Turkish minorities in the former Ottoman Empire

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The Turkish minorities (Turkish: Türk azınlıklar) refers to ethnic Turks who live in independent states which were formerly part of the Ottoman Empire. In the 19th century these states obtained independence from Ottoman rule but still contain relict Turkish communities.

Demographics[edit]

Traditional historical areas of Turkish settlement (see also Balkan Turks).
Country Census figures Alternate estimates Further information Lists of Turks by country
 Abkhazia (1897 census) 1,347[1] 731 (2011 census)[2] 15,000[3] Turks in Abkhazia
 Algeria 600,000-3,300,000[4][5][6] Turks in Algeria
 Azerbaijan 19,000 (not including the Meskhetian Turks or Turkish citizens)[7] Turks in Azerbaijan
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 267 (1991 census)[8] 50,000[9] Turks in Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria 588,318 (2011 census)[10] 800,000[11] Turks in Bulgaria List of Bulgarian Turks
 Cyprus
 Northern Cyprus
-
260,000 (2006 census)
2,000[12]
300,000[13]-500,000[14]
Turkish Cypriots List of Cypriots
 Egypt 100,000[15]-1,500,000[16] Turks in Egypt List of Egyptian Turks
 Georgia 1,375 (1989 census)[17] 1,000[18] Meskhetian Turks
 Greece
80,000[19]-130,000[20][21][22]
10,000[23]
5,000[24][25]
Turks in Western Thrace
Turks in Athens
Turks in Rhodes and Kos
Turks in Crete
 Iraq 567,000 (1957 census)[26] 500,000-3,000,000[27][28] Turks in Iraq
 Israel 22,000 gentiles
77,000 Jews
Turks in Israel
Turkish Jews (in Israel)
 Jordan 60,000[29] Turks in Jordan
 Kosovo 10,445 (1991 census) 50,000[30][9] Turks in Kosovo
 Lebanon 80,000[31] Turks in Lebanon
 Libya 35,000 (in 1936)[32]- 50,000[29] Turks in Libya
 Republic of Macedonia 77,959 (2002 census)[33] 170,000-200,000[34][35] Turks in Macedonia List of Macedonian Turks
 Montenegro 397 (1971 census)[36][37] 2,500[38] Turks in Montenegro
 Romania 32.098 (2002 census)[39] 55,000[40] Turks in Romania
 Serbia 30,000[citation needed] Turks in Serbia
 Saudi Arabia 150,000[29] Turks in Saudi Arabia
 Syria 750,000 to 1,500,000[41] Turks in Syria
 Tunisia 500,000[29]-2,000,000[42] Turks in Tunisia
 Yemen 10,000-30,000[43][44] Turks in Yemen
Total 3,834,215-13,643,875

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Abkhazia Population Censuses (1886-2011)". 
  2. ^ "Abkhazia Population Censuses (1886-2011)". 
  3. ^ Bul Turk. "Abhazya'da Yaşayan Osmanlı Türkleri ilgi bekliyor". Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  4. ^ Turkish Embassy in Algeria 2008, 4.
  5. ^ Oxford Business Group 2008, 10.
  6. ^ Zaman. "Türk’ün Cezayir’deki lakabı: Hıyarunnas!". Retrieved 2012-03-18. 
  7. ^ Minahan, James (1998), Miniature Empires: A Historical Dictionary of the Newly Independent States, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 19, ISBN 0313306109 
  8. ^ Bosnia and Herzegovina Federal Office of Statistics. "POPULATION GROUPED ACCORDING TO ETHNICITY, BY CENSUSES 1961 - 1991". Retrieved 2010-07-06. 
  9. ^ a b Cole 2011, 368.
  10. ^ National Statistics Institute of Bulgaria. "2001 census, population by ethnic group". 
  11. ^ Bokova 2010, 170.
  12. ^ Hatay 2007, 40.
  13. ^ International Crisis Group (2010). "CYPRUS: BRIDGING THE PROPERTY DIVIDE". International Crisis Group. p. 2. 
  14. ^ Cole 2011, 95.
  15. ^ Baedeker 2000, lviii.
  16. ^ Akar 1993, 94.
  17. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  18. ^ Aydıngün et al. 2006, 13
  19. ^ "Demographics of Greece". European Union National Languages. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  20. ^ Western Thrace Minority University Graduates Association 2009, 2
  21. ^ Ergener & Ergener 2002, 106.
  22. ^ WorldBulletin. "Western Thrace Turks tell Erdogan of problems in Greece". Retrieved 2010-03-26. 
  23. ^ Madianou 2005, 36-37.
  24. ^ Western Thrace Minority University Graduates Association 2009, 6
  25. ^ Clogg 2002, 84.
  26. ^ Taylor 2004, 28.
  27. ^ Park 2005, 36.
  28. ^ Kibaroğlu, Kibaroğlu & Halman 2009, 165.
  29. ^ a b c d Akar 1993, 95.
  30. ^ Warrander & Knaus 2008, 32.
  31. ^ Al-Akhbar. "Lebanese Turks Seek Political and Social Recognition". Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  32. ^ Pan 1949, 103.
  33. ^ Republic of Macedonia State Statistical Office. "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Macedonia". Retrieved 2010-07-06. 
  34. ^ Abrahams 1996, 53.
  35. ^ Knowlton 2005, 66.
  36. ^ Internet Library Of Serb Culture. "The Ethnic Structure of the Population in Montenegro:Table 3 Ethnic Structure of the Population in Montenegro". Retrieved 2009-11-18. 
  37. ^ Internet Library Of Serb Culture. "The Ethnic Structure of the Population in Montenegro". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  38. ^ Internet Library Of Serb Culture. "The Ethnic Structure of the Population in Montenegro". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  39. ^ Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Center. "Ethno-demographic Structure of Romania". Retrieved 2010-07-06. 
  40. ^ Phinnemore 2006, 157.
  41. ^ Özkaya 2007, 112.
  42. ^ Haftaya Bakış 7 (6-18), Bakış Basın Yayın Organizasyon, 1998, p. 35 .
  43. ^ Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanlığı. "Cumhurbaşkanı Gül, Türkiye-Yemen İş Forumu'nda". Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  44. ^ Star Gazete. "Yemen Mecnun’u çöllere düşüren büyülü ülke". Retrieved 2011-05-12. 

Bibliography[edit]