Administrative divisions of Arkhangelsk Oblast

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Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast
Administrative center: Arkhangelsk
As of 2013:[1]
# of districts
(районы)
21
# of cities and towns
(города)
13
# of urban-type settlements
(посёлки городского типа)
15
# of selsovets
(сельсоветы)
239
As of 2002:[2]
# of rural localities
(сельские населённые пункты)
3,914
# of uninhabited rural localities
(сельские населённые пункты без населения)
547

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Arkhangelsk Oblast is divided into six cities and towns of oblast significance, twenty-one districts, and two island territories (Franz Joseph Land and Victoria Island). Besides, Mirny is a town under the federal government management.

In terms of the area, the biggest administrative districts are Novaya Zemlya (90,650 square kilometres (35,000 sq mi)) and Mezensky District (34,400 square kilometres (13,300 sq mi)). The smallest one is Solovetsky District.

In terms of the population, the biggest administrative district is Velsky District (61,819 in 2002), the smallest ones are Solovetsky District (968), Novaya Zemlya (2716), and Leshukonsky District (10,708).[3]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Administrative districts of Arkhangelsk Oblast. The numbers denote the following districts: 1- Onezhsky, 2 - Primorsky, 3 - Mezensky, 4 - Leshukonsky, 5 - Pinezhsky, 6 - Kholmogorsky, 7 - Plesetsky, 8 - Vinogradovsky, 9 - Verkhnetoyemsky, 10 - Kargopolsky, 11 - Nyandomsky, 12 - Shenkursky, 13 - Konoshsky, 14 - Velsky, 15 - Ustyansky, 16 - Krasnoborsky, 17 - Lensky, 18 - Kotlassky, 19 - Vilegodsky. Solovetsky District is shown as an unnumbered island. Novaya Zemlya District is not shown.
  • Towns under the federal government management:
  • Cities and towns under the oblast's jurisdiction:
  • Districts:
    • Kargopolsky (Каргопольский)
      • Towns under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 12 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kholmogorsky (Холмогорский)
      • with 18 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Konoshsky (Коношский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 10 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kotlassky (Котласский)
      • Towns under the district's jurisdiction:
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 12 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Krasnoborsky (Красноборский)
      • with 10 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Lensky (Ленский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 9 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Leshukonsky (Лешуконский)
      • with 7 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Mezensky (Мезенский)
      • Towns under the district's jurisdiction:
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 13 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Novaya Zemlya District (Новая Земля)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
    • Nyandomsky (Няндомский)
      • Towns under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 8 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Onezhsky (Онежский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 13 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Pinezhsky (Пинежский)
      • with 17 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Plesetsky (Плесецкий)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 11 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Primorsky (Приморский)
      • with 17 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Shenkursky (Шенкурский)
      • Towns under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 12 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Solovetsky (Соловецкий)
    • Ustyansky (Устьянский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 17 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Velsky (Вельский)
      • Towns under the district's jurisdiction:
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 20 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Verkhnetoyemsky (Верхнетоемский)
      • with 14 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Vilegodsky (Вилегодский)
      • with 6 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Vinogradovsky (Виноградовский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 13 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
  • Island territories:[4]

Differences with municipal divisions[edit]

Most of the administrative districts of Arkhangelsk Oblast are municipally incorporated as municipal districts, and most of the cities and towns of oblast significance are municipally incorporated as urban okrugs. There are, however, several exceptions,[5]

  • The town of Onega is municipally incorporated as Onezhsky Urban Settlement of Onezhsky Municipal District;
  • The town of Mirny is municipally incorporated as Mirny Urban Okrug;
  • Solovetsky District is municipally incorporated as Solovetskoye Rural Settlement of Primorsky Municipal District;
  • Novaya Zemlya District is municipally incorporated as Novaya Zemlya Urban Okrug;
  • The island territories of Franz Joseph Land and Victoria Island are municipally incorporated into Primorsky Municipal District.

History[edit]

December 29 [O.S. December 18], 1708 Tsar Peter the Great issued an edict which established seven governorates.[6][7] The description of the borders of the governorates was not given; instead, their area was defined as a set of towns and the lands adjacent to those towns. In the present area of Arkhangelsk oblast, two of the governorates—Archangelgorod Governorate and Ingermanland Governorate—were located. The governorates were subdivided into uyezds, and uyezds into volosts.

The centers of the following uyezds of Archangelgorod Governorate were located in the present-day area of Arkhangelsk Oblast,

Pustozyorsky Uyezd (with the center in Pustozerskoy) was located in what is now Nenets Autonomous Okrug.

On June 9 [O.S. May 29], 1719, the governorate was divided into provinces: Archangelgorod, Vologda, Galich, and Ustyug.[7] Simultaneously, Yarensky Uyezd with the administrative center of Yarensk was moved from Siberia Governorate to Archangelgorod Governorate.[8] The uyezds were transformed into districts, however, in 1727 the districts were transformed back into uyezds. On February 5 [O.S. January 25], 1780, Archangelgorod Governorate was transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty.[7] In 1796, the viceroyalty was split into Arkhangelsk and Vologda Governorates, the latter one including the areas currently in the south-east of the Oblast. In 1918, these areas were split off from the Vologda Governorate and moved to the newly established Northern Dvina Governorate. The administrative center of the governorate was Veliky Ustyug.

