The West Village is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan. The area is bounded by the Hudson River on the west and either Sixth Avenue or Seventh Avenue on the east, extending from 14th Street down to Houston Street. The Far West Village extends from the Hudson River to Hudson Street. Bordering neighborhoods include Chelsea to the north, the South Village, and the newly invented (2009) area called Hudson Square to the south, and Greenwich Village to the east. The neighborhood is primarily residential, with a multitude of small restaurants, shops and services. The area is part of Manhattan Community Board 2 and the Sixth Precinct of the New York Police Department. The Sixth Precinct also covers an area east of the West Village between Sixth Avenue and Broadway from Houston to 14th Street.
Known as "Little Bohemia" starting in 1916, West Village is in some ways the center of the bohemian lifestyle on the West Side, with classic artist's lofts in the form of the Westbeth Artists Community and Julian Schnabel's Palazzo Chupi. It is also the site of sleek new residential towers designed by American architect Richard Meier facing the Hudson River at 173/176 Perry Street.
The High Line connects the historic district to the art galleries in Chelsea and points north. The elevated train tracks running parallel to Tenth Avenue have been converted to an open greenway. The tracks once served the businesses in the area, but have been long abandoned and converted into a popular public park.
The neighborhood is distinguished by streets that are "off the grid" — set at an angle to the other streets in Manhattan — sometimes confusing both tourists and city residents alike. These roads were laid out in an 18th-century grid plan, approximately parallel or perpendicular to the Hudson, long before the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 which created the main street grid plan for later parts of the city. Even streets that were given numbers in the 19th century to make them nominally part of the grid can be idiosyncratic, at best. West 4th Street, formerly Asylum Street, crosses West 10th, 11th and 12th Streets, ending at an intersection with West 13th Street. Heading north on Greenwich Street, West 12th Street is separated by three blocks from Little West 12th Street, which in turn is one block south of West 13th Street.
The Meatpacking District at the north end of this neighborhood, also known as the "Gansevoort Historic District" is filled with trendy boutiques and nightclubs. It is also the area's most concentrated site of grand larceny. In February 2013 the NYPD passed out 3,500 fliers to bars and clubs in the Sixth Precinct warning people to guard their valuables, especially at district's clubs, due to the rise in grand larceny rates. Police have said these crimes mosty happen in the Meatpacking District from 11 p.m. to 3 a.m. Grand larceny in New York refers to stealing property worth $1,000 or more or property taken from the person of another without the threat of force (robbery), among other definitions. In the summer of 2012, a female went to three clothing stores in the West Village. At each store, she went into the dressing room and cut off the security tags of clothing worth more than $1,000. Another example of grand larceny is when a person attempts to take a person's unattended bag from a bar as these belongings usually include debit and credit cards and cell phones.
Beginning in the early 1980s, residential development spread in the far West Village, between the Hudson River and Hudson Street from West Houston to West 14th Streets.
The approximate residential population in the West Village is 34,000 people based on seven 2010 Census Tracts (67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77 and 79) for Manhattan Community District 2. The following are some population characteristics:
- Fewer kids. 10% of the population in the West Village is less than 20 years old (27% of population of entire US is less than 20 years old)
- More 20-39 year olds. 45% of the population in the West Village is 20–39 years old (versus 27% in entire US)
- More women. Females aged 20–39 make up 25% of the population in the West Village (13% of population in entire US) Females aged 20–29 make up 14% of the population in the West Village versus 7% in the entire US. Females in West Village represent 52% of the population versus 51% in all of the US.
- More foreign-born. 80% of the population was born in the US (87% in entire US)
- More money. Average household income by census tract was $180,000 (compared to $51,000 average household income by state for entire US)
A NYU study estimates 1,610,000 workers commute to Manhattan during the workweek, and the West Village is the destination for a small portion of these commuters; 0.5% of the total commuter estimate or approximately 8,000 people.
A third leg to the daily population estimate is out-of-town visitors. A portion of these approximately 139,452 domestic and international visitors that enter the city daily visit or stay in the West Village; an average of 11,000 people visit the High Line everyday. With a large portion of these visitors to the High Line using the entrance/exit in the West Village, as well as incorporating visitors to other parts of the West Village, 9% of the total is 13,000 people.
Streets that attract non-residents to the West Village based on restaurants, stores and foot traffic include 14th Street, Bleecker and Christopher Streets and areas around PATH stations (three in the West Village).
