T. F. Green Airport
|T. F. Green Airport
Theodore Francis Green Memorial State Airport
|USGS aerial image|
|IATA: PVD – ICAO: KPVD – FAA LID: PVD|
|Owner||State of Rhode Island|
|Operator||Rhode Island Airport Corporation|
|Location||2000 Post Road
Warwick, Rhode Island
|Elevation AMSL||55 ft / 17 m|
|Statistics (2009, 1010)|
|Aircraft operations (2009)||83,016|
|Based aircraft (2009)||71|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
T. F. Green Airport (IATA: PVD, ICAO: KPVD, FAA LID: PVD), also known as Theodore Francis Green Memorial State Airport, is a public airport located in Warwick, six miles (10 km) south of Providence, in Kent County, Rhode Island, USA. Dedicated in 1931, the airport was named for former Rhode Island governor and longtime senator Theodore F. Green. Completely rebuilt in 1996, the renovated main terminal was named for former Rhode Island governor Bruce Sundlun. It was the first state-owned airport in the United States.
T.F. Green Airport is considered a regional airport serving the FAA's New England Region within the FAA System Plan. Along with two other regional airports, Worcester Regional Airport and Manchester Regional Airport, T.F. Green is considered a reliever airport to Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts. The airport is the largest and most active airport among the six operated by the Rhode Island Airport Corporation (RIAC).
T.F. Green was dedicated on September 27, 1931, as Hillsgrove State Airport, drawing the largest crowd that had attended a public function in the country at the time. In 1933, the historic Rhode Island State Airport Terminal was built, located on Airport Road, at the time named Occupatuxet Road. In 1938 the airport was renamed to its current name.
In the 1960s, the airport grew rapidly, as commercial aviation sought interest in the Providence market. The runways were expanded to accommodate jet airliners and a new terminal opened on Post Road. In the 1970s, most of the legacy carriers served T.F. Green. In the 1990s, T.F. Green's terminal was once again rebuilt, expanding to 18 gates and modernizing the infrastructure. In 1997, 4 gates were added, totaling the number of gates to 22. Airlines added service to T.F. Green, including Air Canada, Southwest, SATA International (which operated flights to the Azores using an A310-300), and Spirit Airlines.
Following the September 11th attacks, T.F. Green, like most airports in the United States, faced a decrease in passengers, which resulted in fewer flights and loss of service, specifically from American Airlines (which once provided service to Chicago O'Hare and Dallas-Fort Worth Airport), Spirit, and SATA. As of 2013, the Providence Metropolitan Area is the largest MSA in the United States not served by American Airlines or any of its subsidiaries.
Since the HNTB-designed Bruce Sundlun Terminal was opened in 1996, T.F. Green had become more congested due to increased traffic and post-9/11 security changes. As a result, the terminal underwent renovations which included the expansion of baggage rooms to accommodate a new In-Line Explosive Detection System (EDS) Baggage Handling System, expanded security screening checkpoints, increased concessions, additional ticket counters, and the expansion of RIAC administration offices on the terminal's second and third floors.
Although T.F. Green's longest runway is only 7,166 feet (2,184 m), the airport has been visited by several wide-body airplanes. Cheaper landing and transient fees at T.F. Green make it an appealing choice for visiting sports teams and entertainers.
T.F. Green has been visited by Air Force One, a Boeing 747, on October 25, 2010, a Concorde operated by British Airways on June 13, 1988, and an Airbus A340 flown by Iberia Airlines on June 1, 2011, which transported the Mens Spanish National Soccer Team for their match against the U.S. National Team on June 4, 2011, at Gillette Stadium in Foxborough, Massachusetts.
Runway expansion 
The Rhode Island Airport Corporation (RIAC) writes (in 2001) that the master plan completed in 1997 failed to envision the "tremendous growth" that had been experienced in the years hitherto. The report identifies lack of runway length as a hindrance to "range and diversity of service", in particular emphasizing ability to service non-hub locations, the west coast, and international locations. A challenge particular to T.F. Green in this regard is its being surrounded by dense residential and commercial development. Many local residents also oppose expansion for the impact it will have on quality of life in the area. Current plans call for runway 5-23 to be extended to 8,700 feet (2,700 m) in order to allow T.F. Green to service nonstop flights to Western Europe and to bring back service to the Western United States.