The southwestern part of Arkhangelsk Oblast in 1708 became Kargopolsky Uyezd of Ingermanland Governorate (from 1710, Saint Petersburg Governorate), with the seat in the town of Kargopol. In 1727, it moved to the newly established Novgorod Governorate. After a number of administrative reforms, in 1801 it ended up as one of the four uyezds of the newly established Olonets Governorate.

In 1924, the uyezds of Northern Dvina Governorate were abolished in favor of the new divisions, the districts (raions). Arkhangelsk and Olonets Governorates retained the uyezd division till 1929. On July 15, 1929 the uyezds in these two governorates were abolished, and all areas which currently belong to Arkhangelsk Oblast, together with other areas, merged into the Northern Krai. The krai consisted of the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast, a number of islands in the Arctic Ocean, as well as five administrative districts (okrugs),[9][10]

All these okrugs (except for the Nenets Okrug) were divided into districts. In 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts became directly subordinate to the Northern Krai. In 1936, according to the new Soviet Constitution, the Northern Krai was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. In 1941, three districts of Arkhangelsk Oblast—Oparinsky, Lalsky, and Podosinovsky—were transferred to Kirov Oblast. During the attempted administrative reform in 1963, districts were subdivided into urban and rural districts. The reform was abandoned in 1965, and the division into districts was restored. On March 23, 1987, Solovetsky District was established,[9] and in 2001, Novaya Zemlya obtained the district status.

Abolished districts[edit]

After 1929 (with the exception of the aborted reform of 1963-1965) borders between the districts sometimes were modified, and as a result some of the districts in the area currently belonging to Arkhangelsk Oblast were abolished,[9]

  • Arkhangelsky District (the administrative center in the city of Arkhangelsk), Arkhangelsk Oblast, established in 1952, abolished in 1955, merged into Primorsky District;
  • Belomorsky District (selo of Pertominsk), Arkhangelsk Oblast, established in 1940, abolished in 1958, the area was divided between Primorsky and Onezhsky Districts;
  • Chekuyevsky District (selo of Chekuyevo), Northern Krai, established in 1929, abolished in 1931, the area was divided between Plesetsky and Onezhsky Districts;
  • Cherevkovsky District (selo of Cherevkovo), Northern Krai, later Arkhangelsk Oblast, established in 1924, abolished in 1959, the area was divided between Krasnoborsky, Verkhnetoyemsky, and Ustyansky districts;
  • Karpogorsky District (selo of Karpogory), Northern Krai, later Arkhangelsk Oblast, established in 1929, abolished in 1959, merged into Pinezhsky District, with the simultaneous transfer of the district center to Karpogory;
  • Priozyorny District (selo of Konyovo), Northern Krai, later Arkhangelsk Oblast, established in 1929, abolished in 1963, merged into Plesetsky District;
  • Rovdinsky District (selo of Rovdino), Northern Krai, later Arkhangelsk Oblast, established in 1929, abolished in 1931, reestablished in 1935, abolished in 1959, the area was split between Shenkursky and Velsky Districts;
  • Solvychegodsky District (town of Solvychegodsk), Arkhangelsk Oblast, established in 1938, abolished in 1958, merged into Kotlassky District;
  • Yemetsky District (selo of Yemetsk), Northern Krai, later Arkhangelsk Oblast, established in 1929, abolished in 1959, merged into Kholmogorsky District.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ Results of the 2002 Russian Population CensusTerritory, number of districts, inhabited localities, and rural administrations of the Russian Federation by federal subject
  3. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ Law #65-5-OZ, Article 15.3
  5. ^ Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №258-внеоч.-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области (текст в ред. от 15 февраля 2010 г.)», в ред. Областного закона №202-11-ОЗ от 24 октября 2014 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований "Ломоносовское" и "Холмогорское" Холмогорского муниципального района Архангельской области путём их объединения». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №38, 8 октября 2004 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #258-vneoch.-OZ of September 23, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk Oblast (text of rev. of February 15, 2010), as amended by the Oblast Law #202-11-OZ of October 24, 2014 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of Lomonosovskoye and Kholmogorskoye in Kholmogorsky Municipal District of Arkhangelsk Oblast by Merging Them. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Указ об учреждении губерний и о росписании к ним городов (Russian)
  7. ^ a b c Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". pp. 19–20. 
  8. ^ Лукошников, В. А. (March 22, 2006). Яренский уезд. Маяк (in Russian) (22). 
  9. ^ a b c "Административно-территориальное деление Архангельской губернии в XVIII-XX вв." (in Russian). Архивы России. 2000. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  10. ^ Постановление Президиума ВЦИК от 15 июля 1929 года о составе округов и районов Северного Края и их центрах (in Russian). consultant.ru. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №65-5-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №677-40-ОЗ от 5 июня 2013 г. «О внесении дополнений и изменений в отдельные Областные Законы в связи с изменением законодательства о градостроительной деятельности». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №43, 6 октября 2009 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #65-5-OZ of September 23, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #677-40-OZ of June 5, 2013 On Supplementing and Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to Changes in the Urban Development Legislation. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).