The average daily population in the West Village from these three legs is 55,000 people. The West Village also has the unique problem of too many people buying dogs while intoxicated.
Sites and attractions
- Jefferson Market Branch, New York Public Library
- High Line
- Hudson River Park
- Meatpacking District
- St. Luke in the Fields Church
- Stonewall Inn
- Village Vanguard
- Westbeth Artists Community
- Magnolia Bakery
- 14th Street – Eighth Avenue at Eighth Avenue; serving the A C E L trains
- West Fourth Street – Washington Square at Sixth Avenue; serving the A B C D E F M trains
- 14th Street at Seventh Avenue; serving the 1 2 3 trains
- Christopher Street – Sheridan Square at Seventh Avenue; serving the 1 2 trains
- Houston Street at Varick Street; serving the 1 2 trains
Sixth Precinct crime data
||This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (May 2013)|
- Year-to-date crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased 7.5% year-over-year compared to a -3.5% decrease in citywide crime (as of May 12, 2013).
- Crime bottomed in the Sixth Precinct in 2011 after declining steadily for many years. Information from the NYPD indicates total crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased approximately 7% in 2012.
- In comparison, citywide crime increased by a smaller amount in 2012, up just 3% versus the 7% increase in the Sixth Precinct.
There were approximately nine crime complaints per day in the NYPC Sixth Precinct (West Village and area east of Sixth Avenue to Broadway between Houston and 14th Streets) year-to-date as of May 12, 2013 according to NYPD crime data. This data does not include information for other types of police activity, such as the number of radio runs, calls about trespassing, graffiti charges or resisting arrest.
Using the residential population of the West Village versus Greenwich Village east of Sixth Avenue as a proxy, approximately half of these daily crimes (4.5 per day) occurred in the West Village. There is no public data that bifurcates the crime statistics for the Sixth Precinct into smaller areas. 86% of the total tabulated crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct related to instances of stealing (robbery, burglary, grand larceny, grand larceny auto, petit larceny) compared to 71% citywide.
Year-to-date crime complaints increased 7.5% year-over-year compared to a -3.5% decrease in citywide crime. Notably, instances of grand larceny (which comprised 38% of total crime statistics in the precinct) increased 28.6% year-over-year as of April 12, 2013.
The Sixth Precinct had a slightly higher crime rate than the rest of the city. Every day one out of 12,000 people called in a crime in the Sixth Precinct compared to one of 14,000 citywide. These figures use NYPD crime statistics and population data for the Sixth Precinct and for all of New York City.
Crime bottomed in the Sixth Precinct in 2011 after declining steadily for many years. Information from the NYPD indicates total crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased approximately 7% in 2012. In comparison, citywide crime increased by a smaller amount in 2012, up just 3% versus the 7% increase in the Sixth Precinct. This tabulation includes all types of crime complaints, from murders to petit larceny. Excluding cases of petit larceny (such as a person stealing a bottle of shampoo from a drug store), crime increased 5% in 2012.
Non-emergency municipal services (3-1-1)
Community Board 2 (CB2) deals with land use and zoning matters, municipal service delivery and community concerns of an area including the West Village. New York City's Community Boards review data collected by the 311 Customer Service Center. 3-1-1 (3-1-1) is a non-emergency telephone number, and New York City releases monthly reports on the number of requests for services to 311.
Even though this 3-1-1 data includes information from areas surrounding the West Village, the monthly 3-1-1 reports serve as a proxy for what people in the West Village are complaining about.
In April 2013 (as of data downloaded on May 20, 2013) there were 77 non-emergency calls per day, up 8% sequentially and down 2% year-over-year. The three most common complaints are noise related (9 to 17 a day), lost property in cabs or complaints about cab service (13 to 18 a day), and reports of city property damage (10 to 15 a day).
The NYC Bike Share/Citi Bike program will launch at the end of May 2013, according to updates as of May 20, 2013. Based on one station map, there will be 14 bike share stations in the West Village with a total of 466 bike docks.
Current/prior residents that are film and TV stars
Richard Meier's towers (173 Perry Street, 176 Perry Street, 165 Charles Street - all by West Street, Perry Street towers completed in 2002, Charles Street tower completed in 2004): Jim Carrey, Hugh Jackman, and Nicole Kidman
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- Gansevoort Historic District
- Wikipages West Village, a wiki-based business directory for the West Village