Kouloughlis, also known as Koulouglis, Cologhlis and Qulaughlis (from Ottoman Turkish) means "children of subjects", it is equivalent to kuloğlu, the contraction of kul ("subject" or "soldier") and oğlum ("son"), respectively, "oğlu" being a patronymic suffix in modern Turkish. The term was used during the Ottoman period to designate the offspring of Turkish men and North African women. The phrase comes from the fact that the rulers of the Ottoman Empire conquered much of North Africa and sent Turkish colonizers to Algeria, Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia; their children, the society’s "elite" were therefore given the name "Kouloughlis".
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