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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1750 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1750
Ab urbe condita2503
Armenian calendar1199
Assyrian calendar6500
Balinese saka calendar1671–1672
Bengali calendar1157
Berber calendar2700
British Regnal year23 Geo. 2 – 24 Geo. 2
Buddhist calendar2294
Burmese calendar1112
Byzantine calendar7258–7259
Chinese calendar己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4447 or 4240
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4448 or 4241
Coptic calendar1466–1467
Discordian calendar2916
Ethiopian calendar1742–1743
Hebrew calendar5510–5511
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1806–1807
 - Shaka Samvat1671–1672
 - Kali Yuga4850–4851
Holocene calendar11750
Igbo calendar750–751
Iranian calendar1128–1129
Islamic calendar1163–1164
Japanese calendarKan'en 3
Javanese calendar1674–1675
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4083
Minguo calendar162 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar282
Thai solar calendar2292–2293
Tibetan calendar阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1876 or 1495 or 723
    — to —
(male Iron-Horse)
1877 or 1496 or 724
November 18: Westminster Bridge is opened.

1750 (MDCCL) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1750th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 750th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1750, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Various sources, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, use the year 1750 as a baseline year for the end of the pre-industrial era.[1][2][3]



  • January 13 – The Treaty of Madrid between Spain and Portugal authorizes a larger Brazil than had the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, which originally established the boundaries of the Portuguese and Spanish territories in South America.
  • January 24 – A fire in Istanbul destroys 10,000 homes.[4]
  • February 15 – After Spain and Portugal agree that the Uruguay River will be the boundary line between the two kingdoms' territory in South America, the Spanish Governor orders the Jesuits to vacate seven Indian missions along the river (San Angel, San Nicolas, San Luis, San Lorenzo, San Miguel, San Juan and San Borja).[5]
  • March 5 – The Murray-Kean Company, a troupe of actors from Philadelphia, gives the first performance of a play announced in advance in a newspaper, presenting Richard III at New York City's Nassau Street Theatre.[6]
  • March 20 – The first number of Samuel Johnson's The Rambler appears.


  • April 7Maveeran Alagumuthu Kone, a polygar in Tamil Nadu raise slogans launches a rebellion against Company rule in India due to his opposition to the East India Company's tax collection policies.
  • April 13Dr. Thomas Walker and five other men (Ambrose Powell, Colby Chew, William Tomlinson, Henry Lawless and John Hughes) cross through the Cumberland Gap, a mountain pass through the Appalachian Mountains, to become the first white people to venture into territories that had been inhabited exclusively by various Indian tribes.[7] On April 17, Walker's party continues through what is now Kentucky and locates the Cumberland River, which Walker names in honor of Prince William, Duke of Cumberland.
  • April 14
  • April 25 – The Acadian settlement in Beaubassin, Nova Scotia, is burnt by the French army, and the population is forcibly relocated, after France and Great Britain agree that the Missaguash River should be the new boundary between peninsular British Nova Scotia and the mainland remnant of French Acadia (now New Brunswick) [10]
  • May 16 – Two weeks after police in Paris arrest six teenagers for gambling in the suburb of Saint-Laurent, rioting breaks out when a rumor spreads that plainclothes policemen are hauling off small children between the ages of five to ten years old, in order to provide blood to an ailing aristocrat.[11] Over the next two weeks, rioting breaks out in other sections of Paris. Police are attacked, including one who is beaten to death by the mob, until order is restored and police reforms are announced.[12]
  • June 19 – At a time when mountain climbing is still relatively uncommon, Eggert Ólafsson and Bjarni Pálsson scale their first peak, the 4,892 foot (1,491 m) high Icelandic volcano, Hekla.[13]
  • June 24 – Parliament passes Britain's Iron Act, designed to restrict American manufactured goods by prohibiting additional ironworking businesses from producing finished goods. At the same time, import taxes on raw iron from America are lifted in order to give British manufacturers additional material for production.[14] By 1775, the North American colonies have surpassed England and Wales in iron production and have become the world's third largest producer of iron.
  • June 29 – An attempt in Lima to begin a native uprising against Spanish colonial authorities in the Viceroyalty of Peru is discovered and thwarted.[15] One of the conspirators, Francisco Garcia Jimenez, escapes to Huarochirí and kills dozens of Spaniards on July 25.



