Portal:Linux

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Linux

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The terms "Linux" (commonly pronounced /ˈlɪnəks/ in English; variants exist) and "GNU/Linux" refer to the family of Linux kernel-based operating systems – and not to any one operating system. Their base components, i.e. the Linux kernel (more precisely its System Call Interface (SCI)), the GNU C Library or the uClibc, the GNU Core Utilities and a couple of more packages, make many Linux operating systems behave "unix-like" though none of the Linux distributions has bothered so far to actually become UNIX®-certified, mostly because of financial reasons.

Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free software and open source development: typically all underlying source code can be freely modified, used, and redistributed by anyone.

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Debian /ˈdɛbiən/ is a computer operating system composed of software packages released as free and open source software especially under the GNU General Public License and other open source licenses. The primary form, Debian GNU/Linux, which uses the Linux kernel and GNU OS tools, is a popular and influential Linux distribution.

It is distributed with access to repositories containing thousands of software packages ready for installation and use. Debian is known for strict adherence to the Unix and free software philosophies as well as using collaborative software development and testing processes.

The Debian Project is governed by the Debian Constitution and the Social Contract which set out the governance structure of the project as well as explicitly stating that the goal of the project is the development of a free operating system.

Thus, the Debian Project is an independent decentralized organization; it is not backed by a company like other Linux distributions such as Ubuntu, openSUSE, Fedora, and Mandriva. The cost of developing all the packages included in Debian 4.0 etch (283 million lines of code), using the COCOMO model, has been estimated to be close to US$13 billion.

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Andrew Keith Paul Morton (born 1959 in England) is an Australian software engineer, best known as one of the lead developers of the Linux kernel. He currently maintains a patchset known as the mm tree, which contains not yet sufficiently tested patches that might later be accepted into the official Linux tree maintained by Linus Torvalds.

Since August 2006, Morton has been employed by Google but will continue his current work in maintaining the kernel.

Andrew Morton delivered the keynote speech at the 2004 Ottawa Linux Symposium. He is also a featured speaker at MontaVista Software's Vision 2007 Conference.

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...you might as well skip the Xmas celebration completely, and instead sit in front of your linux computer playing with the all-new-and-improved linux kernel version.
— Linus Torvalds,

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A map of the Linux kernel. A map of the Linux kernel.

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