Виноградовский район (Russian)
Location of Vinogradovsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast
The village of Konetsgorye in Vinogradovsky District
|Federal subject||Arkhangelsk Oblast|
|Administrative structure (as of 2012)|
|Administrative center||urban-type settlement of Bereznik|
|Urban-type settlements with jurisdictional territory||1|
|Municipal structure (as of March 2012)|
|Municipally incorporated as||Vinogradovsky Municipal District|
|Area||12,600 km2 (4,900 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)||16,753 inhabitants|
|Density||1.33 /km2 (3.4 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||MSK (UTC+04:00)|
|Established||July 15, 1929|
|Vinogradovsky District on WikiCommons|
Vinogradovsky District (Russian: Виногра́довский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Vinogradovsky Municipal District. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Pinezhsky District in the northeast, Verkhnetoyemsky District in the southeast, Shenkursky District in the south, Plesetsky District in the southwest, the town of oblast significance of Mirny in the west, and with Kholmogorsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 12,600 square kilometers (4,900 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Bereznik. Population: 16,753 (2010 Census); 20,862 (2002 Census); 24,834 (1989 Census). The population of Bereznik accounts for 35.9% of the district's total population.
The district is named after Pavlin Vinogradov, a Bolshevik and an active participant of the October Revolution and the Russian Civil War. In 1918, Vinogradov was sent to Arkhangelsk and eventually charged with the organization of the Bolshevik resistance to British and American troops. Vinogradov died in combat at the village of Shidrovo, now within the area of the district.
The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic. After the fall of Novgorod, the area became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Historically, it was a part of Vazhsky Uyezd, a vast area including almost all of the river basin of the Vaga. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Archangelgorod Governorate. In 1780, the governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty. Vazhsky Uyezd was split, and the area of the current Vinogradovsky District became a part of the newly established Shenkursky Uyezd. In 1796, Shenkursky Uyezd was transferred to Arkhangelsk Governorate. The area was known as Podvinsky Stan.
During the Russian Civil War, battles between British and American troops and the Bolshevik troops took place on the territory of the modern district. The battles also involved the Northern Dvina Flotilla, which acted on the Northern Dvina.
Shenkursky Uyezd remained in Arkhangelsk Governorate until 1929, when several governorates were merged into Northern Krai. On July 15, 1929, the uyezds were abolished, and Shenkursky Uyezd was split into Shenkursky, Bereznikovsky, and Rovdinsky Districts. Bereznikovsky District became a part of Nyandoma Okrug of Northern Krai.
In the following years, the first-level administrative division of Russia kept changing. In 1930, the okrug was abolished, and the district was subordinated to the central administration of Northern Krai. In 1936, the krai itself was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. In 1940, Bereznikovsky District was renamed Vinogradovsky District and remained in Arkhangelsk Oblast ever since.
The district is located on both banks of the Northern Dvina River; the left-bank part of the district is considerably smaller than the right-bank one. The whole of the district belongs to the basins of the Northern Dvina River and its major tributaries. The main tributaries of the Northern Dvina within the district are the Vaga (left) and the Vayenga (right). The eastern part of the district belongs to the basin of the Pinega River via its major left tributaries, the Yula and the Pokshenga.
As an administrative division, the district is divided into thirteen selsoviets and one urban-type settlement with jurisdictional territory (Bereznik). One locality which previously had urban-type settlement status, Rochegda, was downgraded in status to that of a rural locality in 2005. The following selsoviets have been established (the administrative centers are given in parentheses):
- Boretsky (Gridinskaya)
- Kitsky (Vazhsky)
- Konetsgorsky (Konetsgorye)
- Morzhegorsky (Rodionovskaya)
- Osinovsky (Osinovo)
- Rochegodsky (Rochegda)
- Selmengsky (Selmenga)
- Shastozyorsky (Uyta)
- Shidrovsky (Shidrovo)
- Topetsky (Topsa)
- Ust-Vayengsky (Ust-Vayenga)
- Vayengsky (Vorontsy)
- Zaostrovsky (Yakovlevskaya)
As a municipal division, the district is divided into one urban settlement and eight rural settlements (the administrative centers are given in parentheses):
- Bereznikovskoye Urban Settlement (Bereznik)
- Boretskoye Rural Settlement (Selmenga)
- Kitskoye Rural Settlement (Vazhsky)
- Morzhegorskoye Rural Settlement (Khetovo)
- Osinovskoye Rural Settlement (Osinovo)
- Rochegodskoye Rural Settlement (Rochegda)
- Shidrovskoye Rural Settlement (Shidrovo)
- Ust-Vayengskoye Rural Settlement (Ust-Vayenga)
- Zaostrovskoye Rural Settlement (Yakovlevskaya)
The basis of the economy of the district is timber industry, which in 2010 was responsible for 95% of the district production. Food industry, including milk production, is also developed to some extent.
