Sierra Leone (Commonwealth realm)
"Unity, Freedom, Justice"
High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free
Location of the Commonwealth realm of Sierra Leone (red) in Western Africa.
|Governor-General of Sierra Leone|
|-||1961–1962||Sir Maurice Henry Dorman|
|-||1962–1967||Sir Henry J. L. Boston|
|-||1967–1968||Andrew Juxon Smith|
|-||1968||John Amadu Bangura|
|-||1968–1971||Sir Banja Tejan-Sie|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|-||Independence||27 April 1961|
|-||Republic||19 April 1971|
|Currency||BWA pound (1961–1964)
Leone (from 1964)
The Commonwealth realm of Sierra Leone, officially known as "Sierra Leone", was a predecessor to the present-day Sierra Leone. It was the African country with the longest tenure as a Commonwealth realm, existing between 27 April 1961 and 19 April 1971.
When British rule ended in 1961, Sierra Leone was given independence as a Commonwealth realm, in which the state existed until the promulgation of the 1971 constitution. While a Commonwealth realm, the British monarch remained the head of state of Sierra Leone and was represented in Sierra Leone by a Governor-General. The following Governors-General held office in Sierra Leone during the Commonwealth realm period:
- Sir Maurice Henry Dorman (27 April 1961 – 27 April 1962)
- Sir Henry Josiah Lightfoot Boston (27 April 1962 – April 1967)
- Andrew Juxon-Smith (April 1967–18 April 1968) (acting)
- John Amadu Bangura (18–22 April 1968) (acting)
- Sir Banja Tejan-Sie (22 April 1968 – 31 March 1971)
- Christopher Okoro Cole (31 March–19 April 1971) (interim)
The following held office as Prime minister (and head of government) of Sierra Leone during this period:
- Milton Margai(27 April 1961 – 30 April 1964)
- Albert Margai(30 April 1964 – 17 March 1967)
- Siaka Stevens(17 March 1967 – 21 March 1967)
- David Lansana(21 March 1967 – 24 March 1967)
- Ambrose Patrick Genda(24 March 1967 – 27 March 1967)a
- Andrew Juxon Smith(27 March 1967 – 19 April 1968)a
- Patrick Conteh(19 April 1968 – 26 April 1968)b
- Siaka Stevens (again) (26 April 1968 – 19 April 1971)
a. As Chairman of the National Reform Council.
b. As Chairman of the National Interim Council.
Elizabeth II visited Sierra Leone from November to December 1961; shortly after independence, in her capacity of Queen of Sierra Leone.
The Commonwealth realm was abolished in 1971 and Prime Minister Siaka Stevens became the first President of Sierra Leone.
- Sierra Leone Independence Act 1961, 9 & 10 Eliz. 2 c. 16, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Eliz2/9-10/16
- http://www.exturnia.com/demo/b/site2/internal_links/case_venn_v_the_state.pdf (p. 5)