History (TV channel)
|Launched||January 1, 1995|
|Owned by||A+E Networks|
|Picture format||720p (HDTV)
|Slogan||"History: Made Every Day"|
|Headquarters||New York City, United States|
|Formerly called||The History Channel (1995–2008)|
The Biography Channel
History en Español
Crime & Investigation Network
|Selective TV Inc.
|Dish Network||120 (HD/SD)|
|UPC Poland||390 (HD)
|Verizon FiOS||628 (HD)
|AT&T U-verse||1256 (HD)
History, formerly known as The History Channel, is a US-based international satellite and cable TV channel owned by A&E Television Networks. It originally broadcast documentary programs and historical fiction series. However since 2008, it has mostly broadcast a variety of scripted "reality" television series and other nonhistory-related content.
In early 2013, History aired the highly-rated series, The Bible.
History was launched on January 1, 1995 (as The History Channel), and it operates, in various forms, in Canada, Germany, Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Portugal, Ireland, Israel, Spain, Poland, Italy, Turkey, the Netherlands, Belgium, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, Lebanon, Egypt, South Africa, and Latin America in addition to the United States. The network was also available in south Asia under a deal between STAR TV and AETN International until November 21, 2008. The channel has consistently produced prime-time ratings in the U.S.
On February 16, 2008, a new logo was launched on the US network. While the trademark "H" was kept, the triangle shape on the left acts as a play button for animation and flyouts during commercials and shows. On March 20, 2008, The History Channel dropped the "The" and "Channel" parts of its name to become simply "History."
||The neutrality of this section is disputed. (February 2012)|
Programming covers a wide range of historical periods and topics, while similar themed topics are often organized into themed weeks or daily marathons. It is seen in more than eighty million households. Subjects include mythical creatures, monsters, UFOs, aliens, truck drivers, alligator hunters, pawn stores, antique and collectible "pickers", religions, disaster scenarios, and apocalyptic "after man" scenarios; a number of these exploitation films were narrated by Edward Herrmann when the channel ran them. Occasionally some of the aired programs compare contemporary culture and technology with the past; however, most programs focus on subjects such as conspiracy theories, religious interpretation, UFO speculation, and "reality" television.
In particular, History has aired a number of films on Nostradamus as well as a special series on doomsday that promulgates various popular 2012 superstitions, including films such as Decoding the Past (2005–2007), 2012, End of Days (2006), Last Days on Earth (2006), Seven Signs of the Apocalypse (2007), and Nostradamus 2012 (2008). The channel now features mostly mainstream "reality" TV shows with stretched relations to historical events of any kind. One notable exception used to be the space science documentary The Universe, but that was moved to H2 to make room for the rest.
Criticism and evaluation 
History has in the past, particularly during the 1990s, been jokingly referred to as "The Hitler Channel" for its extensive coverage of World War II. Recently, however, much of its military-themed programming has now been shifted to its sister network Military History.
The U.S.-based network has also been criticized for having "a bias towards U.S history," although another former sister network, History International, covered more extensively history outside the U.S. In 2011 History International was rebranded as H2 and now has more to do with the U.S.
The network was also criticized by Stanley Kutner for airing the controversial series The Men Who Killed Kennedy in 2003. Kutner was one of three historians commissioned to review the documentary, which the channel disavowed and never aired again. On the other hand, programs such as Modern Marvels have been praised for their presentation of detailed information in an entertaining format.
Some of the network's series, including Ice Road Truckers, Ax Men, and Pawn Stars garnered ratings in the U.S. while receiving criticism over the series' nonhistorical nature. Forbes.com contributor Brad Lockwood criticized the History Channel's addition of "programs devoted to monsters, aliens and conspiracies" and wrote that ratings trends have influenced the network to focus on entertainment rather than actual historical programming. U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley is a frequent critic of the channel and its lack of historical or educational programming, showing particular disdain for Ax Men and Pawn Stars.
In his book 2012: It's Not the End of the World, Peter Lemesurier describes the channel's Nostradamus series, in which he was invited to participate, as "largely fiction" and "lurid nonsense." He also lists numerous misleading suggestions made in its films on the alleged Mayan "end of the world" and the "rare" galactic alignment that is supposed by John Major Jenkins to accompany it in 2012, while Jenkins himself has described Decoding the Past as "45 minutes of unabashed doomsday hype and the worst kind of inane sensationalism."
