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Total population
~13 000 000[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
Algeria  · Tunisia  · Libya  · Egypt
Turkish  · Arabic
Sunni Islam

Kouloughlis, also known as Koulouglis,[1] Cologhlis and Qulaughlis (from Ottoman Turkish) means "children of subjects", it is equivalent to kuloğlu, the contraction of kul ("subject" or "soldier") and oğlum ("son"), respectively, "oğlu" being a patronymic suffix in modern Turkish. The term was used during the Ottoman period to designate the offspring of Turkish men and North African women.[2][3][4] The phrase comes from the fact that the rulers of the Ottoman Empire conquered much of North Africa and sent Turkish colonizers to Algeria, Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia; their children, the society’s "elite" were therefore given the name "Kouloughlis".


  1. ^ Britannica (2012), Koulougli, Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online 
  2. ^ Daumas 1943, 54.
  3. ^ Ruedy 2005, 39.
  4. ^ Lorcin 1999, 2.

See also[edit]


  • Boyer, Pierre (1970), "Le problème Kouloughli dans la régence d'Alger", Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Méditerranée 8: 77–94 
  • Daumas, Eugène (1943), Women of North Africa: or "The Arab Woman", Indiana University Press, ASIN B0007ETDSY .
  • Lorcin, Patricia M. E. (1999), Imperial Identities: Stereotyping, Prejudice and Race in Colonial Algeria, Indiana University Press, ISBN 0253217822 .
  • Ruedy, John Douglas (2005), Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation, Indiana University Press, ISBN 0253217822 .