiquarian Society (RAS) operates both the Carpenter Museum located on Locust Street, and the Blanding Public Library housed in Goff Memorial Hall located on Bay State Road. The RAS hosts cultural events including Arts in the Village at Goff Memorial Hall, a classical concert series featuring world-class artists.

The Carpenter Museum hosts several annual events including the Folk Art & Artisans Show in November and many other events held throughout the year. In 2013, the museum was awarded the Gold Star Award by the Massachusetts Cultural Council for their 2012 multi-event cultural program, "Remembering Rehoboth School Days." The antiquarian society hosts a yearly Clam Bake each summer, a traditional that began in 1884, behind Goff Memorial Hall.

The Blanding Library hosts events and programs for children and adults throughout the year. The Blanding Book Club meets monthly. A group for needleworkers (knitting, crochet, etc.) meets twice a month at the library. Programs are offered for children, from pre-schoolers up, including reading, arts/crafts, summer programs, performances, visiting exhibits and other special events.

Each month Poetry in the Village hosts an open microphone night and featured guest at the Blanding LIbrary in Goff Memorial Hall. This group is independent from the library. The public is invited to participate.

Many cultural events held in Rehoboth are supported in part by grants from the Rehoboth Cultural Council, an affiliate of the Massachusetts Cultural Council. Members of the council, although appointed by town selectmen, operate independently from town government and award grants on a yearly basis with funds allotted by the state organization. Several non-profit organizations based in Rehoboth provide resources or cultural events.

The Rehoboth Country Dance Society, founded in 1981, holds public contra dances with acclaimed musicians and callers at least twice monthly at Goff Memorial Hall. A monthly community dance is held on a Sunday evening with the Sunday Night Jammers, also at Goff Memorial Hall.

For those interested in history, the 13th Continental Regiment Rehoboth Minute Company, originally chartered in 1774, was recommissioned in 1992 as part of the town's 350 anniversary celebration. It was incorporated three years later as a non-profit, educational organization. The present recreated group portrays the original 1774 unit in civilian dress, accoutrements and firearms. Men, women and children participate in the unit as musketmen, drummers, fifers and assorted characters. The well-known group of re-enactors are invited to participate in parades, ceremonies, encampments, and battle re-enactments, as well as visiting schools throughout the region.

Each September, the town events committee hosts the Annual 'Larry Procopio' Harvest Block Party, a free event held on the Redway Plain field off Route 44. The event was named after the late Larry Procopio, an active member of the community who first organized the yearly event.

The town's historic one-room school house, the Hornbine School, is open spring and summer for visits and tours. The school, operated from 1848 to 1937, was restored in 1969 and now belongs to the town under the jurisdiction of the historical commission, and tended carefully by the non-profit Horbine School Association.

Government[edit]

The town is part of the Fourth Bristol state representative district, including Seekonk and parts of Swansea and Norton. In the state senate, the town is part of the Bristol and Norfolk district, which includes part of the city of Attleboro and all or part of the towns of Dover, Foxborough, Mansfield, Medfield, Norton, Seekonk, Sharon and Walpole. Rehoboth is patrolled by Troop D (Southeast District), 4th Barracks (located in Middleborough) of the Massachusetts State Police. On the national level, the town is part of Massachusetts's 4th congressional district, which is represented by Joseph Kennedy III. The state's senators are: Ed Markey, and Elizabeth Warren.

Rehoboth municipal government operates from town offices located in a one-story building on Peck Street, previously a Project Nike site.

Municipal government is overseen by a five-member board of selectmen and a town administrator. Residents may vote on town governing issues at town meetings which are held in the spring and fall. The current board of selectmen consists of: Michael Costello (chair), Frederick "Skip" Vadnais(vice-chair), Dr. Joseph Tito, MD (clerk), Susan Pimental, and Dave Perry. The town administrator is Jeff Ritter who manages the operation of the town offices and personnel.