While some expansion proponents claim extending the main runway would bring in an estimated $138 million over the course of 13 years, doing so could consume 204 houses, at least ten businesses, and large areas of wetlands. More recent studies indicate substantially decreased enplanements due in-part to soaring fuel costs, and easier access to Logan International Airport since completion of improvements to the Southeast Expressway, Third Harbor Tunnel, bus services between T.F. Green and Logan, as well as the introduction of low cost carriers at Logan such as JetBlue.
The Rhode Island Airport Corporation owns some residential property on the eastern side of the airport near the Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting building. Most homes on Cedar Swamp Road and Pembroke Avenue have since been demolished, likely to make way for future expansion.
On March 1, 2012, TF Green Airport was given the go-ahead to expand the main runway and improve the safety of the secondary runway. The Warwick City Council unanimously voted to approve the expansion, and drop the suit against the RIAC. President Obama signed a bill saying the project will be federally funded. The project will take approximately 2–3 years.
Theodore Francis Green State Airport covers an area of 1,111 acres (450 ha) at an elevation of 55 feet (17 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt paved runways: 5/23 is 7,166 by 150 feet (2,184 x 46 m) and 16/34 is 6,081 by 150 feet (1,853 x 46 m). ILS is available for runways 5, 23, and 34, with runway 5 being certified for CAT III Instrument Landing operations. The other runways with ILS are certified for CAT I Instrument Landing operations. Taxiway Victor served as Runway 5L/23R until 2003.
The airport's terminal, named for former Rhode Island governor Bruce Sundlun, has two concourses, North and South. The South Concourse has eight gates, and the North Concourse has 14 gates. Gate 7A is designed for international arrivals; it is directly connected to customs, which is on the lower level of the concourse. The terminal contains a number of stores and restaurants, and a central food court.
Traffic and statistics 
For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2009, the airport had 83,016 aircraft operations, an average of 227 per day: 52% scheduled commercial, 24% air taxi, 23% general aviation and <1% military. At that time there were 71 aircraft based at this airport: 77% single-engine, 5% multi-engine, 17% jet and 1% helicopter.
T.F. Green is mostly served by regional aircraft such as CRJ's and ERJ's, as well as smaller mainline aircraft such as Boeing 737's and MD-88's. Currently the largest scheduled aircraft servicing the airport is an US Airways Airbus A319 for one of its five daily flights to Charlotte, North Carolina, depending on the season. Delta Air Lines charters a Boeing 767-300 during the football season for the New England Patriots.
T.F. Green is also visited daily by a Boeing 757 flown with FedEx, a new addition to the FedEx fleet. FedEx used to operate a Boeing 727 out of TF Green. With fewer than 75 Boeing 727's remaining in the fleet, FedEx is one of the few air carriers still flying this aircraft.
Currently, the farthest mainline service by an aircraft is a Boeing 737 by Southwest Airlines daily flight to Las Vegas. Previously this aircraft and airline serviced the longest domestic route from the airport to Phoenix, Arizona. The service to Phoenix was terminated in 2011.
In 2011, T.F. Green handled about 3,852,000 passengers. The mainline airline with the largest presence at T.F. Green is Southwest, which carried 50.77% of all passengers for the 12-month period ending June 30, 2012, followed by US Airways with 14.11%. T.F. Green also handled over 26,000,000 pounds (12,000,000 kg) of cargo and mail.
As of March 2011, 83% of departures were on-time at T.F. Green, and 80% of arrivals were on-time.