Date unknown[edit]


Antonio Salieri
Tipu Sultan


Johann Sebastian Bach


  1. ^ Butler, James H. (Summer 2012). "The NOAA Annual Greenhouse Gas Index". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 11, 2013. IPCC takes the pre-industrial era (arbitrarily chosen as the year 1750) as the baseline.
  2. ^ Holderness, B. A. (1976). Pre-industrial England : Economy and Society, 1500-1750. London: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0874719100.
  3. ^ Newby, Elisa (2009). "Lecture II — Before the Industrial Revolution" (PDF). Cambridge: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 15, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
  4. ^ "Fires", in The New International Encyclopedia (Volume 8) (Dodd, Mead and Company, 1915 p604
  5. ^ R. B. Cunninghame Graham, A Vanished Arcadia, being Some Account of the Jesuits in Paraguay (Haskell House Publishers, 1901, 1968) pp237-238
  6. ^ Heather S. Nathans, Early American Theatre from the Revolution to Thomas Jefferson: Into the Hands of the People (Cambridge University Press, 2003) p30
  7. ^ Henry P. Scalf, Kentucky's Last Frontier (The Overmountain Press, 2000) pp33-34
  8. ^ "Antislavery Movements", by Marie-Annick Gournet, in France and the Americas, ed. by Bill Marshall (ABC-CLIO, 2005) p77
  9. ^ Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century— Studies in Spanish Colonial History and Administration (University of California Press, 1915) p303
  10. ^ A. J. B. Johnston, Endgame 1758: The Promise, the Glory, and the Despair of Louisbourg's Last Decade (University of Nebraska Press, 2007) p60
  11. ^ "Child Abduction Panic", in Outbreak!: The Encyclopedia of Extraordinary Social Behavior, ed. by Hilary Evans and Robert E. Bartholomew (Anomalist Books, LLC, 2009) pp83-84
  12. ^ Henri Martin, The Decline of the French Monarchy (Walker, Fuller and Company, 1866) p395
  13. ^ Halldór Hermannsson, Islandica: An Annual Relating to Iceland and the Fiske Icelandic Collection in Cornell University Library (Cornell University Library, 1922) p23
  14. ^ Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom, The Industrial Revolution in America (ABC-CLIO, 2005) pp4-5
  15. ^ Alcira Duenas, Indians and Mestizos in the "Lettered City" (University Press of Colorado, 2011)
  16. ^ Cornelius Walford, ed., The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p52
  17. ^ Christopher C. Meyers, The Empire State of the South: Georgia History in Documents and Essays (Mercer University Press, 2008) p113
  18. ^ Ian S. Glass, Nicolas-Louis De La Caille, Astronomer and Geodesist (Oxford University Press, 2013) pp30-33
  19. ^ Thomas Maclear, Verification and Extension of La Caille's Arc of Meridian at the Cape of Good Hope (Mowry and Barclay, 1838) p58
  20. ^ "Crispus Attucks— First martyr of the American Revolution", by Lerone Bennett, Jr., Ebony magazine (July 1968) p87
  21. ^ KaaVonia Hinton, The Story of the Underground Railroad (Mitchell Lane Publishers, 2010) p24
  22. ^ Max Savelle, Empires to Nations: Expansion in America, 1713-1824 (University of Minnesota Press, 1974) p131
  23. ^ "The First Transfer at the Louvre in 1750: Andrea del Sarto's La Charite", by Gilberte Emile-Male, in Issues in the Conservation of Paintings (Getty Publications, 2004) p278
  24. ^ Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1995). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 976. ISBN 0-333-57688-8.
  25. ^ John Kenrick, Musical Theatre: A History (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017) p36
  26. ^ "In a Porcelain Mirror: Reflections of Russia from Peter I to Empress Elizabeth", by Lydia Liackhova, in Fragile Diplomacy: Moisson Porcelain for European courts ca. 1710-63 (Yale University Press, 2007) p74
  27. ^ Fielding H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine: With Medical Chronology, Suggestions for Study and Bibliographic Data (W.B. Saunders Company, 1913) p394
  28. ^ Clear, Todd R.; Cole, George F.; Resig, Michael D. (2006). American Corrections (7th ed.). Thompson.
  29. ^ Widmann, Carlo Aurelio; Chiggiato, Alvise (1995). La nave ben manovrata, ossia, Trattato di manovra. Venice: La Malcontenta. pp. ii–iii. OCLC 46795739.
  30. ^ মৌলভী সৈয়দ কুদরত উল্লাহ'র ১৮০ তম মৃত্যুবার্ষিকী আজ. MKantho (in Bengali). February 12, 2019. Archived from the original on February 16, 2019. Retrieved January 10, 2022.

Further reading[edit]