Russia–Ukraine border

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Section of the State Border of Ukraine that borders Russian Federation
Exclusive economic zones in Black Sea

The Russian-Ukrainian border is the international state border between Russia and Ukraine, which formally exists since Ukraine's independence from the Soviet Union, on August 24, 1991. The border outlines five oblasts (regions) of Ukraine.

A Ukrainian customs service officer checking a car at the Hoptivka – Nekhoteyevka road border crossing, April 2008

Overview[edit]

The border has inherited its location from the administrative territorial division between the Ukrainian SSR and the Russian SFSR. It was created in 1991 and is a far descendant of custom borders between the Cossack Hetmanate and the Tsardom of Russia of the 17th century.

The border has a length of 2,295.04 kilometres (1,426.07 mi) of which 1,974.04 kilometres (1,226.61 mi) is land border and 321 kilometres (199 mi) is sea border. It extends from a point in the Black Sea 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) south of the Kerch Strait, where the first contact the territorial waters of both states, is to the north of this strait, passing it is on the Sea of Azov to the point on the coast which goes to the land border and so on to the tripoint with Belarus to the north. The Russia–Ukraine border has the biggest number of border checkpoints in Ukraine.

The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia.[1][2] Since 1991 Russia also leases Sevastopol Naval Base with current lease extending to 2040s with an option for another extension, but the Russian State Duma approved the denunciation of this lease agreements unanimously by 433 members of parliament on 31 March 2014.[3] Borders of the Russian Naval Base in the city of Sevastopol and its vicinity has not been clearly identified.

Demarcation[edit]

A treaty on the demarcation of the common border between the foreign ministers of Ukraine and Russia was signed on 17 May 2010 and came into force on 29 July of the same year.[4] However 16 June 2014 the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine ordered the government to carry an one-side demarcation of the border "in terms of existing threats to national security"; amidst the worst fighting of the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine.[4]

Border checkpoints[edit]

Chernihiv – Bryansk[edit]

Notes:

  • 3 – three-way checkpoint with Belarus

Sumy – Bryansk[edit]

Sumy – Kursk[edit]

Notes:

  • 1 – closed for nighttime
  • 2 – under renovations

Sumy – Belgorod[edit]

Notes:

  • 1 – closed for nighttime

Kharkiv – Belgorod[edit]

Hoptivka at Hoptivka-Nekhoteyevka border crossing
Nekhoteyevka at Hoptivka-Nekhoteyevka border crossing
  • Budarky – Tishanka
  • Vovchansk – Nezhegol
  • Hoptivka – Nekhoteyevka
  • Kozacha Lopan – Dolbino
  • Kupyansk – Valuiki
  • Odnorobivka – Golovchino
  • Oleksandrivka – Bezymeno
  • Pisky – Logachovka
  • Pletenivka – Shebekino
  • Strilecha – Zhuravlyovka
  • Topoli – Valuiki
  • Kharkiv-Passenger – Belgorod
  • Kharkiv-Sorting – Belgorod
  • Chuhunivka – Verigovka

Luhansk – Belgorod[edit]

  • Dyomino-Oleksandrivka – Valuiki
  • Lantrativka – Razyezd Vystrel
  • Petrivka – Shiyany
  • Syrotyne – Klimenki
  • Tanyushivka – Rovenki

Luhansk – Voronezh[edit]

  • Novobila – Novobelaya
  • Prosyane – Bugayevka

Luhansk – Rostov[edit]

Izvaryne at Izvaryne-Donetsk border crossing
  • Vilkhove – Quarry of 122 km
  • Herasymivka – Mozhayevka
  • Dolzhansky – Novoshakhtinsk
  • Zarynivka – Tarasovo-Melovskoye
  • IzvaryneDonetsk
  • Krasna Talivka – Voloshinoye
  • Krasnodarsky – Donetsk
  • Milove – Chertkovo
  • Novoborovtsi – Alekseyevo-Tuzlovka
  • Oleksandrivka – Titovka
  • Syevyerny – Donetsk
  • Chervona Mohyla – Gukovo
  • Chervonopartyzansk – Gukovo
  • Yuhanivka – Yelan

Donetsk – Rostov[edit]

  • Passengers Park (Ilovaisk) – Uspenka
  • Southern Park (Ilovaisk) – Uspenka
  • Kvashyne – Uspenka
  • Marynivka – Kuibyshevo
  • Novoazovsk – Veselo-Voznesensk
  • Ulianivske – Shramko
  • Uspenka – Matveyev Kurgan

Crimea – Krasnodar[edit]

Other checkpoints[edit]

Sumy Oblast[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
  3. ^ State Duma approves denunciation of Russian-Ukrainian agreements on Black Sea Fleet, ITAR-TASS (31 March 2014)
  4. ^ a b (Ukrainian) UKRAINE RUSSIA MAY dissociate itself from the Fence, Ukrayinska Pravda (16 June 2014)

See also[edit]