T. F. Green Airport

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T. F. Green Airport
Theodore Francis Green Memorial State Airport
T.F. Green Airport Logo.jpg
Tfgreen.png
USGS aerial image, 2004
IATA: PVDICAO: KPVDFAA LID: PVD
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner State of Rhode Island
Operator Rhode Island Airport Corporation
Serves Providence
Location 2000 Post Road
Warwick, Rhode Island
Elevation AMSL 55 ft / 17 m
Coordinates 41°43′26″N 071°25′42″W / 41.72389°N 71.42833°W / 41.72389; -71.42833Coordinates: 41°43′26″N 071°25′42″W / 41.72389°N 71.42833°W / 41.72389; -71.42833
Website www.pvdairport.com
Maps
A map with a grid overlay showing the terminals runways and other structures of the airport.
FAA airport diagram
PVD is located in Rhode Island
PVD
PVD
Location within Rhode Island
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
5/23 7,166 2,184 Asphalt
16/34 6,081 1,853 Asphalt
Statistics (2009, 1010)
Aircraft operations (2009) 83,016
Based aircraft (2009) 71
Passenger (2010) 3,936,423
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]

T. F. Green Airport (officially Theodore Francis Green Memorial State Airport)[2] (IATA: PVDICAO: KPVDFAA LID: PVD) is a public airport in Warwick, six miles (10 km) south of Providence, in Kent County, Rhode Island, US. Opened in 1931, the airport was named for former Rhode Island governor and longtime senator Theodore F. Green. Rebuilt in 1996,[3] the renovated main terminal was named for former Rhode Island governor Bruce Sundlun. It was the first state-owned airport in the United States.[4]

T.F. Green Airport is a regional airport serving the FAA's New England Region within the FAA System Plan.[5] Along with two other regional airports, Worcester Regional Airport and Manchester Regional Airport, T.F. Green is considered a reliever airport to Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts.[6] The airport is the largest and most active airport among the six operated by the Rhode Island Airport Corporation (RIAC).

History[edit]

Iberia Airbus A340-300 visiting T.F. Green Airport on June 1, 2011

T.F. Green was dedicated on September 27, 1931, as Hillsgrove State Airport, drawing the largest crowd that had attended a public function in the country until then.[4] In 1933 the Rhode Island State Airport Terminal was built on Airport Road, then called Occupatuxet Road.[7] In 1938 the airport got its current name; it then had three 3000-ft concrete runways.

The Army Air Force took control from 1942 to 1945, using it for flight training.[4] The February 1947 diagram shows runways 5, 10 and 16 all 4000 ft long; in April 1951 runway 5 was 5000 ft and 5R was under construction. A few years later 5R was 5466 ft which it remained until extended to 6466 ft around 1967.

The April 1957 OAG shows 26 weekday departures: 11 Eastern, 10 American, 4 United and one National. Nonstops didn't reach beyond Boston and Newark until 1959 when Eastern started a DC-7B nonstop to Washington, which was the longest until United started Cleveland in 1968 and Chicago in 1970 and Eastern started Miami in 1969 and Atlanta in 1970. The first jets were Mohawk BAC-111s in 1966.

A new terminal opened on Post Road; in the 1990s it was rebuilt, expanding to 18 gates, and in 1997 four gates were added. Airlines added flights to T.F. Green, including Air Canada,[8] Southwest,[9] SATA International (which operated flights to the Azores using an A310-300),[10] and Spirit Airlines.[11]

After the September 11th attacks, T.F. Green, like most airports in the United States, faced a decrease in passengers and fewer flights from American Airlines (which once flew to Chicago O'Hare and Dallas-Fort Worth Airport), Spirit, and SATA. In 2013 the Providence Metropolitan Area is the largest MSA in the United States not served by American Airlines or any of its subsidiaries.

