The West Village is the western (and original) portion of the Greenwich Village neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan. The area is bounded by the Hudson River on the west and either Sixth Avenue or Seventh Avenue on the east, extending from 14th Street down to Houston Street. The Far West Village extends from the Hudson River to Hudson Street. Bordering neighborhoods include Chelsea to the north, the South Village, and the newly invented (2009) area called Hudson Square to the south, and Central Village to the east. The neighborhood is primarily residential, with a multitude of small restaurants, shops and services. The area is part of Manhattan Community Board 2 and the Sixth Precinct of the New York Police Department. The Sixth Precinct also covers an area east of the West Village between Sixth Avenue and Broadway from Houston to 14th Street.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Daily population
- 4 Sites and attractions
- 5 Subway service
- 6 Sixth Precinct crime data
- 7 Non-emergency municipal services (3-1-1)
- 8 Construction projects/developments
- 9 Retail changes (trailing six months)
- 10 NYC bike share program
- 11 Current/prior residents that are film and TV stars
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Known as "Little Bohemia" starting in 1916, West Village is in some ways the center of the bohemian lifestyle on the West Side, with classic artist's lofts in the form of the Westbeth Artists Community and Julian Schnabel's Palazzo Chupi. It is also the site of sleek new residential towers designed by American architect Richard Meier facing the Hudson River at 173/176 Perry Street.
The High Line connects the historic district to the art galleries in Chelsea and points north. The elevated train tracks running parallel to Tenth Avenue have been converted to an open greenway. The tracks once served the businesses in the area, but have been long abandoned and converted into a popular public park.
The neighborhood is distinguished by streets that are "off the grid" — set at an angle to the other streets in Manhattan — sometimes confusing both tourists and city residents alike. These roads were laid out in an 18th-century grid plan, approximately parallel or perpendicular to the Hudson, long before the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 which created the main street grid plan for later parts of the city. Even streets that were given numbers in the 19th century to make them nominally part of the grid can be idiosyncratic, at best. West 4th Street, formerly Asylum Street, crosses West 10th, 11th and 12th Streets, ending at an intersection with West 13th Street. Heading north on Greenwich Street, West 12th Street is separated by three blocks from Little West 12th Street, which in turn is one block south of West 13th Street.
The Meatpacking District at the north end of this neighborhood, also known as the "Gansevoort Historic District" is filled with trendy boutiques and nightclubs. It is also the area's most concentrated site of grand larceny. In February 2013 the NYPD passed out 3,500 fliers to bars and clubs in the Sixth Precinct warning people to guard their valuables, especially at district's clubs, due to the rise in grand larceny rates. Police have said these crimes mosty happen in the Meatpacking District from 11 p.m. to 3 a.m. Grand larceny in New York refers to stealing property worth $1,000 or more or property taken from the person of another without the threat of force (robbery), among other definitions. In the summer of 2012, a female went to three clothing stores in the West Village. At each store, she went into the dressing room and cut off the security tags of clothing worth more than $1,000. Another example of grand larceny is when a person attempts to take a person's unattended bag from a bar as these belongings usually include debit and credit cards and cell phones.
Beginning in the early 1980s, residential development spread in the far West Village, between the Hudson River and Hudson Street from West Houston to West 14th Streets.
The approximate residential population in the West Village is 34,000 people based on seven 2010 Census Tracts (67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77 and 79) for Manhattan Community District 2.
- Fewer kids. 10% of the population in the West Village is less than 20 years old (27% of population of entire US is less than 20 years old)
- More 20-39 year olds. 45% of the population in the West Village is 20–39 years old (versus 27% in entire US)
- More women. Females aged 20–39 make up 25% of the population in the West Village (13% of population in entire US) Females aged 20–29 make up 14% of the population in the West Village versus 7% in the entire US. Females in West Village represent 52% of the population versus 51% in all of the US.
- More foreign-born. 80% of the population was born in the US (87% in entire US)
- More money. Average household income by census tract was $180,000 (compared to $51,000 average household income by state for entire US)
A NYU study estimates 1,610,000 workers commute to Manhattan during the workweek, and the West Village is the destination for a small portion of these commuters; 0.5% of the total commuter estimate or approximately 8,000 people.
A third leg to the daily population estimate is out-of-town visitors. A portion of these approximately 139,452 domestic and international visitors that enter the city daily visit or stay in the West Village; an average of 11,000 people visit the High Line everyday. With a large portion of these visitors to the High Line using the entrance/exit in the West Village, as well as incorporating visitors to other parts of the West Village, 9% of the total is 13,000 people.
Streets that attract non-residents to the West Village based on restaurants, stores and foot traffic include 14th Street, Bleecker and Christopher Streets and areas around PATH stations (three in the West Village).
