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|1320 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1320 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2073|
|Balinese saka calendar||1241–1242|
|English Regnal year||13 Edw. 2 – 14 Edw. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己未年 (Earth Goat)|
4016 or 3956
— to —
庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
4017 or 3957
|- Vikram Samvat||1376–1377|
|- Shaka Samvat||1241–1242|
|- Kali Yuga||4420–4421|
|Japanese calendar||Gen'ō 2|
|Minguo calendar||592 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1862–1863|
1446 or 1065 or 293
— to —
1447 or 1066 or 294
Year 1320 (MCCCXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- January 20 – Duke Władysław I (the Short) becomes king of a reunited Poland, after receiving the approval from Pope John XXII. He is crowned, along with his wife Jadwiga of Kalisz, at the royal cathedral on Wawel Hill at Kraków. Wladysław's kingdom is surrounded by three hostile neighbors: Brandenburg, the Teutonic Order and Bohemia. Looking for allies, he makes an alliance with Charles I, ruler of Hungary. To strengthen the alliance, in accordance with John XXII, Charles marries his fourth wife, Władysław's 15-year-old daughter Elizabeth of Poland on July 6.
- June – Shepherds' Crusade: A large group of common folk bands together to preach a crusade, after a teenage shepherd says he is visited by the Holy Spirit. They march south to Aquitaine, attacking castles, royal officials, priests and lepers along the way. Jewish communes are attacked at Saintes, Cahors, Verdun-sur-Garonne, Albi and Toulouse. When they finally crossed into Spain, Aragon forces under Prince Alfonso halt their advance. In July, many of the followers are arrested and executed. After that, there were no further incidents and the crusade dispersed.
- June 18 – Treaty of Baena: Sultan Ismail I signs an 8-year truce with Castile at Baena. King James II (the Just), who receives papal authorization and funds for a crusade against Granada refuses to accept the treaty. Both parties promise to aid one another against their respective enemies. Meanwhile, Ismail consolidates the territories formally under his control with the emirate.
- September 9 – Battle of Saint George: Byzantine forces under Andronikos Asen defeat the army of the Principality of Achaea, securing the possession of Arcadia. During the battle, Latin commander Bartholomew II is taken prisoner, along with several high-ranking nobles of the principality, and is sent to Constantinople.
- Battle of Rhodes: The Knights Hospitaller defeats an attempt by the Turks of Menteshe to capture Rhodes. During the battle, a Turkish invasion fleet (some 80 ships) is destroyed by a smaller Hospitaller-Genoese fleet.
- Autumn – Byzantine forces under Andronikos Asen capture the Latin castles of Akova and Karytaina. They secure control over Arcadia and Cynuria in the Peloponnese.
- April 6 – Declaration of Arbroath: King Robert I (the Bruce) sends a letter to John XXII. He asks him to recognize Scottish sovereignty, and Robert's right to be ruler of Scotland. Hoping that he will lift the ex-communication order under which Robert is being held for the death of John Comyn III (the Red) (see 1306).
- July 9 – Sultan Qutbuddin Mubarak Shah is murdered by his favourite, Khusrau Khan, who succeeds him on the throne. Later, Khusrau Khan himself is murdered by his governor Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq, who succeeds him as ruler of the newly founded Tughlaq Dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. He appoints military governors in Punjab and Sindh province, who manage to halt Mongol incursions towards the sultanate.
- The Venetian Arsenal, a dockyard for naval ships, is rebuilt, known as the Arsenale Nuovo.
- Henri de Mondeville, French surgeon and physician, writes La Chirurgie, the first textbook on surgery by a Frenchmen.
- February 9 – Catherine of Austria, German noblewoman (d. 1349)
- April 8 – Peter I (the Just) (or Cruel), king of Portugal (d. 1367)
- May 25 – Toghon Temür (or Huizong), Mongol emperor (d. 1370)
- October 13 – Perenelle Flamel, French female alchemist (d. 1397)
- date unknown
- Adalbertus Ranconis de Ericinio, Czech philosopher (d. 1388)
- Averardo de Medici (or Everard), Italian nobleman (d. 1363)
- Beatrice of Bourbon, queen consort of Bohemia (d. 1383)
- Bertrand du Guesclin, Breton knight and general (d. 1380)
- Blanka of Namur, queen of Norway and Sweden (d.1363)
- Chen Youliang, Chinese founder of Chen Han (d. 1363)
- Constantine Harmenopoulos, Byzantine judge (d. 1385)
- Gabriele Adorno, Genoese nobleman and doge (d. 1383)
- Galeazzo II, Italian nobleman (House of Visconti) (d. 1378)
- Isabella, Scottish noblewoman (House of Stuart) (d. 1389)
- Jan of Czarnków, Polish nobleman and diplomat (d. 1387)
- John Mohun (or V), English nobleman and knight (d. 1376)
- John Twenge, English preacher, canon and prior (d. 1379)
- Kitabatake Akinobu, Japanese nobleman (kuge) (d. 1380)
- Lalleshwari (or Lal Ded), Indian mystic and poet (d. 1392)
- Louis I, king of Naples (Capetian House of Anjou) (d. 1362)
- Michael Panaretos, Byzantine historian and writer (d. 1390)
- Neil Loring (or Nigel), English knight and diplomat (d. 1386)
- Nicholas Szécsi, Hungarian nobleman and knight (d. 1387)
- Nicodemus of Tismana, Byzantine monk and writer (d. 1406)
- Nijō Yoshimoto, Japanese nobleman and waka poet (d. 1388)