In December 2011, Politifact gave the History Channel's claim that the United States Congress stayed open on Christmas Day for most of its first 67 years of existence a "pants on fire" rating, the lowest of its ratings, noting that its own research showed that both the Senate and the House had only convened once in those 67 years on a Christmas Day and adding that, since there's a 1/7 chance of Christmas falling on a Sunday (when Congress did not meet in order to attend church), the claim that they would have convened almost every Christmas is "ridiculous." The claim had first been broadcast on the History Channel's show "Christmas Unwrapped—The History of Christmas" before being subsequently picked up by the American Civil Liberties Union's website on the "Origins of Christmas" and by Comedy Central's program The Daily Show. The Daily Show responded the next day by stating it was their fault for trusting the History Channel and satirized a clip from the History Channel about UFOs and Nazis by stating, "The next thing you know we'll all find out the Nazis did not employ alien technology in their quest for world domination."
Other media 
- The Unknown Hitler DVD collection, including Hitler and the Occult
- Dogfight: Season 1 DVD set
- The Great Depression DVD collection
Video games 
- The History Channel: Great Battles of Rome
- The History Channel: Civil War – A Nation Divided
- The History Channel: ShootOut! – The Game
- The History Channel: Dogfights – The Game
- The History Channel: Battle for the Pacific
- History Civil War: Secret Missions
- The History Channel: Lost Worlds
- The History Channel: Battle of Britain 1940
- The History Channel: Crusades – Quest for Power
- The History Channel: Alamo – Fight for Independence
- The History Channel: Civil War – Great Battles
- The History Channel: Digging for Truth
- The History Channel: Great Battles Medieval
North America 
The History Channel (as it was then known) was not initially related to a similar Canadian service, History Television, which launched in 1999, and the channels' programming, while similar in nature, differed considerably throughout the 1990s. Indeed, the phrase "Not available in Canada" became a de facto slogan for the U.S. channel in its early years as a result of its use in promotional ads on American channels that were imported to Canadian systems, particularly A&E.
As late as the late 2000s (decade) flagship History (U.S.) series were slow to reach Canadian viewers (if they got there at all); Ice Road Truckers debuted in 2007 but did not join the History Television schedule until early 2009. However, the relationship between the two has improved since then. On May 30, 2012, History Television's current owner Shaw Media announced that it will rebrand the channel as a Canadian version of History in the fall of 2012, through a licensing agreement with A+E Networks; the Canadian History channel will also receive a companion channel, licensed as a Category A digital channel, that will be a Canadian version of H2.
The Dutch version was launched on May 1, 2007. This version is distributed by Chello Benelux (a subdivision of Chellomedia). In January, 2008 History HD was launched in the Netherlands. It is available on cable networks UPC Netherlands and Ziggo. It is also available on IPTV KPN.
A Polish version was launched on April 9, 2008. It is available on cable networks Aster, Dialog, Toya, and UPC Polska and also by satellite TV (HD version on n platform since June—1, 2012) and SD version on Cyfra+ since November—2, 2009).
A Scandinavian version was launched in September 1997, broadcasting for three hours (later four hours) per day on the analogue Viasat platform. Initially time-sharing with TV1000 Cinema, it was later moved to the Swedish TV8 channel and continued broadcasting there until November 2004, when Viasat launched its own history channel, Viasat History, in the Nordic region and closed down the History Channel. On February—1, 2007, the History Channel returned to Denmark, Norway, Finland, and Sweden when the UK version was launched as a stand-alone channel on the Canal Digital satellite platform.
The History Channel launched on February 1, 2007, on the Canal Digital DTH satellite package for viewers in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland. The channel is being launched by The History Channel UK, A&E’s joint venture with BSkyB. Although it will broadcast in English, the channel will be scheduled separately from the UK version. There are already separate versions of The History Channel in sub-Saharan Africa and Greece. The Biography Channel and Crime & Investigation Network are also to be launched in the Nordic market.
The History Channel started its operations in India in late 2003 with News Corp's STAR TV as its sales partner, managed by National Geographic until November—21, 2008. The History Channel India closed down on November—21, 2008. In 2011, History was granted permission to relaunch services in India. A joint venture of AETN and Astro All Asia Networks is launching the History Channel in Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Brunei in the second and third quarters of 2007 and in Taiwan and China by the end of the year. Some other Asian countries, such as Kuwait, Israel, and Japan, have their own versions of the network. On September—1, 2008, History Channel Asia was officially launched in Singapore and Hong Kong followed by Japan, South Korea, and the Philippines.
