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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1289 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1289
Ab urbe condita2042
Armenian calendar738
Assyrian calendar6039
Balinese saka calendar1210–1211
Bengali calendar696
Berber calendar2239
English Regnal year17 Edw. 1 – 18 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1833
Burmese calendar651
Byzantine calendar6797–6798
Chinese calendar戊子年 (Earth Rat)
3986 or 3779
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
3987 or 3780
Coptic calendar1005–1006
Discordian calendar2455
Ethiopian calendar1281–1282
Hebrew calendar5049–5050
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1345–1346
 - Shaka Samvat1210–1211
 - Kali Yuga4389–4390
Holocene calendar11289
Igbo calendar289–290
Iranian calendar667–668
Islamic calendar687–688
Japanese calendarShōō 2
Javanese calendar1199–1200
Julian calendar1289
Korean calendar3622
Minguo calendar623 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−179
Thai solar calendar1831–1832
Tibetan calendar阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
1415 or 1034 or 262
    — to —
(female Earth-Ox)
1416 or 1035 or 263
The Siege of Tripoli by the Mamluks.

Year 1289 (MCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]




  • February 9 – Sultan Qalawun (the Victorious) marches the Mamluk army out of Cairo, leaving his son Al-Ashraf Khalil commanding Cairo's Citadel, supported by Viceroy Baydara al-Mansuri. The army moves via Salihiya, across Sinai and through Jordan to Damascus. He orders the regional governors of Syria to mobilize in Damascus, where many infantry volunteers have assembled.[3]
  • March – The 19-year-old King Henry II sends his younger brother Almalric, with a company of knights and 4 galleys to Tripoli (modern Lebanon). Meanwhile, many non-combatant citizens flee to Cyprus. The Mamluk army arrives before Tripoli and begins the attack with siege engines, while building buches (wooden defensive structures) outside the city on March 25.[4]
  • April 26Siege of Tripoli: Mamluk forces under Qalawun (the Victorious) capture Tripoli after a month-long siege, thus extinguishing the County of Tripoli. Qalawun orders the city to be razed to the ground, a widespread massacre kills every man found by the Mamluks, while the women and children are taken as slaves.[5]
  • July–August – Admiral Benedetto Zaccaria, having escaped from Tripoli, starts a naval campaign against Mamluk shipping and raids Tinnis in Egypt. In response, Qalawun closes Alexandria to Genoese merchants.[6]

By topic[edit]



  • In Siena, twenty-three partners, including five members of the Bonsignori family, re-create the Gran Tavola, formerly the most successful European bank, which had ceased its operations after the death of its creator and manager, Orlando Bonsignori, in 1273.[7]




  1. ^ Kelly de Vries & Niccolo Capponi (2018). Osprey: Campaldino 1289 - The battle that made Dante, pp. 51–86. ISBN 978-1--4728-3128-6.
  2. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 150. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ David Nicolle (2005). Osprey: Acre 1291 - Bloody sunset of the Crusader states, p. 45. ISBN 978-1-84176-862-5.
  4. ^ David Nicolle (2005). Osprey: Acre 1291 - Bloody sunset of the Crusader states, p. 46. ISBN 978-1-84176-862-5.
  5. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 340. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  6. ^ Miller, William (1921). "The Zaccaria of Phocaea and Chios (1275-1329)". Essays on the Latin Orient, p. 284. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. OCLC 457893641.
  7. ^ Bowsky, William (1981). A medieval Italian commune: Siena under the Nine, 1287-1355. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-04256-5.