List of emirs of Kuwait
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2010)|
|Emir of the
State of Kuwait
|Heir apparent||The Crown Prince Nawaf Al-Sabah|
|First monarch||1st Ruler Sabah I bin Jaber|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
This is a list of the emirs of Kuwait. Emirs (also transliterated as amir, aamir or ameer) are the rulers of Kuwait. The House of Al-Sabah dynasty came to partial power in 1718, before which the Bani Khalid ruled the region.
List of Kuwait's rulers (1718–Present)
Sheikhs of Kuwait (1718–1961)
|Sabah I bin Jaber||1718||1762|
|Abdullah I Al-Sabah||1762||3 May 1814|
|Jaber I Al-Sabah||1814||1859|
|Sabah II Al-Sabah||1859||November 1866|
|Abdullah II Al-Sabah||November 1866||May 1892|
|Muhammad I Al-Sabah||May 1892||17 May 1896||Assassinated|
|Mubarak Al-Sabah, "the Great"||18 May 1896||28 November 1915|
|Jaber II Al-Sabah||28 November 1915||5 February 1917|
|Salim I Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah||5 February 1917||22 February 1921|
|Ahmad I Al-Jaber Al-Sabah||22 February 1921||29 January 1950|
|Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah||29 January 1950||19 June 1961|
Emirs of Kuwait (1961–Present)
|11th Emir Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah||19 June 1961||24 November 1965||Designated as 1st Emir|
|12th Emir Sabah Al-Salim Al-Sabah||24 November 1965||31 December 1977|
|13th Emir Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah||31 December 1977||15 January 2006||Lead the Kuwaiti Government in exile from Saudi Arabia during the First Gulf War. Provided financial support to all Kuwaiti families deposed in foreign countries. Al-Sabah and his Government lobbied extensively for military support during the First Gulf War to relieve the people of Kuwait that could not leave, specially women and children. Received support from a United Nations mandated coalition led by the United States.|
|14th Emir Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah||15 January 2006||24 January 2006||Deposed by the National Assembly and abdicated simultaneously due to illness; died on 13 May 2008|
|15th Emir Sabah Al-Sabah||29 January 2006||Present|
Succession to the throne of today's Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The reigning Emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne while the nomination must also be approved by the majority of members of the National Assembly.
The Heir Apparent or Crown Prince has to be a senior member of the Al-Sabah Family and in close age range of the Emir. The position of Emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al-Sabah family, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The Prime Minister of Kuwait is appointed exclusively by the Emir.
The current Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (of the Al-Ahmed branch) had appointed his half-brother Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Crown Prince and their half-nephew Nasser Al-Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah in a move which broke the tradition of alternating the throne.
In the meantime the situation has changed because other offsprings have been posted to the most important Ministries leading them to champion the merited leader±ship of the State of Kuwait.
In the meantime the situation has changed because other offsprings have been posted to the most important Ministries leading them to champion the merited leadership of the State of Kuwait.
The elder of the three brothers, Abdullah II Al-Sabah the 5th ruler of Kuwait, paralleled descendants that served the Al-Sabah dynasty with high distinction. The son of the 5th Ruler of Kuwait, General Cavalry Commander Sheikh Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1860–d.1920) was killed in the Battle of Jahra. The grand-son of the 5th Ruler of Kuwait, Sheikh Abdullah Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (b.1898–d.1996) is consider a pioneer in the establishment of Kuwait, was the first Minister of Education of Kuwait and outlived seven Rulers and Emirs.