Latin America 
The Latin American version was launched in 2001. It is owned by A&E and controlled in the region by HBO Latin America Group. It airs the same programming as the U.S. version, translated to Spanish or Portuguese or in English with Spanish or Portuguese subtitles. Also, it develops some local programming in Spanish made in and for Latin American countries. All Latin American programming is under the supervision of Tom Golden, the executive producer for International Programs at A&E Television Networks, and the Discovery Channel, which uses HBO Latin America Group for Latin American broadcasts.
- Winfrey, Lee. "Golf Channel tees off Tuesday, joining History Channel as new cable fare", Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, January 16, 1995. Retrieved February 28, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
- International Herald Tribune Television's The History Channel Drops 'The' and 'Channel' from Its Name, Keeps History March 20, 2008
- See here
- See its own online publicity for its Armageddon series here
- Schone, Mark. "All Hitler, All the Time", Salon.com, May 8, 1997).
- "Time traveler's guide to the Roman Empire". Channel4.com. Retrieved August 4, 2007. "The History Channel: The website of the American cable channel has a bias towards American history, as evidenced by Extreme History with Roger Daltrey"
- Stanley Kutner (July 4, 2004). "Why the History Channel Had to Apologize for the Documentary that Blamed LBJ for JFK's Murder". History News Network. Retrieved August 4, 2007. "The History Channel has made a start in the right direction as it has totally disavowed the program and publicly promised it never will be shown again."
- Scott Weinberg (May 29, 2007). "Modern Marvels: Technology". DVD Talk. Retrieved August 4, 2007. "If you're trying to throw your kids a little education, but in a fast-paced and colorful presentation, these "Modern Marvels" series come pretty highly recommended. Then again, I'm a mid-30s guy and I'm learning tons of new stuff from these programs."
- Lockwood, Brad. "High Ratings Aside, Where's the History on History?". Forbes. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
- Malone, Noreen (March 20, 2012). A brief history of Chuck Grassley's history with the History Channel. New York magazine. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- For summaries and reviews, see here.
- Lemesurier, Derwen Publishing, 2011
- See his online comments on "How Not to Make a 2012 Documentary" here
- "Comic Jon Stewart says Congress met most Christmas Days in its early years". Politifact. December 11 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Jon Stewart Fires Back At Politifact Over War On Christmas". Huffington Post. December 13 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Stewart, Jon (December 12 2011). "War on Christmas - Historical Fact-Checking". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Comedy Central. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- The History Channel Online Store: The Unknown Hitler DVD Collection
- "Librarian and Information Science News". LIS News. Retrieved August 4, 2007. "I always wondered why the History Channel commercials said not available in Canada."
- Shaw Media and A&E to Launch Two New Specialty Channels, Broadcaster Magazine, May 30, 2012.
- Robert Briel (April 5, 2007). "History Channel comes to Benelux". Broadband TV News.
- Robert Briel (November 14, 2007). "History Channel HD to launch in Holland". Broadband TV News.
- "Indiantelevision.com's interview with NGC India managing director (South Asia) Zubin Jehanbux Gandevia". Indiantelevision.com. December 20, 2003. Retrieved October 15, 2007.
- "A&E Television Networks & Astro Form Joint Venture". April 16, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2007.
"The History Channel Expands Through Asia". February 10, 2003. Retrieved June 16, 2007.
- History HD channel launched on SkyLife in Korea retrieved via www.medianewsline.com May 5, 2009
- History HD to launch in Japan retrieved via www.aetninternational.com September 30, 2008
- History Channel Asia HD launched on SkyCable Philippines retrieved via www.skycable.com September 6, 2009
- The History Channel HD to launch in Singapore and Hong Kong retrieved via www.aetninternational.com August 26, 2008
- History Official Site
- History on Facebook
- History on Google+
- Dr Anna Keay – Historian and History Channel Presenter
- History UK
- History Italy
- The History Channel Australia
- History Asia
- History India
- Canal de Historia (History Spain)
- Canal de História (History Portugal)
- The History Channel New Zealand
- History Latin America
- History Brazil
- The History Channel Around the World
- The History Channel Germany
- The History Channel International
- Save Our History
- MediaLifeMagazine website (source of cable network ratings)