Turks in Libya
35,000 (about 5% of Libya's population) in 1936
Those with Turkish citizenship:
Including those of ancestral descent:
|Regions with significant populations|
|Turkish · Arabic|
Turks in Libya, also known as Libyan Turks, (Turkish: Libya Türkleri) are the ethnic Turks who live in Libya. During the Ottoman rule of Libya, the Turks colonized and dominated the political life of the region, as a result, the ethnic mix of Libya changed with the migration of Turks from Anatolia and the evolvement of the "Kouloughlis" (also referred to as "Cologhlis") who are people of mixed Turkish and central Maghrebi blood. There has also been a modern wave of migration since 1975 from Turkey.
When the Ottoman Empire conquered Libya in 1551 the Turks began migrating to the region, as a consequence, many Turkish soldiers married Arab women and their children were known as the "Kouloughlis" (also referred to as the "Cologhla", "Qulaughli" and "Cologhli"). By 1936 the Turkish community numbered about 35,000, of which 30,000 lived along the Tripolitanian coast. Today there are still Libyans who regard their ethnicity as Turkish, or acknowledge their descendants to the Turkish soldiers who settled in the area during the Ottoman rule.
|Emigration of Turkish workers to Libya|
Notable Turks in Libya
- Pan 1949, 103.
- Turkish Weekly. "Turkey Struggles with Chaotic Evacuation of Citizens from Libya". Retrieved 2011-02-22.
- Harzig, Juteau & Schmitt 2006, 67.
- Ahmida 2009, 23.
- Stone 1997, 29.
- Dupree 1958, 41.
- Malcolm & Losleben 2004, 62.
- Sirageldin 2003, 236
- Papademetriou & Martin 1991, 123
- Ergener 2002, 76
- Papademetriou & Martin 1991, 120.
- Ahmida, Ali Abdullatif (2002), The Making of Modern Libya: State Formation, Colonization, and Resistance, SUNY Press, ISBN 1-4384-2891-X.
- Dupree, Louis (1958), "The Non-Arab Ethnic Groups of Libya", Middle East Journal 12 (1): 33–44
- Ergener, Reşit (2002), About Turkey: Geography, Economy, Politics, Religion, and Culture, Pilgrims Process, ISBN 0-9710609-6-7.
- Fuller, Graham E. (2008), The New Turkish Republic: Turkey as a pivotal state in the Muslim world, US Institute of Peace Press, ISBN 1-60127-019-4.
- Harzig, Christiane; Juteau, Danielle; Schmitt, Irina (2006), The Social Construction of Diversity: Recasting the Master Narrative of Industrial Nations, Berghahn Books, ISBN 1-57181-376-4.
- Malcolm, Peter; Losleben, Elizabeth (2004), Libya, Marshall Cavendish, ISBN 0-7614-1702-8.
- Pan, Chia-Lin (1949), "The Population of Libya", Population Studies 3 (1): 100–125
- Papademetriou, Demetrios G.; Martin, Philip L. (1991), The Unsettled Relationship: Labor Migration and Economic Development, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-313-25463-X.
- Sirageldin, Ismail Abdel-Hamid (2003), Human Capital: Population Economics in the Middle East, American University in Cairo Press, ISBN 977-424-711-6.
- Stone, Martin (1997), The Agony of Algeria, C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, ISBN 1-85065-177-9.