Since the HNTB-designed Bruce Sundlun Terminal opened in 1996, T.F. Green became more congested due to increased traffic and post-9/11 security changes.[12] Renovations followed, including expansion of baggage rooms to accommodate a new In-Line Explosive Detection System (EDS) Baggage Handling System, expanded security screening checkpoints, more concessions and ticket counters, and expansion of RIAC offices on the second and third floors.[13]

Although T.F. Green's longest runway is 7,166 feet (2,184 m), the airport has seen several wide-body jets. Cheaper fees at T.F. Green make it an appealing choice for sports teams and entertainers visiting the area.

T.F. Green was visited by Air Force One, a Boeing 747, on October 25, 2010,[14] a Concorde operated by British Airways on June 13, 1988,[15] and an Airbus A340 flown by Iberia Airlines on June 1, 2011, which transported the Mens Spanish National Soccer Team for their match against the U.S. National Team on June 4, 2011, at Gillette Stadium in Foxborough, Massachusetts.[16]

Runway expansion[edit]

The Rhode Island Airport Corporation (RIAC) writes (in 2001)[17] that the master plan completed in 1997 failed to envision the "tremendous growth" that had been experienced. The report identifies lack of runway length as a hindrance to "range and diversity of service", in particular emphasizing ability to reach non-hub cities, the west coast, and international locations. A challenge for T.F. Green is the residential and commercial development around it. Many residents oppose expansion.[18] Current plans call for runway 5–23 to be extended to 8,700 feet (2,700 m)[19] in order to allow T.F. Green to service nonstop flights to Western Europe and to bring back service to the Western United States.[20]

While some expansion proponents claim extending the main runway would bring in an estimated $138 million over 13 years, doing so could consume 204 houses, at least ten businesses, and large areas of wetlands. More recent studies indicate substantially decreased enplanements due in-part to soaring fuel costs, and easier access to Logan International Airport since completion of improvements to the Southeast Expressway, Third Harbor Tunnel, bus services between T.F. Green and Logan, as well as the introduction of low cost carriers at Logan such as JetBlue.[21]

The Rhode Island Airport Corporation owns some residential property on the eastern side of the airport near the Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting building. Most homes on Cedar Swamp Road and Pembroke Avenue have since been demolished, likely to make way for future expansion.[22]

On March 1, 2012 TF Green Airport was given the go-ahead to expand the runway and improve the safety of the secondary runway. The Warwick City Council unanimously voted to approve the expansion, and drop the suit against the RIAC. President Obama signed a bill saying the project will be federally funded. The project will take approximately 2–3 years.[23]

Facilities[edit]

Bruce Sundlun Terminal

Theodore Francis Green State Airport covers 1,111 acres (450 ha) at an elevation of 55 feet (17 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt runways: 5/23 is 7,166 by 150 feet (2,184 x 46 m) and 16/34 is 6,081 by 150 feet (1,853 x 46 m).[1] ILS is available for runways 5, 23, and 34, with runway 5 being certified for CAT III Instrument Landing. The other runways with ILS are certified for CAT I.[24] Taxiway Victor was Runway 5L/23R until 2003.

The airport's terminal, named for former Rhode Island governor Bruce Sundlun, has two concourses, North and South. The South Concourse has eight gates and the North Concourse has 14. Gate 7A is designed for international arrivals; it is directly connected to customs, which is on the lower level of the concourse. The terminal contains a number of stores and restaurants, and a central food court.

Traffic and statistics[edit]

In 2009 the airport had 83,016 aircraft operations, average 227 per day: 52% scheduled commercial, 24% air taxi, 23% general aviation and <1% military. 71 aircraft were then based at this airport: 77% single-engine, 5% multi-engine, 17% jet and 1% helicopter.[1]

T.F. Green is served by regional aircraft such as CRJs and ERJs and medium sized mainline jets such as Boeing 737s and MD-88s.[citation needed] Currently the largest scheduled aircraft servicing the airport is a US Airways Airbus A321 on one of six daily flights to its hub in Charlotte, North Carolina.[citation needed] Additionally, United Airlines does occasionally operate a Boeing 737-900 to Chicago, Illinois.[citation needed] Delta Air Lines charters a Boeing 767-300 during football season for the New England Patriots.[citation needed]

A FedEx Boeing 727-200 parked at T.F. Green

FedEx Express currently operates a daily Boeing 757-200 flight to T.F. Green from Memphis, Tennessee.[25] United Parcel Service also operates flights to T.F. Green.[26]

Previously Southwest Airlines serviced the longest domestic routes from the airport to Las Vegas, Nevada and Phoenix, Arizona.[citation needed] The service to Phoenix was terminated in 2011.[citation needed] Southwest currently offers service to Denver.

