Susan Hayward

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Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward - 1940s.jpg
Hayward in the early 1940s
Born Edythe Marrenner
(1917-06-30)June 30, 1917
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Died March 14, 1975(1975-03-14) (aged 57)
Hollywood, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Brain cancer
Resting place
Our Lady of Perpetual Help Cemetery (Carrollton, Georgia)
Nationality American
Education Public School 181
The Girls' Commercial High School
Occupation Actress
Years active 1937–1972
Spouse(s) Jess Barker (m.1944-1954)
Floyd Eaton Chalkley (m.1957-1966)
Children Timothy & Gregory Barker (b. 1945)

Susan Hayward (June 30, 1917 – March 14, 1975) was an American actress.[1]

After working as a fashion model in New York, Hayward traveled to Hollywood in 1937. She secured a film contract, and played several small supporting roles over the next few years.

By the late 1940s, the quality of her film roles had improved, and she achieved recognition for her dramatic abilities with the first of five Academy Award nominations for Best Actress for her performance as an alcoholic in Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman (1947). Her career continued successfully through the 1950s and she received subsequent nominations for My Foolish Heart (1949), With a Song in My Heart (1952) and I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955). She finally won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of death row inmate Barbara Graham in I Want to Live! (1958).

After Hayward's second marriage and subsequent move to Georgia, her film appearances became infrequent, although she continued acting in film and television until 1972. She died in 1975 of brain cancer.

Early life[edit]

Hayward was born Edythe Marrenner in Brooklyn, New York, the youngest of three children born to Ellen (née Pearson) and Walter Marrenner. Her paternal grandmother was an actress, Kate Harrigan, from County Cork, Ireland.[2] Her mother was of Swedish descent. She had an older sister Florence (born May 1910) and an older brother Walter, Jr. (born December 1911).[3]

Hayward was educated at Public School 181, and later attended The Girls' Commercial High School (later renamed Prospect Heights High School). During her high school years, she acted in various school plays and was named "Most Dramatic" by her class. She graduated in June 1935.[4]

Coincidentally, entertainer Lena Horne was born on exactly the same day (June 30, 1917) as Susan Hayward and also born in Brooklyn, N.Y.

Career[edit]

Hayward began her career as a photographer's model, going to Hollywood in 1937, aiming to secure the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind. Although she did not win the role, Hayward found employment playing bit parts until she was cast in Beau Geste (1939) opposite Gary Cooper. During the war years, she acted with John Wayne twice, as a second lead in Reap the Wild Wind (1942), and as his leading lady in The Fighting Seabees (1944). She also starred in the film version of The Hairy Ape (1944). Later, in 1956, she was cast by Howard Hughes to play Bortai in the historical epic The Conqueror, as John Wayne's leading lady.

In Smash Up (1947)

After the war, she established herself as one of Hollywood's most popular leading ladies in films such as Tap Roots (1948), My Foolish Heart (1949), David and Bathsheba (1951), and With a Song in My Heart (1952).

In 1947, she received the first of five Academy Award nominations for her role as an alcoholic nightclub singer in Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman.

During the 1950s she won acclaim for her dramatic performances as President Andrew Jackson's melancholic wife in The President's Lady (1953); the alcoholic actress Lillian Roth in I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955), based on Roth's best-selling autobiography of the same name, for which she received a Cannes award; and the real-life California murderer Barbara Graham in I Want to Live! (1958). Hayward's portrayal of Graham won her the Academy Award for Best Actress. In 1959, she played the lead, Mary Sharron, in Woman Obsessed.

Though Hayward never truly became known as a singer because she hated her own singing[original research?], she acted out roles as singers in several films. In I'll Cry Tomorrow, however, though a "ghost singer" was actually recruited, it is her own voice that is actually heard on the soundtrack.[citation needed] Susan Haward performed in the musical biography of Jane Froman in the 1952 film, With a Song in My Heart, a role which won her the Golden Globe for Best Actress Comedy film. Jane Froman's voice was dubbed as Hayward acted out the songs.[5]

In 1961, Hayward starred as a working girl who becomes the wife of the state's next governor (Dean Martin) and ultimately takes over that office herself in Ada. The same year, she played Rae Smith in Ross Hunter's lavish remake of Back Street, which also starred John Gavin and Vera Miles. In 1967, Hayward replaced Judy Garland as Helen Lawson in the film adaptation of Jacqueline Susann's Valley of the Dolls.

