||Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1750.
1750 (MDCCL) was a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar, the 1750th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 750th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1750, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
Various sources, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, use the year 1750 as a baseline year for the end of the pre-industrial era.
- Hannah Snell reveals her sex to her Royal Marines compatriots.
- The King of Dahomey has income of 250,000 pounds from the overseas export of slaves.
- Maruyama Okyo paints The Ghost of Oyuki.
- Britain produces c. 2% of the entire world's output of industrial goods and the Industrial Revolution begins.
- Galley slavery is abolished in Europe.
- World population: 791,000,000
- Africa: 106,000,000
- Asia: 502,000,000
- Europe: 163,000,000
- Latin-America: 16,000,000
- Northern America: 2,000,000
- Oceania: 2,000,000
- January 1 – Frederick Muhlenberg, first speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1801)
- January 24 – Nicolas Bergasse, French lawyer (d. 1832)
- January 24 – Helen Gloag, slave Empress of Marrocco (d. 1790)
- March 16 – Caroline Herschel, German astronomer (d. 1848)
- April – Joanna Southcott, British religious fanatic (d. 1814)
- April 17 – François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (d. 1828)
- May 2 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War (d. 1780)
- May 20 – Stephen Girard, French-American banker and fourth richest American of all time (d. 1831)
- May 31 – Karl August von Hardenberg, Prussian politician (d. 1822)
- July 5 – Aimé Argand, Swiss physicist and inventor (d. 1803)
- July 9 – Louise Marie Thérèse Bathilde d'Orléans, last princess of Condé (d.1822)
- July 25 – Henry Knox, military officer of the Continental Army and later the United States Army, 1st United States Secretary of War (b. 1806)
- August 18 – Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (d. 1825)
- August 26 – Princess Marie Zéphyrine of France, infant sister of Louis XVI (d.1755)
- September 26 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (d. 1810)
- October 31 – Leonor de Almeida Portugal, 4th Marquise of Alorna, Portuguese painter and poet (d. 1839)
- November 7 – Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
- December 10 – Tipu Sultan, Sultan of Mysore (d. 1799)
- December 23 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
- date unknown – Adwaita, Oldest tortoise (d. 2006) (alleged birth year; awaiting C-14 verification)
- date unknown – Elizabeth Ryves, Irish writer and translator (d. 1797)
- January 16 – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (b. 1667)
- January 22 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
- January 23 – Ludovico Antonio Muratori, Italian historian and scholar (b. 1672)
- January 26 – Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
- January 29 – Sophia Schröder, Swedish soprano (b. 1712)
- February 8 – Aaron Hill, English writer (b. 1685)
- May 3 – John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
- May 28 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1720)
- June 15 – Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal, French writer (b. 1684)
- July 28 – Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (b. 1685)
- July 31 – King John V of Portugal (b. 1689)
- August 12 – Rachel Ruysch, Dutch painter (b. 1664)
- September 15 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1690)
- October 16 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German composer and lutenist (b. 1687)
- November 1 – Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1705)
- December 1 – Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b. 1671)
- ^ Butler, James H. (Summer 2012). "The NOAA Annual Greenhouse Gas Index". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
IPCC takes the pre-industrial era (arbitrarily chosen as the year 1750) as the baseline.
- ^ Holderness, B. A. (1976). Pre-industrial England : Economy and Society, 1500-1750. London: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0874719100.
- ^ Newby, Elisa (2009). "Lecture II — Before the Industrial Revolution" (PDF). Cambridge: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 15, 2009. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- ^ Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1995). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 976. ISBN 0-333-57688-8.
- ^ Clear, Todd R.; Cole, George F.; Resig, Michael D. (2006). American Corrections (7th ed.). Thompson.