In 2011, T.F. Green handled about 3,852,000 passengers.[27] The mainline airline with the largest presence at T.F. Green is Southwest, which carried 50.77% of all passengers for the 12-month period ending June 30, 2012, followed by US Airways with 14.11%.[27] T.F. Green also handled over 26,000,000 pounds (12,000,000 kg) of cargo and mail.[27]

As of March 2011, 83% of departures were on-time at T.F. Green, and 80% of arrivals were on-time.[27]

Busiest domestic routes from Providence
(January – December 2012)[27]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Baltimore, Maryland 314,000 Southwest
2 Orlando, Florida 266,000 JetBlue, Southwest
3 Charlotte, North Carolina 196,000 US Airways
4 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 144,000 US Airways
5 Atlanta, Georgia 129,000 Delta
6 Chicago (Midway), Illinois 123,000 Southwest
7 Fort Lauderdale, FL 109,000 JetBlue, Southwest
8 Detroit, Michigan 93,000 Delta
9 Washington (National), D.C. 92,000 US Airways
10 Tampa, Florida 89,000 Southwest
Traffic by calendar year[28]
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Cargo
(pounds)[29]
2004 5,509,186 38,420,118
2005 5,730,557 Increase04.02% 118,436 38,497,744
2006 5,203,396 Decrease09.20% 45,727,608
2007 5,019,342 Decrease03.54% 100,693 44,185,658
2008 4,692,974 Decrease06.50% 92,045 30,444,992
2009 4,328,741 Decrease07.76% 83,016 21,017,341
2010 3,936,423 Decrease09.06% 81,571 21,859,591
2011 3,883,548 Decrease01.34% 80,597 22,856,687
2012 3,650,737 Decrease05.99% 76,491 24,204,472

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger service[edit]

Airlines Destinations Concourse
Cape Air Seasonal: Block Island,[30] Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket South
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Seasonal: Detroit
North
Delta Connection Detroit
Seasonal: Atlanta, Minneapolis/St. Paul
North
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale, Orlando North
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Fort Lauderdale, Orlando, Tampa
Seasonal: Denver, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, West Palm Beach
North
United Airlines Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare North, South
United Express Chicago-O'Hare, Newark, Washington-Dulles North, South
US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia South
US Airways Express Charlotte, Philadelphia, Washington-National South

Cargo airlines[edit]

Airline Destination
FedEx Express Fort Wayne, Memphis
FedEx Feeder operated by Wiggins Airways Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard
UPS Airlines Albany (NY), Hartford

Ground transportation[edit]

T.F. Green Airport has direct access to I-95 via the T. F. Green Airport Connector Road, a 1.1-mile (1.8 km) freeway. The airport is served by major car rental companies as well as by local taxi and limousine services.

The Rhode Island Public Transit Authority (RIPTA) offers public bus transportation to and from the cities of Providence (Kennedy Plaza in downtown Providence) and Newport. In particular:[31]

  • The No. 20 bus goes to Kennedy Plaza by way of Elmwood and Roger Williams Park and Zoo, and takes approximately 40 minutes.
  • The No. 14 bus goes directly to and from Kennedy Plaza and takes approximately 20–25 minutes; it also connects to Newport, Narragansett, and East Greenwich.