She received good reviews for her performance in a Las Vegas production of Mame, but left the production. She was replaced by Celeste Holm.

She continued to act into the early 1970s, when she was diagnosed with brain cancer. Her final film role was as Dr. Maggie Cole in the 1972 made-for-TV drama Say Goodbye, Maggie Cole. (The film was intended to be a pilot episode for a weekly television series, but because of Hayward's cancer diagnosis and failing health, the series was never produced.)[citation needed] Her last public appearance was at the Academy Awards telecast in 1974 to present the Best Actress award despite being very ill. With Charlton Heston's support, she was able to present the award.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Hayward was married to actor Jess Barker for ten years and they had two children, fraternal twin sons named Gregory and Timothy, born February 19, 1945. The marriage was described in Hollywood gossip columns as turbulent. They divorced in 1954. Hayward survived a subsequent suicide attempt after the divorce. During the contentious divorce proceedings, Hayward felt it necessary to stay in the United States and not join the Hong Kong location shooting for the film Soldier of Fortune. She shot her scenes with co-star Clark Gable indoors in Hollywood. A few brief, distant scenes of Gable and a Hayward double walking near landmarks in Hong Kong were combined with the indoor shots.

Hayward receiving an Oscar for Best Actress in I Want to Live (1958)

In 1957, Hayward married Floyd Eaton Chalkley, a Georgia rancher and businessman who had formerly worked as a federal agent. Though he was an unusual husband for a Hollywood movie star, the marriage was a happy one. She lived with him on a farm near Carrollton, Ga. The couple also owned property across the state line in Cleburne County, just outside of Heflin, Alabama.[6] She became a popular figure in an area that in the 1950s was off the beaten path for most celebrities. In December 1964, she and her husband were baptized Catholic by Father McGuire at SS Peter and Paul's Roman Catholic Church on Larimar Avenue, in the East Liberty section of Pittsburgh. She had met McGuire while in China and promised him that if she ever converted, he would be the one to baptize her.[7] Chalkley died on January 9, 1966. Hayward went into mourning and did little acting for several years, and took up residence in Florida, because she preferred not to live in her Georgia home without her husband.

Hayward was a proponent of astrology.[8] She particularly relied on the advice of Carroll Righter, who called himself "the Gregarious Aquarius" and the self-proclaimed "Astrologer to the Stars", who informed her that the optimum time to sign a film contract was exactly 2:47 a.m., causing her to set her her alarm for 2:45 so that she could be sure to obey his instructions.[9]

Death[edit]

Hayward was diagnosed with brain cancer in 1973. On March 14, 1975, she suffered a seizure in her Beverly Hills home and died at age 57.[10] She was survived by her two sons from her marriage with Barker. Hayward's funeral was held on March 16 at Our Lady of Perpetual Help Roman Catholic Church in Carrollton. She was buried in Our Lady of Perpetual Help Cemetery next to her second husband, Floyd Eaton Chalkley.[11]

There is speculation that Hayward may have developed cancer from radioactive fallout from atmospheric atomic bomb tests[12] while making The Conqueror with John Wayne. Several production members, as well as Wayne himself, Agnes Moorehead, and Pedro Armendáriz, later succumbed to cancer and cancer-related illnesses.[13]

For her contribution to the film industry, Susan Hayward has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6251 Hollywood Boulevard.[14]

Filmography[edit]