The average daily population in the West Village from these three legs is 55,000 people.
Sites and attractions
- Jefferson Market Branch, New York Public Library
- High Line
- Hudson River Park
- Meatpacking District
- St. Luke in the Fields Church
- Stonewall Inn
- Village Vanguard
- Westbeth Artists Community
- Magnolia Bakery
- 14th Street – Eighth Avenue at Eighth Avenue; serving the A C E L trains
- West Fourth Street – Washington Square at Sixth Avenue; serving the A B C D E F M trains
- 14th Street at Seventh Avenue; serving the 1 2 3 trains
- Christopher Street – Sheridan Square at Seventh Avenue; serving the 1 2 trains
- Houston Street at Varick Street; serving the 1 2 trains
Sixth Precinct crime data
||This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (May 2013)|
- Year-to-date crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased 7.5% year-over-year compared to a -3.5% decrease in citywide crime (as of 12 May 2013).
- Crime bottomed in the Sixth Precinct in 2011 after declining steadily for many years. Information from the NYPD indicates total crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased approximately 7% in 2012.
- In comparison, citywide crime increased by a smaller amount in 2012, up just 3% versus the 7% increase in the Sixth Precinct.
There were approximately nine crime complaints per day in the NYPC Sixth Precinct (West Village and area east of Sixth Avenue to Broadway between Houston and 14th Streets) year-to-date as of 12 May 2013 according to NYPD crime data. This data does not include information for other types of police activity, such as the number of radio runs, calls about trespassing, graffiti charges or resisting arrest.
Using the residential population of the West Village versus Greenwich Village east of Sixth Avenue as a proxy, approximately half of these daily crimes (4.5 per day) occurred in the West Village. There is no public data that bifurcates the crime statistics for the Sixth Precinct into smaller areas. 86% of the total tabulated crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct related to instances of stealing (robbery, burglary, grand larceny, grand larceny auto, petit larceny) compared to 71% citywide.
Year-to-date crime complaints increased 7.5% year-over-year compared to a -3.5% decrease in citywide crime. Notably, instances of grand larceny (which comprised 38% of total crime statistics in the precinct) increased 28.6% year-over-year as of 12 April 2013.
The Sixth Precinct had a slightly higher crime rate than the rest of the city. Every day one out of 12,000 people called in a crime in the Sixth Precinct compared to one of 14,000 citywide. These figures use NYPD crime statistics and population data for the Sixth Precinct and for all of New York City.
Crime bottomed in the Sixth Precinct in 2011 after declining steadily for many years. Information from the NYPD indicates total crime complaints in the Sixth Precinct increased approximately 7% in 2012. In comparison, citywide crime increased by a smaller amount in 2012, up just 3% versus the 7% increase in the Sixth Precinct. This tabulation includes all types of crime complaints, from murders to petit larceny. Excluding cases of petit larceny (such as a person stealing a bottle of shampoo from a drug store), crime increased 5% in 2012.
Just including the first seven categories in the weekly NYPD CompStat report, crime in the Sixth Precinct increased 0.4% in 2012 after dropping 3% annually from 2011 to 2011.
Crime examples in West Village
- Homicide: Around 11:30pm on a Friday night on 17 May 2013 a Hispanic man was urinating outside the Annisa restaurant on Barrow Street between 7th Avenue and West 4th Street. An employee of Annisa told the person urinating to stop. This person responded by lifting up his shirt, flashing a firearm at the Annisa employee and telling him he would kill him if he called 9-1-1. The person proceeded out of the West Village to Sixth Avenue, where he eventually was on West Eight Street in Greenwich Village, where he shot and killed a black male after yelling antigay slurs. Police apprehended the shooting suspect, Elliot Morales, in the vicinity of West 3rd and Macdougal in Greenwich Village. The murder was the first murder in the Sixth Precinct (covers West Village and Greewich Village) in 2013.
- Rape: As of the end of March 2013 there have been three rapes in the Sixth Precinct compared to one last year. In one instance, a female accused a 37-year old at Standard Hotel of rape at 4:30 am on Friday morning on 2/1/13.
- Summonses: Police regularly issue summonses at 14th Street and Eight Avenue for aggressive panhandling, alcohol consumption and public urination. Think Coffee on Eight Avenue between 13th and 14th Streets called 911 a dozen times in one 24 hour period in February 2013 due to violent vagrants.
Non-emergency municipal services (3-1-1)
Community Board 2 (CB2) deals with land use and zoning matters, municipal service delivery and community concerns of an area including the West Village. New York City's Community Boards review data collected by the 311 Customer Service Center. 3-1-1 (3-1-1) is a non-emergency telephone number, and New York City releases monthly reports on the number of requests for services to 311.
