Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
|Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa|
|Crown Prince of Bahrain
Deputy Supreme Commander
First Deputy Prime Minister
|Spouse||Hala bint D'aij Al Khalifa|
|Father||Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa|
|Mother||Sabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa|
21 October 1969 |
Riffa, British Bahrain
||This biographical article is written like a résumé. (March 2011)|
Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain (Arabic: سلمان بن حمد آل خليفة, born 21 October 1969) is the heir apparent and First Deputy Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Bahrain. He is also the deputy Supreme Commander of the Bahrain Defense Force.
Early life and education
Salman completed his high school education at Bahrain School, and then went on to earn a BA degree in Political Science from the American University in Washington D.C. (1992), followed by a MPhil degree in History and philosophy of science from the Queens' College, University of Cambridge, England (1994).
Salman established the Crown Prince’s International Scholarship Programme to guide Bahrain’s young people into the 21st century. Under the programme, the most able high school students from Bahrain are awarded scholarships to continue their higher education overseas, and return to productively contribute to the building of the country’s economy. By allowing the country’s brightest pupils to benefit from foreign expertise and to broaden their experience abroad, it is hoped to prepare young Bahrainis for the challenges of the modern job market, and in particular for employment in fields such as information technology, finance and law.
Prior to assuming the duties of crown prince, Salman was vice-chairman of the Bahrain Centre for Studies and Research (BCSR) (1992–1995), undersecretary of defence at the Ministry of Defence (1995–1999), and chairman of the board of trustees of the BCSR (1995–1999).
On 24 February 2001, Salman was appointed as chairman of the committee for the implementation of the National Action Charter. The Charter was approved by over 98% in a referendum held in February 2001 and provided a comprehensive blueprint for Bahrain’s future development based on transparency, cooperation and popular participation. The committee proposed a number of laws to implement the National Charter, including laws on government procurements and freedom of the press.
On 3 March 2002, Salman was installed to the post of chairman of the Economic Development Board, which is responsible for formulating and overseeing the Bahrain’s economic development strategy, and aims to attract foreign direct investment to Bahrain. Salman has played a major role in promoting national dialogue regarding economic and labor market reforms. Salman is also chairman of the housing and urban development committee and the gas committee.
On 6 January 2008, his father, the king, issued a royal decree installing Salman to the post of deputy supreme commander of the Bahrain defence force to oversee the management and implementation of public policy as well as military, administrative, economic and financial plans of the Bahrain defence force and the national guard. In March 2013, he was appointed first deputy prime minister.
2011 Pro-democracy revolution
During the 2011 pro-democracy revolution, Salman, in public statements aimed at the western media (and in talks with the Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom, William Hague) claimed to have made contact with representatives of all of the country's political parties, including the main Shia opposition parties. As the deputy commander of the defence forces, he claimed to have ordered the army off the streets. As events transpired, however, Salman either directly ordered or was unable to prevent the army from taking over a hospital, destroying the symbolic Pearl Roundabout, and implementing a crackdown on rioters. Due to these incidents, he declined an invitation to attend the royal wedding of Prince William of Wales and Kate Middleton. On the other hand, he is regarded as reformer in contrast to prime minister Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa.
Unfortunately many of the scholarships awarded from Salman's Crown Prince’s International Scholarship Programme were revoked for Bahraini students participating at the pro-democracy protests in Manchester and London. However, no Crown Prince Scholar had her/his scholarship revoked. On Wednesday 20 April 2011, an open letter produced by National Union of Students Executive member Mark Bergfeld and activists at the University of Manchester Students Union called upon the UK government to provide financial support and protection to Bahraini students in the UK. The letter states, “Universal access to education is a right and should not be denied as a punishment for participating in protest,” and points out that the government has already agreed to provide similar support for Libyan students in the UK at risk of punishment from the Gaddafi regime. Previously revoked scholarships were later reinstated.
Marriage and children
Salman is married to Hala bint D'aij Al Khalifa, who is the youngest daughter of Duaij bin Khalifa Al Khalifa, the assistant undersecretary of the ministry of finance and national economy. Hala is honorary president of the information centre for women and children, and chair of the Bahrain society for mental retardation. They have two sons and two daughters:
- Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, attended American University in Washington DC, and graduated in 2012.
- Mohammed bin Salman Al Khalifa (born 1991), educated at Bahrain School (Class of 2009). Graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in 2011.
- Fatima – Al Dana bint Salman Al Khalifa
- Al Jude bint Salman Al Khalifa
Titles, styles and honors
|Monarchical styles of
The Crown Prince of Bahrain
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Titles and styles
- 21 October 1969 – 6 March 1999: Sheikh Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
- 6 March 1999 – 9 March 1999: His Excellency Sheikh Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
- 9 March 1999 – 21 October 2009: His Highness Sheikh Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain
- 21 October 2009 – present: His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain
- 11 March 2013 – present: His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain was appointed as First Deputy Prime Minister to the Kingdom of Bahrain
Honours and awards
Salman has been awarded a number of tokenistic decorations and orders related to his status as a presumptive future monarch and head of state. He was awarded an honorary doctorate in conjunction with the Order of the Eagle Exemplar by the United States Sports Academy (USSA). The presentation was made by T. J. Rosandich, vice-president and chief operating officer of the USSA on 28 September 2003 in a ceremony held at the Court of the Crown Prince in Bahrain.
Salman has also been awarded:
- Bahrain: Order of Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa (Wisam al-Shaikh ‘Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa), First Class
- Bahrain: Order of Ahmad the Conqueror (Wisam Ahmad al-Fateh), First Class
- Bahrain: Order of Bahrain (Wisam al-Bahrein), First Class
- Bahrain: Hawar Medal (Wisam al-Hawar), First Class
- Jordan: Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance (Wisam al-Nahda)
- Kuwait: Order of the Liberation (Wisam al-Tahrir), First Class
- UAE: Collar of the Order of Etihad
- Kerr, Simeon (11 March 2013). "Bahrain crown prince given political role". Financial Times (Dubai). Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Government: The Crown Prince – website of the Embassy of Bahrain to the US
- Crown Prince's International Scholarship Program (CPISP)
- Spotlight on the future – The official magazine of CPIS P
- Kevin Connolly (20 February 2011). "Bahrain unrest: Protesters reoccupy Pearl Square". BBC. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Leigh, Karen (17 March 2011). "Crackdown: Why Bahrain's Military Has Taken Over a Hospital". TIME. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Law, Bill (16 March 2011). "Splits inside Bahrain's ruling al-Khalifah family". BBC. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "» Bahraini students call for support". MULE. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Bahrain's decision to reinstate scholarships wades into controversy". Gulf News. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Local News » Crown Prince's son graduates from Sandhurst". Gulf Daily News. 16 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Events & News: USBBC Host The Crown Prince of Bahrain – official website of the US-Bahrain Business Councel
Media related to Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa at Wikimedia Commons