Film and television credits
Year Title Role Notes
1937 Hollywood Hotel Starlet at table Uncredited
1938 Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse, TheThe Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse Patient Scenes deleted
Sisters, TheThe Sisters Telephone operator Uncredited
Girls on Probation Gloria Adams
Comet Over Broadway Amateur Actress Uncredited
Campus Cinderella Co-Ed Short subject
1939 Beau Geste Isobel Rivers
Our Leading Citizen Judith Schofield
$1000 a Touchdown Betty McGlen
1941 Adam Had Four Sons Hester Stoddard
Sis Hopkins Carol Hopkins
Among the Living Millie Pickens
1942 Reap the Wild Wind Cousin Drusilla Alston
Forest Rangers, TheThe Forest Rangers Tana 'Butch' Mason
I Married a Witch Estelle Masterson
Star Spangled Rhythm Herself - Genevieve in Priorities Skit
Letter from Bataan, AA Letter from Bataan Mrs. Mary Lewis
1943 Young and Willing Kate Benson
Hit Parade of 1943 Jill Wright
Jack London Charmian Kittredge
1944 Fighting Seabees, TheThe Fighting Seabees Constance Chesley
Hairy Ape, TheThe Hairy Ape Mildred Douglas
And Now Tomorrow Janice Blair
Skirmish on the Home Front Molly Miller Short subject
1946 Deadline at Dawn June Goth
Canyon Passage Lucy Overmire
1947 Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman Angelica 'Angie'/'Angel' Evans Conway Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
They Won't Believe Me Verna Carlson
Lost Moment, TheThe Lost Moment Tina Bordereau
1948 Tap Roots Morna Dabney
Saxon Charm, TheThe Saxon Charm Janet Busch
1949 Tulsa Cherokee Lansing
House of Strangers Irene Bennett
My Foolish Heart Eloise Winters Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
1951 Screen Snapshots: Hopalong in Hoppy Land Herself Short subject
I'd Climb the Highest Mountain Mary Elizabeth Eden Thompson
Rawhide Vinnie Holt
I Can Get It for You Wholesale Harriet Boyd
David and Bathsheba Bathsheba
1952 With a Song in My Heart Jane Froman
Snows of Kilimanjaro, TheThe Snows of Kilimanjaro Helen
Lusty Men, TheThe Lusty Men Louise Merritt
1953 President's Lady, TheThe President's Lady Rachel Donaldson
White Witch Doctor Ellen Burton
1954 Demetrius and the Gladiators Messalina
Garden of Evil Leah Fuller
1955 Untamed Katie O'Neill (Kildare) (Van Riebeck)
Soldier of Fortune Mrs. Jane Hoyt
I'll Cry Tomorrow Lillian Roth
1956 Conqueror, TheThe Conqueror Bortai
1957 Top Secret Affair Dorothy 'Dottie' Peale
1958 I Want to Live! Barbara Graham
1959 Thunder in the Sun Gabrielle Dauphin
Woman Obsessed Mary Sharron
1961 Marriage-Go-Round, TheThe Marriage-Go-Round Content Delville
Ada Ada Gillis
Back Street Rae Smith
1962 I Thank a Fool Christine Allison
1963 Stolen Hours Laura Pember
1964 Where Love Has Gone Valerie Hayden Miller
1967 Honey Pot, TheThe Honey Pot Mrs. Sheridan
Valley of the Dolls Helen Lawson
Think Twentieth Herself
1972 The Revengers Elizabeth Reilly
Heat of Anger Jessie Fitzgerald TV movie
Say Goodbye Maggie Cole Dr. Maggie Cole TV movie

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, March 19, 1975, page 87.
  2. ^ "Brooklyn Eagle (June 30, 2010)". Retrieved 2010-09-20. 
  3. ^ Holston, Kim R. (2009). Susan Hayward: Her Films and Life. McFarland. p. 5. ISBN 0-7864-4334-0. 
  4. ^ Holston 2009, p. 7
  5. ^ IMBb.com
  6. ^ Profile
  7. ^ Local Village Of America (September 21, 2008). "Susan Hayward Remembered". Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  8. ^ Sloan, Lloyd L. (7 March 1949). "Interested in Astrology? Talk to Susan Hayward". Hollywood Citizen-News. 
  9. ^ Kanfer, Stefan (2003). Ball of Fire: The Tumultuous Life and Comic Art of Lucille Ball. New York: Knopf. p. 202. ISBN 0375413154. 
  10. ^ "Actress Susan Hayward dies of brain tumor". Lewiston Morning Tribune. March 15, 1975. p. 2A. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Susan Hayward funeral simple". The Tuscaloosa News. March 17, 1975. p. 3. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  12. ^ Wayne, Pilar. John Wayne: My Life with the Duke. McGraw-Hill, 1987, ISBN 0-07-068662-9, p. 103
  13. ^ "Cancer deaths of film stars linked to fallout". The Free Lance-Star. August 7, 1979. p. 7. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Hollywood Star Walk: Susan Hayward". latimes.com. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • McClelland, Doug (1973). Susan Hayward, The Divine Bitch. New York: Pinnacle Books. 

External links[edit]