Kouloughlis, also spelled Koulouglis, [1 ] Cologhlis and Qulaughlis (from Ottoman Turkish "children of slaves", kuloğlu kul "slave" + oğlu "son of") was a term used during the Ottoman period to designate the creole offspring of usually Turkish men and Arab women. [2 ] [3 ] [4 ]
The phrase comes from the fact that the rulers of the
Ottoman Empire conquered much of Arab world and sent Turkish colonizers to Ottoman Algeria, Ottoman Egypt, Ottoman Libya, and Ottoman Tunisia. Unlike the Franco-Algerians ( and the pieds-noirs) North African Jews, descendants of the Kouloughlis have largely integrated into their local societies after independence.
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Bibliography [ edit ]
Boyer, Pierre (1970), , Le problème Kouloughli dans la régence d'Alger Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Méditerranée 8: 77–94
Daumas, Eugène (1943), Women of North Africa: or "The Arab Woman", Indiana University Press, ASIN B0007ETDSY .
Lorcin, Patricia M. E. (1999), Imperial Identities: Stereotyping, Prejudice and Race in Colonial Algeria, Indiana University Press, ISBN 0253217822 .
Ruedy, John Douglas (2005), Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation, Indiana University Press, ISBN 0253217822 .