The town has a central Police and Fire station (Public Safety Building) on Anawan Street (Route 118). There are two additional fire stations: North Station (#2) located on Tremont Street; South Station (#3) located on Pleasant Street. The RFD is an on-call department with trained firefighters. Only the fire chief is a full-time employee of the town. The Rehoboth Rescue Squad has served the community for the past 46 years and is the town's only 100% unpaid volunteer public safety organization. Rehoboth Ambulance is an independent, non-profit organization that provides vehicles, equipment, supplies and staffing stipends without direct funding from the town. In cases of emergency or disaster, the Rehoboth Emergency Management Agency (REMA) coordinates efforts of all the public safety entities. The Highway Department and Forestry service is located down the road from police/fire headquarters.

An additional town-owned building, located on Anawan Street, houses Rehoboth Community TV, the local public access cable television service. Operation of public programming on three channels (Government Channel 9, Education Channel 15 and Public Channel 98) is the responsibility of the town's Cable Advisory Committee and town employees. Some municipal meetings are broadcast live while others are recorded and broadcast at various times. Many are also available for viewing on their website, http://www.RehobothTV.org

The town owns the Gladys L. Hurrell Senior Center located on Bay State Road. The Rehoboth Council on Aging consists of board members appointed by the selectmen. They oversee the operation of the senior center which is managed by Norie Palmer, a town employee. Residents often refer to the building itself as the Council on Aging. The center offers a wide range of activities and services for elders Monday thru Friday. The building is also used for municipal meetings, private and public events.

Military veterans in Rehoboth are supported by the town's Veterans Services Department located at the town office. The Veteran's agent Steve Arruda works with veterans of all ages to help them access services. In 2012, residents voted at town meeting to adopt provisions of the Massachusetts Valor Act so that local veterans can perform municipal work to offset their property tax bills.

Education[edit]

Rehoboth's educational system can be traced back to the earliest days of the town (see "History" for more details). The Dighton-Rehoboth Regional School District was formed in 1958 and expanded to include all schools in both Rehoboth and neighboring Dighton.

Rehoboth schools include Palmer River Elementary School on Winthrop Street (Route 44) and D. L. Beckwith Middle School, adjacent to the elementary school. Both schools offer special education to students with an Individualized Education Program.

The Rehoboth Parent-Teacher-Student Association (PTSA) serves both students of both schools.

Dighton-Rehoboth Regional High School, located in North Dighton, provides both college preparatory and career-technical education (CTE). The school also supports a transition program for special education students from 18 to 22 to continue academics and pursue vocational interests while concentrating on independent living skills.

The athletics teams of Dighton-Rehoboth Regional High School (the "Falcons") participate in the South Coast Conference (SCC) of the Massachusetts Interscholastic Athletic Association (MIAA). Sports include cheerleading, cross-country, soccer, football, volleyball, baseball, softball, basketball, golf, field hockey, indoor track, outdoor track, tennis, wrestling and swimming.

The D-R Marching Band is a large organization of students that performs for athletic games, parades and special events such as the annual Dighton Christmas Tree Lighting and Rehoboth's Harvest Block Party. Under the direction of Doug Kelly, the band has performed several times at Walt Disney World. The band's travels, equipment and events are supported by the Friends of D-R Marching Band, a group of parents that conduct fundraising efforts throughout the year.

The school district has a cooperative agreement with Bristol Plymouth Regional Technical School for those high school students wishing to attend a vocational-technical school. Rehoboth students may also elect to attend Bristol County Agricultural High School in Dighton.

Rehoboth has two private elementary schools: Cedar Brook School Seventh-day Adventist for K-8; and the Pinecroft School serving students from K-5.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The town is full of winding, country roads. The longest state routes through town, U.S. Route 44 and Massachusetts Route 118, intersect near the center of town. U.S. Route 6 and Interstate 195 run though the southwest corner of town for approximately 0.7 and 1.5 miles (2.4 km), respectively. Exit 2 off I-195 ("Route 136/Warren, R.I.-Newport, R.I.") is just south of where the interstate passes into Swansea and can be reached by Kingsley Way (which also leads into Route 136).

Rehoboth is a part of the Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority (GATRA), which provides bus service to towns in central Bristol and Plymouth counties. The nearest rail service is in Attleboro, where there are two stops on the MBTA's Providence line.

Airports: The closest small aircraft public airports are located in Taunton and Mansfield. T. F. Green Airport is located in Warwick, RI, less than 20 miles (32 km) away. The nearest international airport is Logan International Airport in Boston, 53 miles (85 km) away.

