|1750 by topic|
|Arts and Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2503|
|Balinese saka calendar||1671–1672|
|British Regnal year||23 Geo. 2 – 24 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己巳年 (Earth Snake)|
4446 or 4386
— to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4447 or 4387
|- Vikram Samvat||1806–1807|
|- Shaka Samvat||1671–1672|
|- Kali Yuga||4850–4851|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'en 3|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||162 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2292–2293|
1876 or 1495 or 723
— to —
1877 or 1496 or 724
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1750.|
1750 (MDCCL) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1750th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 750th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1750, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- January 13 – The Treaty of Madrid between Spain and Portugal authorizes a larger Brazil than had the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, which originally established the boundaries of the Portuguese and Spanish territories in South America.
- January 24 – A fire in Istanbul destroys 10,000 homes. 
- March 20 – The first number of Samuel Johnson's The Rambler appears.
- April 4 – A small earthquake hits Warrington, England.
- May 16 – Riots break out in Paris, France, fueled by rumors of police abducting children. 
- July 9 – Traveller Jonas Hanway leaves St. Petersburg to return home, via Germany and the Netherlands. Later the same year, Hanway reputedly becomes the first Englishman to use an umbrella (a French fashion).
- July 11 – Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire.
- July 31 – José I takes over the throne of Portugal from his deceased father, João V. King José Manuel appoints the Marquis of Pombal as his Chief Minister, who then strips the Inquisition of its power.
- August 23 – A small earthquake hits Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.
- September 30 – A small earthquake hits Northampton, England.
- November 11 – A riot breaks out in Lhasa, Tibet, after the murder of the regent of Tibet.
- November 18 – Westminster Bridge is officially opened in London.
- Hannah Snell reveals her sex to her Royal Marines compatriots.
- The King of Dahomey has income of 250,000 pounds from the overseas export of slaves.
- Maruyama Okyo paints The Ghost of Oyuki.
- Britain produces c. 2% of the entire world's output of industrial goods, and the Industrial Revolution begins.
- Galley slavery is abolished in Europe.
- World population: 791,000,000
- January 1 – Frederick Muhlenberg, first speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1801)
- January 24 – Nicolas Bergasse, French lawyer (d. 1832)
- January 24 – Helen Gloag, Scottish-born slave Empress of Morocco (d. 1790)
- March 16 – Caroline Herschel, German astronomer (d. 1848)
- April – Joanna Southcott, British religious fanatic (d. 1814)
- April 17 – François de Neufchâteau, French statesman, intellectual figure (d. 1828)
- May 2 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War (d. 1780)
- May 20 – Stephen Girard, French-American banker, fourth richest American of all time (d. 1831)
- May 31 – Karl August von Hardenberg, Prussian politician (d. 1822)
- July 5 – Aimé Argand, Swiss physicist, inventor (d. 1803)
- July 9 – Louise Marie Thérèse Bathilde d'Orléans, last princess of Condé (d.1822)
- July 25 – Henry Knox, military officer of the Continental Army and later the United States Army, 1st United States Secretary of War (b. 1806)
- August 18 – Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (d. 1825)
- August 26 – Princess Marie Zéphyrine of France, infant sister of Louis XVI (d.1755)
- September 26 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (d. 1810)
- October 25 – Marie Le Masson Le Golft, French naturalist (b. 1826)
- October 31 – Leonor de Almeida Portugal, 4th Marquise of Alorna, Portuguese painter and poet (d. 1839)
- November 7 – Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
- November 10 – Tipu Sultan, Sultan of Mysore (d. 1799)
- December 23 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
- date unknown
- January 16 – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (b. 1667)
- January 22 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
- January 23 – Ludovico Antonio Muratori, Italian historian and scholar (b. 1672)
- January 26 – Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
- January 29 – Sophia Schröder, Swedish soprano (b. 1712)
- February 7 – Algernon Seymour, 7th Duke of Somerset (b. 1684)
- February 8 – Aaron Hill, English writer (b. 1685)
- February 19 – Jan Frans van Bredael, Flemish painter (b. 1686)
- March 6 – Domenico Montagnana, Italian luthier (b. 1686)
- March 29 – James Jurin, British mathematician, doctor (b. 1684)
- April 7 – George Byng, 3rd Viscount Torrington, British Army general (b. 1701)
- May 3 – John Willison, Scottish minister, writer (b. 1680)
- May 17 – Georg Engelhard Schröder, Swedish artist (b. 1684)
- May 28 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1720)
- June 15 – Marguerite de Launay, baronne de Staal, French author (b. 1684)
- July 15 – Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman, ethnographer (b. 1686)
- July 28
- July 31 – King John V of Portugal (b. 1689)
- August 8 – Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, English aristocrat, philanthropist and cricket patron (b. 1701)
- August 12 – Rachel Ruysch, Dutch painter (b. 1664)
- September 15 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1690)
- October 16 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German composer, lutenist (b. 1687)
- November 1 – Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1705)
- December 1 – Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b. 1671)
- December 13 – Philemon Ewer, English shipbuilder (b. 1702)
- December 16
- Butler, James H. (Summer 2012). "The NOAA Annual Greenhouse Gas Index". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
IPCC takes the pre-industrial era (arbitrarily chosen as the year 1750) as the baseline.
- Holderness, B. A. (1976). Pre-industrial England : Economy and Society, 1500-1750. London: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0874719100.
- Newby, Elisa (2009). "Lecture II — Before the Industrial Revolution" (PDF). Cambridge: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 15, 2009. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- "Fires", in The New International Encyclopedia (Volume 8) (Dodd, Mead and Company, 1915 p604
- Henri Martin, The Decline of the French Monarchy (Walker, Fuller and Company, 1866) p395
- Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1995). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 976. ISBN 0-333-57688-8.
- Clear, Todd R.; Cole, George F.; Resig, Michael D. (2006). American Corrections (7th ed.). Thompson.