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This article is about the year 1750.
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1747 1748 1749 – 1750 – 1751 1752 1753|
|1750 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2503|
|British Regnal year||23 Geo. 2 – 24 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4446 or 4386
— to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4447 or 4387
|- Vikram Samvat||1806–1807|
|- Shaka Samvat||1672–1673|
|- Kali Yuga||4851–4852|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'en 3
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||162 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2292–2293|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1750.|
- January – A fire in Istanbul destroys 10,000 homes.
- January 13 – The Treaty of Madrid between Spain and Portugal authorizes a larger Brazil than had the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, which originally established the boundaries of the Portuguese and Spanish territories in South America.
- April – A second fire devastates Istanbul (see January). A third fire later in the year destroys a further 10,000 homes.
- April 4 – A small earthquake hits Warrington, England.
- March 20 – First number of Samuel Johnson's The Rambler appears.
- May – Riots break out in Paris, fueled by rumors of police abducting children.
- July 31 – José I takes over the throne of Portugal from his deceased father, João V. King José Manuel appoints the Marquis of Pombal as his Chief Minister, who then strips the Inquisition of its power.
- July 9 – Traveller Jonas Hanway leaves St. Petersburg to return home via Germany and the Netherlands. Later the same year, Hanway reputedly becomes the first Englishman to use an umbrella (a French fashion).
- July 11 – Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire.
- August 23 – A small earthquake hits Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.
- September 30 – A small earthquake hits Northampton, England.
- November 11 – A riot breaks out in Lhasa, Tibet, after the murder of the regent of Tibet.
- November 18 – Westminster Bridge is officially opened in London.
- Hannah Snell reveals her sex to her Royal Marines compatriots.
- Ahmad Shah Bahadur's army, retreating from Persia, reportedly loses 18,000 men near what is present-day Herat, Afghanistan from cold in a single night.
- The King of Dahomey has income of 250,000 pounds from the overseas export of slaves.
- Maruyama Okyo paints The Ghost of Oyuki.
- Britain produces c. 2% of the entire world's output of industrial goods and the Industrial Revolution begins.
- Galley slavery is abolished in Europe.
- World population: 791,000,000
- January 1 – Frederick Muhlenberg, first speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1801)
- January 24 – Nicolas Bergasse, French lawyer (d. 1832)
- April – Joanna Southcott, British religious fanatic (d. 1814)
- April 17 – François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (d. 1828)
- May 2 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War (d. 1780)
- May 31 – Karl August von Hardenberg, Prussian politician (d. 1822)
- July 9 – Louise Marie Thérèse Bathilde d'Orléans, last princess of Condé (d.1822)
- August 18 – Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (d. 1825)
- August 26 – Princess Marie Zéphyrine of France, infant sister of Louis XVI (d.1755)
- September 26 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (d. 1810)
- November 7 – Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
- December 10 – Tipu Sultan, Sultan of Mysore (d. 1799)
- December 23 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
- date unknown – Adwaita, Oldest tortoise (d. 2006) (alleged birth year; awaiting C-14 verification)
- January 16 – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (b. 1667)
- January 22 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
- January 23 – Ludovico Antonio Muratori, Italian historian and scholar (b. 1672)
- January 26 – Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
- February 8 – Aaron Hill, English writer (b. 1685)
- May 3 – John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
- May 28 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1720)
- June 15 – Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal, French writer (b. 1684)
- July 28 – Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (b. 1685)
- July 31 – King John V of Portugal (b. 1689)
- August 12 – Rachel Ruysch, Dutch painter (b. 1664)
- September 15 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1690)
- October 16 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German composer and lutenist (b. 1687)
- November 1 – Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1705)
- December 1 – Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b. 1671)
- Butler, James H. (Summer 2012). "The NOAA Annual Greenhouse Gas Index". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
IPCC takes the pre-industrial era (arbitrarily chosen as the year 1750) as the baseline.
- Holderness, B. A. (1976). Pre-industrial England : Economy and Society, 1500-1750. London: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0874719100.
- Newby, Elisa (2009). "Lecture II — Before the Industrial Revolution" (PDF). Cambridge: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1995). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 976. ISBN 0-333-57688-8.
- Clear, Todd R.; Cole, George F.; Resig, Michael D. (2006). American Corrections (7th ed.). Thompson.