An intermodal station, completed in October 2010, includes an elevated walkway to the terminal, a rental car garage, and commuter rail parking. The MBTA commuter rail service to and from downtown Providence and Boston commenced on December 6, 2010 and was expanded on November 14, 2011.[32] Service was expanded south to Wickford Junction in April 2012.[33] There are ten weekday trains to Wickford Junction and ten to Providence, most of which continue on to Boston with local stops along the way. Travel time to South Station in Boston about 85 minutes, while the travel times to both Providence and to Wickford Junction are about 15 minutes. Amtrak has formally stated they will not stop at the station for the foreseeable future citing a lack of economical feasibility.[citation needed]

Incidents[edit]

1972 Rolling Stones arrest[edit]

British rock band The Rolling Stones were arrested at the airport on July 18, 1972 after assaulting a photographer, and were brought to the Warwick police station. Their flight could not land in Boston, where the band had a scheduled concert at Boston Garden, due to fog. They were processed quickly to avoid a riot at the Garden.[34][35]

1999 runway incursion[edit]

On December 6, 1999 at approximately 8:35pm Eastern Standard Time, a runway incursion occurred involving United Airlines flight 1448 (a Boeing 757) and FedEx Express flight 1662 (a Boeing 727) on Runway 5R/23L.[36] Shortly after landing on Runway 5R, United 1448 was instructed by the air traffic control tower to taxi to the gate, part of the instructions including crossing Runway 16. Due to the low-visibility conditions that night, the pilots became disoriented and turned down the wrong taxiway, which led them back towards the active runway they had just arrived on. The tower controller, unaware of United's mistake, cleared FedEx 1662 for takeoff on Runway 5R. United 1448 then confirmed with the controller that they should cross the runway in front of them (neither party aware that they were in fact not near Runway 16) and the aircraft continued moving towards Runway 5R/23L.

United 1448 sounding confused then radioed that they were near taxiway Kilo, and as they re-entered Runway 5R/23L, reported that "somebody just took off" overhead, referring to FedEx 1662 that had indeed just become airborne in very close proximity to the United aircraft. However, the controller appeared not to take this seriously, stating, "you shouldn't be anywhere near Kilo", and advised the United 1448 crew to hold position. United 1448 then informed the tower that they were now on an active runway, which they mistakenly believed to be 23R/5L (inactive at the time). A moment later the pilot corrected himself, stating that they were on 5R/23L. United 1448's crew was told again to stand by, so the aircraft remained idle at the intersection of the active runway, while the controller cleared MetroJet 2998 for takeoff on the same runway. The United 1448 pilot immediately interjected to insist that the plane was on the active runway, to which the controller belligerently denied telling them it was not an active runway. Meanwhile, the MetroJet pilot having heard the exchange realized there was confusion over the whereabouts of United 1448 and refused the takeoff clearance stating, "We're staying clear of all runways until we figure this out".

Despite all this confusion, the controller again cleared MetroJet 2998 for take off on Runway 5R. They again refused to accept the clearance for take-off until the United 1448 was confirmed to have arrived at the gate. Once United 1448 was confirmed to be at the gate, MetroJet 2998 finally departed on Runway 5R.

The US Airways crew operating Flight 2998 were praised by a US Air spokesperson for their actions of avoiding a near-disaster. An investigation by the National Transportation Safety Board followed and while no fault was assigned to the controller, she was required to undergo retraining before returning to service. The pilots were debriefed by United, received additional training and were returned to service.[37]

Part of the confusion was United 1448's inability to correctly identify the runway they were on. During the radio exchanges, United 1448 refers to 23L/5R as 23R/5L and vice versa. Runway 23R/5L has been closed since this incident and is now taxiway V.