Agriculture specializations include cattle production, as well as growing of potatoes and vegetables. Agriculture in the district suffered heavily from the economic crisis of the 1990s, from which it has not recovered.
One of the principal highways in Russia, M8 connecting Moscow and Arkhangelsk, crosses the district from south to north.
The Northern Dvina and the Vaga are navigable within the boundaries of the district.
Culture and recreation
The district contains twelve objects classified as cultural and historical heritage by the Russian Federal law, and additionally seventy-one objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance. Most of these are wooden rural houses, churches, and bridges built prior to 1917.
Of the four ensembles protected at the federal level only one survives,
- Seletsky Pogost is an all-wooden ensemble of St. Iliya Church (1798), Church of the Erection of the Cross (1802–1808), and the bell-tower (1800).
- Kalezhsky Pogost was an ensemble of two wooden churches - St. Nicholas Church (1773), St. Demetrius Church (1890), as well as the wooden bell-tower (1745), in the village of Kalyi. Burned down in 2006, it no longer exists.
- Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos (1726) in the village of Yakovlevskaya. Burned down in 1989, it no longer exists.
- The ensemble of wooden St. Joachim and St. Anna Church (1726) and St. Vasily Church (1700); no longer exists.
The only museum in the district is Vinogradovsky District Museum in Bereznik, open in 1970.
In the selos of Borok[clarification needed] and Puchuga,[clarification needed] located along the Northern Dvina, traditional wood painting crafts developed in the 19th and 20th centuries, similar to the neighboring Nizhnyaya Toyma painting school. It is characteristic of painting in black and red colors over a yellow background. Their favorite motifs were the Sirin Bird and the black horses, symbols of a wealthy household. By the 1970s, the craft declined.
- Law #65-5-OZ
- Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 214», в ред. изменения №220/2012 от 1 января 2013 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 214, as amended by the Amendment #220/2012 of January 1, 2013. ).
- Law #258-vneoch.-OZ
- "Виноградовский район" (in Russian). Двина-Информ. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
- Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
- "Постановление Президиума ВЦИК от 15 июля 1929 года о составе округов и районов Северного Края и их центрах" (in Russian). consultant.ru. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- "Виноградовский район" (in Russian). МО "Виноградовский муниципальный район". 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Ильина, Лариса (4 May 2006). Двиноважье (in Russian) (47) http://www.arhpress.ru/dvinovag/2006/5/4/2.shtml
|url=missing title (help).
- "Виноградовский районный исторический музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Юрий Арбат. "Путешествие за красотой". Культура, Москва 1968. Chapter 1, Chapter 2.
- Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №65-5-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №677-40-ОЗ от 5 июня 2013 г. «О внесении дополнений и изменений в отдельные Областные Законы в связи с изменением законодательства о градостроительной деятельности». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №43, 6 октября 2009 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #65-5-OZ of September 23, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #677-40-OZ of June 5, 2013 On Supplementing and Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to Changes in the Urban Development Legislation. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
- Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №258-внеоч.-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области (текст в ред. от 15 февраля 2010 г.)», в ред. Областного закона №642-38-ОЗ от 18 марта 2013 г. «О внесении дополнений и изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №38, 8 октября 2004 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #258-vneoch.-OZ of September 23, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk Oblast (text of rev. of February 15, 2010), as amended by the Oblast Law #642-38-OZ of March 18, 2013 On Supplementing and Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).