1340s in England
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Events from the 1340s in England.
Monarch – Edward III
- 25 January – King Edward III of England is declared King of France.
- Maundy Thursday – great fire at Spondon in Derbyshire.
- 24 June – Hundred Years' War: The Battle of Sluys is fought between the naval fleets of England and France. The battle ends with the almost complete destruction of the French fleet.
- 26 July – Hundred Years' War: French victory at the Battle of Saint-Omer.
- 25 September – Hundred Years' War: Temporary Truce of Espléchin between England and France.
- 27 October – Michael of Northgate completes his translation of the Ayenbite of Inwyt.
- Weights and Measures Act provides that "Bushels and Weights shall be made and sent into every Country."
- 1340 or 1341 – Richard Folville and fellow members of the Folville gang are cornered and decapitated at his church in Teigh, Rutland.
- 20 May – 22 July – Colchester is besieged and ransomed for the first time by John FitzWalter, Lord FitzWalter of Lexden in a dispute with the townspeople.
- 18 August – Breton War of Succession: The English win a decisive naval battle over the Genoese fleet at the Battle of Brest.
- September – Breton War of Succession: Indecisive Battle of Morlaix fought between the French and the English.
- October – Breton War of Succession: England conquers most of Brittany.
- 19 June – three-day "Round Table" tournament held at Windsor Castle.
- Edward III introduces three new gold coins, the florin, leopard, and helm. Unfortunately the amount of gold in the coins does not match their value of six shillings, three shillings, and one shilling and sixpence, so they have to be withdrawn and mostly melted down by August of this year.
- Hundred Years' War: Peace talks, sponsored by the Avignon Pope, fail.
- Licence to crenellate Chillingham Castle in Northumberland issued.
- 21 October – Hundred Years' War: English victory over the French at the Battle of Auberoche.
- April – Hundred Years' War: French invade Gascony.
- 9 June – Breton War of Succession: At the Battle of St Pol de Leon, Thomas Dagworth's army defeats that of Charles, Duke of Brittany.
- 26 July – Hundred Years' War: English victory over the French at the Battle of Caen.
- 24 August – Hundred Years' War: English victory over the French at the Battle of Blanchetaque.
- 26 August – Hundred Years' War: The English under Edward III and Edward, the Black Prince win a decisive victory over the French at the Battle of Crécy.
- 4 September – Hundred Years' War: English besiege Calais.
- 17 October – Second War of Scottish Independence: England wins a decisive victory over the Scots at the Battle of Neville's Cross.
- Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge.
- 23 April (Saint George's Day) – Edward III creates the first English order of chivalry, the Order of the Garter, at Windsor Castle.
- 28 September – John de Ufford nominated to the Archbishopric of Canterbury by papal bull.
- 14 December – John de Ufford becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.
- June – the Black Death reaches England from France.
- November – Black Death reaches London.
- Gonville Hall, the forerunner of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, is founded.
- Black Death reaches northern England. Over 20% of the population have died.
- 20 May – John de Ufford dies of the Black Death before being consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury.
- 18 June – The Ordinance of Labourers issued due to the large number of agricultural workers killed by the Black Death.
- 19 June – Thomas Bradwardine elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 25 August – Thomas Bradwardine dies of the Plague.
- October – Hundred Years' War: Small royal force enters Calais to protect the town against capture by France.
- 20 December – Simon Islip enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- Pope Clement VI annuls the marriage of William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, and Joan of Kent, on the grounds of her prior marriage to Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent.
- An earthquake strikes Meaux Abbey.
- 6 March – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (died 1399)
- Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel (died 1397)
- John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel (died 1379)
- Richard Folville, outlaw and parson, dies resisting arrest (year of birth unknown)
- William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury (born 1301)
- Eustace Folville, outlaw (year of birth unknown)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 161–164. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 102–104. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- 14° Edward III. st. 1. Cap. 12. Ruffhead, Owen, ed. (1763). Statutes at Large. 1. p. 227. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
- Cooper, Janet; Elrington, C. R., eds. (1994). "Medieval Colchester: Introduction". A History of the County of Essex: Volume 9, The Borough of Colchester. British History Online. Victoria County History. London. pp. 19–26. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
- Fryde, E. B.; et al. (eds.). Handbook of British Chronology. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 86.