2007 CRJ accident[edit]

On December 16, 2007, Air Wisconsin (US Airways Express) flight 3758, a CRJ-200 arriving from Philadelphia, departed the left side of runway 5 after a hard landing by an unstabilized approach.[38] Although the aircraft sustained substantial damage, none of the 31 passengers and crew aboard were injured.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c FAA Airport Master Record for PVD (Form 5010 PDF), effective July 2, 2009.
  2. ^ T.F. Green International Airport
  3. ^ Providence: Transportation – Approaching the City
  4. ^ a b c "History". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  5. ^ "New England Region Airports Division: Regional Airport System Plan". Federal Aviation Administration. December 2, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  6. ^ "The New England Regional Airport System Plan". Federal Aviation Administration. 2006. pp. 50–51. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Where is the Comet? Theodore Francis Green Airport, Warwick, RI". The Magic World of Comet. 2000. Retrieved May 25, 2011. —In 1931 Hillsgrove State Airport, on Airport Road, then called Occupatuxet Road, opened, the first state-owned and operated in the United State
  8. ^ "International Service Arrives at T.F. Green". The Providence Journal. October 5, 1997. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  9. ^ Munroe, Tony (June 6, 1996). "Southwest to Start Service to Providence". Boston Herald. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ Downing, Neil (February 14, 2006). "Azores Wooing RI Travelers". The Providence Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  11. ^ Barmann, Timothy C. (August 20, 2004). "Spirit Airlines Lifts Rhode Island Airport". The Providence Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  12. ^ T.F. Green Airport Modernization
  13. ^ "T.F. Green Improvement Project update!". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. July 15, 2006. Archived from the original on August 27, 2006. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  14. ^ "President Obama lands in Rhode Island". WPRI (Providence). October 25, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  15. ^ Mingis, Ken; Lord, Peter; Emery, Jr., C. Eugene; DePaul, Tony (June 13, 1988). "Concorde Has Come and Gone; for Most, It Was Good Experience". The Providence Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Iberia A340-300 Landing at KPVD". FlightAware. June 1, 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Airport Master Plan Guiding Principles". Rhode Island Airport Corporation, Landrum & Brown. February 5, 2001. Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  18. ^ Needham, Cynthia (February 12, 2009). "Expand T.F. Green Airport's Main Runway, R.I. House Speaker Says". The Providence Journal. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Level 6 Alternative B4". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  20. ^ Nesi, Ted (May 27, 2009). "T.F. Green runway plan gets FAA OK". Providence Business News. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  21. ^ Needham, Cynthia (March 10, 2007). "Runway Plan Takes Jomes, Businesses". The Providence Journal. Retrieved March 10, 2007. 
  22. ^ "TF Green Airport (PVD, KPVD), Warwick, Rhode Island, USA". Airport-Technology. 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Green light for TF Green Expansion". WPRI (Providence). 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  24. ^ "KPVD: Theodore Francis Green State Airport". FAA Information. Airnav.com. May 5, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Live Flight Tracker ✈ Flight Finder ✈ Memphis Intl (KMEM) – Green State Airport (KPVD)". FlightAware. 2013. 
  26. ^ "Live Flight Tracker ✈ Flight Finder ✈ Louisville Intl (KSDF) – Green State Airport (KPVD)". FlightAware. 2013. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "Providence, RI: Theodore Francis Green (PVD)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. October 2012. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Passenger Numbers". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  29. ^ Total cargo (Freight, Express, & Mail).
  30. ^ http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/02/prweb11575541.htm
  31. ^ Bus route information from RIPTA's website.
  32. ^ "Schedules and Maps: Providence/Stoughton Line". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  33. ^ Bierman, Noah (September 10, 2009). "Vote Set on T link to R.I. Airport". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  34. ^ http://wzlx.cbslocal.com/2013/07/18/mick-jagger-got-arrested-in-rhode-island-today-in-1972-mugshot/
  35. ^ "Mick Jagger mugshot". Thatsweird.net. May 17, 2005. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  36. ^ "Planes Urged to Stop at Runway Intersections". Los Angeles Times/St. Petersburg Times. June 14, 2000. 
  37. ^ "Animations of runway incursions from Board Meeting of June 13, 2000". National Transportation Safety Board. June 13, 2000. 
  38. ^ "Probable Cause, DCA08FA018". National Transportation Safety Board. December 30, 2008. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 

External links[edit]