- Nissim of Gerona, Spanish talmudist and scholar (d. 1380)
- Otto the Tarantine, German nobleman and prince (d. 1398)
- Ragibagh Khan (or Tianshun), Mongol emperor (d. 1328)
- Siemowit III, Polish nobleman (House of Piast) (d. 1381)
- Ugolino Gonzaga, Italian nobleman and knight (d. 1362)
- January 12 – John Dalderby, English bishop and chancellor
- January 21 – Árni Helgason, Icelandic cleric and bishop (b. 1260)
- February 7 – Jan Muskata, Polish bishop and chancellor (b. 1250)
- March 1 – Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan, Mongol emperor (b. 1285)
- March 21 – Wernher von Homberg, Swiss nobleman and knight
- April 13 – Margaret of Castello, Italian nun and teacher (b. 1287)
- April 24 – Abu Said Faraj, Nasrid advisor and governor (b. 1248)
- May 2 – Joan Butler (or FitzGerald), Irish noblewoman (b. 1281)
- May 29 – John VIII, Egyptian pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church
- June 5 – Peter of Aspelt, German priest, chancellor and archbishop
- July 9 – Qutbuddin Mubarak Shah, Indian ruler of the Delhi Sultanate
- July 27 – Heinrich von Plötzke, German knight and marshal (b. 1264)
- October 12 – Michael IX (Palaiologos), Byzantine emperor (b. 1277)
- October 31 – Ricold of Monte Croce, Italian missionary and writer
- date unknown
- Alessandro Novello, Italian bishop and inquisitor (b. 1250)
- Anna Palaiologina, Byzantine princess and queen consort
- Antonius Andreas, Spanish monk and theologian (b. 1280)
- Arnaud d'Aux, French bishop and cardinal-bishop (b. 1270)
- Bernard Délicieux, French monk, prior and priest (b. 1260)
- Chosgi Odsir, Mongol monk, translator and writer (b. 1260)
- Dominic II Rátót, Hungarian nobleman, knight and palatine
- Geoffrey of Paris, French monk, chronicler and historian
- Henri de Mondeville, French surgeon and physician
- Henry II (the Child), German nobleman and co-ruler
- Ilbasan (or Erzen), Mongol ruler (House of Borjigin)
- Li Kan (or Zhong Bin), Chinese official and painter
- Mojs II Ákos, Hungarian nobleman and rebel leader
- Nicholas de Balscote, English judge and chancellor
- Olivier III de Clisson, Breton nobleman and co-ruler
- Radulphus Brito, French grammarian and philosopher
- Robert de Welles, English nobleman and landowner
- Roger de Mowbray, Scottish nobleman and landowner
- William III, Burgundian nobleman and knight (b. 1280)
- Yasa'ur, Mongol nobleman, prince and general (b. 1289)
- ^ Brzezinski, Richard (1990). History of Poland: The Piast Dynasty, pp. 24–25. ISBN 83-7212-019-6.
- ^ Malcolm Barber (1981). "The Pastoureaux of 1320" in Journal of Ecclesiastical History 32 (2), pp. 143–166.
- ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, p. 147. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
- ^ Bon, Antoine (1969). La Morée franque. Recherches historiques, topographiques et archéologiques sur la principauté d'Achaïe, p. 202. [The Frankish Morea. Historical, Topographic and Archaeological Studies on the Principality of Achaea] (in French). Paris: De Boccard. OCLC 869621129.
- ^ Ravegnano, Giorgio (2000). "GHISI, Bartolomeo". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 54: Ghiselli-Gimma (in Italian). Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. ISBN 978-8-81200032-6.
- ^ Luttrell, Anthony (1975). "The Hospitallers at Rhodes, 1306–1421". In Setton, Kenneth M.; Hazard, Harry W. (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume III: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, pp. 288–289. Madison and London: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-06670-3.
- ^ Topping, Peter (1975). "The Morea, 1311–1364". In Setton, Kenneth M.; Hazard, Harry W. (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume III: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, p. 117. Madison and London: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-06670-3.
- ^ Scott, Ronald McNair (1999). Robert the Bruce: King of Scots, p. 197. Canongate Books. ISBN 978-0-86241-616-4.
- ^ McLean, Iain (2005). State of the Union: Unionism and the Alternatives in the United Kingdom Since 1707, p. 247. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-925820-8.
- ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 157. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- ^ Dreyer, Edward (1982). Early Ming China: A Political History. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-1105-4.
- ^ Fögen, Marie Theres (1991). "Harmenopoulos, Constantine". In Kazhdan, Alexander (ed.). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, p. 902. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.
- ^ Marko, Laszlo (2006). The High Officers of the Hungarian State from Saint Stephen to the Present Days – A Biographical Encyclopedia (2nd edition), p. 253. Budapest; ISBN 963-547-085-1.
- ^ Childs, Wendy R. (February 3, 2005). Vita Edwardi Secundi. Clarendon Press. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-19-151530-9.
- ^ Friedrich Wilhelm Barthold. "Minnelieder des Grafen Wernher von Homberg" in: Der Römerzug König Heinrichs von Lützelburg, pp. 72–80. Vol.2. (1831)
- ^ Jackson, Peter (2016). The Mongols and the West, 1221–1410, p. 176. Pearson Education Ltd. ISBN 0-582-36896-0.
- ^ Doyle, J. W. E. (1886). The Official Baronage of England: Showing the Succession, Dignities, and Offices of Every Peer from 1066 to 1885, with Sixteen Hundred Illustrations (Vol. 3). Longmans, Green.