Turks in Japan

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Turks in Japan
Total population
4,444 (2010)[1]
Languages
Turkish · Japanese
Religion
Sunni Islam
Footnotes
Population figure given is for citizens of Turkey living in Japan. The Turkish Embassy gives a lower figure of 2,264 (2006); however, this counts only citizens who have voluntarily registered at the embassy.[2]

Turks in Japan (Japanese: 在日トルコ人; Turkish: Japonya Türkleri) are Turks living in Japan. The term has historically included Turkic (particularly Volga Tatar) émigrés and immigrants from former Russian Empire most of whom later acquired Turkish citizenship.

History[edit]

In the early 20th century, groups of Tatars immigrated from Kazan, Russia, to Japan.[3] The community became led by the Bashkir émigré imam Muhammed-Gabdulkhay Kurbangaliev who had fought on the side of the White movement in the Russian Civil War, and arrived in Japan in 1924; he then set up an organisation[fn 1] to bring together the Tatars living in Tokyo.[3] Tatars in Japan founded their first mosque and school in 1935 in Kobe, and another in Tokyo in 1938, with support from Kurbangaliev's organisation.[3][4] Another Tatar organisation, the Mohammedan Printing Office in Tokyo,[fn 2] printed the first Qur'an in Japan as well as a Tatar-language magazine in Arabic script, the Japan Intelligencer;[fn 3] it continued publication until the 1940s.[3] Most of the Tatars emigrated after World War II.[3] Those remaining took up Turkish citizenship in the 1950s.[2]

A former Ottoman prince was involved in a plot with the Japanese to enthrone him as monarch of a puppet state in Central Asia during the Kumul Rebellion.

Though the Turkish community has diminished in size, those remaining founded the Tokyo Camii and Turkish Cultural Center in 2000.[3][5] In the following decade, there was a new wave of migration from Turkey, mostly consisting of people from the Fatsa area.[6]

Prominent Turks (Volga Tatars) in Japan[edit]

  • Osman Yusuf (aka Johnny Yuseph, 1920 - 1982): Actor.
  • Abdul Hannan Safa (aka Roy James, 1929 - 1982): Actor, naturalised in 1971.
  • Ömer Yusuf (aka Yusef Toruko ("Yusuf the Turk"), 1930 - 2013): Puroresu referee and actor, brother of Osman Yusuf.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Known in Japanese as the 東京回教団 (Tokyō Kaikyōdan?)
  2. ^ Tatar: Tokyo'da Mätbää-i İslamiyä; Japanese: 東京回教印刷所 (Tōkyō Kaikyō Insatsusho)
  3. ^ Tatar: Yapon mohbiri

References[edit]

  1. ^ "トルコ共和国基礎データ", 各国・地域情勢, Tokyo, Japan: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2010, retrieved 2010-09-08 
  2. ^ a b Japonya Türk Toplumu (Turkish People of Japan), Tokyo, Japan: Turkish Embassy, retrieved 2007-04-13 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hayashi, Shunsuke (February 2010), "Yapon mohbiri – the sole magazine introducing Japan to Muslim countries of the world", National Diet Library Newsletter (171), retrieved 2010-09-07 
  4. ^ Kronoloji (Chronology), Tokyo, Japan: Turkish Embassy, retrieved 2007-04-13 
  5. ^ A Brief History of the Tokyo Camii, Tokyo Camii and Turkish Cultural Center, retrieved 2010-09-07 
  6. ^ "Fatsalı'nın ikinci vatanı Japonya", Sabah (in Turkish), 2005-10-01, retrieved 2009-02-24 

Further reading[edit]

  • Usmanova, Larisa (2007), The Türk-Tatar diaspora in Northeast Asia: transformation of consciousness : a historical and sociological account between 1898 and the 1950s, Rakudasha, ISBN 978-4-9903822-0-9 
  • 松長 昭 [Matsunaga Akira] (2009), 在日タタール人―歴史に翻弄されたイスラーム教徒たち [Tatars in Japan: Muslims tossed on the waves of history], 東洋書店 [Тōyō Shoten], ISBN 978-4-88595-832-8