||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia. (April 2013)|
9 August 1936 |
Sri Dungargarh, Rajastan, India
|Residence||Hartland, Devon, England, United Kingdom|
|Organization||Resurgence & Ecologist|
|Known for||Founder, Schumacher College & The Small School|
Board member of
|Children||Mukti Kumar Mitchell, Maya Kumar Mitchell|
|Awards||Honorary Doctorate in Education, Plymouth University; Honorary Doctorate in Literature, University of Lancaster; Honorary Doctorate in Law, University of Exeter; Jamnalal Bajaj International Award|
Satish Kumar (b. 9 August 1936) is an Indian activist and editor. He has been a Jain monk, nuclear disarmament advocate, pacifist, and is the current editor of Resurgence & Ecologist magazine. Now living in England, Kumar is founder and Director of Programmes of the Schumacher College international centre for ecological studies, and of The Small School. His most notable accomplishment is a peace walk with a companion to the capitals of four of the nuclear-armed countries – Washington, London, Paris and Moscow, a trip of over 8,000 miles. He insists that reverence for nature should be at the heart of every political and social debate. Defending criticism that his goals are unrealistic, he has said,
Look at what realists have done for us. They have led us to war and climate change, poverty on an unimaginable scale, and wholesale ecological destruction. Half of humanity goes to bed hungry because of all the realistic leaders in the world. I tell people who call me "unrealistic" to show me what their realism has done. Realism is an outdated, overplayed and wholly exaggerated concept.
Kumar was born in Sri Dungargarh, Rajastan, India. At the age of 9, he left his family and became a Jain monk. At 18, after reading a book by Mahatma Gandhi, he ran away from the mendicant order, to become a student of Vinoba Bhave, an eminent disciple of Gandhi and his nonviolence and land reform ideas.
Inspired by Bertrand Russell's civil disobedience against the atomic bomb, in 1962 Kumar and his friend E P Menon decided to dedicate themselves to undertaking a peace walk from India to the four capitals of the nuclear world: Moscow, Paris, London and Washington D.C. and decided to carry no money on their trip. They called it a 'Pilgrimage for peace'.
Vinoba Bhave gave the young men two 'gifts'. One was to be penniless wherever they walked. The other was to be vegetarian. They first travelled through Pakistan, where they met great kindness from a country with a huge historic conflict and antipathy towards India. They continued through Afghanistan, Iran, Armenia, Georgia, the Caucasus Mountains, and the Khyber Pass. They visited Moscow, Paris, London, and Washington, D.C.. Travelling by foot and carrying no money, Kumar and his companion would stay with anyone who offered them food or shelter.
While on their way to Moscow they met two women outside a tea factory. After explaining what they were doing one of the women gave them four tea of tea, one to be delivered to each of the leaders of the four nuclear powers and to also deliver a message, "when you think you need to press the button, stop for a minute and have a fresh cup of tea". This further inspired their journey and became in part the reason for it. They eventually delivered 'peace tea' to the leaders of four of the nuclear powers. The journey is chronicled in Kumar's book, No Destination.
Kumar is editor of Resurgence & Ecologist (combining the former Resurgence magazine, which had been described as the artistic and spiritual flagship of the green movement, with The Ecologist). He contributed an essay to The Society for Curious Thought entitled "Focus on Food". He has also been a contributor to the BBC's "Thought for the Day" strand on the Today programme, and also appeared on Desert Island Discs. Kumar was interviewed by Richard Dawkins in his 'Slaves to Superstition' episode investigating the prevalence of unscientific beliefs in modern society. He also made a film, Earth Pilgrim for BBC2's Natural History Series.
We Are One
Kumar was one of the contributors for writing the book, We Are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples, released in October 2009. The book explores the culture of peoples around the world, portraying both its diversity and the threats it faces. It contains a collection of statements from tribal people, photographs, and essays from international authors, campaigners, politicians, philosophers, poets, artists, journalists, anthropologists, environmentalists and photojournalists. The royalties from the sale of this book go to the indigenous rights organisation, Survival International.
- No Destination: An Autobiography (2004) , Green Books, ISBN 978-1870098892
- You Are, Therefore I Am: A Declaration of Dependence (2002), Green Books, ISBN 978-1903998182
- The Buddha and the Terrorist: The Story of Angulimala (2006), Algonquin Books, ISBN 978-1565125209
- Spiritual Compass: The Three Qualities of Life (2008), Green Books/Finch Publishing, ISBN 978-1876451943
- Earth Pilgrim in conversation with Echann Deravy and Maya Kumar Mitchell (2009), Green Books, ISBN 978-1900322577
- Soul, Soil, Society: a new trinity for our time (2013), Leaping Hare Press, ISBN 978-1782400448
- Kumar, Satish. 2000. "Path without destination: The long walk of a gentle hero", Belief.net. Accessed: 20 July 2012.
- "About Satish", Resurgence. Accessed: 16 June 2012.
- Cullen, Tom A. (19 May 1969). "Indian Pacifist Preaches Guerrilla War on Violence". Star-Banner (Ocala, Florida, United States: Halifax Media Group). p. 8. ISSN 0163-3201.
- Vidal, John (16 January 2008). "Soul man". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- Sica, Giulio (16 January 2008). "What part does spirituality play in the green movement?". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- Kumar 2000, pp. 18–19
- "Walking the World for Peace," Context Institute. Accessed: 15 September 2012.
- "'Focus on Food'".
- "'We Are One: a celebration of tribal peoples’ published this autumn". Survival International. 16 October 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2009.
- "We Are One". Survival International. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
- "It Takes a Genius to be Simple". Ascent Magazine. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- Biography on the Resurgence website
- Interview on the In Context website
- Satish Kumar's presentation as a part of the Royal Institute of British Architects International Dialogues: Architecture and Climate Change
- The E F Schumacher Centenary Lecture at the Temenos Academy, 13 September 2011.