Kotlassky District

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Kotlassky District
Котласский район (Russian)
Ru-ark-kotlassky loc.svg
Location of Kotlassky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Coordinates: 61°15′N 46°39′E / 61.250°N 46.650°E / 61.250; 46.650Coordinates: 61°15′N 46°39′E / 61.250°N 46.650°E / 61.250; 46.650
Река Лименда. Вид с моста на дороге Котлас-Коряжма.JPG
The Limenda River in Kotlassky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Arkhangelsk Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2012)
Administrative center town of Kotlas[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Towns of district significance 1
Urban-type settlements with jurisdictional territory 2
Selsoviets 12
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements 2
Rural localities 303
Municipal structure (as of March 2012)
Municipally incorporated as Kotlassky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 3
Rural settlements 1
Statistics
Area 6,300 km2 (2,400 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 21,005 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 43.2%
- Rural 56.8%
Density 3.33/km2 (8.6/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established June 25, 1924[8]
Official website
Kotlassky District on WikiCommons

Kotlassky District (Russian: Ко́тласский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia.[1] As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Kotlassky Municipal District.[3] It is located in the southeast of the oblast and borders with Krasnoborsky District in the north, Lensky District in the northeast, Vilegodsky District in the east, Luzsky District of Kirov Oblast and Velikoustyugsky District of Vologda Oblast in the south, and with Ustyansky District in the west. The area of the district is 6,300 square kilometers (2,400 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Kotlas[2] (which is not administratively a part of the district).[9] Population: 21,005 (2010 Census);[5] 24,964 (2002 Census);[10] 32,800 (1989 Census).[11]

Geography[edit]

The district is located on both banks of the Northern Dvina River and its main right tributary, the Vychegda. The Northern Dvina and the Vychegda divide the district into three comparably sized areas.

A major part of the district belongs to the basins of the Northern Dvina and the Vychegda, including such major tributaries of the Northern Dvina as the Ustya (left) and the Uftyuga (right). The rivers in the southeastern corner of the district (i. e., areas south of the town of Koryazhma) drain into the Lala River, a tributary of the Luza, in the basin of the Yug.

Almost the whole territory of the district is covered by coniferous forests (taiga).

History[edit]

The area in general was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic. Solvychegodsk was founded in the 14th century. After the fall of Novgorod, the area became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Archangelgorod Governorate, and Solvychegodsk was designated as one of the cities. In 1780, the governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty. The latter was abolished in 1796, and the part of it which included Solvychegodsk was made into Vologda Governorate. In 1918, the area was transferred to the newly established Northern Dvina Governorate, and in 1924 the uyezds were abolished in favor of the new divisions, the districts (raions).

Kotlassky District was formed on June 25, 1924 and included areas of former Solvychegodsky and Velikoustyugsky Uyezds. In 1928, it was merged with Solvychegodsky District and in 1931, a part of Krasnoborsky District was appended to Kotlassky District.[12]

In the following years, the district remained in the same borders (with the exception of Solvychegodsky District, which was split out in 1938 and merged back in 1958), but the first-level administrative division of Russia kept changing. In 1929, Northern Dvina Governorate was merged into Northern Krai, which in 1936 was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. Kotlassky District remained in Arkhangelsk Oblast ever since.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kotlassky District is one of the twenty-one in the oblast.[1] The town of Kotlas serves as its administrative center,[2] despite being incorporated separately as a town of oblast significance[9]—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] The district is divided into twelve selsoviets, one town of district significance (Solvychegodsk), and two urban-type settlements with jurisdictional territory (Privodino and Shipitsyno).[2] Three other inhabited localities which previously had work settlement status were downgraded to rural status in 2005; these are Cheryomushsky, Kharitonovo, and Udimsky. The following selsoviets have been established (the administrative centers are given in parentheses):[2]