|2||Charlotte, North Carolina||196,000||US Airways|
|3||Orlando, Florida||192,000||JetBlue, Southwest|
|4||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||135,000||US Airways|
|6||Chicago (Midway), Illinois||118,000||Southwest|
|8||Washington (National), D.C.||90,000||US Airways|
|10||Fort Lauderdale, FL||70,000||JetBlue, Southwest|
|Passengers||Change from previous year||Aircraft operations||Cargo
Airlines and destinations 
Passenger service 
|Cape Air||Seasonal: Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta|
|Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines||Minneapolis/St. Paul|
|Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines||Detroit|
|JetBlue Airways||Fort Lauderdale, Orlando|
|Sky King||Charter: Atlantic City|
|Southwest Airlines||Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Orlando, Tampa
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Las Vegas, West Palm Beach
|United Express operated by Chautauqua Airlines||Cleveland|
|United Express operated by Commutair||Newark|
|United Express operated by ExpressJet||Cleveland, Newark, Washington-Dulles|
|United Express operated by Mesa Airlines||Washington-Dulles|
|United Express operated by Republic Airlines||Washington-Dulles|
|US Airways||Charlotte, Philadelphia
|US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin||Philadelphia, Washington-National|
|US Airways Express operated by Republic Airlines||Philadelphia, Washington-National|
Cargo airlines 
|FedEx Express||Ft. Wayne Intl.||Boeing 757-200|
|FedEx Feeder operated by Wiggins Airways||Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard||Cessna 208 Caravan|
|UPS Airlines||Bradley Intl.||Boeing 757-200|
Ground transportation 
T.F. Green Airport has direct access to I-95 via the T. F. Green Airport Connector Road, a 1.1-mile (1.8 km) freeway. The airport is served by major car rental companies as well as by local taxi and limousine services.
- The #20 bus goes to Kennedy Plaza by way of Elmwood and Roger Williams Park and Zoo, and takes approximately 40 minutes.
- The #14 bus goes directly to and from Kennedy Plaza and takes approximately 15–25 minutes; it also connects to Newport, Narragansett, and East Greenwich.
An intermodal station, completed in October 2010, includes an elevated walkway to the terminal, a rental car garage, and commuter rail parking. The MBTA commuter rail service to and from downtown Providence and Boston commenced on December 6, 2010 and was expanded on November 14, 2011. Scheduled are ten round trip weekday trains. Inbound trips are scheduled to take 90 minutes to Boston's South Station, with outbound trips taking 75 minutes. Service expansion south, to Wickford Junction, began in April 2012. Amtrak has formally stated they will not stop at the station for the foreseeable future citing lack of being economically feasible.
1972 Rolling Stones arrest 
British rock band The Rolling Stones were arrested at the airport in 1972 after assaulting a photographer, and were brought to the Warwick police station. Their flight could not land in Boston, where the band had a scheduled concert at Boston Garden, due to fog. They were processed quickly to avoid a riot at the Garden.
1999 runway incursion 
On December 6, 1999 at approximately 8:35pm Eastern Standard Time, a runway incursion occurred involving United Airlines flight 1448 (a Boeing 757) and FedEx Express flight 1662 (a Boeing 727) on Runway 5R/23L. Shortly after landing on Runway 5R, United 1448 was instructed by the air traffic control tower to taxi to the gate, part of the instructions including crossing Runway 16. Due to the low-visibility conditions that night, the pilots became disoriented and turned down the wrong taxiway, which led them back towards the active runway they had just arrived on. The tower controller, unaware of United's mistake, cleared FedEx 1662 for takeoff on Runway 5R. United 1448 then confirmed with the controller that they should cross the runway in front of them (neither party aware that they were in fact not near Runway 16) and the aircraft continued moving towards Runway 5R/23L.
United 1448 sounding confused then radioed that they were near taxiway Kilo, and as they re-entered Runway 5R/23L, reported that "somebody just took off" overhead, referring to FedEx 1662 that had indeed just become airborne in very close proximity to the United aircraft. However, the controller appeared not to take this seriously, stating, "you shouldn't be anywhere near Kilo", and advised the United 1448 crew to hold position. United 1448 then informed the tower that they were now on an active runway, which they mistakenly believed to be 23R/5L (inactive at the time). A moment later the pilot corrected himself, stating that they were on 5R/23L. United 1448's crew was told again to stand by, so the aircraft remained idle at the intersection of the active runway, while the controller cleared MetroJet 2998 for takeoff on the same runway. The United 1448 pilot immediately interjected to insist that the plane was on the active runway, to which the controller belligerently denied telling them it was not an active runway. Meanwhile, the MetroJet pilot having heard the exchange realized there was confusion over the whereabouts of United 1448 and refused the takeoff clearance stating, "We're staying clear of all runways until we figure this out".
Despite all this confusion, the controller again cleared MetroJet 2998 for take off on Runway 5R. They again refused to accept the clearance for take-off until the United 1448 was confirmed to have arrived at the gate. Once United 1448 was confirmed to be at the gate, MetroJet 2998 finally departed on Runway 5R.
