From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1760s 1770s 1780s – 1790s – 1800s 1810s 1820s|
|Years:||1794 1795 1796 – 1797 – 1798 1799 1800|
|1797 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Australia – Canada – France – Great Britain – United States|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2550|
|Bahá'í calendar||−47 – −46|
|British Regnal year||37 Geo. 3 – 38 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar||丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4493 or 4433
— to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4494 or 4434
|- Vikram Samvat||1853–1854|
|- Shaka Samvat||1719–1720|
|- Kali Yuga||4898–4899|
|Japanese calendar||Kansei 9
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||115 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2340|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1797.|
- January 3 – The Treaty of Tripoli (a peace treaty between the United States and Tripoli) is signed at Algiers (see also 1796).
- January 7 – The parliament of the Cisalpine Republic adopts the Italian green-white-red tricolour as the official flag (this is considered the birth of the flag of Italy.
- January 15 – London haberdasher John Hetherington wears a silk top hat in public and attracts a large crowd of onlookers. He is later fined £500 for causing a public nuisance.
- February 14 – The Battle of Cape St Vincent, part of the Wars of the French Revolution: The British Royal Navy under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats a larger Spanish fleet off Cabo de São Vicente, Portugal.
- February 18 – Spanish Governor José Maria Chacón peacefully surrenders the colony of Trinidad to a British naval force commanded by Sir Ralph Abercromby.
- February 22 – The Last invasion of Britain begins. French forces under the command of American Colonel William Tate land near Fishguard in Wales.
- February 25 – William Tate surrenders to the British at Fishguard.
- February 26 – The Bank of England (national bank of Britain) issues the first one-pound and two-pound notes (discontinued March 11, 1988).
- March 4 – John Adams is sworn in as the second President of the United States of America.
- April 16 – Spithead and Nore mutinies in the British Royal Navy.
- April 17
- Battle of San Juan: Sir Ralph Abercromby unsuccessfully invades San Juan, Puerto Rico in what will be one of the largest British attacks on Spanish territories in the western hemisphere, and one of the worst defeats of the British Royal Navy for years to come.
- Veronese Easter: Citizens of Verona, Italy, began an unsuccessful eight-day rebellion against the French occupying forces.
- May 10 – The first ship of the United States Navy, the frigate USS United States, is commissioned.
- May 12 – First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice, ending the city and Republic of Venice's 1,100 years of independence. The last doge of Venice, Ludovico Manin, steps down.
- May 30 – William Wilberforce marries Barbara Ann Spooner.
- July 24 – Horatio Nelson is wounded at the Battle of Santa Cruz, losing an arm.
- October 11 – Battle of Camperdown: the British Royal Navy defeats the fleet of the Batavian Republic off the coast of Holland.
- October 17 – The Treaty of Campo Formio ends the War of the First Coalition.
- October 21 – In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS Constitution is launched to fight Barbary pirates off the coast of Tripoli.
- December 17 – Napoleon leads a successful French charge against Fort l'Aiguilette to secure Toulon.
- Joseph Haydn composes the music to Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser, the tune of which also becomes the music to the German national anthem, Deutschland, Deutschland über alles.
1797 The XYZ Affair inflames tensions between France and the United States.
- Foundation of the Lautaro Lodge by Francisco de Miranda, membership will include many independence leaders such as Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín.
- January 10 – Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (d. 1848)
- January 31 – Franz Schubert, Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1828)
- February 15 – Henry Engelhard Steinway, German-American piano manufacturer (d. 1871)
- March 22 – Emperor Wilhelm I of Germany (d. 1888)
- March 27 – Alfred de Vigny, French author (d. 1863)
- May 6 – Joseph Brackett, American religious leader and composer (d. 1882)
- May 18 – Frederick Augustus II of Saxony (d. 1854)
- May 19 – Maria Isabel of Portugal, Queen of Spain (d. 1818)
- June 11 – José Trinidad Reyes, Honduran Father, National Hero, and founder of Autonomus National University of Honduras (d. 1855)
- July 17 – Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter (d. 1856)
- July 20 – Sir Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (d. 1873)
- August 30 – Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English writer (d. 1851)
- October 3 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1870)
- November 14 – Sir Charles Lyell, British geologist (d. 1875)
- November 29 – Gaetano Donizetti, Italian composer (d. 1848)
- December 11 – Hiram Paulding, American admiral (d. 1878)
- December 13 – Heinrich Heine, German poet (d. 1856)
- December 17 – Joseph Henry, American scientist (d. 1878)
- date unknown – Utagawa Kuniyoshi, Japanese woodblock print or ukiyo-e (d. 1861)
- January 13 – Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, wife of Frederick II of Prussia (b. 1715)
- February 11 – Antoine Dauvergne, French composer (b. 1713)
- February 22 – Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)
- March 2 – Horace Walpole, English politician and writer (b. 1717)
- March 26 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist (b. 1726)
- March 31 – Olaudah Equiano, Nigerian ex-slave and slavery abolitionist (b. 1745)
- May 17 – Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (b. 1719)
- May 25 – John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (b. 1719)
- May 27
- July 9 – Edmund Burke, Irish philosopher (b. 1723)
- July 11 – Ienăchiță Văcărescu, Wallachian writer (b. 1740)
- July 14 – Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, 70th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. 1725)
- August 3 – Jeffrey Amherst, British military commander (b. 1717)
- August 22 – Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Alsatian-born Austrian general (b. 1724)
- September 10 – Mary Wollstonecraft, feminist author (b. 1759)
- October 9 – Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1720)
- November 14 – Ivan Shuvalov, founder of the Moscow University (b. 1727)
- November 16 – King Frederick William II of Prussia (b. 1744)
- November 18 – Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
- November 29 – Samuel Langdon, American President of Harvard University (b. 1723)
- December 11 – Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)