  • Cheryomushsky (Cheryomushsky)
  • Kharitonovsky (Kharitonovo)
  • Koryazhemsky (Koryazhma)
  • Pacheozersky (Vystavka)
  • Peschansky (Grigorovo)
  • Revazhsky (Medvedka)
  • Savvatievsky (Savvatiya)
  • Solvychegodsky (Solvychegodsk)
  • Udimovsky (Udimsky)
  • Udimsky (Kuimikha)
  • Votlazhemsky (Vystavka)
  • Zabelinsky (Fedotovskaya)

Municipal divisions[edit]

As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Kotlassky Municipal District.[3] The town of oblast significance of Kotlas is incorporated separately from the district as Kotlas Urban Okrug.[3] The municipal district is divided into three urban settlements and one rural settlement (the administrative centers are given in parentheses):[3]

  • Privodinskoye Urban Settlement (Privodino)
  • Solvychegodskoye Urban Settlement (Solvychegodsk)
  • Shipitsynskoye Urban Settlement (Shipitsyno)
  • Cheryomushskoye Rural Settlement (Kotlas)

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

A timber works in Cheryomushsky

In 2010, timber industry accounted for 90.3% of the total industrial output of the district.[13]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2010, there were ninety-six farms in the district,[14] producing meat (beef and pork), milk, cereals, and potatoes.

Transportation[edit]

Kotlas is an important railway hub, where the railway to Kirov branches off southeast from the main railway, connecting Konosha and Vorkuta (in the Komi Republic).

The Northern Dvina and the Vychegda Rivers are navigable; there is regular passenger navigation on the Vychegda.

Roads connect Kotlas with Veliky Ustyug (and eventually Vologda and Kostroma) to the south, Syktyvkar to the east, and Krasnoborsk (eventually Arkhangelsk) to the north. There are also local roads. There is regular passenger bus traffic originating from Kotlas.

Privodino has an oil-pumping station in the Baltic Pipeline System.

Culture and recreation[edit]

St. Nicholas Church in Nyuba, built between 1818 and 1821. Architectural monument protected at the local level.

The district contains nine objects of cultural heritage protected at the federal level (all of them in Solvychegodsk), and additionally fifty-two monuments of history and architecture of local importance (thirty-three of them in Solvychegodsk).[15][16] Most of these are brickstone churches built prior to 1917. The federal list of cultural heritage includes the following Solvychegodsk ensembles:

The biggest museum in the district, Solvychegodsk Museum of Art and History, is housed in the former Annunciation Cathedral in Solvychegodsk.[17] There is also a small private museum devoted to the fictional author Kozma Prutkov, who, according to the official biography, was born in Solvychegodsk. In the village of Medvedki there is the museum devoted to the Soviet naval officer Nikolay Kuznetsov, who was born in Medvedki and eventually reached the ranks of the Commander-in-Chief of the Naval Forces.[18]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #65-5-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d e f Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 227», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 227, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c d e f Law #258-vneoch.-OZ
  4. ^ a b Котласский район (in Russian). Двина-Информ. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917–1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved May 29, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 410», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 410, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ История района (in Russian). Котласский муниципальный район. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  13. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Котласский муниципальный район. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  14. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Котласский муниципальный район. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Приложение к постановлению администрации Архангельской области от 13.08.1998 N207" (in Russian). Правотека.ру. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  17. ^ ГУК "Сольвычегодский историко-художественный музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  18. ^ Дом-музей Адмирала Флота Советского Союза Николая Герасимовича Кузнецова (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №65-5-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №232-13-ОЗ от 16 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Областные Законы в сфере осуществления местного самоуправления и взаимодействия с некоммерческими организациями». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №43, 6 октября 2009 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #65-5-OZ of September 23, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #232-13-OZ of December 16, 2014 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Dealing with the Process of Municipal Self-Government and Relations with Non-Profit Organizations. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №258-внеоч.-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №224-13-ОЗ от 16 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении отдельных населённых пунктов Соловецкого района Архангельской области и о внесении изменения в статью 46 Областного закона "О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №38, 8 октября 2004 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #258-vneoch.-OZ of September 23, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #224-13-OZ of December 16, 2014 On Abolishing Several Inhabited Localities in Solovetsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast and on Amending Article 46 of the Oblast Law "On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).