The US Airways crew operating Flight 2998 were praised by a US Air spokesperson for their actions of avoiding a near-disaster. An investigation by the National Transportation Safety Board followed and while no fault was assigned to the controller, she was required to undergo retraining before returning to service. The pilots were debriefed by United, received additional training and were returned to service.
Part of the confusion was United 1448's inability to correctly identify the runway they were on. During the radio exchanges, United 1448 refers to 23L/5R as 23R/5L and vice versa. Runway 23R/5L has been closed since this incident and is now taxiway V.
2007 CRJ accident 
On December 16, 2007, Air Wisconsin (US Airways Express) flight 3758, a CRJ-200 arriving from Philadelphia, departed the left side of runway 5 after a hard landing by an unstabilized approach. Although the aircraft sustained substantial damage, none of the 31 passengers and crew aboard were injured.
See also 
- FAA Airport Master Record for PVD ( PDF), effective July 2, 2009.
- T.F. Green International Airport
- Providence: Transportation - Approaching the City
- "History". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "New England Region Airports Division: Regional Airport System Plan". Federal Aviation Administration. December 2, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "The New England Regional Airport System Plan". Federal Aviation Administration. 2006. pp. 50–51. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "Where is the Comet? Theodore Francis Green Airport, Warwick, RI". The Magic World of Comet. 2000. Retrieved May 25, 2011.—In 1931, Hillsgrove State Airport, located on Airport Road, then called Occupatuxet Road, opened becoming the first state-owned and operated in the United State
- "International service arrives at T.F. Green". Providence Journal. October 5, 1997. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Munroe, Tony (June 6, 1996). "Southwest to start service to Providence". Boston Herald. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Downing, Neil (February 14, 2006). "Azores Wooing RI Travelers". Providence Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Barmann, Timothy C. (August 20, 2004). "Spirit Airlines lifts Rhode Island airport". Providence Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- T.F. Green Airport Modernization
- "T.F. Green Improvement Project update!". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. July 15, 2006. Archived from the original on August 27, 2006. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- "Prisident Obama lands in Rhode Island". Eyewitness News (WPRI). October 25, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- Mingis, Ken; Lord, Peter; Emery Jr, C. Eugene; DePaul, Tony (June 13, 1988). "Concorde has come and gone; for most, it was good experience". Providence Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- "Iberia A340-300 Landing at KPVD". FlightAware. June 1, 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- "Airport Master Plan Guiding Principles". Rhode Island Airport Corporation, Landrum & Brown. February 5, 2001. Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Needham, Cynthia (February 12, 2009). "Expand T.F. Green Airport’s main runway, R.I. House speaker says". Providence Journal. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Level 6 Alternative B4". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Nesi, Ted (May 27, 2009). "T.F. Green runway plan gets FAA OK". Providence Business News. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Needham, Cynthia (March 10, 2007). "Runway plan takes homes, businesses". Providence Journal. Retrieved March 10, 2007.
- "TF Green Airport (PVD, KPVD), Warwick, Rhode Island, USA". airport-technology.com. 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Green light for TF Green Expansion". WPRI.com. 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "Fedex 727-200 Evening Flights From PVD to FWA". FlightAware. 2011.
- "Providence, RI: Theodore Francis Green (PVD)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. October 2012. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- "Passenger Numbers". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- Total cargo (Freight, Express, & Mail).
- Bus route information from RIPTA's website.
- "Schedules and Maps: Providence/Stoughton Line". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- Bierman, Noah (September 10, 2009). "Vote set on T link to R.I. airport". The Boston Globe.
- "Mick Jagger mugshot". Thatsweird.net. 2005-05-17. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
- "Planes urged to stop at runway intersections". Los Angeles Times/St. Petersburg Times. June 14, 2000.
- "Animations of runway incursions from Board Meeting of June 13, 2000". National Transportation Safety Board. June 13, 2000.
- "Probable Cause, DCA08FA018". National Transportation Safety Board. December 30, 2008. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Parker, Paul Edward (September 15, 2008). "Backstage at Green Airport: What goes on that ordinary travelers don’t get a chance to see". Providence Journal. Retrieved June 5, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: T. F. Green Airport|
- T. F. Green Airport, official site
- T. F. Green Airport Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)
- Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary — Rhode Island State Airport Terminal
- Horizon Aviation (flight school located at airport)
- (PDF), effective May 2, 2013
- FAA Terminal Procedures for PVD, effective May 2, 2013
- Resources for this airport: