SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
SUSE Linux 11 with KDE 4.3
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||August 31, 2000|
|Latest release||11 SP3 / July 1, 2013|
|Marketing target||commercial market (include Mainframes, Servers, Workstations, Supercomputers)|
|Package manager||RPM Package Manager|
|Platforms||IA-32, x86-64, s390x, PowerPC, Itanium|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux)|
|Default user interface||KDE Plasma Desktop and GNOME|
|License||GNU General Public License and Various.|
|Official website||SUSE Linux Enterprise Server|
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux-based operating system developed by SUSE. It is designed for servers, mainframes, and workstations but can be installed on desktop computers for testing as well. Major versions are released at an interval of 3–4 years, while minor versions (called "Service Packs") are released about every 18 months. SUSE Linux Enterprise products, including SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, receive more intense testing than the openSUSE community product, with the intention that only mature, stable versions of the included components will make it through to the released enterprise product.
SLES has been developed based on SUSE Linux by a small team led by Marcus Kraft and Bernhard Kaindl as principal developer who was supported by Joachim Schröder. It was first released on October 31, 2000 as a version for IBM S/390 mainframe machines. In December 2000, the first enterprise client (Telia) was made public. In April 2001, the first SLES for x86 was released.
SLES version 9 was released in August 2004. Service Pack 4 was released in December 2007. It is supported by hardware vendors including IBM, HP, Sun Microsystems, Dell, SGI, Lenovo, and Fujitsu Siemens Computers.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 was released in July 2006, and is also supported by the major hardware vendors. Service pack 4 was released in April 2011. SLES 10 shares a common codebase with SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10—Novell's desktop distribution for business use—and other SUSE Linux Enterprise products.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 was released on March 24, 2009 and include Linux kernel 2.6.27, Oracle Cluster File System Release 2, support for the OpenAIS cluster communication protocol for server and storage clustering, and Mono 2.0. SLES 11 SP1 (released May 2010) rebased the kernel version to 2.6.32. In February 2012, SLES 11 SP2 was released, based on kernel version 3.0.10. SLES 11 SP2 included a Consistent Network Device Naming feature for Dell servers. On July 1, 2013, SLES 11 SP3 was released.
Release dates of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server versions.
- SuSE Linux Enterprise Server
- for S/390, October 31, 2000
- for Sparc, April 2001
- for IA32, April 2001 
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 7
- Initial release, October 13, 2001
- For first time, common codebase for all architectures (IA32, Itanium, iSeries and pSeries, S/390 and zSeries 31-Bit, zSeries 64-Bit)
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 8 
- Initial release, October 2002
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9
- Initial release, 2004-08-03
- SP1, 2005-01-19
- SP2, 2005-07-07
- SP3, 2005-12-22
- SP4, 2007-12-12
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10
- Initial release, 2006-06-17
- SP1, 2007-06-18
- SP2, 2008-05-19
- SP3, 2009-10-12
- SP4, 2011-04-12
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11
- Initial release, 2009-03-24
- SP1, 2010-06-02
- SP2, 2012-02-15
- SP3, 2013-07-01
Hypervisor kernels supported
- Xen 3.2
SLES 11 SP1:
SLES 11 SP2:
- SUSE Linux distributions
- Linux on zSeries
- List of Linux distributions
- Comparison of Linux distributions
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux
- "Release Notes for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 Service Pack 3". Novell. 2013-07-01.
- SuSE: "SuSE Linux for S/390 available today" at the Wayback Machine (archived June 5, 2001)
- silicon.com: "Linux mainframe ousts Sun servers at Telia" at the Wayback Machine (archived April 14, 2005)
- "Novell Delivers Next-Generation Platform for the Open Enterprise"
- Novell Offers Industry's Longest Enterprise Linux Support Program
- Novell Ships SUSE Linux Enterprise 11
- Morgan, Timothy Prickett (2008-03-25). "Novell Previews Features in SUSE Linux Enterprise 11". The Linux Beacon.
- "Novell Announces SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 Service Pack 1".
- "Release Notes for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 Service Pack 2". Novell. 2012-02-15.
- Narendra K (July 2012). "Consistent Network Device Naming in Linux". Dell Linux Engineering division. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
- Cray XK7 Specifications, retrieved 2013-05-13
- Release Notes SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12, Novell, Inc., 2011-02-15, retrieved 2011-02-15
- Suse Linux Enterprise 12 Beta available, retrieved 2014-05-27
- https://www.suse.com/releasenotes/x86_64/SUSE-SLES/12/, retrieved 2014-09-06 Missing or empty
- "Novell Support Lifecycle". Retrieved 2011-08-11.
- SuSE Linux Enterprise Server Now Available at the Wayback Machine (archived June 27, 2001)
- kernel in SLES
- Jason Eckert. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Administration (Course 3037). p. 760. ISBN 978-1-4188-3731-0.
- Jason Eckert. Advanced SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Administration (Course 3038). p. 432. ISBN 978-1-4188-3732-7.
- Eckert, Jason (2007). SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Security. Course Technology. ISBN 978-1-4283-2223-3.
- Kuo, Peter; Jacques Beland (2005). SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9 Administrator's Handbook. Novell Press. ISBN 978-0-672-32735-3.
- van Vugt, Sander (2006). The Definitive Guide to SUSE Linux Enterprise Server. Apress. ISBN 978-1-59059-708-8.
- Harris, Jeffrey; Mike Latimer (2005). Novell Open Enterprise Server Administrator's Handbook, SUSE LINUX Edition. Novell Press. ISBN 978-0-672-32749-0.