Notable people[edit]

Organizations[edit]

Rehoboth individuals and families who find themselves in need are assisted by Rehoboth Helping Hands, a non-profit organization that provides year-round assistance (508-252-3263). Under the direction of retired Rehoboth police officer Steve Martin, Helping Hands operates the town's food panty, fuel assistance program, and holiday giving programs. Confidential services are offered to any resident in need. The food pantry is supplemented by the Rehoboth Community Garden during the summer and fall.

Rehoboth-based non-profits include:

  • American Legion Post 302
  • Amvets Post 7504 (North Dighton)
  • Anawan Lions (women's Lions Club affiliate)
  • Anawan Club (private organization)
  • Boy Scouts of Rehoboth
  • Bristol County Horsemans Association
  • Citizens Scholarship Fund
  • Christian Life Fellowship
  • Circle of Salgion Church of Wicca
  • Community Covenant Church
  • Crestwood Country Club
  • Dighton-Rehoboth Track & Field Boosters
  • Fraternal Order of Police - Rehoboth Lodge
  • Friends of the Blanding Library
  • Friends of the Dighton-Rehoboth Marching Band
  • Friends of Rehoboth Elderly
  • Girl Scouts of Rehoboth/Seekonk
  • Greenlock Therapeutic Riding Center
  • Holy Ghost Brotherhood of Charity
  • Hornbine Baptist Church
  • Hornbine School Association
  • Independent Order of Odd Fellows
  • Intercollegiate Dressage Association
  • Leo's Club (DRRHS Lions Club affiliate)
  • Lions of Rehoboth
  • Laurel Brook Club
  • Master Wardens & Members, Grand Lodge of Masons
  • New England Antique Tractor and Truck Association
  • Norwegian Elkhound Rescue Referral of NE
  • Pop Warner
  • PTSA Rehoboth
  • RI Muzzle Loaders Club
  • Rehoboth Ambulance Committee
  • Rehoboth Antiquarian Society
  • Rehoboth Breed Expo
  • Rehoboth Business Association
  • Rehoboth Co-ed Softball
  • Rehoboth Community Garden
  • Rehoboth Congregational Church
  • Rehoboth Contra Dance
  • Rehoboth Fair
  • Rehoboth Helping Hands Food Pantry
  • Rehoboth Garden Club
  • Rehoboth Minute Company
  • Rehoboth Station Three Firefighters Association
  • Rehoboth State Two Firefighters Association
  • Rehoboth Youth Basketball
  • Rehoboth Youth Soccer
  • Rehoboth Youth Baseball and Softball

Trivia[edit]

  • Rehoboth was once listed in the Guinness Book of Records for the town with the most golf courses in the United States. Today there are seven: Rehoboth, Crestwood, Sun Valley, Pine Valley, Hidden Hollow, Hillside and Middlebrook.
  • Rehoboth had the first tornado in the United States recorded by European colonists in August 1671.
  • Rehoboth contains the transmission towers for the majority of the television stations in the Providence market, with five of the market's seven full-power TV stations transmitting from the north-central part of town.
  • According to Ripley's Believe It or Not, Rehoboth boasts the longest gravestone epitaph in the United States. At 407 words, it is probably the longest in the world. The gravestone belongs to the Honorable Simeon Martin, an officer who served under General George Washington during the Revolutionary War.
  • Rehoboth borders the south angle of the so-called "Bridgewater Triangle" an almost 200-square mile section of southeastern Massachusetts said to be a hub of paranormal activity.
  • Mary E. Thatcher, a 13-year-old Rehoboth girl, documented her days at the Perry School in her 1875/76 diary which was later discovered and published in 2007 by Catherine Potter. Mary later went on to become the superintendent of nurses at the Rutland Sanatorium, the first tuberculosis hospital in the country.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Rehoboth town, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Rehoboth, Massachusetts". Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Retrieved August 25, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Profile for Rehoboth, Massachusetts, MA". ePodunk. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  5. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ Rehoboth - Rehoboth - Ancestry & family history - ePodunk
  16. ^ "Rhode Island Governor John William Davis". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  17. ^ Grieve, Robert (1897). Illustrated History of Pawtucket, Central Falls and Vicinity. Providence: Henry R. Caufield, Publisher. pp. 324–326. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 

External links[edit]