Even though this 3-1-1 data includes information from areas surrounding the West Village, the monthly 3-1-1 reports serve as a proxy for what people in the West Village are complaining about.
In April 2013 (as of data downloaded on 20 May 2013) there were 77 non-emergency calls per day, up 8% sequentially and down 2% year-over-year. The three most common complaints are noise related (9 to 17 a day), lost property in cabs or complaints about cab service (13 to 18 a day), and reports of city property damage (10 to 15 a day).
150 Charles Street
- Location: West 10th between Washington Street and West Side Highway
- Description: 91 condominiums
- Project status: targeting June 2014 completion
320 West 12th Street
- Location: corner of Hudson and West 12th
- Description: converted a nursing home for 200 women to a 10-unit luxury condominium
- Project status: sold every unit at prices ranging from $8.75 million to $35 million. Still under construction.
401 West Street
- Location: West Street between Charles and W. 10th Street
- Description: tearing down building damaged by Hurricane Sandy in October 2012
- Project status: permits filed
- Location: Washington Street near West 13th
- Description: new six-floor building with retail and office space
- Project status: scheduled to put up steel in early 2013 and completed in 2014
- Location: 86 Bedford between Barrow and Grove Streets
- Description: Renovate structure and re-open historic speakeasy bar
- Project status: targeting 2013 re-open
Gansevoort Street b/w Greenwich and Washington Streets (William Gottlieb Real Estate)
- Description: Build new farmers' market (Gansevoort Market) on south side of the block (52 Gansevoort Street) in currently vacant two story buildings
- Project status: Landmarks Preservation Commission approved plans in June 2012, last alteration plan submitted August 2012, buildings vacant with no sign of construction as of February 2013, buildings owned by Neil Bender (inherited estate from William Gottlieb)
Natural gas pipeline
- Location: 10th Avenue and Gansevoort Street
- Description: Installation from February to April 2013 of approximately 50 feet of pipeline and a vault
- Project status: targeting pipeline operational by November 2013
St. Vincent's redevelopment
- Location: West 11th between Sixth and Seventh Avenues
- Description: 200 units and five townhouses to take place of gutted hospital
- Developer: Rudin Management, opened 42-residence building at 130 West 12th Street in 2012
- Project status: under construction
Pastis building renovation (William Gottlieb Real Estate) 
- Location: West 13th Street and Eight Avenue
- Description: redevelopment of building with new retail space
- Project status: scaffolding up
- Location: Gansevoort between Washington St. and Tenth Avenue
- Description: nine-story structure
- Project status: open to public in 2015
Retail changes (trailing six months)
||This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (May 2013)|
Rugby store - Ralph Lauren
- Description: Ralph Lauren announced in November 2012 that it will close its Rugby stores
- Location: 390 Bleecker Street between Perry and West 11th
- Description: Food Emporium grocery store will close in April–May 2013 with Walgreens eventually taking its place
- Location: 12th street and Sixth Avenue
- Description: New bakery that expanded from Cobble Hill, Brooklyn opened in December 2012
- Location: 35 Christopher Street between Sixth and Seventh Avenues
Elixir Juice Bar
- Description: First street-front store for juice bar chain opened in December 2012
- Location: 434 Sixth Avenue b/w 9th and 10th Streets
House of Cupcakes
- Description: New cupcake store will open in Spring 2013
- Location: 101 7th Avenue South between Grove and Barrow
- Description: New "beer hall" opened in January 2013
- Location: 222 West Houston Street between Sixth and Seventh Avenues
- Description: House of pancakes chain opened in January 2013
- Location: 80 Carmine Street and 7th Avenue South
- Description: London-based shoe and accessory store opened at end of January 2013
- Location: 375 Bleecker Street between Charles and Perry Streets
- Description: Signed lease in summer 2012 and applied for Patagonia sign in November 2012
- Location: 416 West 14th Street between 9th Avenue and Washington Street
Sugar Factory American Brasseria
- Description: Opened April 2013
- Location: 46 Gansevoort St. (corner of Greenwich Street and Gansevoort in Meatpacking District)
The NYC Bike Share/Citi Bike program will launch at the end of May 2013, according to updates as of 20 May 2013. Based on one station map, there will be 14 bike share stations in the West Village with a total of 466 bike docks.
Current/prior residents that are film and TV stars
Richard Meier's towers (173 Perry Street, 176 Perry Street, 165 Charles Street - all by West Street, Perry Street towers completed in 2002, Charles Street tower completed in 2004): Jim Carrey, Hugh Jackman, and Nicole Kidman
- (nd) Greenwich Village East and West - History and Legacies. Arts and Music Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2007-06-17.
- Johnston, Laurie (April 18, 1982). "The Far West Village". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- Gansevoort Historic District
- Wikipages West Village, a wiki-based business directory for the West Village