Solvychegodsk

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Solvychegodsk (English)
Сольвычегодск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Сольвычегодск. Вид на северо-восток с колокольни Благовещенского собора.JPG
Northeastern view of Solvychegodsk
Map of Russia - Arkhangelsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia
Solvychegodsk is located in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Solvychegodsk
Solvychegodsk
Location of Solvychegodsk in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Coordinates: 61°20′N 46°55′E / 61.333°N 46.917°E / 61.333; 46.917Coordinates: 61°20′N 46°55′E / 61.333°N 46.917°E / 61.333; 46.917
Coat of Arms of Solvychegodsk (Arkhangelsk oblast) (1780).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Arkhangelsk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Kotlassky District[1]
Town of district significance Solvychegodsk[1]
Administrative center of town of district significance of Solvychegodsk[1]
Municipal status (as of March 2013)
Municipal district Kotlassky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Solvychegodskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Solvychegodskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 2,460 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 14th century[5]
Previous names Usolsk[5]
Dialing code(s) +7 81837[citation needed]
Solvychegodsk on WikiCommons

Solvychegodsk (Russian: Сольвычего́дск, lit. "salt on the Vychegda River") is a town in Kotlassky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia, located on the right-hand bank of the Vychegda River 25 kilometers (16 mi) northeast of Kotlas, the administrative center of the district. Population: 2,460 (2010 Census);[3] 2,843 (2002 Census);[6] 4,004 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

Solvychegodsk was founded in the 14th century on the shores of Lake Solyonoye.[5] The town was known as Usolsk in the 15th century.[5] Anikey Stroganov (1488–1570) opened salterns in 1515, which later become a huge industry, and started the Stroganov family fortune. In the 16th–17th centuries, Solvychegodsk was a big commercial, handicraft, and cultural hub of Northern Russia. It was especially famous for its enamel industry. Solvychegodsk was captured and looted by Polish-Lithuanian vagabonds, the Lisowczycy, on January 22, 1613. In 1796, the town became a part of Vologda Governorate. It was also known as a place of political exile. In 1937, Solvychegodsk was transferred to the jurisdiction of Arkhangelsk Oblast.

Joseph Stalin was exiled here for seven months after being arrested by the Okhrana in April 1909 and for another seventeen months in 1911.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated within Kotlassky District as the town of district significance of Solvychegodsk.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Solvychegodsk, together with the territories of Pacheozersky, Peschansky, Solvychegodsky, and Kharitonovsky Selsoviets (which comprise, correspondingly, twenty-five, twelve, forty, and sixteen rural localities, for the total of ninety-three rural localities) in Kotlassky District, is incorporated within Kotlassky Municipal District as Solvychegodskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

The Vychegda in Solvychegodsk is navigable, and in summer there is regular passenger navigation connecting Kotlas and Soyga (located approximately half-way between Solvychegodsk and Yarensk).

There is no railway in Solvychegodsk. The Solvychegodsk railway station is actually located in the urban-type settlement of Vychegodsky, on the line connecting Kotlas and Vorkuta at the other side of the Vychegda.

There is a car and passenger ferry to the right bank of the Vychegda River. The ferry is connected by an unpaved road with the paved road between Kotlas and Koryazhma. There is also an unpaved road upstream along the Vychegda, heading to Yarensk.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The Presentation Church in Solvychegodsk

Nine objects of cultural heritage protected at the federal level and additionally thirty-three monuments of history and architecture of local importance are located in the town.[8][9] The federal list of cultural heritage includes the following ensembles:

The town of Solvychegodsk is classified as a historical town by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, which implies certain restrictions on construction in the historical center.[10]

The only state museum in the town, the Solvychegodsk Museum of Art and History, is housed in the former Annunciation Cathedral.[11] There is also a small private museum devoted to the fictional author, Kozma Prutkov, who, according to his official biography, was born in Solvychegodsk.

The town is home to a number of balneological resorts, where mineral springs and silt mud from the Lake Solyanoye are used.


References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 227 504», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 227 504, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c d Law #258-vneoch.-OZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 432. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Приложение к постановлению администрации Архангельской области от 13.08.1998 N207" (in Russian). Правотека.ру. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Приказ Министерства культуры Российской Федерации, Министерства регионального развития Российской Федерации от 29 июля 2010 г. N 418/339 г. Москва "Об утверждении перечня исторических поселений"" (in Russian). Российская газета. September 29, 2010. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  11. ^ ГУК "Сольвычегодский историко-художественный музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]